1. What will Mrs. Williams do later?
A. Give Mr. Anderson a call.
B. Attend a basketball match.
C. Pass on a message.
2. Where are the speakers probably?
A. In a restaurant. B. In a hotel. C. At home.
3. How much more will the woman have to pay?
A. 3 pounds.B. 5 pounds. C. 8 pounds.
4. Why did the man apologize?
A. He incorrectly guessed the baby’s age.
B. He mistook the woman’s boy for a girl.
C. He made a comment about the baby’s hair.
5. What is the conversation mainly about?
A. The woman’s phone.
B. The woman’s new sound system.
C. The woman’s favorite music.
6. What problems does the man have?
A. There is not enough room.
B. He can’t find Ms. Harper.
C. He can’t decide which product to display.
7. What solution is suggested?
A. Finding a larger space.
B. Choosing bright colors.
C. Showing fewer items.
8. How does the woman comment on Facebook’s report?
A. People in the world are closely connected.
B. Many people are unwilling to share their lives.
C. Scientists don’t understand social connections.
9. How does the man feel about Facebook?
A. He doesn’t want an account.
B. He uses it to communicate with friends.
C. He likes to share his life with everyone.
10. When is the story of Heidi set?
A. In the early 1900s. B. In the late 1800s. C. In the 1950s.
11. How many versions of the movie are mentioned in the conversation?
A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.
12. Why does the woman think the actress of the latest version talented?
A. She is just like Shirley Temple.
B. She was chosen from many girls.
C. She read the original book.
13. How did August Getty feel at New York Fashion Week?
A. Very nervous. B. A little strange. C. Really happy.
14. What did August Getty do as a child?
A. He wore his parents’ clothes.
B. He made clothes for spoons and forks.
C. He sewed clothes for his sister.
15. What did August Getty’s family think about his interest fashion?
A. They encouraged him.
B. They thought he was different.
C. They didn’t like his style at first.
16. Where might August Getty’s designs be seen the most?
A. At school. B. At a party. C. At work.
17. Where did Nancy’s cancer begin?
A. In her heart. B. In her brain. C. On her skin.
18. According to the man, why was Nancy able to get better?
A. Because of the pills she was taking.
B. Because of her positive attitude.
C. Because of the food she was eating.
19. What will the new foundation focus on?
A. Helping families deal with cancer.
B. Giving money for cancer research.
C. Helping individuals with their medical bills.
20. How can people get more information about the foundation now?
A. By going online.
B. By emailing Dale and Nancy anytime.
C. By calling the speaker and his wife.
Finding out what kind and how much physical activity you need
How do I do it?
It’s your choice. Pick an activity that’s easy to fit into your life. Do at least 10 minutes of physical activity at a time. Choose aerobic activities that work for you. These make your heart beat faster and can make your heart, lungs, and blood vessels fitter. Also, do strengthening activities which make your muscles do more work than usual.
Why should I be physically active?
Physical activity can make you feel stronger and more alive. It is a fun way to be with your family or friends. It also helps you improve your health.
How many times a week should I be physically active?
It is up to you, but it is better to spread your activity throughout the week and to be active at least 3 days a week.
How do I build up more physical activity?
Do a little more each time. Once you feel comfortable, do it more often. Then you can trade activities at a moderate level for vigorous ones that take more effort. You can do moderate and vigorous activities in the same week.
How can I tell an activity at a moderate level from a vigorous one?
Vigorous activities take more effort than moderate ones. Here are just a few moderate and vigorous aerobic physical activities. Do these for 10 minutes or more at a time.
21. What is the main purpose of this text?
A. To give instruction in physics study.
B. To give advice on being physically active.
C. To urge people to abandon bad living habits.
D. To encourage students to be devoted to sports.
22. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as the advantage of being physically
A. Making you earn more.
B. Making your body healthier.
C. Making you feel more energetic.
D. Making your muscles work more effectively.
23. What would the author discuss in the paragraph that follows?
A. Kinds of moderate and vigorous activities.
B. Ways to get more information about physical activity.
C. The chart tells the activities that are important for you to do.
D. Aerobic activities and muscle strengthening activities.
Many people are not aware the most healing herbs make up today’s modern medicine. The healing herbs from ancient days are still the healing herbs of modern times. Throughout all of these years herbs have remained unchanged; their quality remain as strong as ancient man and animals found it to be thousands of years ago. What has changed is the way man uses these healing herbs together with modern medicine of today.
Ancient man knew about the many benefits of healing herbs and passed on their knowledge form generation to generation. Today modern man continues to benefit from the wisdom ages ago. Actually, herbs can be any plant, flower, tree or shrub(灌木) that heals the body. According to early writings, man first noticed that when an animal was ill it would bite into specific plants, otherwise the animal will leave them alone.
Observing animal behaviors is still done today. Ten years ago, researchers at the Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania, noticed chimpanzees(黑猩猩) that were ill were eating Aspirin leaves. Researchers found that Aspirin leaves contained a kind of antibiotic(抗生素). These chimpanzees no doubt knew this plant would help heal their disease.
Most plant life has a pleasant smell. The writings of ancient man note that people rubbed these sweet plants on their bodies to keep insects away.
Some herbs mask the smell of smelly meat. The Egyptians used a variety of herbs to preserve their dead.
In conclusion, ancient herbs had a variety of purposes, and for thousands of years were used for the preservation of our foods, and to heal our bodies. Herbs can continue to play an important part in our lives if we open our minds to their importance and usefulness. In my opinion, it is always better to treat naturally with herbs, than to treat illnesses with man-made medicines. There are few if any side effects to taking herbs.
24. The example of chimpanzees is used to suggest ___.
A. chimpanzees are clever animals
B. man began studying herbs long ago.
C. Aspirin leave can cure many diseases
D. animals helped man discover healing herbs
25. According to the text, the Egyptians used herbs ____
A. to keep off insects B. at the burial service
C. to feed their animals D. for the preservation of foods.
26. Which of the following about healing herbs isn’t introduced in the text?
A. How people knew about healing herbs.
B. The benefits of healing herbs.
C. Side effect of healing herbs
D. How ancient people use healing herbs in life.
27. What is the author’s attitude towards healing herbs?
A. He thinks highly of them. B. He refuses to accept them.
C. He thinks they’re ineffective. D. He thinks they have side effects.
Are you preparing for a big test? If so, you may want to go to play some basketball in between hitting the books. Doctors are starting to find more and more information that suggests a connection between exercises and brain development. Judy Camerson, a scientist at Oregon Health and Science University, studies brain development. According to her research, it seems that exercise can make blood vessels(血管),including those in the brain, stronger and more fully developed. Dr. Cameron is sure that this allows people who exercise to think better. As she says, “While we already know that exercise is good for the heart, exercise can actually cause physical changes in the brain.”
The effects of exercise on brain development can even be seen in babies. Babies who do activities that require a lot of movement show greater brain development than babies who are less physically active. Even a little movement can show big results. Margaret Barnes, a scientist, also believes in the importance of exercise. She thinks that many learning disabilities that children have in primary school or high school can result from a lack of movement as babies. “Babies need movement that encourages and excites their five senses. They need to set up a connection between motion and memory. In this way, as they get older, children will begin to connect physical activity with higher learning.” says Margaret.
Older people can develop their brains as well. Cornell University studied a group of seniors who have a short-term memory increase of up to 40 percent after exercising just three hours a week. The exercise does not have to be very difficult, but it does have to increase the heart rate. Also, just like the motion for babies, exercise for older people should not be too simple. Learning some new skills or actions, such as with yoga or taichi helps to open up memory paths in the brain that may not have been used for a long time. For most people, any type of physical activity that increases the heart rate is helpful. The main aim is to increase the brain’s flow of blood. And your brain can benefit from as little as two to three hours of exercise a week.
28. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. How exercise makes people strong.
B. How to get good scores in a test.
C. How exercise helps the brain develop.
D. How the brain can change one’s memory.
29. According to the passage, what is the connection between exercise and brain development?
A. Exercise helps soften our blood vessels.
B. Physical exercise helps us think better.
C. The brain needs special mental exercise.
D. The more exercise, the bigger the brain.
30. For ordinary people, the smallest amount of exercise required to gain any benefit is _____.
A. two hours per week B. 40 hours per week
C. three hours per week D. 40 hours per month
31. Why is yoga suggested for seniors?
A. It does good to the joints of old people.
B. It does not increase the heart rate.
C. It includes learning new actions.
D. It can be done in groups.
Ed Viesturs grew up in Rockford, Illinois, where the tallest thing on the horizon
was the water tower. But on Thursday, Viesturs became the only American to climb to the top of the world’s 14 highest mountains.
His last hike was up Mount Annapurna, in Asia’s snow-capped Himalayas. At 26,545 feet, its peak is the 10th highest in the world. It is the mountain that inspired hie to start climbing.
“It tends to be the trickiest, the most dangerous,” said Viesturs. “ There’s no simple way to climb it. There are threatening avalanches(雪崩) and ice falls that protect the mountain.”
In high school, Viesturs read French climber Maurice Herzog’s tale of climbing the icy Annapurna. Herzog’s story was of frostbite(冻伤) and difficulty and near-death experiences. Viesturs was hooked right away.
Viesturs got his start on Washington’s Mount Rainier in 1977, guiding hikes in the summer. Fifteen years ago, he set out to walk up to the world’s highest peaks. Finally, he’s done.
The pioneering climber talks about mountains as if they were living creatures that should be treated with respect. “You have to use all of your senses, all of your abilities to see if the mountain will let you climb it, ” said Viesturs. “ If we have the patience and the respect, and if we’re here at the right time, under the right circumstances, they allow us to go up, and allow us to come down.”
What’s next for a man who can’t stop climbing? “I’m going to hug my wife and kids and kind of kick back and enjoy the summer,” says Viesturs. But for a man who’s climbed the world’s 14 tallest mountains, he will probably soon set off on yet another adventure.
32. What record has Ed Viesturs set?
A. He has succeeded in climbing to the world’s 14th highest mountain.
B. He has been to the top of the world’s 14 highest mountains.
C. He has become the first to climb the height of 26,545 feet.
D. He has become the first man to climb to the top of 14 highest mountains in the
33. The underlined word “hooked” in Paragraph 4 can be replaced by “______”.
A. frightened B. discouraged C. interested D. upset
34. The author used Viesturs’ words in Paragraph 6 to support a view that ____.
A. mountain climbing is a dangerous sport
B. mountain should be regarded as living creatures
C. mountain climbing needs more skills than physical energy
D. those who like mountain climbing won’t stop climbing
35. What’s the next probable plan of Viesturs?
A. Stopping climbing and staying with his family.
B. Climbing to the top of the world’s 14 tallest mountains again.
C. Climbing another one of the highest mountains.
D. Writing down the experiences about his adventure.
As warming continues，scientists warn the oxygen content of oceans across the planet could be more and more reduced，with serious consequences for the future of fish and other sea life.
36 One is the simple fact that as water gets warmer，it can hold less dissolved(溶解的)oxygen. The other reason is less obvious. The entire ocean gets its oxygen from the surface—either from the atmosphere，or from photosynthesizing algae floating at the top of the sea. 37
Global warming is expected to reduce the mixing of the ocean by making surface seawater lighter. That's because in a warmer world we can expect more rainfall and more melting(融化)of glaciers，icebergs，and ice sheets. 38 The extra heat from the warming atmosphere will also make surface water expand and thus make it lighter still. 39 Instead，more of the oxygen will remain near the surface，where it will be used up by oxygenbreathing organisms.
A lowoxygen ocean may become an inescapable feature of our planet. A team of Danish researchers wondered how long oxygen levels would drop if we could somehow reduce our carbon dioxide emissions to zero by 2100.They determined that over the next few thousand years oxygen levels would continue to fall，until they declined by 30 percent. The oxygen would slowly return to the oceans，but even 100，000 years from now they will not have fully recovered. 40
A．It's not known why the oxygen level of oceans has reduced.
B．Scientists point to two reasons to expect a drop in ocean oxygen.
C．Fresh water's inpouring will make the water at the ocean's surface lighter.
D．The oxygen then spreads to the deep ocean as the surface water slowly sinks.
E．Global warming has caused the reduction of the oxygen content of oceans worldwide.
F．The light surface water will be less likely to sink so the deep ocean will get less oxygen.
G．If they are right，we have every reason to worry about the major effect it has on sea life.
阅读下面短文，从短文各题所给的四个选项（A、 B、 C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Modern inventions have speeded up people’s lives amazingly. Motor cars 41a hundred miles in more than an hour, aircraft cross the world within a day, 42 computers operate at lightning speed. Indeed, this love of 43seems never-ending. Every year motor cars are produced which go even faster and each new computer boasts(吹嘘) of 44 precious seconds in handling tasks.
All this saves time, but 45 a cost. When we lose or 46 half a day in speeding across the world in an airplane, our bodies tell us so. We get the uncomfortable feeling known as jet-lag(时差). Our bodies feel that they have been 47 behind in another time zone. Again, spending too long at 48 results in painful wrists and fingers. Mobile phones also have their dangers, according to some scientists; too much use may transmit(传播) harmful 49 into our brains, a consequence we do not like to 50 about.
However, how do we 51 the time we have saved? Certainly not relax, or so it seems. We are so accustomed to constant activity that we find it 52to sit down and do nothing or even just one thing at a 53 . Perhaps the days are long gone when we might listen 54 to a story on the radio, letting imagination take us into 55 world.
There was a time 56 some people’s lives were devoted simply to the cultivation (耕作) of the 57 or the care of cattle. No multi-tasking (多重任务) there; their lives went on at a much gentler pace, and in a familiar pattern. There is much that we might envy about a 58of life like this. Yet before we do so, we must think of the hard tasks our ancestor 59 . Modern machinery has 60people from that primitive existence.
41 A get B cover C make D fly
42 A while B thus C when D as
43 A time B product C speed D transportation
44 A wasting B saving C losing D spending
45 A in B on C with D at
46 A gain B earn C drop D miss
47 A come B forgotten C left D felt
48 A airplanes B computers C sea D cars
49 A radiation辐射 B prevention C combination D destruction
50 A wish B think C tell D carry
51 A control B handle C do D deal
52 A good B difficult C uncomfortable D easy
53 A second B day C year D time
54 A quietly B meaningfully C enthusiastically D actively
55 A all B another C else D other
56 A what B which C where D when
57 A surface B water C land D island
58 A view B way C pathway D point
59 A faced B expressed C charged D based
60 A kept B remained C cleared D freed
With mobile phones, these problems increase. Many times you 61 ________________ (talk) with a friend, only for your friend to interrupt the conversation to answer a call. 62 some reason, a typical mobile phone call is nearly always give greater 63 (important) than a face-to-face conversation. Yet, once again, most mobile phone calls are about rather small matters. When 64 (ask) later what the call was about, your friend always answers, “Oh, nothing really”. If the call was really about ‘nothing’, then why was it so important as to interrupt your conversation and waste your precious time.
Using the mobile phone for text messages is the 65 (bad) . In one study, girls average 80 text messages 66 day, and boys average 30. What do people talk about in text messages? While these messages always seem important at the time, most people cannot really remember 67 the next day.
Phones and text message focus on building relationships with many people. However , these relationships are often quite 68 (stability) . Many teenagers say that 69 they have a lot of friends, they really have no best friend. Meanwhile, real relationships are often sacrificed, 70 whatever personal peace one has is destroyed whenever the mobile phone rings.
71. They also make TV accessible to people who live far way from cities and satellite dishes can often be seen distributing throughout the countryside and remote areas.
72. The project has benefited from the country in many aspects.
73. There is something important about being together and sharing life what cannot be found over a telephone wire.
74. Not only has aspirin proved vital for reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things that aspirin can help.
75. In 1999, aspirin was over 100 years old, and yet there had been more discoveries about how it can help increase the length of people’s lives.
注意： 1. 词数120左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
参考词汇：义卖 charity sale
1--5 CCABB 6--10 ACAAB 11-15 CBCBA 16--20 BCBAC
M: Hello. Is Mr. Williams there, please?
W: I’m sorry. My husband isn’t home right now. Could i take a message？
M:My name is Pete Anderson. I’m calling about the company basketball match. Could you ask your husband to give me a call?
W:I want to try out a new recipe for dinner tonight. How does potato soup sound?
M:I don’t really like potatoes. Can you try something else?
W: How about a pasta dish?
M:I’ve been trying to eat less pasta. How about green salad with some cheese on it?
W: Excuse me. The skirt i bought yesterday was too small for my mom. Could i please exchange it for a medium size?
M: Well, the small size is 25pounds, while the medium one is 28 pounds.
M: Your daughter is so cute! She reminds me of my little cousin, who is almost one year old. They both have really pretty hair. So, how old is she?
W:Uh... my son is one and a hald.
M: Oh, uh... sorry about that.
W: Don’t worry about it.
M: Where is that music coming from?
W: My new speakers. I hung them up on the wall over there. They’re so small. You can barely see them.
M: The sound quality is great. Are they connected to your computer?
W: No, they’re connected to my iPhone, actually.
M: Diana, can you give me a hand? I’m supposed to place all these new products in the display case, but they’ll never fit.
W: Yeah, i see what you mean. Bu did Ms Harper mean to put them all on display, or just one of each as a sample for the customers to see?
M: Oh, i get it. So maybe i should just select a single example of each model, instead of one of each color for each model.
W: Check with Ms. Harper first, but in my opinion, that’ the only way you’ll be able to do it.
W: Facebook just reported that everyone in the world is only separated by an average number of three and a half people.
M: Wow. That doesn’t seem possible. I thought the number was supposed to be six. Facebook reported, actually. The report only included connections between those with a Facebook account.
M: I don’t have an account.
W: You don’t? I love Facebook. It keeps me up to date with everyone in my life.
W: That’s what i don’t like about it. I only like to know about my close friends, and i’m a very private person, so i don’t like to share my life with those i don’t know well.
M: Have you seen any good movies lately?
W: Yes, actually. I just saw Heidi.
M: What is it about?
W: A young girl and her grandfather in Switzerland. It takes place in the late 1800s.
M: That’s not a new movie. Now i remember i saw that when i was little.
W: It’s a remake. It’s much more realistic than the first one filmed in 1937 with Shirley Temple, although that one has become a classic. Another one was made in 1952 and again in 2005. the movie is actually based on a book, and the director of the current movie stayed really true to the story. The little girl who plays Heidi was chosen from over five hundred actresses. Isn’t that amazing? She’s really talented.
M: I’d love to see it. I really enjoyed that movie as a child.
W: It’s the first film in a three-part series. I’m excited to see the next two when they come out.
W: Please welcome August Getty to the stage! He’s a young fashion designer living in Los Angeles. He just showed his fashion collection at New York Fashion Week, and he’s only twenty years old. How did it feel to be one of the youngest designers at the event? Were you nervous?
M: It was a dream come true. I wasn’t nervous. I was just very excited. When i was a kid, i made outfits from paper and dressed spoons and forks. My biggest wish was to show my creations in New York.
W: What was your childhood like?
M: My family was very supportive. My mom let me cut up her bags to make clothes, and i lived picking out outfits for my sister to wear. My mom was also into fashion, so she encouraged me to follow my interests.
W:How would you describe the outfits you design?
M: I would say they are different, strange, and stylish. I want my outfits to be nice enough to wear to a fancy event, but i also want them to get noticed.
W:Is your real name Ausgust?
M: Yes. I was born in August, so my parents named me after the month.
W:Have you ever been out on the street and seen someone in one of your clothes?
M: I have. It’s always fun when that happens.
Good evening, everyone. Thank you for coming tonight. As you all know, my wife Nancy has been getting treatment for cancer. It started out as skin cancer and spread to her brain. The doctors weren’t sure that she would make it through the winter. Well, i’m pleased to announce that she is now 100% cancer-free! We don’t know exactly what happened, but the doctors think it was a combination of the medicine she was taking and the new diet she was on. Personally, i think it had more to do with her heart and her positive attitude. While this is fantastic news, it is not the main reason i invited you all to my home this evening. We have decided, Nancy and i-- to donated my entire salary to a special foundation. It is something that the two of us are starting ourselves, to give people like us a chance of beating this terrible disease. The Date and Nancy Evans Foundation cancer, but that is not going to be our focus. We think that assistance with daily tasks, advice about dealing with stress, and psychological support are just as important as everything else. We invite everyone here to learn more about our foundation. At some point soon, we’ll have a working website, but until then, just give us a call anytime. Thanks again for being here!
21. B 22.A 23. A 24. D 25.B 26. C 27. A
29.B. 短文中提到了锻炼加强记忆力，活动多的孩子和活动少的孩子脑力发育的区别等，都反映了一个内容：...exercise can make blood vessels .. in the brain, stronger and more, fully developed... this allows people who exercise to think better.
30. A。短文最后一段明确提出：And your brain can benefit from as little as two or three hours of exercise a week.
31.C.Learning some new skills or actions, such as with yoga or taichi ... for a long time.从句中我们可以看出瑜伽中有新动作新技能，它有利于打开大脑的记忆之路。
32.B．细节理解题；根据第一段地第二句话”But on Thursday, Viesturs became the only American to climb to the top of the world’s 14 highest mountains.”可知：Viesturs是已经成功地征服了14座世界最高峰地美国人。
33.C.词义猜测题；根据上文介绍地Viestur的登山成就推测，hooked意思为“感兴趣的”。如果是“被吓倒/泄气或不安”，就不可能取得那么辉煌的成就，显然，A /B /D几乎不符合文意。
34.B.段落主旨题；此段首句“The pioneering climber talks about mountains as if they were living creatures that should be treated with respect.”就是本段的主题；下文Viesturs所说的话是用来说明这一主题的。
35.C．细节理解题；根据文章最后一段最后一句“But for a man who’s climbed the world’s 14 tallest mountains, he will probably soon set off on yet another adventure”可得答案。
41—45 BACBD 46—50 ACBAC 51—55 BBDAB 56—60 DCBAD
61. have been talking 62. for 63. importance 64. asked 65. worst
66. a 67. them 68. unstable 69. while / although / though 70. and
71. 改distributing为distributed 72. 去掉from
72. 改what为that 74. 在help后加with
On the afternoon of March 25th a charity sale was held by the Students’ Union on our school playground. Although it was hard work, students actively took part.
In order to organize it successfully, we made full preparations. Before the sale, from the students we collected various used books, second-hand goods which were still in good condition and classified them. When the day came, students and teachers all came and took an active part in it. At the end of the activity, we raised 50,000 yuan in total. All the money we raised will go to the students from poor families in our school to help them finish their studies.
It’s such a meaningful activity that students are all looking forward to the next charity sale.
1. have—had 2. 加是a big welcome
3. see ----- seeing 4. equipments—equipment
5. who—which 6. aware---awareness
7.our—us 8. making us to 去掉to
9. skillful—skillfully 10. how---what 或加it
1. which2. winning 3. as 4. social 5. arising
6. was created7. on 8. popularity 9. an 10. compared