第一部分 听力（共两节, 满分30分）
例：How much is the shirt?
A. £ 19. 15. B. £ 9. 18. C. £ 9. 15.
1.What are the speakers talking about?
A. Getting Lydia a gift. B. Doing some exercise. C. Having a birthday party.
2.What is the woman going to do?
A. Help the man. B. Take a bus. C. Get a camera.
3.What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Tell Kate to stop. B. Call Kate’s friends. C. Stay away from Kate.
4.Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a wine shop. B. In a restaurant. C. In a supermarket.
5.What does the woman mean?
A. Turn on the fan. B. Go out for fresh air. C. Keep the window closed.
6.What is the man going to do this summer?
A. Teach a course. B. Work at a hotel. C. Repair his house.
7.How will the man use the money?
A. To buy books. B. To hire a gardener. C. To pay for a boat trip.
8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Schoolmates. B. Colleagues. C. Roommates.
9.What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?
A. Start his own business. B. Travel around the world. C. Work as a programmer.
10.Why does the woman make the call?
A. To book a hotel room . B. To ask about the room service.
C. To make changes to a reservation.
11.When will the woman arrive at the hotel?
A. On September 15. B. On September 16. C. On September 23.
12.How much will the woman pay for her room per night?
A. $179 B. $199 C. $219
13.What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?
A. Going boating. B. Going camping. C. Going shopping.
14.Where will the woman stay in Keswick?
A. In her aunt’s home. B. In a five-star hotel. C. In a country inn.
15.What will Gordon do over the weekend?
A. Visit his friends B. Watch DVDs C. Join the woman.
16.What does the woman think of Gordon’s coming weekend?
A. Relaxed. B. Busy. C. Boring.
17.Who is Wang Ming?
A.A student B. An employer. C. An engineer
18. What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?
A. It's unpredictable B. It's not optimistic C. It's quite stable
19. What percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?
A. 20% B. 22% C. 50%
20.Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?
A. Their choice is limited. B. The salary is usually good.
C. They need more work experience.
Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens
How to Get to Holker
By Car: Follow brown signs on A590 from J36, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere-20 minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hour 30 minutes.
By Rail: The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster and Preston for connections to major cities & airports.
Sunday-Friday (closed on Saturday)11:00 am-4:00pm, 30th March-2nd November.
Hall & Gardens Gardens
Adults: £12.00 £8.00
Groups: £9.00 £5.50
Producers’ Market 13th April
Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent recipe ideas.
Holker Garden Festival 30th May
The event celebrates its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it one of the most popular events in gardening.
National Garden Day 28th August
Holker once again opens its gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can take a tour with our garden guide.
Winter Market 8th November
This is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifts while enjoying a live music show and nice street entertainment.
21. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?
A.20 minutes. B.25 minutes. C.45 minutes. D.90 minutes.
22.How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit to Hall & Gardens?
A.£5.50. B. £8.00. C.£9.00. D.£l2.00.
23.Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?
A. Winter Market. B. Producers’ Market.
C. National Garden Day. D. Holker Garden Festival.
With the explosion of consumer choices in recent history, the latest must -haves would surely need to be upgraded more often than every 10 years. In 2002 a computer and basic mobile phone would have been enough for most people, but now? The public need a trendy notebook computer and a smart phone with WiFi connection to feel they are up -to -date. So when will we have enough things? When will we finally be happy? Well, it looks like the things we buy today will barely keep us satisfied for a few months.
In the eyes of some psychologists, far from making us happy, greater consumer choice creates many serious psychological problems. A fundamental principle of the society is that more freedom is better and more choice in the marketplace means more freedom. Therefore more choice leads to more happiness. This is not the case, however.
Imagine you go to a cafe offering chocolate and vanilla ice cream. You choose the chocolate and eat it happily. But what if the cafe serves 50 kinds of ice cream? You choose chocolate and then start to worry, maybe blueberry would have been better, perhaps the half-fat ice cream would have been healthier. Stupid me all these choices and I didn’t make the best one!
In China’s major cities we have now passed the point where more consumer choice is making us happier. We are annoyed by all the options we have, disappointed because our expectations are so high and angered at ourselves when we don’t make a perfect choice every time.
A newspaper reporter tells a story about traveling on a plane with high -speed Internet access. He thought this was amazing---- the newest piece of technology he had heard of. Then the service went down. The man next to him was angry and swore. The reporter thought, “How quickly the world owes him something he knew existed only 10 seconds ago!”
24. What is the text mainly talking about?
A. Hi-tech and consumer needs.
B. Computers and smart phones.
C. Wireless products and WiFi connection.
D. Diverse choices and consumer satisfaction.
25. What may some psychologists think of the consumer demand in the café?
A. Variety leads to unhappiness.
B. More choice means more freedom.
C. The consumer has mental problems.
D. The shop provides too many choices.
26. Why was the man next to the reporter quite annoyed?
A. Someone owed him money.
B. The air hostess offered poor service.
C. The net connection was interrupted.
D. The pleasure lasted only 10 seconds.
27. What does the underlined word “swore” in the last paragraph probably mean?
A. Fell asleep. B. Said rude words.
C.Made promises. D. Became amazed.
Teens and younger children are reading a lot less for fun, according to a Common Sense Media report published Monday.
While the decline over the past decade is steep for teen readers, some data in the report shows that reading remains a big part of many children’s lives, and indicates how parents might help encourage more reading.
According to the report’s key findings, “the proportion (比例) who say they ‘hardly ever’ read for fun has gone from 8 percent of 13-year-olds and 9 percent of 17-year-olds in 1984 to 22 percent and 27 percent respectively(分别地）today.”
The report data shows that pleasure reading levels for younger children, ages 2—8, remain largely the same. But the amount of time spent in reading each session（学期）has declined, from closer to an hour or more to closer to a half hour per session.
When it comes to technology and reading, the report does little to counsel(建议) parents looking for data about the effect of e-readers and tablets on reading. It does point out that many parents still limit electronic reading, mainly due to concerns about increased screen time.
The most hopeful data shared in the report shows clear evidence of parents serving as examples and important guides for their kids when it comes to reading. Data shows that kids and teens who do read frequently, compared to infrequent readers, have more books in the home, more books purchased for them, parents who read more often, and parents who set aside time for them to read.
As the end of school approaches, and school vacation reading lists loom(逼近) ahead, parents might take this chance to step in and make their own summer reading list and plan a family trip to the library or bookstore.
28. What is the Common Sense Media report probably about?
A. Parent-child relationships. B. Children’s reading habits.
C. Quality of children’s books. D. Children’s after-class activities.
29. Where can you find the data that best supports “children are reading a lot less for fun”?
A. In paragraph 2. B. In paragraph 3.
C. In paragraph 4. D. In paragraph 5.
30. Why do many parents limit electronic reading?
A. E-readers are expensive. B. It could be a waste of time.
C. E-books are of poor quality. D. It may harm children’s health.
31. How should parents encourage their children to read more?
A. Act as role models for them. B. Ask them to write book reports.
C. Set up reading groups for them. D. Talk with their reading class teachers.
We’ve all been there: in a lift, in line at the bank or on an airplane, surrounded by people who are, like us, deeply focused on their smartphones or, worse, struggling with the uncomfortable silence.
What’s the problem? It’s possible that we all have compromised conversational intelligence. It’s more likely that none of us start a conversation because it’s awkward and challenging, or we think it’s annoying and unnecessary. But the next time you find yourself among strangers, consider that small talk is worth the trouble. Experts say it’s an invaluable social practice that results in big benefits.
Dismissing small talk as unimportant is easy, but we can’t forget that deep relationships wouldn’t even exist if it weren’t for casual conversation. Small talk is the grease(润滑剂) for social communication, says Bernardo Carducci, director of the Shyness Research Institute at Indiana University Southeast. “Almost every great love story and each big business deal begins with small talk,”he explains. “The key to successful small talk is learning how to connect with others, not just communicate with them.”
In a 2014 study, Elizabeth Dunn, associate professor of psychology at UBC, invited people on their way into a coffee shop. One group was asked to seek out an interaction(互动) with its waiter; the other, to speak only when necessary. The results showed that those who chatted with their server reported significantly higher positive feelings and a better coffee shop experience. “It’s not that talking to the waiter is better than talking to your husband,” says Dunn. “But interactions with peripheral(边缘的) members of our social network matter for our well-being also.”
Dunn believes that people who reach out to strangers feel a significantly greater sense of belonging, a bond with others. Carducci believes developing such a sense of belonging starts with small talk. “Small talk is the basis of good manners,”he says.
32. What phenomenon is described in the first paragraph?
A. Addiction to smartphones.
B. Impatience with slow service.
C. Inappropriate behaviours in public places.
D.Absence of communication between strangers.
33. What is important for successful small talk according to Carducci?
A. Showing good manners. B. Focusing on a topic.
C. Relating to other people. D. Making business deals.
34. What does the coffee-shop study suggest about small talk?
A. It improves family relationships. B. It makes people feel good.
C. It matters as much as a formal talk. D. It raises people’s confidence.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. Benefits of Small Talk B. Ways of Making Small Talk
C. Conversation Counts D. Uncomfortable Silence
If you are already making the time to exercise, it is good indeed! With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out. 36 Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.
l Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day. 37
l Your metabolism(新陈代谢) gets a head start. 38 If you work out in the mornings, then you will be getting the calorie(卡路里) burning benefits for the whole day, not in your sleep.
l 39 Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you, so it is more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited.
l 40 If you work out bright and early in the morning, you will be more likely to stick to healthy food choices throughout the day. Who would want to ruin their good workout by eating junk food? You will want to continue to focus on positive choices.
There are a lot of benefits to working out, especially in the mornings. Set your alarm clock an hour early and push yourself to work out! You will feel energized all day long.
A. You will stick to your diet.
B. Your quality of sleep improves.
C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.
D. There is no reason you should exercise in the morning.
E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.
F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day.
G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly, or you’re doing it now, then listen up!
第一节 完形填空（共20 小题，每小题1.5分 ，满分30分）
When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say ＂sorry, ___41___ number!＂ and move on. But when Dennis Williams ____42____ a text that clearly wasn’t intended for him, he did something ____43____.
On March 19, Dennis got a group text ____44____ him that a couple he didn’t know were at the hospital, waiting for the ____45____ of a baby.
＂Congratulations! But I think someone was mistaken,＂ Dennis ____46____. The baby was born and update texts were ____47____ quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her ____48____, she didn’t seem to realize that she was ____49____ the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. ＂Well, I don’t ____50____ you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby,＂ replied Dennis before asking which room the new ____51____ were in.
Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his ____52____! He turned up at the hospital ____53____ gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally ____54____ by the unexpected visit. ＂I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we ____55____ it and the gifts.＂
Teresa ____56____ a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website ____57____ by the touching words: ＂What a ____58____ this young man was to our family! He was so ____59____ and kind to do this.＂ The post has since gained the ____60____ of social media users all over the world, receiving more than 184,000 shares and 61,500 likes in just three days.
41. A. unlucky B. wrong C. new D. secret
42. A. copied B. translated C. received D. printed
43. A. reasonable B. practical C. necessary D. special
44. A. informing B. reminding C. convincing D. warning
45. A. wake-up B. arrival C. growth D. recovery
46. A. predicted B. interrupted C. responded D. repeated
47. A. passing down B. setting out C. coming in D. moving around
48. A. excitement B. anxiety C. opinion D. effort
49. A. comparing B. sharing C. discussing D. exchanging
50. A. accept B. bother C. believe D. know
51. A. patients B. doctors C. parents D. visitors
52. A. dream B. principle C. schedule D. promise
53. A. opening B. collecting C. bearing D. making
54. A. astonished B. relaxed C. discouraged D. defeated
55. A. appreciate B. need C. admit D. expect
56. A. found B. posted C. developed D.selected
57. A. confirmed B. accompanied C. clarified D. simplified
58. A. pity B. problem C. relief D. blessing
59. A. sweet B. calm C. smart D. fair
60. A. sympathy B. trust C. control D. attention
Diets have changed in China — and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 61 （grow）more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over 62 past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is 63 (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice
64 (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water 65 rice and creates less fertilizer(化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased 66 (pollute) in the country’s major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 67 (globe) fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005 — when the government 68 (start) a soil-testing program 69 gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers — and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China’s approach to protecting its environment while 70 (feed) its citizens ＂offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide.＂ says the bank’s Juergen Voegele.
第一节 短文改错 （共 10题 ，每小题1分，满分 10分）
71.Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school. They live far from the school, and it takes them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables！
72. 假定你是李华，你的英国朋友Peter 来信询问你校学生体育运动情况。请给他回信，内容包括：
1-5 ABABC 6-10BAACC 11-15BBACB 16-20CABAB
21-23 DCA 24-27 DACB 28-31 BBDA 32-35 DCBA
41-45 BCDAB 46-50 CCABD
51-55CDCAA 56-60 BBDAD
61. has grown 62. the 63. actually 64. to improve 65. than
66. pollution 67. global 68. started 69. that/which 70. feeding
71. Mr. and Mrs. Zhang all work in our school. They live far from the school, and it takes
them about a hour and a half to go to work every day. In their spare time, they are interesting in
planting vegetables in their garden, that is on the rooftop of their house. They often get up earlier
and water the vegetables together. They have also bought for some gardening tools. Beside, they
often get some useful informations from the Internet. When summer came, they will invite their
students ∧pick the fresh vegetables！
I am more than delighted to hear from you. You asked me in your last letter about the physical exercise in our school and the following information may give you a rough sketch.
To begin with, an excellent new stadium has been built up, which has become the new landmark in our school. Moreover, with the stadium set up, a wide range of sports events are able to be held, of which ping-pong, football as well as running competitions enjoy great popularity. As for me, basketball is my favourite since it has been giving me strength to face the challenges in my life.
All in all, I sincerely invite you to come to our school and see for yourself.
W: What are we going to get for Lydia’s birthday?
M: How about a pair of running shoes?
W: You know she hates doing exercise.
M: Then I guess we can buy her a birthday cake.
M: Excuse me. Do you have time to help take a picture of us?
W: Oh, I'm sorry. I've got to catch a bus.
M: That's OK.
M: It really annoys me when Kate calls her friends during office hours.
W: If I were you, I would tell her to stop.
M: Maybe you're right. I will talk to her sometime.
M: Here's the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink?
W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list?
M: Certainly. Here you are.
M: We need to have some fresh air. Do you mind my opening the window?
W: As a matter of fact, I'm feeling a bit cold.
M: Guess what I'll be doing this summer?
M: I'm going to work at the Riverside Hotel.
W: What exactly will you be doing?
M: Let's see. I'll be doing some small repairs inside and outside the hotel. I'll be cutting grass and taking care of the flowers.
W: Sounds interesting. What's the pay?
M: Well, uh…about fifteen dollars an hour, five hours a day, and Sunday free.
W: That's good money. What are you going to do with it?
M: I'll pay for the textbooks for next term.
M: Hi, Sue. How's it going?
W: Oh, hi, Frank, just fine. How are your classes?
M: Pretty good. I'm glad this is my last term here, though.
W: Why is that? I thought you were enjoying school.
M: I was. But now I'm getting tired of it. I'm ready for the real world.
W: What are you planning to do when you graduate?
M: First, I want to get a job as a computer programmer, and then after five years or so, I'd like to start my own business.
W: Sounds good. I still have three terms to go until I'm done.
M: You'll make it for sure. Well, see you later.
M: Hello, Milton Hotel Reservations. How may I assist you?
W: Hi, I'm calling to make some changes to an existing reservation.
M: Certainly. Do you have the reservation number?
W: Sure, it's 219.
M: That's a reservation for Sally Menkel. Is that right?
W: Yes, that's right. I'd like to change the check-in date from September 15 to September 16.
M: Certainly. I can make that change for you. Is that the only change?
W: No, the check-out date will also change from the 23rd to the 24th.
M: No problem. We have you arriving on the 16th of September and leaving the 24th of September - altogether, eight nights. Will there be anything else?
W: Yes. Instead of a courtyard room, I'd like a room with a view, preferably on an upper floor.
M: I can certainly change that for you, but there will be a change in the room rate. The new rate is $199 per night, instead of the original $179.
W: That's OK. These are all the changes. Thank you very much.
M: You're welcome. Have a nice day!
W: Gordon, I'm going to Keswick in the Lake District this weekend.
W: Yeah, five of us. Why don't you join us? We're getting to Keswick on Friday. Then we're going boating on Saturday. And on Sunday, we're going to do some shopping. Then I will take some time to visit my aunt Lucy.
M: You're not going to camp, are you? Isn't it a bit cold?
W: No, we're not. It is a bit cold. We're staying in a country inn. It's not like five-star hotels or anything. But it's really comfortable.
M: Hmm, sounds interesting. You know, it's the boating that I don't like.
W: Well, what are you up to?
M: Sit on my sofa all weekend and watch the DVDs I've just bought. And that will be a busy weekend. I may finish watching Friends.
W: I don't know how you can do that all weekend, Gordon. I'd get bored.
M: I know, I know. But that's really what I want to do.
M: Hello. Welcome to the program. In America, May and June are the traditional months for graduations. A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs. Right now, the answer is: not very easily. A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago. But one difference: fewer of this year's graduates have started to search for jobs. Engineering graduates were more likely to have started their job search already, and to have accepted a job. This is among the best-paid professions for people with just a college degree. On average, engineering majors expect to start at about $62,000 a year.
文 章来源 莲