2018届高考英语总复习真题研练78(含答案和解释)

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2018届高考英语总复习真题研练78(含答案和解释)

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Task 1:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
(2014•新课标全国Ⅰ,D)As more and more people speak the global languages of English,Chinese,Spanish,and Arabic,other languages are rapidly disappearing.In fact,half of the 6,000-7,000 languages spoken around the world today will likely die out by the next century,according to the United Nations Educational,Scientific,and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
In an effort to prevent language loss,scholars from a number of organizations—UNESCO and National Geographic among them—have for many years been documenting dying languages and the cultures they reflect.
Mark Turin,a scientist at the Macmillan Center,Yale University,who specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas,is following in that_tradition.His recently published book,A Grammar of Thangmi with an Ethnolinguistic Introduction to the Speakers and Their Culture,grows out of his experience living,working and raising a family in a village in Nepal.
Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin,who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India,Nepal,Bhutan,and China.But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record.
At the University of Cambridge Turin discovered a wealth of important materials—including photographs,films,tape recordings,and field notes—which had remained unstudied and were badly in need of care and protection.
Now,through the two organizations that he has founded—the Digital Himalaya Project and the World Oral Literature Project—Turin has started a campaign to make such documents,found in libraries and stores around the world,available not just to scholars but to the younger generations of communities from whom the materials were originally collected.Thanks to digital technology and the widely available Internet,Turin notes,the endangered languages can be saved and reconnected with speech communities.
【语篇解读】 本文叙述了学者们正在努力记录濒临消失的语言和文化,来挽救这些语言。
1.Many scholars are making efforts to ________.
A.promote global languages
B.rescue disappearing languages
C.search for language communities
D.set up language research organizations
答案 B [事实细节题。根据文章第二段中“In an effort to prevent...they reflect.”可知学者们正在努力挽救濒临消失的语言。]
2.What does “that tradition”in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A.Having full records of the languages.
B.Writing books on language teaching.
C.Telling stories about language users.
D.Living with the native speakers.
答案 A [词义猜测题。根据文章第三段中“But he is not content...without record.”可知“that tradition”是指Turin记录语言。故选A。]
3.What is Turin's book based on?
A.The cultural studies in India.
B.The documents available at Yale.
C.His language research in Bhutan.
D.His personal experience in Nepal.
答案 D [事实细节题。根据文章第三段中“...grows out of his experience living,looking and raising a family in a village in Nepal.”可知Turin的书以其在尼泊尔的个人经历为基础。故选D。]
4.Which of the following best describes Turin's  work?
A.Write,sell and donate.
B.Record,repair and reward.
C.Collect,protect and reconnect.
D.Design,experiment and report.
答案 C [推理判断题。根据文章最后一段“Generations of communities from whom...collected”和“Turin notes the endangered languages...speech communities.”可知,Turin的工作是“收集,保护和使再接合”,故选C。]
Task 2:词汇积累
1.document v.记录,记载 n. 公文,文件,文献
a historical document 历史文献
2.specialize v.专门从事,专攻
specialize in agriculture 专攻农业
3.unstudied adj.非人为造作的,自然的
4.campaign n.战役,运动(为取得某目的而组织的活动)an election campaign 竞选运动
5.originally adv.起初,原来
6.die out (指物种、家族、习惯、观念等)绝迹,消失
7.in need of 需要
8.thanks to 幸亏,多亏,由于
Task 3:语法填空
As more and more people speak the __1__ (globe) languages of English,Chinese,Spanish,and Arabic,other  __2__ (language) are rapidly disappearing.In fact,half  __3__  the 6,000~7,000 languages  __4__ (speak) around the world today will  __5__ (like) die out by the next century,according to the United Nations Educational,Scientific,and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
答案 1.global 2.languages 3.of 4.spoken 5.likely
Task 4:短文改错(下面文字有五处错误,请改正)
Mark Turin,thatwho specializes in the languages and oral traditions of the Himalayas,is following in that tradition.His recently publishingpublished book grows out of his experience living,working and raiseraising a family in a village in Nepal.Documenting the Thangmi language and culture areis just a starting point for Turin.But he is not content to simply record these voices before itthey disappear without record.
Task 5:攻克长难句(分析句子结构,尝试翻译成汉语)
Documenting the Thangmi language and culture is just a starting point for Turin,who seeks to include other languages and oral traditions across the Himalayan reaches of India,Nepal,Bhutan,and China.
分析:这是一个主从复合句,动名词短语Documenting the Thangmi language and culture为主句的主语,who引导的是非限制性定语从句。
译文:对都灵来说,记录唐米语及其文化只是一个起点,他企图记录的还包括喜马拉雅山地区的印度、尼泊尔、不丹和中国的其他语言和口头传统。
Task 6:经典句式背诵
But he is not content to simply record these voices before they disappear without record.但他不满足于趁它们由于没有记录而消失之前仅仅记录这些语音。 文章来
源莲 山课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.cOm
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