七年级英语上期末考前语法提分讲义与押题(泽林牛津版)

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七年级英语上期末考前语法提分讲义与押题(泽林牛津版)

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初一考前提分秘籍
前言:此秘籍适用于初一学生,乃本人仔细参详十份期末真题与模拟题后整理出的单项选择,词汇应用高频题,易错题,套路题知识点以及解题思路,对于期末考试有极大提分作用。

第一章:单项选择
一,高频题及相关知识点,解题思路
1,a,an,the问题
(例)--Excuse me, is there _______ book by Mo Yan?
     -- Yes, it is on ________ bookshelf over there.
A a;a  B an;an  C a; the  Dan;a
解题思路:a与an意为一个,the意为这个,那个。因此只需翻译出句意即可,此外the用在特指某物,此题特指那个桌子。答案C
2,a,an问题
(例)There is ____ u and_____ S in the word usual
A a;a   B a;an  C an;a  D an;an
解题思路:选a还是an需看因素而非字母,21个辅音字母中f,h,l,m,n,s,x为元音因素开头用an其他为a。此外,hour,honest前面用an;usual,useful前用a。答案B
3,介词in,on,at 问题
(例)She was born _____ a cold morning of January
A in  B on  C at  D into
解题思路:具体某一天早中晚用on,此外常出现的:at Christmas
At the Middle autumn festival, on Teachers’ Day
4,花费问题
(例)My computer is so nice,but it only ______ me 2000 yuan
A takes  B spends  C costs   D pays
解题思路:需掌握四个花费的用法
Sb spend some time/money doing sth.
It takes sb some time/money to do sth
Sb pay some money for sth    Sth cost sb some money.
Spend与pay 的主语是人,take是it,cost 是物体。
Spend与take常与动词搭配,pay 与cost没有。答案C
注意:pay for表示支付
5,关于how的疑问词组问题
(例)________ is it from your home to school? 20 minutes’ walk.
A How far   B How long  C How soon  D How often
解题思路:
选how far时问题里基本有is 和 from,回答中基本有距离单位mile,kilometer或时间+交通工具,如20 minutes walk, It takes me 10mintues to go by bus.
选how often时回答基本有once,twice,times或频度副词
选how soon时回答基本有in,如in 20 minutes.how soon意为多快
选how long时回答基本有for。答案A
6,some ,any,与no 问题
(例)-- Can you lend me ________ money?
      -- Sorry, I  have ______  money today
A some;some  B any;no C some;any D some;no

解题思路:否定句中一定用any,在表示委婉询问或请求语气时依然用some。常用句型:would you like/please,Can I have,May I, Shall we, what about, do you want.在表示否定但句中没有not时用no,
not any= no ,答案D
7, open 与be open 问题
(例)The shop _____at 7 in the morning and it ____for 12hours a day.
 A is open;opens  B opens; is open  C is opening;is open D open;open
解题思路:open单独使用时为短暂性动词,意为“开”,后必须和时间点搭配,如at 7, be open为延续性形容词,意为“开着的”后和时间段搭配,如from 7 to 5, for 5 hours,Close与 be closed用法同样如此。答案B
8,进行时态
(例)--Where is Lucy? The teacher __________ her.
     -- I don’t know. Maybe she __________ in the library.
A looks for; is reading  B is looking for; is reading
C is looking for; reads   D look for; reads
解题思路:需理清现在进行时与一般现在时的标志词
现在进行时:now= at the moment=right now=at present, It’s +时间
Where is, hurry up!Be quiet! Be quick!look!listen! these days
一般现在时:频度副词,every, in +早中晚。答案B
9,实际对话题
解题思路:此题形基本出现在选择最后一题,掌握意思即可,常用句型:Good idea 好主意 sound good 听起来不错 you are welcome不用谢 That’s all right 没关系 All right 好的 good luck 祝你好运
Have a good/nice trip/day/time 祝你玩的开心  The same to you 你也是 I’m sorry to hear that.很难过听到这件事

二,易错知识点讲解
1,量词问题
与量词搭配的名词,后面动词的单复数取决于量词而非名词,如题中有量词只需盯着量词的单复数即可,切不可掉入出题老师的陷阱中,如here are 2 glasses of water, The pair of shoes is mine.
2, 价格高低问题
Sth. be very expensive. =Sth. cost a lot/much.=The price of sth. is high.
This bike is expensive.=This bike costs a lot/much.=The price of this bike is high.
Be和expensive对应,cost和much对应,price和high对应
3,enough问题
名词放在enough之后,形容词和副词放在enough之前,简称名后形前,如enough money ,clean enough
4,a few, few, a little, little
a few与few修饰可数名词,a little与little修饰不可数名词
A few 与a little意为一点,few 与little意为几乎没有
如:She is new here, so she has few friends.
5, 形容词与不定代词的问题
形容词修饰不定代词,需放在不定代词之后,如 something special
6,a number of 与the number of 问题
A number of 意外许多,大量的=many,只可修饰可数名词复数,因此后面be动词要用are。The number of 意为---的数量,数量不可数,因此后面be动词要用is,如 The total number of students of our school is 2000.
7,one 与pair问题
我们可以用one 与pair指代前面出现的名词,但one指的是单数可数名词,pair指的是以两只,一对形式出现的可数名词,常见:shoes, trainers,trousers,jeans,socks,glasses.
如:The shirt is too big for me, can you show me another one?
    The jeans are too big, may I try another pair?
8,hope 问题
Hope 只有两种用法,hope to do sth 与hope+句子,
如:I hope to be a teacher. I hope your dream can come true.
没有hope sb to do sth 这种方法,凡是出现这种就不选
9 away 与 far 问题
Be away from sb 表示远离某人, be far from+地方 意为离某地远
10,because与 so 不可放在同一个句子中
11,服饰+ look +形容词+on sb, sb look +形容词+in+服饰,顺序不可弄反
12,…店:特殊的:bookshop合在一起; clothes shop和sports shop前一个单词用复数;其他都是单数并且分开来,如shoe shop
13,teach问题
Teach 后用宾格,不用物主代词,如teach us/you English
14,特殊主语后用单数
以下词做主语时,动词需用单数:动词ing形式,each of, every,everyone of,不定代词,who,疑问词+to do
押题(知识点相同,并非题目一模一样)
1,—Excuse me, is there ________ book by Mo Yan?
   —Yes, it’s on ________ bookshelf over there.
A. a; a             B.an; an             C.a; the             D.an; a,
2,Mr Sun will teach ________ history next term . He is very friendly.
   A . you    B. your   C. we   D. our 
3,We’ll have this ending ceremony ________ 8:30 ________ the morning of February 6.
  A. On; in    B. At; on   C. At; in   D. On; on
4,My computer is so nice, but it only ________ me 2,000 yuan.
   A. takes    B. uses   C. spends   D. costs
5,—________ is it to Auchan from your home?
   —Well. It takes over ten minutes to get there by self-service bike.
    A. How long   B. How much  C. How far  D. How often
6,—I don’t have any money for a bowl of noodles. Can you lend me________?
   — Sorry, I have ________ money with me today.
 A. any; not some  B. some; no  C. some; any   D. any; not a
7, — Wow! Your hairstyle looks so modern!
   — ________. It’s my mother’s design!
A. Thank you  B. Sounds great C. Good idea  D. Pretty good
8,It's 3:40 p.m, Tom with his classmates_______ football on the football field.
A. plays      B. is playing     C. play      D. are playing
9, -How much do you spend ___________the beautiful jeans?
-They_______ me 80 yuan.
A. buying; pay  B. to buy; take    C. buy; spend     D. buying; cost
10,I hope_______ your homework carefully.
A. you to do     B. you doing     C. you can do     D. to you do
11,The trousers are too long.   Do you have a short_______?
A. one      B. ones      C. pair      D. pairs
12,It there_______ in today's newspaper?
A. something special       B. special something
C. anything special       D. special anything
13,The shop_______ from 8a.m.to 5p.m.every day but it_______ at 9:00 pm at weekends.
A. opens; closes        B. opens; is closed.
C. is open; closes        D. is open; closed
14,---_______ is the trip from school to the library?
- About two hours' ride.
A. How long    B. How far    C. How      D. What
15,─        do you go to the school library?
   ─ More than three times a week.
    A. How long   B. How far      C. How often    D. How many
16, The shop near my home      at seven in the morning and it      for twelve hours a day.
    A. is open; opens                     B. opens; is open
    C. is opening; is open                  D. opens; is opening
17, ─ The price of an iphone 6 will be more than 5000 yuan.
   ─ Yes. Good things always        much.
    A. cost            B. spend      C. take         D. get
18,There is a teacher’s desk ________ the classroom. Mr. Liu is standing ________ it.
A. in front of; in front of B. in the front of; in the front of
C. in the front of; in front of D. in front of; in the front of
19,— Every morning I leave home at 6:30, and I get to school at 7:15.
—You live ________ from your school.
A. a long way     B. away     C.a far way        D. far away
20,—Where do you want to go ________this Saturday?
—Oh,I’m going to my grandparents'farm ________Saturday afternoon.
A./;on         B.on;on      C.in;on        D./;in
21,— ________ do you watch TV every day?  —About one hour.
A. How often     B. How long   C. How many     D. How much
22,– You see, it’s my dream to buy ____ iphone 4. 
– Oh, you can ask your parents to buy ___ for you.
 A. a; it    B. an; it    C. a; one   D. an; one
23,. – Sorry, the price of the trousers is too _____.
– OK. Would you like to have a look at a cheaper ____?
A. expensive; one  B. expensive; pair C. high; one D. high; pair
24, -- _____ do you go to the net bar(网吧)?  -- Never. I don’t think a student should go there
A. How often B. How soon   C. When  D. How many times
25,The total _______ students on the playground ____ four hundred.
A. number ; is   B. number; are  C. number of ; are  D. number of ; is
26,—— ____ the price of this pair of jeans?
—— Only 20 dollars.
  A. How much    B. How much is    C. What     D. What’s

第二章,词汇运用
心法:此种题型给出中文意思,写英文单词,但记住出卷老师大多“狡猾”,写的单词基本需要改变形态。
常考单词:
hamburger   interested restaurant  price  pretty  Christmas
Special different  expensive scarves  snack  because   healthy  pocket comfortable,twelfth,modern,really,invite(邀请) among
Popular   festival   present,enough,order(定,订购,点菜)

第三章,适当形式填空
心法:此种题型给单词原型,进行适当改写,记住不改照着写一遍基本是错的,偶有例外。并且永远记住出卷老师“狡猾”,会给一些需要特殊改写形态的单词,如plan----planning,需要双写。提示词以名词,动词,形容词,代词居多
分类说明:
名词:1,改写为复数2,在后面加’s或s’3,health变为healthy,luck变为lucky
去y变ies的名词:party,family,activity,city,country,library
动词:1,改写为三单 2,改写为ing形式3,过去与将来时(较少)
去y变为ies的动词:carry,cry,study,worry
双写加ing的动词:put,swim,begin,,get, run,sit,set,let,plan,shop,stop
(辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母结尾的单词)
注意:现在进行时时be动词不可少
形容词:1,仍然为形容词 2, 变为副词
在以下动词后面依然为形容词:keep,seem,look,sound,smell,taste,feel
其他修饰动词一律改副词,特殊的happy,angry,easy
代词:1,改为宾格2,形容词物主代词 3,名词性物主代词(较多)
4,反身代词(oneself)
动词固定搭配
Do型:
Let,why not,make,would you like, help
to do 型:
Want, tell sb, ask sb, it fun, it is time(for sb) ,it is +形容词+(for sb)
have (much) time,would like, need,plan,help,wait,seem,it takes
doing 型
be good at What/how about,thanks for, have (great) fun, it is great fun, love, hate, like, dislike, enjoy,be busy, finish, practise,keep, think about,spend,介词by 与without后
押题
3 She spends much money ___________(buy) clothes.
4 My uncle with my grandparents ________(live) in Beijing.
5The hair clip _______________(match) her coat.
7 __________(eat)  more vegetable is good for you.
8 ___________(help ) the other people ___________(be) good.
9 It is hard __________________(learn )English very well.
10 I am not good at __________(swim)
29 I need some colour pens __________________(draw).
30 Thank you for __________(tell )me the story.
31 AT Halloween, he always _____________(dress) up as a ghost.
32 It is fun ___________(climb) hills
33 What _________you _____(have ) for breakfast right now?
34 Look, the girls ____________(dance) happily.
35 Thank you for _________(come ) to my party.
36 With the boys , Ms Li often ________(climb ) the hill .
37 And one of them _______(like ) it very much.
38 Everything __________(be ) here. No one ________(be ) away.
39 He is not old enough _______________(go) to school.
40 It is time ____________(read ) books.
41 How __________(find) a job is a question.
42 I don’t know how ____________(tell)you about the news.
43 I have some       (knife).I can lend one to you.
44 My brother often goes to school without       (eat) breakfast.
45 I play computer games        (two)a week.
46 My teacher says it is very important      (sleep)well before an exam.
1. 、The Class3, Grade 7 students are _     _(计划) a trip to the Great Wall.
2. We don’t know who are the __________ (主人) of these cars.
3.  Do you know the building                       ( 叫做 )Jin Ling Hotel.、
4. Thanks for                        ( 邀请 ) me to your birthday party.
5. Today is the ____   _____(十二) of May.
6. Apples and bananas are my                 (最喜欢的)
7. In English class, we                    (练习) reading again and again.
8. You should     (say) sorry to her. You made her         (cry).
9. Be quick. Someone                  (wait) for you at the gate.
10. My daughter practises        (play) the piano for two hours every day.
11. Don’t make any noise, Grandma               (sleep).
12. Where are the boys? They                     ( play ) football in the playground.
13. It's 7p.m.,the family ____           _____(enjoy) the party at the local theatre.
14. Lily practices                               (play) the piano every day .
15. Fruit and vegetables are            (health) food.
17. He usually spends two hours       (finish) his homework every evening.
18. I would like to go to a shoe shop         (buy) my son a birthday present.
19. Where is your father? He is busy        (wash) his car.
20. There        (be) some good news in today's newspaper.
21. lt's 10 p.m. now. Lucy        (lie) on her bed watching TV.
22. It is not easy for us        (read) English newspapers because there are many new words in them.
23.        (not be) late for class again, Jack.
24. Lily sleeps very late and never        (wake) up before 9 a.m. on Sunday.
25. It's ten o'clock now. Let your sister        (go) to bed right now.
26. ─ I like singing. I want to be a singer.
   ─ I hope your dream        (come) true.

63. Mother’s Day is on the ________ (two) Sunday in May.
64. My granny has a few bad ________(tooth). She can’t eat such hard food.
65. We often talk about basketball and watch basketball ________(match) on TV.
66. People around the world are very________ (interest) in the song‘Little apple’.
67. My cousin hopes to be a wonderful basketball ________ (play) like Jeremy Lin.
68. Look ! My brother is ________(set) off the fireworks now.
66.The fish ___________ (品尝) nice. Would you like to have some?
67. He was sitting ________a group of children, telling them a story. (在……中)
68..A pair of _____    ___  (手套) is warm enough in cold winter.
69. Thank you for __________ my birthday, I’m so happy. (庆祝)
70.Do you think trousers are very ________ (舒适的) to  wear?
71. We have rice ,meat, vegetables and some ________(tomato) and egg soup for lunch today.
72. ---Mum, what do you want to eat? ---What about        (order) some beef and rice?
73.Your coat ___________ (match)well with your shoes.
74.. These ________  (gentleman) coats look great on them.
75.. It is important and good for us to brush our __________ after meals. (tooth)

第三章:听力
考试前
1,考前一周需每天听考试听力一遍,不用做题,只听懂就行,把耳朵热起来,听力内容我会发给各派掌门(你爸妈)。
2,英语考试前一天晚上早点睡觉,睡眠不足考试犯困严重影响状态。
考试中:
3,拿到试卷后先看听力题,理解题目意思;题与题中间停顿时,抓紧时间看下一题的内容(尤其是11-20题)
4,第一遍没听懂?别慌!脑子别热!还有第二遍
5,上一题实在没听出来怎么办?别想了!Forget it,赶紧听下一题!

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来源莲
山课件 w ww.5 Y K j.Co M
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