第一节 （共15小题；每小题2分, 满分30分）
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和D）中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
The management and staff are happy to welcome you and will do all they can to make your stay an enjoyable one.
Our overnight charge includes a continental-type breakfast.
Breakfast: 7:30-9:30 a. m.
Lunch: 12:00-2:00 p. m.
Afternoon tea: 4:00-5:30 p. m.
Dinner: 7:00-9:15 p. m.
Meals can be served in rooms at a small extra charge. We regret that meals cannot be served outside these times.
Light refreshments including tea, coffee, biscuits and sandwiches, can be served in rooms between 10:00 a. m. and 11:00 p. m. except during the meal times listed above. Cold drinks are available in the room refrigerator.
Please hang the appropriate sign on your door handle if you do not wish to be disturbed. It will be easier for the maids if you can leave the room temporarily at any time between 9 : 30 a. m. and 4 : 00 p.m.
We are not responsible for the loss of money, jewellery, or other valuables unless they are kept in the safe and signed for by the manager.
Please inform receptionists of your intended leaving before 9:30 a. m. of the day concerned and leave the room by noon to allow for its preparation for incoming guests. If circumstances (情况) require, luggage can be left in the charge of the hall porter.
A SPECIAL REQUEST
We would respectfully suggest that in consideration of the comfort of other guests, the volume of radios and televisions should be turned down after 11:00 p. m.
1. Meals can be served _______.
A. in rooms at 9:00 p. m.
B. in the dining-room at 6:00 p. m.
C. outside the room at 3:00 p. m.
D. in the dining-room from 7:30 a. m. to 9:15 p. m.
2. Where is this notice most likely to be found?
A. In hotels. B. In shops. C. At restaurants. D. In the newspapers.
3. What can we conclude from the last paragraph?
A. You should respect the other guests.
B. You are not allowed to use radios and televisions.
C. You shouldn't make the radios and televisions too loud after 11:00 p.m.
D. To comfort others, you should turn off radios and televisions after 11:00 p.m.
Fifteen years ago, I took a summer vacation in Lecce in southern Italy. After climbing up a hill for a panoramic(全景的) view of the blue sea, white buildings and green olive trees, I paused to catch my breath and then positioned myself to take the best photo of this panorama.
Unfortunately, just as I took out my camera, a woman approached from behind, and planted herself right in front of my view. Like me, this woman was here to stop, sigh and appreciate the view.
Patient as I was, after about 15 minutes, my camera scanning the sun and reviewing the shot I would eventually take, I grew frustrated. Was it too much to ask her to move so I could take just one picture of the landscape? Sure, I could have asked her, but something prevented me from doing so. She seemed so content in her observation. I didn’t want to mess with that.
Another 15 minutes passed and I grew bored. The woman was still there. I decided to take the photo anyway. And now when I look at it, I think her presence in the photo is what makes the image interesting. The landscape, beautiful on its own, somehow comes to life and breathes because this woman is engaging with it.
This photo, with the unique beauty that unfolded before me and that woman who “ruined” it, now hangs on a wall in my bedroom. What would she think if she knew that her figure is captured(捕捉) and frozen on some stranger’s bedroom wall? A bedroom, after all, is a very private space, in which some woman I don’t even know has been immortalized(使……永存). In some ways, she lives in my house.
Perhaps we all live in each others’ spaces. Perhaps this is what photos are for: to remind us that we all appreciate beauty, that we all share a common desire for pleasure, for connection, for something that is greater than us.
That photo is a reminder, a captured moment, an unspoken conversation between two women, separated only by a thin square of glass.
4. What happened when the author was about to take a photo?
A. Her camera stopped working. B. A woman blocked her view.
C. Someone asked her to leave. D. A friend approached from behind.
5. According to the author, the woman was probably_______.
A. enjoying herself B. losing her patience
C. waiting for the sunset D. thinking about her past
6. In the author’s opinion, what makes the photo so alive?
A. The rich color of the landscape. B. The perfect positioning of the camera.
C. The woman’s existence in the photo. D. The soft sunlight that summer day.
7. The passage can be seen as the author’s reflections upon _______.
A. a particular life experience B. the pleasure of traveling
C. the art of photography D. a lost friendship
Imagine you got paid to do shopping, and could keep the things you bought with other people's money. Does this sound like a dream? Well, for some, like Amy Knott, from Chicago, this is their job.
Amy Knott is a mystery shopper. She is paid to visit a store, eat in a restaurant, go to a bank, stay in a hotel, get her hair cut, fill up her gas tank, or see a movie. She pretends to be an ordinary customer, but afterwards she writes a report about her experience, commenting on things like：How long did you wait in line? Was the food hot? Did the cashier say " Thank you.”？Did the restroom have soap and tissue? This gives companies useful information about how they can improve their customer service.
So who can become a mystery shopper? You do not need any special qualifications or experience, but you need a good memory, an eye for detail, and good writing skills. When you apply for the job, instead of an interview, you will be asked to write about something like "What was your best shopping experience?"
What is the pay like? For a 15-minute visit to a store, you might get $ 10 and the cost of what you buy. For a haircut, you might get $ 35 and the cost of the haircut. Most mystery shoppers do this job in their spare time, like Byron Jenner, who visits a restaurant on his lunch break every day and earns about $ 500 extra a month. But others, like Amy, make it their full-time career, and earn up to $ 40,000 a year.
"I love mystery shopping. I can't believe I actually get paid to have fun," she said. "For example, tonight my husband and I will go out, have a $ 150 dinner, go to stay at a luxury hotel, and I'll walk away with $ 300.”
8. Amy Knott is paid to go shopping .
A. to comment on some things
B. to see whether the cashier says "Thank you."
C. to see whether the restroom has soap and tissue
D. to do a research for a company to improve its service
9. Which of the following is NOT the qualification for a mystery shopper?
A. A good memory. B. Passing an interview.
C. Good writing skills. D. An eye for detail.
10. As a mystery shopper, Amy Knott feels the job .
A. a sad thing B. a surprising thing
C. a tiresome mailer D. a great pleasure
11. What does the underlined word "luxury" in the last paragraph mean?
A. A condition of much noise. B. A condition of large size.
C. A condition of great comfort. D. A condition of special cheapness.
Teaching can be one of the most satisfying jobs in the United States. Yet many American teachers say they feel overworked, undervalued, and underpaid. This has led to what education experts call ‘teacher burnout’, a feeling of mental, physical, and emotional exhaustion.
In all, nearly 50 percent of American teachers leave the profession before their fifth year. That information comes from a 2010 study by the advisory service McKinsey & Company.
And, a 2017 study from Penn State University found that 46 percent of teachers report high daily stress. Teachers say the stress affects their sleep, health, teaching performance, and quality of life. The study identified mindfulness training as one promising solution for improving teacher well-being.
The Greater Good Science Center at the University of California — Berkeley studies the science and practice of well-being. It defines mindfulness as keeping “a moment-by-moment awareness of our thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment.”
A person can reach this emotional state by spending time in quiet thought, without judging these thoughts and feelings. A number of people also meditate — they take slow, deep breaths to become calm.
Many organizations around the country have designed mindfulness training programs for schools. Some of them are designed for teachers. The programs seek to reduce teacher stress while helping them be more effective in the classroom.
Maureen Naughton is a seventh grade science teacher at a public middle school in the Bronx section of New York City. As a highly active teacher, Naughton would sometimes forget to take time to herself. But after the programs she shared the methods such as mindful walking and mindful eating — ways of enjoying those activities fully instead of being distracted by worries or responsibilities.
Naughton also said the deep breathing methods help her to maintain calm when faced with the stress of trying to “meet everyone’s needs.”
12. What does ‘teacher burnout’ in Paragraph 1 mean?
A. A situation of physical exercise
B. A condition of happiness and sorrow
C. A feeling of mental, physical, and emotional relaxation
D. A feeling of mental, physical, and emotional tiredness
13. What do we know from Paragraphs 2 and 3?
A. A 2010 study was conducted by a college.
B. Forty-six percent of teachers report high daily stress in last year’s study.
C. Nearly half of American teachers leave the profession before their tenth year.
D. Daily stress affects their sleep, health, teaching performance, and quality of teaching.
14. What do mindfulness training programs designed for teachers try to do?
A. They try to make teachers enjoy those activities fully
B. They try to reduce teacher stress to help teachers be more effective when teaching
C. They try to make teachers take slow, deep breaths to become calm
D. They try to make teachers spend time in quiet thought, without judging these thoughts and feelings
15. What can we infer from Naughton’s words?
A. Enjoy all kinds of activities carefully.
B. Don’t be distracted by worries or possibilities.
C. The deep breathing methods are a good way to let her keep calm when faced with stress.
D. The deep breathing methods help her to maintain calm when faced with the stress of trying to “meet everyone’s needs.”
What's the biggest problem with memory skills? __16__ There are many memory skills that work well, but you‘ll forget them when you need them most — unless you make using them a habit. So when you take the time to learn a technique, use it until it becomes automatic. Here are some for you to have a try.
Use a story-list. As a child, I went to a party. There was a game that involved looking at a table covered in fifteen various items. __17__ Finally, one boy won the prize by remembering all fifteen items. Later, I learned why he won. His father taught him a simple trick that none of us other kids knew. The skill is to tie the items together in an imaginative story.
__18__When you learn a person's name, for example, tell yourself, “Remember that”. This signals your unconscious (潜意识的) mind to rank this input as more important.
Know why you want to remember something, and how you‘ll remember it. To remember a person, for example, ask why they'll be important to you in the future, imagine where you’ll see them next, and connect that to anything you notice about them. Seeing the importance of remembering really helps. __19__ Do you ever forget where you put your keys? You have probably tried retracing (追溯) your steps, at least doing it in your imagination.__20__When you set the keys on the chair, see yourself walking in and setting the keys on the chair. You won't forget where they are.
There are many more of these memory tricks. If you want them to be useful, though, don't just read about them. Make one or two memory skills a habit and start today.
A. Tell yourself to remember.
B. Where can you pick up these skills?
C. The answer is remembering to use them.
D. It is not easy for us to learn memory techniques.
E. We had to write down as many items as we could remember.
F. Additional connections can set the memory more firmly in your brain.
G. This can work well, but even better is to prevent the forgetting beforehand.
第二部分: 语言知识运用（共两节, 满分45分）
This is a story that can teach us a good lesson. One day, a man in rags begged from door to door along the street. With an old wallet in his hand, he was asking for a few coins to buy something to eat. He kept complaining about his bad fortune and kept 21 why those who had so much money were never 22 and were always desiring more.
“As far as I’m concerned, if I had only enough to 23 and to wear, I would not want anything more. ”
Just at that moment Goddess Fortune, who came down the 24 , saw the beggar and said to him, “Hi, I have wished to 25 you for a long time. Now, open your 26 and I will pour my gold into it. But I will do that only on this 27 : All that falls into the wallet will be pure gold; but every piece falling upon the 28 shall become dust. Do you understand? ”
“I see. ”said the beggar.
“Then you should 29 ! It’s obvious that your wallet is a(n) 30 one, so don’t load it too heavily, ”said the Goddess Fortune.
The excited beggar could hardly 31 to have gold. He quickly opened his wallet, and a 32 of yellow coins was poured into it. The wallet grew heavier and heavier.
“Is that enough? Isn’t it cracking? ”asked the Goddess Fortune.
“Never 33 . It’s still strong enough now. ”answered the beggar.
The wallet was filled with so many coins that the beggar’s hands began to 34 . “Ah, if only the golden stream would 35 forever! Just a little more, ”said the beggar, “ 36 just a handful or two. ”
“There! It’s full. The wallet will 37 . ”warned the Goddess Fortune, but the beggar requested, “It will 38 a little more, just a little more. ”
One more piece was added and the wallet split. The 39 fell upon the ground and became dust. The greedy beggar had now 40 but his broken wallet.
21. A. showing B. wondering C. proving D. explaining
22. A. relaxed B. worried C. satisfied D. depressed
23. A. eat B. learn C. watch D. play
24. A. forest B. bridge C. yard D. street
25. A. help B. comfort C. forgive D. praise
26. A. coat B. wallet C. box D. pocket
27. A. occasion B. suggestion C. condition D. situation
28. A. hand B. feet C. ground D. street
29. A. look down B. look after C. look up D. look out[Z&X
30. A. worn B. full C. small D. empty
31. A. stand B. wait C. breathe D. think
32. A. piece B. pair C. variety D. stream
33. A. stop B. request C. fear D. insist
34. A. shake B. spread C. loose D. close
35. A. melt B. end C. dry D. pour
36. A. take B. lend C. add D. send
37. A. burst B. flow C. disappear D. change
38. A. attract B. hold C. include D. permit
39. A. present B. treasure C. food D. metal
40. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing
The Nile（尼罗河）, throughout history, has served humankind in many ways. But for all its 41 (impress) size and importance, this river is fragile: a single incident of pollution may affect countless lives. This illustrates many of the 42 (challenge) facing the global environment. Our own attitudes to the environment may have consequences for people on every continent.
If we recognize the interests and needs of the people who are most 43 (affect), we can work with 44 (they) to bring about lasting change. Happily, 45 awareness of environmental issues is now widespread, with a determination 46 future generations should enjoy clean air, sufficient fresh water and energy without 47 (risk) damage to the planet. Few are more aware or energetic in confronting(对抗) climate change 48 young people, and we should support them.
Therefore, governments, businesses, communities and individuals should each struggle to match words and good 49 (intend) with deeds. Whatever we do, wherever we live, our actions in defense of the environment can have a real and positive effect 50 the lives of others, today and into the future.
第一节: 短文改错（共l0小题；每小题l分, 满分l0分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有l0处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ), 并在其下面写出该加的词。
The ancient Chinese poetry is a part of our traditional Chinese culture. As an important literary form, it enjoys great popular at home and abroad. Nowadays, many famous poet in ancient China and their great works were still influencing us, among whom Li Bai, Du Fu, and Bai Juyi are my favourite ones.
Appreciate ancient Chinese poems is extreme meaningful. It can not only improve our language ability, but also contribute our better understanding of the Chinese culture and passing it on from generation to generation.
To learn the ancient Chinese poems well, we had better grasp their meanings first or read them aloud repeatedly. Beside, trying to create some poems of the ancient Chinese style is also an effective way to cherish this literary treasure.
1. 推荐去处：广西民族博物馆(Guangxi Museum of Nationalities)；
2. 推荐理由: 最大民族（ethnic）文化博物馆；典型文化代表--铜鼓
I’m glad to hear that you’re greatly interested in Guangxi culture, __________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
第一节 1—3. AAC 4—7. BACA 8—11. DBDC 12—15. DBBC
第二节 16—20. CEAFG
21—25 . BCADA 26—30. BCCDA
31—35. BDCAD 36—40 . CABBD
41. impressive 42. challenges 43. affected 44. them
45. the 46. that 47. risking 48. than 49. intentions 50. on/upon
I’m glad to hear that you’re greatly interested in Guangxi culture, and I’d like to recommend you a good place to learn more about it in Nanning—Guangxi Museum of Nationalities.
The museum, the largest of its kind in Guangxi, displays the traditional ethnic culture. There are varieties of exhibits, such as architectures, food, costumes and musical instruments. The bronze drum is a typical symbol of Guangxi culture and is widely used in all kinds of ceremonies. People hit bronze drums to pray for rain and a good harvest and celebrate important festivals. Besides, visitors can have a better understanding of the real objects displayed in the museum with the help of the guides.
Welcome to Nanning and wish you a wonderful tour here.