湖北孝感八校2017-2018高二英语下学期期末联考试题(带答案)

时间:2018-07-11 作者:佚名 试题来源:网络

湖北孝感八校2017-2018高二英语下学期期末联考试题(带答案)

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2017-2018学年度下学期孝感市八校教学联盟
期末联合考试
高二英语试卷

 (本试题卷共8页。全卷满分150分,考试用时150分钟)
注意事项:
1. 答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试卷和答题卡上,并将准考证条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡对应题目的答案标号涂黑。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
3.非选择题的作答:用黑色签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。 

第I卷(共100分)
第一部分   听力(共两节, 满分30分)
    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂在答题卡。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £ 19. 15.      B. £ 9. 18.     C. £ 9. 15.
答案是 C。
1.What are the speakers talking about?
A. Getting Lydia a gift.  B. Doing some exercise.   C. Having a birthday party.
2.What is the woman going to do?
A. Help the man.    B. Take a bus.     C. Get a camera.
3.What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Tell Kate to stop.   B. Call Kate’s friends.   C. Stay away from Kate.
4.Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a wine shop.   B. In a restaurant.    C. In a supermarket.
5.What does the woman mean?
A. Turn on the fan.    B. Go out for fresh air.   C. Keep the window closed.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.What is the man going to do this summer?
A. Teach a course.   B. Work at a hotel.    C. Repair his house.
7.How will the man use the money?
A. To buy books.    B. To hire a gardener.   C. To pay for a boat trip.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Schoolmates.    B. Colleagues.     C. Roommates.
9.What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?
A. Start his own business.  B. Travel around the world.  C. Work as a programmer.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.Why does the woman make the call?
A. To book a hotel room .  B. To ask about the room service.
C. To make changes to a reservation.
11.When will the woman arrive at the hotel?
A. On September 15.   B. On September 16.   C. On September 23.
12.How much will the woman pay for her room per night?
A. $179      B. $199       C. $219
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?
A. Going boating.    B. Going camping.    C. Going shopping.
14.Where will the woman stay in Keswick?
A. In her aunt’s home.  B. In a five-star hotel.     C. In a country inn.
15.What will Gordon do over the weekend?
A. Visit his friends     B. Watch DVDs      C. Join the woman.
16.What does the woman think of Gordon’s coming weekend?
A. Relaxed.          B. Busy.          C. Boring.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.Who is Wang Ming?
A.A student        B. An employer.       C. An engineer
18. What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?
A. It's unpredictable    B. It's not optimistic     C. It's quite stable
19. What percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?
A. 20%             B. 22%              C. 50%
20.Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?
A. Their choice is limited.  B. The salary is usually good.
C. They need more work experience.

第二部分:阅读理解(每小题2分;共40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中选出最佳选项。
A
Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens
Visitor Information
How to Get to Holker
By Car: Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere-20 minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hour 30 minutes.
By Rail: The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities & airports.
Opening Times
Sunday-Friday (closed on Saturday)11:00 am-4:00pm, 30th March-2nd November.
Admission Charges
Hall & Gardens   Gardens
Adults:   £12.00     £8.00
Groups:   £9.00     £5.50
Special Events
Producers’ Market        13th April
Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent recipe ideas.
Holker Garden Festival   30th May
    The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it one of the most popular events in gardening.
National Garden Day     28th August
Holker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can take a tour with our garden guide.
Winter Market           8th November
This is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifts while enjoying a live music show and nice street entertainment.
21. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?
A.20 minutes.   B.25 minutes.   C.45 minutes.    D.90 minutes.
22.How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit to Hall & Gardens?
A.£5.50.    B. £8.00.    C.£9.00.      D.£l2.00.
23.Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?
A. Winter Market.      B. Producers’ Market.
C. National Garden Day.     D. Holker Garden Festival.
B
With the explosion of consumer choices in recent history, the latest must -haves would surely need to be upgraded more often than every 10 years. In 2002 a computer and basic mobile phone would have been enough for most people, but now? The public need a trendy notebook computer and a smart phone with WiFi connection to feel they are up -to -date. So when will we have enough things? When will we finally be happy? Well, it looks like the things we buy today will barely keep us satisfied for a few months.
In the eyes of some psychologists, far from making us happy, greater consumer choice creates many serious psychological problems. A fundamental principle of the society is that more freedom is better and more choice in the marketplace means more freedom. Therefore more choice leads to more happiness. This is not the case, however.
Imagine you go to a cafe offering chocolate and vanilla ice cream. You choose the chocolate and eat it happily. But what if the cafe serves 50 kinds of ice cream? You choose chocolate and then start to worry,  maybe blueberry would have been better, perhaps the half-fat ice cream would have been healthier. Stupid me all these choices and I didn’t make the best one!
In China’s major cities we have now passed the point where more consumer choice is making us happier. We are annoyed by all the options we have, disappointed because our expectations are so high and angered at ourselves when we don’t make a perfect choice every time.
A newspaper reporter tells a story about traveling on a plane with high -speed Internet access. He thought this was amazing---- the newest piece of technology he had heard of. Then the service went down. The man next to him was angry and swore. The reporter thought, “How quickly the world owes him something he knew existed only 10 seconds ago!”
24. What is the text mainly talking about?
A. Hi-tech and consumer needs.
B. Computers and smart phones.
C. Wireless products and WiFi connection.
D. Diverse choices and consumer satisfaction.
25. What may some psychologists think of the consumer demand in the café?
A. Variety leads to unhappiness.
B. More choice means more freedom.
C. The consumer has mental problems.
D. The shop provides too many choices.
26. Why was the man next to the reporter quite annoyed?
A. Someone owed him money.
B. The air hostess offered poor service.
C. The net connection was interrupted.
D. The pleasure lasted only 10 seconds.
27. What does the underlined word “swore” in the last paragraph probably mean?
A. Fell asleep.       B. Said rude words. 
C.Made promises.      D. Became amazed.
C
 Teens and younger children are reading a lot less for fun, according to a Common Sense Media report published Monday.
    While the decline over the past decade is steep for teen readers, some data in the report shows that reading remains a big part of many children’s lives, and indicates how parents might help encourage more reading.
    According to the report’s key findings, “the proportion (比例) who say they ‘hardly ever’ read for fun has gone from 8 percent of 13-year-olds and 9 percent of 17-year-olds in 1984 to 22 percent and 27 percent respectively(分别地)today.”
    The report data shows that pleasure reading levels for younger children, ages 2—8, remain largely the same. But the amount of time spent in reading each session(学期)has declined, from closer to an hour or more to closer to a half hour per session.
    When it comes to technology and reading, the report does little to counsel(建议) parents looking for data about the effect of e-readers and tablets on reading. It does point out that many parents still limit electronic reading, mainly due to concerns about increased screen time.
     The most hopeful data shared in the report shows clear evidence of parents serving as examples and important guides for their kids when it comes to reading. Data shows that kids and teens who do read frequently, compared to infrequent readers, have more books in the home, more books purchased for them, parents who read more often, and parents who set aside time for them to read.
    As the end of school approaches, and school vacation reading lists loom(逼近) ahead, parents might take this chance to step in and make their own summer reading list and plan a family trip to the library or bookstore.
28. What is the Common Sense Media report probably about?
A. Parent-child relationships.    B. Children’s reading habits.
C. Quality of children’s books.   D. Children’s after-class activities.
29. Where can you find the data that best supports “children are reading a lot less for fun”?
A. In paragraph 2.         B. In paragraph 3.
C. In paragraph 4.         D. In paragraph 5.
30. Why do many parents limit electronic reading?
A. E-readers are expensive.    B. It could be a waste of time.
C. E-books are of poor quality.   D. It may harm children’s health.
31. How should parents encourage their children to read more?
A. Act as role models for them.   B. Ask them to write book reports.
C. Set up reading groups for them.  D. Talk with their reading class teachers.
D
We’ve all been there: in a lift, in line at the bank or on an airplane, surrounded by people who are, like us, deeply focused on their smartphones or, worse, struggling with the uncomfortable silence.
 What’s the problem? It’s possible that we all have compromised conversational intelligence. It’s more likely that none of us start a conversation because it’s awkward and challenging, or we think it’s annoying and unnecessary. But the next time you find yourself among strangers, consider that small talk is worth the trouble. Experts say it’s an invaluable social practice that results in big benefits.
 Dismissing small talk as unimportant is easy, but we can’t forget that deep relationships wouldn’t even exist if it weren’t for casual conversation. Small talk is the grease(润滑剂) for social communication, says Bernardo Carducci, director of the Shyness Research Institute at Indiana University Southeast. “Almost every great love story and each big business deal begins with small talk,”he explains. “The key to successful small talk is learning how to connect with others, not just communicate with them.”
In a 2014 study, Elizabeth Dunn, associate professor of psychology at UBC, invited people on their way into a coffee shop. One group was asked to seek out an interaction(互动) with its waiter; the other, to speak only when necessary. The results showed that those who chatted with their server reported significantly higher positive feelings and a better coffee shop experience. “It’s not that talking to the waiter is better than talking to your husband,” says Dunn. “But interactions with peripheral(边缘的) members of our social network matter for our well-being also.”
Dunn believes that people who reach out to strangers feel a significantly greater sense of belonging, a bond with others. Carducci believes developing such a sense of belonging starts with small talk. “Small talk is the basis of good manners,”he says.
32. What phenomenon is described in the first paragraph?
A. Addiction to smartphones.
B. Impatience with slow service.
C. Inappropriate behaviours in public places.
D.Absence of communication between strangers.
33. What is important for successful small talk according to Carducci?
A. Showing good manners.   B. Focusing on a topic.
C. Relating to other people.   D. Making business deals.
34. What does the coffee-shop study suggest about small talk?
A. It improves family relationships.  B. It makes people feel good.
C. It matters as much as a formal talk.  D. It raises people’s confidence.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. Benefits of Small Talk    B. Ways of Making Small Talk
C. Conversation Counts   D. Uncomfortable Silence
第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out.   36   Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.
l Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day.   37 
l Your metabolism(新陈代谢) gets a head start.   38   If you work out in the mornings, then you will be getting the calorie(卡路里) burning benefits for the whole day, not in your sleep.
l   39   Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited.
l   40   If you work out bright and early in the morning, you will be more likely to stick to healthy food choices throughout the day. Who would want to ruin their good workout by eating junk food? You will want to continue to focus on positive choices.
There are a lot of benefits to working out, especially in the mornings. Set your alarm clock an hour early and push yourself to work out! You will feel energized all day long.
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up!

第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20 小题,每小题1.5分 ,满分30分)
When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say "sorry, ___41___ number!" and move on. But when Dennis Williams ____42____ a text that clearly wasn’t intended for him, he did something ____43____.
On March 19, Dennis got a group text ____44____ him that a couple he didn’t know were at the hospital, waiting for the ____45____ of a baby.
"Congratulations! But I think someone was mistaken," Dennis ____46____. The baby was born and update texts were ____47____ quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her ____48____, she didn’t seem to realize that she was ____49____ the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. "Well, I don’t ____50____ you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby," replied Dennis before asking which room the new ____51____ were in.
Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his ____52____! He turned up at the hospital ____53____ gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally ____54____ by the unexpected visit. "I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we ____55____ it and the gifts."
Teresa ____56____ a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website ____57____ by the touching words: "What a ____58____ this young man was to our family! He was so ____59____ and kind to do this." The post has since gained the ____60____ of social media users all over the world, receiving more than 184,000 shares and 61,500 likes in just three days.
41. A. unlucky  B. wrong   C. new   D. secret
42. A. copied  B. translated      C. received     D. printed
43. A. reasonable  B. practical   C. necessary  D. special
44. A. informing  B. reminding   C. convincing  D. warning
45. A. wake-up  B. arrival   C. growth  D. recovery
46. A. predicted  B. interrupted   C. responded  D. repeated
47. A. passing down B. setting out   C. coming in     D. moving around
48. A. excitement  B. anxiety   C. opinion  D. effort
49. A. comparing  B. sharing   C. discussing  D. exchanging
50. A. accept  B. bother   C. believe  D. know
51. A. patients  B. doctors   C. parents  D. visitors
52. A. dream   B. principle   C. schedule  D. promise
53. A. opening  B. collecting   C. bearing  D. making
54. A. astonished  B. relaxed   C. discouraged D. defeated
55. A. appreciate  B. need    C. admit   D. expect
56. A. found   B. posted   C. developed  D.selected
57. A. confirmed  B. accompanied  C. clarified  D. simplified
58. A. pity   B. problem   C. relief   D. blessing
59. A. sweet   B. calm    C. smart   D. fair
60. A. sympathy  B. trust    C. control  D. attention

第II卷(共50分)
第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节 语法填空(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不超过3个单词)。
Diets have changed in China — and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country   61  (grow)more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over   62   past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is   63   (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice
   64  (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water   65   rice and creates less fertilizer(化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased   66   (pollute) in the country’s major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total   67  (globe) fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005 — when the government   68  (start) a soil-testing program   69   gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers — and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China’s approach to protecting its environment while   70  (feed) its citizens "offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide." says the bank’s Juergen Voegele.

第四部分:写作(共两节 满分35分)
第一节 短文改错 (共 10题 ,每小题1分,满分 10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
71.Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school. They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables!
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
72. 假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter 来信询问你校学生体育运动情况。请给他回信,内容包括:
1. 学校的体育场馆;
2. 主要的运动项目;
3. 你喜欢的项目。
注意:1. 词数100左右:
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
2017-2018高二英语下学期期末考试参考答案
第一卷(共三部分,满分100分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,20小题,每题1.5分,满分30分)
1-5 ABABC  6-10BAACC  11-15BBACB  16-20CABAB
第二部分:阅读理解
第一节(共两节,15小题;满分30分)
21-23 DCA      24-27 DACB        28-31 BBDA   32-35 DCBA
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 
36-40  GEFBA
第三部分:语言知识运用
第一节:完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45 BCDAB               46-50 CCABD
51-55CDCAA                56-60 BBDAD  
第二卷(共两部分,满分50分)
第三部分:语言知识运用
第二节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. has grown    62. the     63. actually    64. to improve    65. than   
66. pollution     67. global   68. started    69. that/which    70. feeding
第四部分
第一节 短文改错(满分10分)
71.  Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school. They live far from the school, and it takes
                     both
them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in
         an                                                       interested
planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier
                             which                                       early
and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they
                                          去掉for                  Besides
often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their
                  information                            comes
students ∧pick the fresh vegetables!
            to


第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
参考范文
Dear Peter,
   I am more than delighted to hear from you. You asked me in your last letter about the physical exercise in our school and the following information may give you a rough sketch.
   To begin with, an excellent new stadium has been built up, which has become the new landmark in our school. Moreover, with the stadium set up, a wide range of sports events are able to be held, of which ping-pong, football as well as running competitions enjoy great popularity. As for me, basketball is my favourite since it has been giving me strength to face the challenges in my life.
   All in all, I sincerely invite you to come to our school and see for yourself.
Yours,
Li Hua


英语听力部分录音稿  
听力录音原稿:
Text 1
W: What are we going to get for Lydia’s birthday?
M: How about a pair of running shoes?
W: You know she hates doing exercise.
M: Then I guess we can buy her a birthday cake.
Text 2
M: Excuse me. Do you have time to help take a picture of us?
W: Oh, I'm sorry. I've got to catch a bus.
M: That's OK.
Text 3
M: It really annoys me when Kate calls her friends during office hours.
W: If I were you, I would tell her to stop.
M: Maybe you're right. I will talk to her sometime.
Text 4
M: Here's the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink?
W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list?
M: Certainly. Here you are.
Text 5
M: We need to have some fresh air. Do you mind my opening the window?
W: As a matter of fact, I'm feeling a bit cold.
Text 6
M: Guess what I'll be doing this summer?
W: What?
M: I'm going to work at the Riverside Hotel.
W: What exactly will you be doing?
M: Let's see. I'll be doing some small repairs inside and outside the hotel. I'll be cutting grass and taking care of the flowers.
W: Sounds interesting. What's the pay?
M: Well, uh…about fifteen dollars an hour, five hours a day, and Sunday free.
W: That's good money. What are you going to do with it?
M: I'll pay for the textbooks for next term.
Text 7
M: Hi, Sue. How's it going?
W: Oh, hi, Frank, just fine. How are your classes?
M: Pretty good. I'm glad this is my last term here, though.
W: Why is that? I thought you were enjoying school.
M: I was. But now I'm getting tired of it. I'm ready for the real world.
W: What are you planning to do when you graduate?
M: First, I want to get a job as a computer programmer, and then after five years or so, I'd like to start my own business.
W: Sounds good. I still have three terms to go until I'm done.
M: You'll make it for sure. Well, see you later.
W: Bye!
Text 8
M: Hello, Milton Hotel Reservations. How may I assist you?
W: Hi, I'm calling to make some changes to an existing reservation.
M: Certainly. Do you have the reservation number?
W: Sure, it's 219.
M: That's a reservation for Sally Menkel. Is that right?
W: Yes, that's right. I'd like to change the check-in date from September 15 to September 16.
M: Certainly. I can make that change for you. Is that the only change?
W: No, the check-out date will also change from the 23rd to the 24th.
M: No problem. We have you arriving on the 16th of September and leaving the 24th of September - altogether, eight nights. Will there be anything else?
W: Yes. Instead of a courtyard room, I'd like a room with a view, preferably on an upper floor.
M: I can certainly change that for you, but there will be a change in the room rate. The new rate is $199 per night, instead of the original $179.
W: That's OK. These are all the changes. Thank you very much.
M: You're welcome. Have a nice day!
Text 9
W: Gordon, I'm going to Keswick in the Lake District this weekend.
M: Really?
W: Yeah, five of us. Why don't you join us? We're getting to Keswick on Friday. Then we're going boating on Saturday. And on Sunday, we're going to do some shopping. Then I will take some time to visit my aunt Lucy.
M: You're not going to camp, are you? Isn't it a bit cold?
W: No, we're not. It is a bit cold. We're staying in a country inn. It's not like five-star hotels or anything. But it's really comfortable.
M: Hmm, sounds interesting. You know, it's the boating that I don't like.
W: Well, what are you up to?
M: Sit on my sofa all weekend and watch the DVDs I've just bought. And that will be a busy weekend. I may finish watching Friends.
W: I don't know how you can do that all weekend, Gordon. I'd get bored.
M: I know, I know. But that's really what I want to do.
Text 10
M: Hello. Welcome to the program. In America, May and June are the traditional months for graduations. A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs. Right now, the answer is: not very easily. A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago. But one difference: fewer of this year's graduates have started to search for jobs. Engineering graduates were more likely to have started their job search already, and to have accepted a job. This is among the best-paid professions for people with just a college degree. On average, engineering majors expect to start at about $62,000 a year.

作文评分原则
 1.本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分;
 2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分;
 3.词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分;
 4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下文的连贯性;
 5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受;
 6.如书写较差以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。
各档次的给分范围和要求
第五档 完全完成了试题规定的任务。
—覆盖所有内容要点。
—应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。
—语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。
—有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。完全达到了预期的写作目的。
21-25分 
第四档 完成了试题规定的任务。
—虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。
—应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
—语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。
—应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。达到了预期的写作目的。
16-20分 
第三档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。
—虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。
—应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
—有一些语法结构和词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。
—应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯。整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。
11-15分 
第二档 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。
—漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。
—语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。
—有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。
—较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
6-10分 
第一档 未完成试题规定的任务。
—明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。
—语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。
—较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。
—缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。信息未能传达给读者。
1-5分 
0分 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。


 

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