八年级英语上册专项训练--阅读理解(有答案人教新目标版)

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八年级英语上册专项训练--阅读理解(有答案人教新目标版)

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w.5 Y k J.COm 专题四 阅读理解
Group 1
A
“My dear dad, where are we going?”This has become the most popular question these days. It's a line from the theme song of Hunan TV Station's reality show Where Are We Going, Dad?
“All of my classmates are big fans,”said Ning Yun, 14, from Guangxi.“On Fridays, we remind others: don't  forget to watch it tonight!”
In the show, five pairs of fathers and kids go to different places and finish interesting jobs. It's all about growing up. Clumsy fathers learn to cook and look after their kids. The kids learn about teamwork and living and working by themselves.
In the show, Kimi, four years old, finds it hard to finish his work alone.“When I saw Kimi looking for his dad, I can't help laughing,”said Chen Yufang, 13, from Guangxi.“It reminded me of my first night at the school dormitory. I really felt the pain of growing up that night.”
When people see the fathers trying to help their kids, it also touches their hearts more or less. Tian Xiaofeng, for example, 14, from Jiangsu, said his father is like Guo Tao in the program.“He is really strict. And I was sad about it,” he said. But now he sees it in a different way,“Guo Tao's son looks strong-minded. I think his parents give him some good examples. And I guess my father just wants me to be like that,”he said.
On the journey of life, kids learn to grow up and adults learn to be better parents. Maybe we can plan a trip with our parents. Shall we go?
( B )1.According to the passage, Where Are We Going, Dad? is a ________.
A.song      B.show
C.magazine  D.movie
( B )2.The third paragraph is mainly about________.
A.when the games begins
B.what the program is about
C.how fathers learn to cook
D.where the children play
( C )3.According to the passage, Kimi ________.
A.does his work easily
B.comes from Guangxi
C.is a 4-year-old kid
D.enjoys living at school
( A )4.The writer tells that the new program touches people's hearts by ________.
A.giving an example
B.making a survey
C.singing a song
D.having a speech
( C )5.We can learn from the passage that________.
A.Guo Tao is very sorry for his son
B.children hardly do as their parents do
C.Tian Xiaofeng's father is very strict
D.kids can grow up well without parents
B
Have you ever watched a film with your friends and thought,“How wonderful!”or had a meal with your family and said,“That was the best!”?
Well, there may be a small secret(秘密)about why you enjoyed it so much. Our experiences are stronger if we share them with someone. That means good experiences become better, and bad ones become worse. That's according to a new study by Yale University.
Scientists did a small study on female college students. In the test they share chocolate with someone they thought was another participant. But in fact, it was a scientist. In each test, they got two pieces of chocolate. They ate one piece at the same time with the“participant”and another piece alone. The participants thought the chocolate was tastier and more enjoyable when they shared it with someone. Even though both pieces of chocolate were from the same box.
Scientists then did another experiment, this time with bitter,_unpleasant chocolate. Again, the participants thought the chocolate was bitterer than the piece they ate alone.
“When people think of shared experience, what usually comes to mind is being with friends or family,”said scientist Erica Boothby. We often don't know how much people around influence(影响) our decisions, according to Erica.
However, it does show that sharing things with a friend may just make your good way a little brighter. Because the study only looked at female college students, it doesn't mean the whole picture.
( B )1.According to the new study,________.
A.the best film is the one you watch with your friends
B.sharing secrets with your friends  can make you happier
C.the most delicious meal is the one you have with your family
D.your experiences are stronger if you share them with others
( A )2.Which of the following statements is WRONG to the test?
A.The chocolate has two different tastes.
B.The scientists also take part in the test.
C.The chocolate is from the same box.
D.The participants were female college students.
( A )3.The underlined word“bitter” in Paragraph 4 probably is________.
A.a kind of taste  B.a kind of color
C.bright  D.tidy
( D )4.We can learn from the last two paragraphs________.
A.Erica Boothby really likes eating chocolate
B.making more friends can make you luckier
C.boys don't like to do things with their friends
D.friends or family play a role in our decisions
( B )5.Which is the best title for this passage?
A.Eating Chocolate Lets Us Be Happier
B.Sharing Things Makes a Difference
C.Watching a Movie Brings us Luck
D.Doing a Study Is Really Interesting
Group 2
A
Annie White likes music. She is learning to play the piano, but the Whites don't have a piano at home. A neighbor has an old piano and she says that Annie can have it.
It is a Sunday morning. Mr. White and three neighbors take the piano to the Whites' house. Now Annie is very happy. Annie's baby sister Jane also likes the piano, because she can make a lot of noise on it. In the evening, Mr. and Mrs. White go to a party. Little Jane wants to play the piano, but Annie says,“No, Jane. You must go to bed now.”
So Jane goes to be d. Then Annie does her homework and watches TV. At nine o'clock she goes to bed, too.
But what is that? She sits up in bed and listens. It is her piano. Someone is playing it. Well, in fact, someone is making a lot of noise on it! It is Jane, of course! Annie jumps out of bed and runs into the living room quickly. But there is no one there. Annie goes to Jane's room. Jane is in bed. She is sleeping.
Then Annie hears the piano again! Who can it be? Are her parents back? She calls,“Are you there, Mom and Dad?”There is no answer.
Now Annie is▲. Someone is playing her piano. It isn't her sister and it isn't her father or her mother. Who can that mysterious(神秘的)piano player be? With all her courage (勇气),she goes to the living room again. She walks slowly and quietly. Do you know what she sees? Puddles, the family cat, is walking up and down the piano!
( C )1.Annie's piano is from her________.
A.mother  B.teacher
C.neighbor  D.grandfather
( A )2.The best word for“▲”is ________.
A.afraid  B.funny
C.happy  D.sad
( D )3.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.Annie and her sister share a room.
B.The piano is in Annie's mother's room.
C.Annie goes to bed at ten o'clock in the evening.
D.At first, Annie thinks her sister is playing the piano.
( D )4.What is the best title for this passage?
A.A Happy Family
B.A Wonderful Night
C.A Lazy But Cute Cat
D.A Mysterious Piano Player
B
American scientists say the ice covering the Arctic (北极的)Ocean is getting less and thinner. This is very bad for the animals living there. The scientists found that older, thicker sea ice was replaced (替换)with new ice day after day. The new ice is thinner and it melts faster than the older ice.
The study found an average (平均的)ice covers about fifteen million square kilometers in March. That is seven hundred thirty square kilometers smaller than that three years ago.
Scientists say ninety percent of all Arctic Ocean ice is only one or two years old. They say the newer ice is easier to melt during the summer months.
The area of the ice and its thickness are very important to the health of the Arctic Ocean. Because it throws sunlight back into space and keeps the sea cold. The ice also cools the air. But when the ice melts, the sun warms ocean waters.
A scientist says a warmer Arctic and thinner sea ice change the balance (平衡)between the cold Arctic and warmer areas. And it also affects (影响)Arctic wildlife and people who depend on the enviro-nment there. The melting has already brought problems to the animals like the polar bears and the earth's weather.
( B )1.How is the ice in the Arctic Ocean now?
A.It's thicker and thicker.
B.It's getting less and thinner.
C.It's brighter and smaller.
D.It's polluted heavily.
( D )2.According to the second paragraph, we know________.
A.three years ago an average ice was even smaller
B.the area of an average ice is getting larger from March
C.scientists didn't know t he area of an average ice three years ago
D.the area of an average ice is now smaller than that three years ago
( B )3.How old is the most newer ice of the Arctic Ocean?
A.It's one year old.
B.It's one or two years old.
C.It 's ninety years old.
D.It's fifteen million years old.
( C )4.From the passage, we know________.
A.ice cannot cool the air
B.ice can keep the sea clean
C.ice can throw sunlight back into space
D.ice can become thicker
( C )5.The writer wants to tell us________.
A.the warmer Arctic can only affect the animals there
B.A lot of Arctic wildlife can live in the Arctic Ocean
C.the melting of the ice in the Arctic Ocean  can affect the earth's weather
D.many polar bears died because the environment they depended on changed
Group 3
A
Long ago, three pigs grew up and left their parents' home. They said goodbye to each other and went_their_separate_ways.
The youngest pig was lazy and did not like to work. The middle pig didn't mind working, but he always took the easy way out. The o ldest pig worked hard and always thought before doing things.
Each little pig decided to build a house. The youngest pig thought,“I will build my house with grass. It is light and easy to build with.”The middle pig thought,“Here are many small sticks. They are easy to work with. I will build my house out of sticks.”The oldest pig thought,“There are many dangers in the world. I must build a strong house using stones.”
And soon, the three pigs built their houses. One day, a big bad wolf(狼) came to town. He was very hungry. He saw the first little pig in his grass house. He pushed down the house and ate the little pig. Then the wolf came to the stick house and pushed it down, too. The wolf ate the second pig. When the wolf came to the stone house, he pushed again and again. However, he couldn't push it down. Finally, the wolf gave up and went away. The oldest pig lived a long and happy life.
( C )1.What does the underline phrase“went their separate ways” mean in Chinese?
A.各取所需  B.各司其职
C.各奔东西  D.各不相让
( B )2.The youngest pig used________to make his house.
A.sticks  B.grass
C.stones  D.glass
( D )3.The wolf gave up at last because ________.
A.he wasn't hungry
B.the oldest pig wasn't at home
C.he was afraid of the oldest pig
D.the stone house was too strong
( A )4.Which of the following is the right order(顺序) of the story?
①The oldest pig built his house.
②The three pigs left their parents' home.
③The wolf pushed the two pigs' houses down.
A.②①③  B.①②③
C.③①②  D.②③①
( D )5.From the story we can learn that we should________.
A.learn to work with others
B.always take the easy way out
C.learn to take others' advice
D.think carefully before doing things
B
One day a rich boy boug ht a magic mirror. When he got home, he looked into the mirror. His face looked sad. He tried to smile and make funny faces, but his face still looked sad. Then he did many funny things, but his face always looked sad.
“Oh, what a terrible mirror! It doesn't work!”he said angrily.
The next day on his way to buy some choco late, he saw a little girl crying sadly. The rich boy went up to her and asked what had happened. The little girl said she couldn't find her parents.“Don't worry. I'll help you,”the rich boy said. So they went to look for them together. Finally they found her parents. They were so thankful for his help. After the rich boy arrived home, he looked in the mirror as usual. To his surprise, his face looked very happy. The boy understood the magic of the mirror. The mirror could show the true feelings of its owner. This was true-the rich boy had helped that little girl so he felt really happy.
( B )1.How did the boy's face look in the mirror on the first day?
A.Happy.  B.Sad.
C.Angry.  D.Funny.
( C )2.What did the boy do on his way to buy chocolate?
A.He lost his parents.
B.He bought a new mirror.
C.He helped the little girl find her parents.
D.He bought a mirror for the little girl.
( D )3.What was special about the mirror?
A.It never looked happy.
B.It was terrible.
C.It could help the owner find the way.
D.It could show its owner's true feelings.
( D )4.What is the rich boy like?
A.He is outgoing.
B.He is foolish.
C.He is clever.
D.He is ready to help.
( A )5.What is the best title for the passage?
A.A Magic Mirror  B.A Rich Boy
C.A Terrible Mirror  D.A Helpful Girl
Group 4
A
Are you a shy person?Do you expect to become outgoing?Being outgoing can help a lot in your life. In fact,being outgoing is not so hard as you think. Here is some advice on how to become outgoing.
You can start to try becoming outgoing when you stay with your friends. But the real challenge (挑战) comes when you meet strangers or new friends. Smile at them,and usually they will smile at you,too. You may find it easy to start talking in this way.
Start a talk positively (积极地).Try to speak first. Simple greetings such as“Hello!”“How is it going?”and“It's a little cloudy today,isn't it?”are a good start. After that,you can talk more. For exam ple,you can talk about the latest news. But you'd better read some news in newspapers and have your own ideas first. Or you may find that you won't have much to say.
The best way to become outgoing is to go out. It is also a very important step. Usually those who like to do the same things can get to know  each other better. If you like playing sports,go to a sports club. You may make many new friends there if you get over your shyness.
( B )1.The passage gives us ________pieces of advice on how to become outgoing.
A.two  B.three
C.four  D.five
( C )2.The writer advises that a shy person can start with ________if he or she wants to try becoming outgoing.
A.classmates  B.parents
C.friends  D.teachers
( D )3.According to the writer,________is the best way to become outgoing.
A.starting a small talk
B.smiling
C.playing sports
D.going out
( A )4.What is the Chinese meaning of the underlined word“latest”in the passage?
A.newest  B.heaviest
C.worst  D.strongest
( B )5.Which of the following is NOT true?
A.If you want to become outgoing,you'd better start a talk first.
B.A shy person won't become outgoing.
C.Being outgoing isn't so hard as you think.
D.Going out is a very important step to become outgoing.
B
What kind of vehicle (交通工具) will you choose when traveling between provinces? Many may say trains. Now, the high-speed railways (高速铁路) have connected(连接) Eastern and Western China as well as the South and the North.
A new high-speed railway opened on September 10th, 2016. It connects Zhengzhou in Henan Province to Xuzhou in Jiangsu Province. With this railway, China's high-speed railways are over 20,000 km long. It is the world's longest and makes up 60 percent of the world's total high-speed railway lines.
However, China wasn't an early starter in the high-speed railways. Japan started half a century (世纪) ago, while Germany did 20 years ago. China only began to build its high-speed railways 14 years ago.
Behind the fast development (发展) of China's high-speed railways, there is the country's growing need for transportation. According to Xinhua, China's high-speed trains gave 961 million trips to people last year. The number was three times as large as that in 2010.
“The high-speed railways are not only the bridge to different places, but also connect people, information and goods(商品). It greatly improves the economy (经济) in different areas, people's lives and tourism,”said Huang Xin, an official from the China Railway Corp.
China's building of high-speed railways is still going on. The National Development and Reform Commission said in July that China plans to have 38,000 km of high-speed railways by 2025.
(  C )1.What makes the high-speed railway from Zhengzhou to Xuzhou special?
A.It was the first high-speed railway in China.
B.It connects Eastern and Western China as well as the South and the North.
C.It makes China's high-speed railways over 20,000 km long.
D.It makes up 50 percent of the world's total high speed railway lines.
( D )2.In which order (顺序)were these countries starting to build high-speed railways?
A.China Germany Japan
B.Japan Germany China
C.China Japan Germany
D.Germany Japan China
( A )3.How many trips did China's high-speed trains give to people in 2010?
A.About 320 million.
B.About 961 million.
C.About 2,883 million.
D.About 290 million.
( C )4.What does Huang Xin mean according to the second last paragraph(倒数第二段)?
A.China is a very poor country.
B.China should build more bridges.
C.The high-speed railways have improved people's life a lot.
D.The high-speed railways in China are not long enough.
( D )5.What is the article mainly about?
A.How to build high-speed railways.
B.The different vehicles of our travelling.
C.High-speed railways in different countries.
D.The development(发展)of China's high-speed railways.
C
This is not a diet. It's a simple way to lose weight. And you don't even have to give up the food you love or join a gym. You just follow some habits that thin people have. Keep them, and you'll become thin.
(1)Wake-up
When you wake up in the morning, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, bend(弯曲)forward until you feel sore in your back. It will burn about 10 calories(热量单位:卡路里).
(2)Start with soup
When you have a meal, order a clear soup, and have it before having the main food. In this way, you'll feel fuller, so you'll eat less when the main food comes.
(3)An apple (or more)a day
Apples are full of fiber(纤维) and water, so your stomach will want less. The study shows that people who eat at least three apples a day lose weight.
(4)Stand up and walk around
Every time you use the mob ile phone, stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average(平均)two and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very imp ortant as standing up and walking around will burn 50 or more calories.
Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss.
( A )1.What should we have first if we want to eat less main food?
A.Soup.   B.Ice cream.
C.Salad.  D.Cheese.
( B )2.Why does eating apples make one's stomach want less food?
A.Because apples are delicious.
B.Because apples are full of fiber and water.
C.Because apples are sour.
D.Because only apples are filled with calories.
( C )3.Which of the following may the writer disagree?
A.Sitting up without using your hands helps burn calories.
B.Eating apples every day is good for people's health.
C.You have to join a gym if you want to lose weight.
D.It's good to walk around while talking on the mobile phone.
( A )4.What's the purpose (目的)of the passage?
A.To give some advice on how to lose weight.
B.To advise people to eat apples every day.
C.To tell people how to enjoy a better life.
D.To advise people to give up bad habits.
( D )5.In which part of a newspaper would you most probably read the passage?
A.Shopping.  B.Teaching.
C.Family.  D.Health.
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