2018年人教新目标七年级英语下Unit3同步练习(带答案)

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2018年人教新目标七年级英语下Unit3同步练习(带答案)

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Unit 3 How do you get to school?


leave the village 离开村庄
leave意为“离开”,后面跟表示地方的名词或者副词,跟副词时不加冠词,如:leave home 离开家。表示“离开去某地”要在名词前加for,如:leave for Shanghai启程去上海。

I want to know where Bob lives.
我想知道鲍勃住哪里。
know后面跟一个句子作宾语,叫宾语从句,要用陈述语序,不能用疑问语序。如:
①Do you know what his name is?
你知道他叫什么名字吗?
②I know how you feel.
我知道你的感受。
③I want to know what he  thinks  of the trip.
我想知道他认为这次旅行怎么样。

1.由how引导的特殊疑问句,用来对做某事的方式进行提问。如:
—How do you get to school?
你怎样去学校?
—On foot.
走路去。
2.how far意为“多远”,用来询问距离或路程的远近。常用句型有:“How far is it from A to B?”=“How far is B from A?”,意为“从A到B有多远?”,其回答为:
(1)It's...meters/kilometers/miles (away).
(2)It's about+数词+minutes' walk/ride.
(3)It's about+数词+minutes on foot/by bus.
3.how long意为“多久”,用来对时间长短进行提问,通常指某个动作所持续时间的长短。如:
—How long do you stay in Beijing every year?
你每年在北京待多久?
—About two weeks.
大约两个星期。
how long还可对物品的长度进行提问,意为“多长”。如:
—How long is the ruler?
这把尺子多长?
—It's about 20 centimeters.
大约20厘米。
4.how soon意为“多久”,主要对一段时间进行提问,用于将来时中。如:
—How soon will you come back?
你多久会回来?
—In two weeks.
两个星期后。
5.how often意为“多久一次”,表频率。如:
—How often do you go there?
你多久去那儿一次?
—Twice a week.
一星期两次。

Section A
1.到达                          ____________________
2.乘公共汽车/火车/地铁           ____________________
3.骑自行车                      ____________________

 


4.每天                                    ____________________
5.多远                                    ____________________
6.多长时间                                ____________________
7.度过美好的一天                          ____________________
8.步行上学                                ____________________
Section B
1.公交车站                                ____________________
2.公共汽车/火车/地铁站                     ____________________
3.认为                                    ____________________
4.过河                                    ____________________
5.在……和……之间                        ____________________
6.乘索道                                  ____________________
7.和……玩耍                              ____________________
8.实现;成为现实                          ____________________
9.乘船                                    ____________________
10.和……交谈                             ____________________

1.(动词)开车________→(名词)司机________
2.(动词)横过;越过________→(介词)穿过________
3.(名词)村庄________→(名词)村民________
4.(形容词)真的________→(名词)事实;真相________
5.(数词)六________→(数词)六十________

 

一、用所给单词的适当形式填空
1.Can you tell me how ________(get) to your home?
2.There are no________(bridge) on the river.
3.It is about five ________(minute) walk to go to the park.
4.How long does it take you________(walk) to the railway station?
5.The teacher wants to know where Mike________(live).
6.It's the ________(village) dream to have a bridge.
7.It's not easy ________(ride) a bike like that.
8.The river runs too ________(quick) for boats.
9.It takes ________(she) an hour to get to school.
10.The boy ________(cross) the street by himself.
二、用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空
 hundred new cross bridge dream 
1.My bag is too old. I need to buy a ________ one.
2.—What's your ________?
—I want to be a singer like Zhang Jie.
3.There are about four ________ teachers in our school.
4.There are two ________  over   the  river.
5.He ________ the river to go to school every day.
三、根据汉语提示完成短文
Jim is a schoolboy. He 1________(居住) in a small town(镇). His home is about ten kilometers 2________(从) school and the roads are not flat(平坦的). So it's 3________(困难的) for him to get to school. He gets up at about five 4________(四十) every day and has breakfast. He 5________(出发) for school at around six o'clock. First, he 6________(骑) his bicycle to the bus station. That takes about fifty minutes. 7________(然后) the bus takes him to school. It 8________(通常) takes about thirty minutes. Sometimes he has no time for breakfast at home, so he has something for breakfast on the bus.
He enjoys 9________(乘) the subway to school. But he has never taken the subway. 10________(因为) there is no subway in his town. Now he studies very hard at school. He hopes(希望) he can go to school in a big city(城市) one day. He can take the subway to school then.
四、语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空(每空不多于3个单词)。
Liu Gang is a 12­year­old boy.He 1________ in a village. His school is about six 2________(kilometer) from his home. It's not very far, but it's difficult 3________(get) to school. There is a big river 4________ his school and the village.  There is no 5________, so he must get up quite early every morning.  After breakfast he 6________(walk) to the river and goes to school 7________ boat. Then he takes the school bus. It takes him forty minutes  8________(get) to school.  His dream is 9________ (have) a bridge over the river some day.
It's not easy to get to school,  10________ he likes his school. He loves his teachers. His teachers and classmates are like family to him.

 
参考答案
Unit 3
【重点短语】
Section A
1. get to      2.take the bus/train/subway      3.ride a bike/by bike take a bus/by bus take a train/by train take the subway/by subway take a taxi/by taxi take a car/by car take a plane/by plane/by air       4.every day        5.how far          6.how long   
7.have a good day        8.walk to school
Section B
1.bus stop        2.bus/train/subway station      3.think of       4.cross the river 
5. between...and...   6.go on a ropeway           7.play with      8.come true 
9.by boat           10.talk to
【词形变换】
1.drive driver    2.cross across    3.village villager    4.true truth   5.six sixty
【试题精编】
一、1.to get        2.bridges      3.minutes'      4.to walk        5.lives 
6.villagers'     7.to ride       8.quickly       9.her            10.crosses
二、1.new         2.dream       3.hundred      4.bridges          5.crosses
三、1.lives        2.from         3.difficult      4.forty            5.Leaves
 6.rides        7.Then         8.usually       9.taking          10.Because
四、1.lives        2.kilometers     3.to get        4.between        5.bridge 
6.walks       7.by            8.to get        9.to have        10.but

文 章来
源莲山 课件 w w
w.5 Y k J.Co m
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