2018届高考英语总复习真题研练63(附答案和解释)

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2018届高考英语总复习真题研练63(附答案和解释)

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章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM 真题研练63
Task 1:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
(2014•新课标全国Ⅰ,C)A typical lion tamer (驯兽师) in people's mind is an entertainer holding a whip (鞭)and a chair.The whip gets all of the attention,but it's mostly for show.In reality,it's the chair that does the important work.When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion's face,the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time.With its focus divided,the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next.When faced with so many options,the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.
How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion?How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g.lose weight,start a business,travel more)—only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress?
 This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is best,the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information.The end result is that we feel like we can't focus or that we're focused on the wrong things,and so we take less action,make less progress,and stay the same when we could be improving.
 It doesn't have to be that way.Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face,remember this:All you need to do is focus on one thing.You just need to get started.Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people.If you have somewhere you want to go,something you want to accomplish,someone you want to become...take immediate action.If you're clear about where you want to go,the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way.
【语篇解读】 本文以驯兽师在驯兽时用椅子挡在狮子面前来分散它的注意力使狮子不知所措为引子,联想到当人们面临多种选择感到困惑时该怎么办?
1.Why does the lion tamer use a chair?
A.To trick the lion.
B.To show off his skills.
C.To get ready for a fight.
D.To entertain the audience.
答案 A [事实细节题。根据文章第一段中“When a lion tamer holds a chair...what to do next.”可知,驯兽师拿一把椅子是想哄骗狮子,故选A。]
2.In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair?
A.They feel puzzled over choices.
B.They hold on to the wrong things.
C.They find it hard to make changes.
D.They have to do something for show.
答案 A [推理判断题。根据文章第一段中“With its focus divided...what to do next”可知,当人们面临选择时和狮子面对椅子时的感觉相似,就是困惑,不知所措,故选A。]
3.What is the author's attitude towards the experts mentioned in Paragraph 3?
A.Tolerant. B.Doubtful.
C.Respectful. D.Supportive.
答案 B [推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段中“This upsets me to no end...is best”可知,作者对专家的态度是怀疑的,故选B。]
4.When the world is “waving a chair in your face”,you're advised to ________.
A.wait for a better chance
B.break your old habits
C.make a quick decision
D.ask for clear guidance
答案 C [推理判断题。根据文章最后一段中“Anytime you find the world...you just need to get started.”可知,作者建议人们快速做出决定,故选C。]
Task 2:词汇积累
1.typical adj.代表的,典型的
2.confuse vt.搞乱,使糊涂
confused adj.混乱的;慌乱的
3.option n.选择,取舍 at one's option 随意
4.conflict n.冲突,矛盾,抵触
5.accomplish v.完成,实现
accomplish one's object 达到目的
6.in reality实际上,事实上
7.focus on 致力于,使聚焦,把……作为兴趣中心
8.instead of代替……,(是……)而不是……
Task 3:语法填空
A typical lion tamer(驯兽师) in people's mind is an entertainer  __1__ (hold) a whip (鞭) and a chair.The whip gets all of the attention,but it's  __2__ (most) for show.In reality,it's the chair  __3__  does the important work.When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion's face,the lion tries to focus  __4__  all four legs of the chair at the same time.With its focus  __5__ (divide),the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what  __6__ (do) next.When faced with so many options,the lion  __7__ (choose) to freeze and wait instead of attacking  __8__  man holding the chair.
答案 1.holding 2.mostly 3.that 4.on 5.divided  6.to do 7.chooses 8.the
Task 4:短文改错(下面文字有五处错误,请改正)
It doesn't have to beingbe that way.Anytime you find the world waving a chair in ouryour face,remember this:All you need to do is focusedfocus on one thing.You just need ∧to get started.Starting before you feel ready is one of the habithabits of successful people.
Task 5:攻克长难句(分析句子结构,尝试翻译成汉语)
When faced with so many options,the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.
分析:这是一个主从复合句。主句是the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man;When faced with so many options过去分词短语作状语;holding the chair现在分词短语作定语。
译文:当面对如此多的选择时,狮子选择的是冷静并等待时机,而不是攻击持椅子的男子。
Task 6:经典句式背诵
1.All you need to do is focus on one thing.
所有您需要做的就是专注于一件事。
2.Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people.
在感觉准备好之前开始是成功人士的习惯之一。
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章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM
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