江苏盐城市2017-2018高一下学期英语期末试题(带答案)

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江苏盐城市2017-2018高一下学期英语期末试题(带答案)

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2017/2018学年度高一年级第二学期期终考试
英 语 试 题
第一卷(选择题,共85分)
第一部分  听力(共两小节,满分20分)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the man want to do tonight?
A. See a movie.    B. Go to bed early.   C. Finish some work. 
2. What will the man do after work?
A. Attend a meeting.   B. Go home directly.  C. Eat out with the woman. 
3. Who does the man want to buy a gift for?
A. His aunt.     B. His friend.     C. His sister.
4. Why isn’t the man having his breakfast at home?
A. He is not hungry.   B. He likes to eat at school.  C. He is running late for school. 
5. Where might the speakers be?
A. On the street.    B. At a shopping mall.   C. Inside a subway station.
第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How many towels does the man have in the bathroom now?
A. One.      B. Two.      C. Three. 
7. When will the man go to the gym?
A. In the morning.    B. In the afternoon.   C. In the evening. 
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What time will the man arrive at the party?
A. At 6:00.     B. At 6:45.     C. At 8:00. 
9. What does the woman think of the man’s hair?
A. It looks good.    B. It seems too short.   C. It’s out of style.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What did the woman first order for herself?
A. A glass of water.   B. A glass of white wine.  C. A glass of watermelon juice.
11. What comes with roast vegetables?
A. The chicken.    B. The steak.    C. The lamb.
12. Who is the woman probably dining with?
A. Her son.    B. Her friend.    C. Her husband.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What might be the relationship between the speakers?
A. Close relatives.    B. Fellow students.   C. Business partners. 
14. What happened to the woman’s grandmother?
A. She hurt her leg.    B. She had a car accident.   C. She fell in her bathroom.
15. Who did the woman’s grandmother call first yesterday?
A. The woman.     B. The woman’s father.   C. The woman’s mother. 
16. How was the woman’s grandmother sent to the hospital?
A. In a taxi.      B. In an ambulance.     C. In the woman’s car.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. When will all classes finish?
A. On Tuesday.    B. On Wednesday.   C. On Friday.
18. What will happen tomorrow?
A. There will be a chess match.
B. The students will attend a concert.
C. School buses will run earlier than usual.
19. Where will Ms. Williams be on Thursday?
A. In the library.   B. At the music club.  C. In the headmaster’s office.
20. What is the main point of this message?
A. To wish the chess club success.
B. To tell students about the daily schedule.
C. To remind students about their activities after school.
第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. For medium-sized cities in China, there is much room to spread out further, ________ Yancheng is an example.
A. for which   B. in which   C. of which   D. from which
22. President Xi Jinping ________ joint efforts with Shanghai Coinoperation Organization countries to
build an open world economy.
A. called at           B. called for      C. called up      D. called in
23. All we need ________ a piece of advice on how we can improve our time management.
A. are      B. is     C. were     D. was
24. If you can do these things by the time you ________ college, you’ll do well in the test of college life.
A. will go to    B. went to    C. go to    D. have gone to
25. Sue is a ________ to fashion and spends most of her salary in wearing the latest styles.
A. slave    B. judge    C. designer   D. referee
26. —________ we go to the art exhibition at two o’clock this afternoon?
—Sorry, I can’t make it. Will three o’clock be OK?
A. Must              B. Shall                    C. Need         D. Would
27. —How much do you know about the trade war between China and America?
—Well, the newspapers ________ it in the past few weeks.
A. report     B. will report       C. reported     D. have been reporting
28. Computer software will continue to ________ in order to satisfy users’ needs.
   A. erupt        B. explode        C. exit        D. evolve
29. The two pictures are thought to be ________, but their painters were born in quite different dynasties.
A. contemporary  B. academic    C. practical   D. attractive
30. It is water, which seems so simple and common, ________ makes it possible for all living beings on this planet to survive and develop.
A. when    B. which    C. that    D. where
31. —Look, what a mess Mr White has made of his garden!
   —He must have ________ and his gardening skills need improving.
   A. green fingers    B. green hands      C. green thumbs    D. green eyes
32. The ability to speak freely is ________ helps you get a job, hold a conversation or just buy the things
you need.
A. what    B. that    C. whether   D. how
33. ________ in the 1970s, the film Youth begins in an art group of the army where the soldiers’ duties are
to sing, dance and promote culture.
A. Setting    B. Set    C. Being set   D. Having set
34. Make a note of the questions you want to ask. You are sure to forget some of them ________.
A. otherwise      B. instead         C. though        D. anyway
35. —The coming Sunday is my birthday.
   —Is that so? ________!
A. I can’t believe my ears      B. I’m so glad to hear that
C. Help yourself       D. Many happy returns of the day
第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Just as we take care of our friends and families, our homes and Mother Earth take care of us. Our homes give us a place of shelter (庇护物) that    36    between us and the rest of the world. The earth is a(n)    37    giver of life and the keeper of our physical and spiritual needs. Her rich    38    bring us up, give us air, and offer us cooling shade. Her waters    39    our thirst. Yet it is easy to take both of these wonderful    40    of our gifts for granted.    41    the thanks you feel toward your home and Mother Earth for the gifts each    42    you. It can help you stay    43    of where many of the gifts in your life come from. Each time you give thanks, you’ll be    44    of the importance of caring for your home and for Mother Earth. There is a simple and beautiful    45    you can find to show your thanks. Begin by finding a    46    place where you can be alone. Sit comfortably and breathe deeply     47    you feel relaxed and then read the following out loud:
“Thank you, home, for allowing me to live    48    your walls. Thank you for allowing me to stay strong and    49    me. Thank you, Mother Earth, for the land I    50    on and farm. Thank you, plants, minerals, and animals on the land for allowing me to    51    your beauty and your amazement of life, and for the    52    of living with all of you on this earth. Thank you for the wisdom and     53    you bring to us.”
You can do so as often as you like and anytime you feel particularly thankful for the many gifts that you have    54   . Each time you do, you’ll strengthen your connection with all that    55    and supports you.
36. A. bend    B. stand     C. react     D. disappear
37. A. cheerful     B. skilful      C. unselfish    D. amazing
38. A. animals     B. plants     C. minerals    D. waters
39. A. promote     B. show     C. influence    D. satisfy
40. A. sources    B. memories    C. power     D. devotion
41. A. Accept    B. Express    C. Earn     D. Deserve
42. A. employs   B. attracts    C. appreciates    D. provides
43. A. fond    B. full     C. aware     D. kind
44. A. accused     B. promised    C. warned    D. reminded
45. A. road     B. word     C. way     D. place
46. A. safe     B. quiet     C. distant     D. public
47. A. though     B. because    C. unless     D. until
48. A. within     B. beyond    C. beside     D. in
49. A. admitting    B. supporting    C. challenging    D. educating
50. A. live     B. call     C. focus     D. feed
51. A. examine    B. explain    C. experience    D. describe
52. A. adventure   B. wisdom    C. loss     D. honor
53. A. anger     B. worry     C. joy     D. desire
54. A. received   B. purchased    C. exchanged    D. brought
55. A. shocks    B. protects    C. monitors    D. masters
第三部分  阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
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56. What can we know about English First from the passage?
A. It has set teaching standard for English teachers in China.
B. It will offer a salary of more than 16,400 RMB per month.
C. It has had branches in every city of China for over 20 years.
D. It performances well among privately-owned education company.
57. If you work in English First, you should ________.
A. teach abroad at least 2 years     B. work in more than 300 schools
C. have interest in education and travel   D. hold passports of several countries
B
Do you have trouble trying to create the next big idea? Sometimes the answer isn’t to just force an idea out of your mind. Instead, you might want to try sitting back, relaxing and letting your mind wander. Yes, you heard that correctly. If you are in need of a new idea, try daydreaming.
Researchers from the university of California, Santa Barbara, found an association between daydreaming and creative problem-solving. Their study includes having participants first do an “unusual-use task”. They had to try to come up with as many different ways to use an object as they could.
Then, the participants chose to do one of the following four things before doing the “unusual-use task” again: complete a difficult task; complete an easy task; take a 12-minute break; or skip the 12-minute break and move right on to the task exercise again.
Surprisingly, the group that performed best was the one that completed the easy task. Many participants reported that they were daydreaming while performing the easy task. So the researchers believed that this daydreaming might have helped unlock their creativity.
But how could daydreaming help the brain come up with creative ways? The answer is something known as “unconscious thought”. Even when you are not actively working to solve a problem, it is still in the back of your mind. Your brain is still thinking about the problem, but in a much more subtle (不易察觉的) way.
When you daydream, your mind is allowed to think in ways it normally would not. Because it is free of control, it can create completely new and out-of-the-box ideas.
Great ideas never come easily, but that does not mean you always have to work hard to get them. Feel free to do what you want and let your mind wander.
58. The “unusual-use task” in Paragraph 2 means that participants ______.
A. complete an easy task      B. complete a very difficult task
C. take a 12-minute break      D. think of various ways to use an object
59. Why did the participants who completed the easy task perform best?
A. They were not actively working to solve the easy task.
B. They daydreamed and it helped them be more creative.
C. They were daydreaming while performing the difficult task.
D. They skipped the 12-minute break to complete the task again.
60. What does the underlined phrase “unconscious thought” in Paragraph 5 mean?
A. Your brain wander in a subtle way within your control.
B. Your brain knows clearly what you’re thinking and doing.
C. Your brain is thinking about a problem outside of your awareness.
D. Your brain refuses to receive any information from the outside world.
61. The passage mainly wants to tell us that ______.
A. brainstorming is important to creative ideas
B. daydreaming is a way to improve creativity
C. problem-solving skills are important in our lives
D. the more we exercise brains, the more ideas we’ll get
C
California has become the first U.S. state to approve plans to require newly-built homes to include solar equipment.
The state’s Energy Commission voted 5-0 to approve the new rules, which are to take effect in 2020. The rules will deal with most newly-built residential (住宅的) buildings up to three stories high.
The move is California’s latest step aimed at reaching renewable energy targets and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
California has set a goal of filling half of its electricity needs with renewable energy by 2030. Officials said they had reached 30 percent by the end of 2017. The state’s Governor, Jerry Brown, plans to hold an international climate meeting in September.
①The Energy Commission said the cost of adding solar equipment to a single-family home would be about $9,500. But, the group added that homeowners would save at least $19,000 in energy costs over 30 years.
Robert Raymer is the technical director for the California Building Industry Association. He says the action is a step forward for the wider use of solar power in the U.S. “You can bet every other of the 49 states will be watching closely to see what happens,” he told the Associated Press.
②Solar companies praised the new requirements, which officials have said will likely raise demand for solar equipment in California by 10-15 percent.
The Solar Energy Industries Association called it a “historic decision for the state and the U.S.” It estimated the action would produce “huge economic and environmental benefits,” including bringing tens of billions of dollars into California.
③Some legislative and community leaders argued that Californians cannot afford to pay any more for housing in what is already an extremely high-priced market.
“That’s just going to drive the cost up and make California, once again, not affordable to live in,” said California Assemblyman Brian Dahle.
④Severin Borenstein is an energy economist at the University of California, in Berkeley. He sent an email to the head of California’s Energy Commission to urge the state to reconsider its decision.
He expressed his belief that it is a mistake for California to approve such a policy instead of centering on efforts to develop large solar farms to produce renewable energy. He said these farms would cost much less to operate.
“Every energy economist I know is shaking their head at this,” he told the Wall Street Journal. “In many ways, this is setting the wrong example,” he added.
62. According to the rules to take effect in 2020, newly-built homes are expected to ________.
A. replace large solar farms      B. be equipped with solar equipment
C. have the height of three stories    D. stop greenhouse gas emissions    
63. From what Robert Raymer says, we can know that _______.
A. other 49 states won’t follow in the footsteps of California
B. California can achieve its goal of renewable energy by 2030
C. the action will help homeowners save money in the long term
D. the new rules will probably enjoy a great popularity in the US
64. The sentence “But some individuals and groups were against the new rules.” should be placed in
_______.
A. ①     B. ②    C. ③    D. ④
65. The purpose of the passage is _______.
A. to show different attitudes towards an approval
B. to express the significance of renewable energy
C. to inform a new way of dealing with climate change
D. to prove a new plan of solar equipment unreasonable 
D
Mayor Day called me that morning, his voice full of an urgency I’d never heard before. “These Chinese big people are coming to our town and I need you to prepare something really special for them. I’m relying on you, Adrian. The whole town is. This could be just the thing to put us over the top.”
“Okay, I’m on it,” I said. I’m a caterer (酒席承办人), and for years I’ve done all the mayor’s events for Thomasville, Alabama, our little town of 4,099. He likes everything I make, but I knew exactly what he wanted this time, banana pudding, his favorite.
It’s my mama’s recipe. It was her desserts that she was known for. Mama cooked her banana pudding on the stove. Hers was thick and cream-colored, not dark yellow like the other ladies made. I remember practicing in the kitchen when I was a young girl. Mama showed me how to make banana pudding properly. “Good job, Adrian,” Mama would say. I was so proud when I finally got mine just right, the way she did.
For months Mayor Day had tried his best to persuade some Chinese businessmen who ran a copper company to build their new plant in Thomasville, but our little town didn’t have the land they needed. “We are leaning toward Houston or Lamar,” the company representative told Mayor Day. “There is nothing personal, just business.”
“Wait! What about Wilcox County?” the mayor asked. Wilcox, just east of us, was one of the poorest counties in the entire United States and had got plenty of land. There hadn’t been any kind of plant built there since the 1970s.
“But that’s not your county,” the company representative said. “Why are you lobbying (游说) for them?”
“Because if you build in Wilcox County their economy will grow and so will Thomasville’s. Besides, there’s something to be said for loving your neighbor, isn’t there?”
The representative agreed to visit Wilcox County before the final decision was made. All the top leaders would come and have lunch in Thomasville, lunch that I cooked. And for dessert, the dish the mayor hoped would sweeten the deal. Banana pudding with 300 jobs riding on it, I knew it had to be perfect, like Mama’s.
The luncheon was held at the Thomasville Civic Center. Next to each plate I’d placed a little cup of pudding. I looked on anxiously as the Chinese businessmen eyed the dessert. Were they curious or sickening? One of the men pointed at his cup and said something to the translator. I couldn’t hear his answer but the businessman still looked puzzled. He took a spoon, inserted it into the pudding, then put barely a taste to his lips. For a moment there was no reaction. Then he smiled, a grin that went from ear to ear. The rest of the businessmen started eating their pudding, one bite after another. In seconds all the cups were empty.
One of the businessmen looked toward me and said something to the translator, who waved me over to the table. “Excuse me,” he said. “Is there more? More …” he searched for the word, “… pie?” I brought out all the banana pudding. Even last cup was finished. By the time the men put down their dessert spoons they’d reached an agreement. They needed to know more about Wilcox County. There would be another meeting, another lunch.
“And we will have again the banana pie?” one of the leaders asked.
Mayor Day didn’t miss a beat. “Absolutely,” he said. “Adrian’s lunches always come with banana pie.”
And a few months later, when it was announced that the plant would be built in Wilcox County instead of Houston, everyone joked that the decision had come down to one thing. Mama’s been away for a few years now, but I like to think she’s up in heaven, looking down on that new copper plant going up in Wilcox County, and saying, “Good job, Adrian.”
66. Mayor Day asked the writer to prepare banana pudding to ______.
A. satisfy his appetite      B. appeal to Chinese businessmen
C. honor her mother            D. show off her cooking skills
67. The writer was a caterer who ______.
A. invented the recipe of banana pudding  B. made banana pudding when she was young
C. prepared banana pudding for her mother daily D. cooked dark yellow banana pudding frequently
68. What does Mayor Day probably disagree with?
A. His neighbor town was much richer than his town.
B. No plant was built in the neighbor for many years.
C. The plant in the neighbor would benefit his town a lot.
D. His town didn’t have the land Chinese businessmen needed.
69. What can we infer from the passage?
A. The food at lunch was so delicious that all the plates were empty soon.
B. All the Chinese businessmen tasted the pudding with a spoon together.
C. The Chinese businessmen asked for more pudding with fluent English.
D. The perfect banana pudding took effect and finally sweetened the deal.
70. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. The plant built in the neighbour    B. A mayor who was selfless
C. The pudding that saved a county    D. A caterer appreciated by mayor
第二卷(非选择题,共35分)
第四部分 综合填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
 根据短文内容和所给词语,在空白处填入一个最恰当的单词。
As one of “China’s new four great inventions”, China’s high-speed rail eyes the world again with “Fuxing”. It is proud of a top speed of 400 km/h and a continuous speed of 350 km/h. It is (71)________ (total) designed and produced by Chinese engineers (72)________ any help from the West.
China’s high-speed train is not only known for its amazing speed, but also for its safety and comfort. Last year, it safely carried 1.4 billion (73)________, or the total population of Africa and South America (74)________ (combine).
In 2015, a video taken by a Swedish traveler became popular on social media both at (75)________ and abroad. In the nine-minute video, a coin stood upright all the time on a fast-running high-speed train. It shows the steadiness (稳定) of China’s high-speed train, (76)________ (give) visitors a comfortable travelling experience.
The service on China’s high-speed rail is still improving. The new bullet train plans to increase the height, and the Wi-Fi network will (77)________ the whole train. Its air conditioning system is designed to reduce the influence of the external pressure wave (78)________ the train is passing through tunnels, easing (79)________ (comfort) of ears.
The rapid development of China’s high-speed rail in the past five years (80)________ (mark) China’s increasing strength in technology and innovation. It has become a new symbol, showing China’s great progress to the world.
第五部分 完成句子(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
根据句子意思和所给汉语完成下列句子。
81.    ▲     (相反) my expectation, he got promoted instead.
82. I have created a way to    ▲     (传达自己的信息)while using as few words as possible.
83. We shouldn’t    ▲     (感到羞耻) our weight because our inner beauty is more important.
84. UKbands is a site    ▲     (致力于) new music, where it gives bands a chance to share their music across the web.
85. The young people help the older people with practical things such as writing letters, and the older people can    ▲     (传递知识和经验) the young. 
86. Art and culture should care about the existence of human beings; that is to say, the development of art
and culture should be    ▲     (协调一致) human existence.
87.    ▲     (当谈到)this problem of mine, I just can’t wait to learn what everyone thinks of it.
88. The popularity of Internet celebrities, or “Wanghong”,    ▲     (让一些年轻的女孩信服) that appearance really counts if they want to be successful.
89. Each time I go traveling, I always take something to read    ▲     (以防) I get bored on a bus.
90. Only when you have carefully analyzed every aspect of the issue can you    ▲     (想出) a proper way of approaching it.
第六部分  书面表达 (满分15分)
91. 请阅读下面短文和图片,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。
WeChat is a part of our daily life. We can chat with friends, share our photos on Moments and kill time by reading WeChat public accounts. And now, we can even gain new knowledge in WeChat study groups. Some teachers assign (布置) homework on WeChat groups or through other learning software. Song Xueying, a 16-year-old girl from Zhejiang province thinks that online homework makes our life more convenient because students are able to hand in their homework any time and anywhere. Hao Xiangjie, Song’s classmate argues that online homework can do harm to students. This is because they are too young to get rid of the temptation (诱惑) of the Internet.
【写作内容】
1.用约30个单词写出上文概要;
2.用约120个单词阐述你对“利用微信群布置和完成作业”这一做法的看法,并用2 ~3个理由或论据支撑你的看法。
【写作要求】
1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3.不必写标题。
【评分标准】
内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

 


2017/2018学年度高一年级第二学期期终考试
英语试题参考答案
听力(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
1—5 BACCA     6—10 BACAB     11—15 CABAC    16—20 BBCAB
单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
21—25 CBBCA    26—30 BDDAC    31—35 BABAD
完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
36—40 BCBDA   41—45 BDCDC   46—50 BDABA  51—55 CDCAB
阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
56—57 DC     58—61 DBCB      62—65 BDCA    66—70 BBADC
综合填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
71.totally 72.without   73.passengers   74.combined   75.home
76.giving   77.cover  78.when    79.discomfort 80.marks
完成句子(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
81.Contrary to      82.Thanks to
83.feel/be ashamed of      84.devoted to
85.pass on their knowledge and experience to     86.in harmony with
87.When it comes to       88.makes some young girls convinced
89.in case              90.figure out
书面表达(满分15分)
91.One possible version:
Nowadays, some teachers take advantage of Wechat group, which is gaining more and more popularity, to assign homework. However, opinions on it vary. Some are for it, while others against.
From my perspective, I strongly disapprove of this idea. First, it’s easy for students to cheat when they do their homework assigned through Wechat group. They can search for answers on the Internet any time, which takes away the point of being given homework. Second, They can play computer games in the name of doing homework, which may have a bad effect on their studies. Last but not least, online homework isn’t the same as working through a problem using your brain, which is how most tests are performed.
In conclusion, while Wechat can bring much convenience to our life and study, I do think that assigning homework through Wechat group isn’t a good choice.

 

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