绝密 ★ 启用前 试卷类型A
英 语 试 卷
命题人 邢积文 张少琳 审核人 李敏
第一部分 听力 （满分20分）
1. Who is the man over there?
A. Jim’s brother. B. Jim’s uncle. C. Jim’s father.
2. What are the two speakers talking about?
A. A homeless dog. B. City services. C. Dog food.
3. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Go to the grocery store.
B. Go shopping online.
C. Go to the Internet Cafe.
4. What does the woman mean?
A. It’s easy to find a car.
B. She’s glad to get cash.
C. The money is not enough.
5. Why does the man make this call?
A. To cancel his travel.
B. To book a ticket.
C. To change the leaving date.
6. What does the man order？
A. A birthday dinner.
B. A candle light dinner.
C. A Chinese dinner.
7. When will the dinner start?
A. At 8:00 pm. B. At 8:30 pm. C. At 9:00 pm.
8. What does the man plan to do?
A. Color his hair. B. Shorten his pants. C. Reserve a room.
9. How will the man return home?
A. By plane. B. By train. .C. By car.
10. What might the woman buy?
A. A blue skirt. B. A green dress. C. A handbag.
11. Why is the man hurried to go home?
A. To attend a party. B. To watch a match. C. To have a rest.
12. How does the woman feel at last?
A. Happy. B. Surprised. C. Annoyed.
13. What is the man studying?
A. Art. B. Nursing. C. Painting.
14. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. At school. B. In the hospital. C. At the airport.
15. Why is the man going to New Zealand?
A. To have a tour. B. To visit an art village. C. To study for a degree.
16. What is the most probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Strangers. B. Friends. C. Relatives.
17. What time will the bus leave for the field trip?
A. At 8:00 am. B. At 8:15 am. C. At 8:30 am.
18. What will they do on the first night?
A. Have a campfire. B. Have a dance. C. Have a barbecue.
19. When will they come back to school probably?
A. On Sunday morning. B. On Sunday afternoon. C. On Sunday night.
20. What does the speaker remind the students in the end?
A. Not to be late.
B. To get their packs prepared.
C. To ask parents for permission.
The Welcombe Hotel
Less than two miles from Stratford-upon-Avon, it takes several minutes to walk through the Welcombe Hills and the Clopton Local Nature Reserve to reach the town on foot. Besides the town center tourist attractions, the British Motor Museum, Warwick Castle and Warwick Racecourse are all within a 15-minute drive.
Service & facilities（设施）
There seem to be professional staff everywhere ready to assist. Room service is 24 hours a day. Besides the modern spa facilities, tennis courts and the golf course, there are 11 meeting rooms, suites to accommodate weddings and functions, and business services are also provided.
Food & drink
Meals are served in the Trevelyan Restaurant. Dinner is a fixed price menu: ₤28 for two courses or ₤35 for three, with a choice of four starters, seven main courses and five desserts. Dishes of British and classic French cuisine are thoughtfully presented. Wine is available by the glass for ₤4.95. Breakfast (₤14.95 for room-only guests)is served including a choice of hot dishes together with homemade bread, cheeses and hams, fresh fruit and juices.
Value for money
Year-round rates start from ₤99 for a standard double room, not including breakfast. Free private hotel parking, use of spa and Wi-Fi .
Rooms for guests with disabilities
Room 14 has a fully assisted bathroom and room 7 has a walk-in shower but no assisted handles. Just remember both of them are on the ground floor. The Hamlet Apartment is single storey and features a wet room.
There are 20 family rooms like Room 15 on the third floor and Room 8 on the second floor and a children's menu in the restaurant. The swimming pool has specific family hours, and the country park is perfect for letting off some steam.
21. Which of the following places is the nearest to the Welcombe Hotel?
A. Warwick Castle.
B. The British Motor Museum.
C. Warwick Racecourse.
D. The Clopton Local Nature Reserve.
22. If a couple wants three courses and two glasses of wine, how much should they pay?
A．₤32.95. B. ₤37.9. C．₤44.9. D. ₤49.95.
23. What do we know about the Welcombe Hotel from the text?
A. It charges less than other hotels.
B. It provides meals without alcohol.
C. It charges a little for parking private cars.
D. It offers comfortable services to families.
I fondly remember road trips as a child, sitting in the sunny backseat of my mom's car, daydreaming about other worlds and fantastic adventures. As I’ve grown older, my daydreams have become increasingly occupied less with fantasy but more with the reality of my past and future. Nearly everyone daydreams about their future and reflects nostalgically (念旧地) or negatively on moments of the past. These moments can provide inspiration, but if you spend too much time daydreaming in this fashion, you may be reducing your success in the present.
If you've ever planned a vacation, you're familiar with the impatient days tapping at your desk, dreaming of the lazy, relaxing days to come. Unfortunately, sometimes you end up comparing the real vacation to your imagined one, and it doesn't live up to the standard. Reflecting nostalgically on the past can also prevent present enjoyment. It is equally fun to reflect on past achievements or fun events, but it's possible to be so consumed with happy memories that you miss opportunities to create more.
We've all made mistakes that we’re ashamed of; reflecting on them is an important step in correcting those mistakes and becoming a better person. But dwelling （细想）too long on your past can also be negative. If you dwell too long on a past mistake, you can begin to equate（使等同）yourself with your past and feel farther away from the person you want to be. Train your brain to think quickly about the past and future, and take only the information and inspiration that you need in order to be the best person you can without resting on your glory moments or your mistakes.
If your identity is not dependent on the past or future, every experience is new and every day is a blank page for you to write. A fun mental exercise is to always tell yourself that you’re experiencing things for the first time. So take advantage of each moment you’re given.
24. What does the author think of daydreaming?
A. It's the favorite for many kids.
B. It can lead to fantastic adventures.
C. It's the major source of inspiration.
D. It has both strengths and weaknesses.
25. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?
A. Past achievements strongly influence us.
B. It's important to be patient with our present life.
C. Daydreaming may make the present disappointing.
D. Reflecting nostalgically on the past brings us no pleasure.
26. What should we avoid doing according to Paragraph 3?
A. Reflecting on the past.
B. Resting on our past experiences.
C. Thinking about our past mistakes.
D. Feeling ashamed of our past mistakes.
27. What's the author's purpose in writing the text?
A. To tell about her childhood.
B. To tell how to let go the past.
C. To suggest we focus on the present.
D. To encourage us to learn from mistakes.
On a February afternoon in a classroom, Taylor came face to face with a cow－but it was all in her head．A virtual（虚拟的）reality headset had transported her and her classmates to a farm 250 miles away and for them, the technology means field trips are no longer limited by a bus ride.
On any given day, students nationwide walk through fields, dive into deep sea, and observe medical operations by using such headset. It's another way to attract the iPhone generation of students and improve their understanding and their grades.
Richard Lamb is a scientist working at Buffalo Science Lab. In the lab, the physical effects of virtual reality become clear as participants experience motion (运动) sickness without moving. “Some of the research we’re doing has shown that what you experience in virtual reality has very similar responses that you would get if you were doing the actual activity, ” Lamb said.
It's unknown how many classrooms have or will adopt the technology, but experts say it's still relatively rare. While individual headsets that require a user’s phone can cost as little as $20 or $30, systems and software for classes will cost thousands of dollars. Early complaints about a lack of good software are fading as more companies enter the market, but the rules for use haven't necessarily caught up with the technology.
In New York, virtual lab experiments don’t count toward the state's hands-on lab time requirements. Even so, the sciences are an area where virtual reality holds particular promise for classrooms. “The biggest impediment is going to be the quality of that experience, and that means how closely it mimics (模仿) the physical world, ” said David Evans, a scientist. “ Doing dangerous things and running into a lot more cases represent a huge learning opportunity.”
Lamb agreed. “Too often in schools, when we do things in labs, you mix things together and you get this outcome. And if you don't get that outcome, you did something wrong, but we don't have enough resources for you to redo it,” he said. “In virtual reality, all I do is on the computer. I don’t have to actually use chemicals.”
28. What does a virtual reality headset really help the students do?
A. Take some exercise. B. Perform an operation.
C. Go for a bus ride. D. Have different experiences.
29. The technology is rarely used in classrooms mainly because ________.
A. students show little interest in it
B. it's too expensive for users to afford it
C. supporting software is inaccessible yet
D. it's inconvenient to be operated by students
30. Which word can replace the underlined word “impediment” in Paragraph 5?
A. Opportunity. B. Difficulty.
C. Surprise. D. Disappointment.
31. Which of the following statements do both Lamb and Evans agree with?
A. This technology can save students a lot of time.
B. This technology is safe when used in experiments.
C. This technology can produce a better result in real life.
D. This technology can enrich students’ learning experiences.
In today’s world, understanding how to analyze big data is a significant tool for students, scientists, and citizens alike－and a key topic during both speeches at the 2017 Research Teachers Conference.
During their speeches, Lisa Purcell, Senior Scientist at Regeneron and Ruth Krumhansl, founder of the Oceans of Data Institute, both offered recommendations to more than 200 teachers at the conference on how to effectively use big data in the classroom.
“Having a lot of data is worthless unless you can make sense of it, ” Ruth said. “We have a responsibility to help our students make wise decisions in a very complex world.” Ruth explained that she is always seeking to increase data literacy（数据素养能力）and transform science education using big data. With these resources, students can conduct a variety of big data research projects －all from the classroom. Moreover, even students interested in non-STEM（科学、技术、工程、数学）careers like consulting or business analytics can benefit from understanding how to analyze and understand data sets.
Lisa stressed that teachers have the power to change the world by providing the next generation with the correct analytical tools and approaches to handle such large quantities of information. “You can train the next generation with them to do whatever, whether it’s dealing with climate change, creating a vaccine (疫苗) for Ebola, or becoming the next President of the U.S. or Prime Minister of Canada,” Lisa said.
Understanding big data is critical to students’ success in school and their future careers. According to Ruth, students should begin working with data from a young age. This will enable students to practice analytical thinking as early as possible, and to begin asking important questions about what is going on in our world. And big data can help answer questions that students have. “Students are interested in what is known, but they get more excited about what is not known,” she said.
32. According to Paragraph 2, we know the speeches of Lisa and Ruth _______.
A. advise students to increase data literacy
B. ask teachers to know how to analyze big data
C. show the significance of big data in non-STEM
D. advise teachers to apply big data in the classroom
33. What can we know about Ruth?
A. She was a real specialist in analyzing big data.
B. She laid the base for students to do big data projects.
C. She stressed the important role of teachers in using big data.
D. She made outstanding achievements with the help of big data.
34. Which of the following may Lisa agree with?
A. Teachers are given the power to change the world.
B. Teachers should try to transform science education.
C. Teachers can help students apply big data to many fields.
D. Teachers know the importance of big data for students.
35. What may be the best title for the passage?
A. How can students analyze big data?
B. How can students make use of big data?
C. Big data－a significant tool in today’s classroom
D. Big data－a necessary subject for students to learn
第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
According to expert Dr. Bob Nelson, the most effective employee rewards are also the least expensive. 36 The trick to giving your employees rewards that make a real difference is to personalize them － this is a case where one size definitely does not fit all. Here’s how to keep your team motivated by rewarding them wisely.
Be quick. In order to make recognition effective, it needs to be closely linked to the behavior being rewarded. 37 Don't wait a month or two after the fact. By that time, the employee may have already forgotten what it was that she did to earn the recognition.
Be specific. Generalities have no place when you’ re rewarding your employees. 38 Then explain to the employee why you appreciate it: “You did a remarkable job pulling together the data for that marketing survey!”
39 Effective management is all about building relationships and trust with your people. It's always best to convey your praise in person and publicly, in front of the employee’s peers, whenever possible. If you can’ t arrange for a personal, face-to-face praising in a timely way, then use the telephone or send an email, text message or handwritten note.
Be sincere. 40 The easiest way to do this is to offer thanks when you really are appreciative. Don’t fake it when it comes to recognizing employees. Your people will see right through your lukewarm（冷淡的）praise, and they will discount the recognition that you give them.
A. Be positive.
B. Be personal.
C. Make sure your thanks are from your heart.
D. This means rewarding an employee immediately.
E. Point out the specific behavior that you are recognizing.
F. You don't need to send employees to Hawaii on expensive vacations.
G. All your appreciation of an employee can be destroyed in the instant you yell at them.
After graduating from college, I began to teach in a junior high summer school. Although I lacked teaching 41 , I was young and enthusiastic. And I was 42 that I’d be good with all kinds of students. However, they were naughtier than I had 43 . Of course, no class is 44 without a ringleader(捣蛋头目). Apparently John was such one.
John’s behavior was still the worst, but something else in him changed 45 as we got familiar. John loved to 46 and he would tell me many stories about his life. One day, John asked me if I liked perfume. I said yes, not knowing where the conversation was going. He 47 that his father bought his mother the perfume to 48 having an argument with her. Since his mother 49 it, he brought it to me. I accepted the 50 after making sure he’d gotten permission to give it 51 . A week later, I was on the phone with John’s father. We were discussing John’s recent 52 at school again. His father said “since my wife passed away,” then I knew John’s mother had died of cancer and the perfume was once her 53 . However, John’s father firmly 54 that I keep it, stating his son must have had a 55 reason for giving it to me, for he looked upon me as his mother.
At the end of the summer, John was able to 56 the test and move up to the 7th grade. I felt so glad to see his 57 .On the last day of summer school, John who 58 before liked to show his feelings came back to my office to say goodbye several times. On the final 59 to my office, John hugged me and said, “Thank you, Ms. Rivera. I’ll never forget you.” Those words moved me to tears. As I waved goodbye and 60 him that I’d always remember him too, I suddenly understood that teaching is about those life altering moments you never expect.
41. A. information B. knowledge C. spirit D. experience
42. A. certain B. curious C. excited D. satisfied
43. A. declared B. analyzed C. imagined D. introduced
44. A. optimistic B. complete C. positive D. capable
45. A. immediately B. totally C. gradually D. suddenly
46. A. listen B. talk C. lecture D. think
47. A. continued B. believed C. concluded D. complained
48. A. prepare for B. get ready for C. make up for D. blame for
49. A. disliked B. forgot C. valued D. adored
50. A. reality B. surprise C. idea D. gift
51. A. aside B. out C. away D. off
52. A. future B. behavior C. ability D. graduation
53. A. memory B. dream C. favorite D. pride
54. A. urged B. commanded C. insisted D. desired
55. A. strange B. clear C. practical D. special
56. A. take B. understand C. pass D. enjoy
57. A. happiness B. progress C. trial D. promise
58. A. sometimes B. usually C. often D. never
59. A. chance B. trip C. adventure D. scene
60. A. moved B. reminded C. encouraged D. convinced
61. It had never o__________ to him that the boss was mistaken.
62. It is not likely for her to ___________（抵抗）the temptation of chocolate.
63. He was about to speak when the audience i____________ him.
64. Encourage your child to reach a __________（妥协）between what he wants and what you want.
65. He, who s__________ the right moment, is the wise man.
66. It is generally a__________ （假设，认为）that stress is caused by too much work.
67. __________ （分类）by subject, the books in the library didn't seem out of order as before.
68. Mr. Richard makes it a rule to d__________a lot of money to charity once a year.
69. You will not be able to achieve one of your a__________ if you do not work hard.
70. With the white walls __________（反射）the light, the room looks warm and bright.
It was not until I came to Beijing that I had a taste of the saying "Even though the eyes of a stranger are big, they cannot see everything."
A visit to the Great Wall showed me one of mankind's 71.__________ (astonish) achievements. Built by Emperor Qin Shihuang as a defence against the 72. __________ (enemy) from the North, today, it is China's symbol to the rest of the world. In China, 73. __________ is said that climbing the Great Wall is one of the biggest 74. __________ (accomplish) any Chinese should make during their life time.
I was curious 75. __________ (know) from my Chinese friend why this 76. __________ (consider) an important milestone. The answer was in the famous words of the founder of modern China, Chairman Mao Zedong,"If you have never been 77. __________ the Great Wall, you are not a true man." It was then clear to me 78. __________ this was the inspiration behind the eagerness for many Chinese to climb the wall. I saw senior citizens in 79. __________ (they) 70s or 80s climbing a step at a time just to fulfill one last requirement to be 80. __________ true Chinese.
第六部分 写作 （共两节，满分35分）
Yesterday, we held a class meeting on the topic of “My Dream”. Encouraging by our English teacher, we talked about our understanding of dreams. Opinions on this matter differ from person to person. Otherwise, we all believed that our dreams would come true one day.
As for me, my dream is to be a lawyer in the future, because lawyers are doing a meaning job. They can help people whoever are in need to solve a great many of problems with their professional knowledge, which is of great value to our society. To realize our dream, I will work as hard as I can from then on. I will try my best to get admitting into a good university where I can get a good knowledge of law and gain enough skills to become a lawyer. It is only in this way where I can accomplish my dream.
第二节 书面表达 （满分25分）
1-5 BABCC 6-10 BCBCA
11-15 BCACB 16-20 ABABC
21. D。细节理解题。从第一个要点Less than two miles from ... walk through the Welcombe Hills and the Clopton Local Nature Reserve to reach the town on foot可知，Clopton自然保护区离宾馆最近。
22. C。细节理解题。从第三个要点 ... ￡28 for two courses or ￡35 for three ... Wine is available by the glass for ￡4.95.可知，总共需要44.9英镑（￡35+￡4.95+￡4.95）。
24. D。推理判断题。根据第一段的Nearly everyone daydreams ... your success in the present.可知幻想很正常，但是这样做既有好处也有坏处。
25. C。推理判断题。根据第二段的Unfortunately, sometimes you end up ... live up to the standard.可知幻想可能会让我们现在的生活显得令人失望。
26. B。细节理解题。根据第三段的take only the information and inspiration ... your mistakes.可知我们不能长时间地沉浸于过去的光辉。
28. D。 细节理解题。从第一段的A virtual reality headset ... limited by a bus ride和第二段的内容可知，学生们不需要到实地去考察，虚拟现实技术便可以让他们有不同的体验。
29. B。 细节理解题。从第四段的It’s unknown how many classrooms ... systems and software for classes will cost thousands of dollars可知，虚拟现实技术设备较贵，从而影响了这种技术的普及。
30. B。 词义猜测题。根据上文的In New York, virtual lab experiments … holds particular promise for classrooms.及下文的and that’s how closely it mimics the physical world可知，该词意为“阻碍，阻碍物”。
31. D。 推理判断题。从第五段的Doing dangerous things and running into a lot more cases represent a huge learning opportunity可知，David Evans认为虚拟现实对学生有益；从第六段的内容可知，Lamb认为虚拟现实技术能够节省资源，使学生重新试验。因此可推知：他们都认为虚拟现实技术可丰富学生的学习经历。
32. D。细节理解题。根据文章第二段... both offered recommendations to more than 200 teachers at the conference on how to effectively use big data in the classroom.可知，她们在演讲中建议老师把大数据应用到课堂中。
33. B。细节理解题。根据文章第三段she is always seeking to increase data literacy (数据素养) ... With these resources, students can conduct a variety of big data research projects — all from the classroom.可知，Ruth为学生完成大数据项目提供了基础。
34. C。推理判断题。根据文章第四段... train the next generation with them to do whatever, whether it’s dealing with climate change, creating a vaccine for Ebola, or ...可知，Lisa认为老师可以帮助学生应用大数据到各个方面。
41. D。根据前文After graduating from college, I began to teach in a junior high summer school.可知作者大学刚毕业，缺乏教学经验（experience），但她年轻有热情。
43. C。根据前文可知作者确信自己能应对各种类型的学生，再根据However, they were naughtier 可知，作者班的学生要比她想象（imagined）的更加调皮。
46. B。根据下文的he would tell me many stories about his life.可知John喜欢讲话（talk），分享他的家庭生活。
47. A。根据前文One day, John asked me if I liked perfume可知，此处指他继续（continued）说他的家庭生活。
48. C。根据前文内容以及后文的having an argument with her.可知John的父亲给妈妈买香水是为了对一次争吵进行补偿（make up for）。
49. A。根据前文since 可知，此处表示他将香水送给我的原因，可知John的妈妈不喜欢（disliked）那瓶香水。
51. C。作者之所以接受这个礼物是因为她相信John所说的，他妈妈不喜欢这香水，所以他将这香水送出（give it away）。
59. B。由前文可知John升入了七年级，他要离开老师，向老师告别。他最后一次来到老师办公室。作者称他的最后来访为the final trip。
61-70：occurred; resist; interrupted; compromise; seizes; assumed; Classified; donate; ambitions; reflecting
71. astonishing 72. enemies 73. it 74. accomplishments 75. to know
76. was considered 77. to 78. that 79. their 80. a
Keys: 1. Encouraging改为Encouraged 2. differ改为differed
3. Otherwise改为However 4. meaning改为meaningful
5.whoever改为who 6. of去掉
7. our 改为my 8. then改为now
9. admitting改为admitted 10. where改为 that