2018年陕西省中考英语真题(带答案)

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2018年陕西省中考英语真题(带答案)

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陕西省2018年中考英语真题试题
注意事项:
1.本试卷分为第一部分和第二部分。全卷120分。考试时间120分钟。
2.领到试卷和答题卡后,请用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔,分别在试卷和答题卡上填写姓名和准考证号。同时用2B铅笔把答题卡上
3.答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡指定的位置上填图对应的试卷类型信息点(A或B)。
4.考试结束,本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分(共65分)
听力部分
Ⅰ. 听对话,选答案(共15小题,计15分)
第一节:听下面10段对话,每段对话后有一个问题,读两遍,请根据每段对话的内容和后面的问题,从所给的三个选项中选出最恰当的一项。
1. A.Mother and son.   B.Teacher and student. C.Father and daughter. 
2. A.It’s Blue.    B.It’s green.    C.It’s black.
3. A.To the hospital.    B.To the bank.     C.To the school.
4. A.Noodles.      B.Rice.      C.Dumplings.
5. A.To go climbing.   B.To watch TV.   C.To stay at home.
6. A.A listening test .   B.A reading test.    C.A writing test
7. A.It’s sunny.    B.It’s cloudy.   C.It’s rainy.
8. A.It’s Monday.       B.It’s Sunday        C.It’s Wednesday.
9. A.The sports club.        B.The art club.        C.The music club. 
10.A.An actor.        B.A player.         C.A singer.
第二节:听下面两段对话,每段对话后有几道小题,请根据每段对话的内容和后面的问题,从所给的三个选项中选出最恰当的一项,每段对话读两遍。
听第11段对话,回答第11至12小题。
11. Who is out?
A.Sam.      B.Mary.     C.John.
12. What is the message?
A.To buy a bag in the afternoon.     
B.To call back in the afternoon.
C.To go back in the afternoon.     
听第12段对话,回答第13至15小题。
13. What is wrong with the girl ?
A.She has a headache.     
B.She has a toothache.   
C.She has a stomachache.
14. What did the girl have for supper?
A.Dumplings and some fruits.        
B.Ice-creams and watermelon.      
C.A hamburger and some fish.
15. How often did the girl take the medicine?
A.Three times a day .     B.Twice a day.       C. Once a day.
Ⅱ.听短文,选答案(共5小题,计10分)
   本题你将听到一篇短文,读两遍,请从每个小题的三个选项中,选出最恰当的一项。
16. Who went for a holiday with Zhang Yuan last summer?
A.His friends.     B.His parents.   C.His classmates.
17. Most of the time, the town was very_______?
A.popular     B.peaceful    C.noisy
18. How old was the lady in the town?
A.She was 97.    B.She was 76.   C.She was 79.
19. The lady had a______in the town.
A.hotel.      B.shop.          C.restaurant.
20.In the passage, “she was content with her life there”means she was______ with her life there.
A.Happy.        B.Sad .            C.Surprised.
笔试部分
Ⅲ.完型填空 (共20小题,计20分)
第一节:阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从各小题的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,使短文连贯完整。(共10小题,计10分)
One day,David and his friends talked about who there closest  21  were. When it was his turn, he said, “My best friend is Amy,  22  81-year-old woman living in Florida.”
Their friendship came  23  a game. In the game, David and Amy were on the same team.After this game, they became good friends, David even told her about his dream of music.
However, life was hard for David at that time.He hardly  24   time or money to play music.Most of the time. he had to work in a restaurant. He felt that his dream was hopeless(无望的).  25  he almost lost heart, Amy gave him lots of help and supported his dream. Two years later, he decided  26  to New York for his dream. There he held his first concert successfully.
After the concert, a famous reporter in New York heard of their story. He wanted to know what  27  So he flew to Florida to interview her. To his surprise, the friendship between Amy and David was  28  than he could imagine.
Later, many people  29  by this story. But Amy thought it was nothing, She said, “As friends we  30  give a hand when they need.”
21. A.friend B.classmate C.friends D. classmates
22. A.the B. / C. a D. an
23. A.below B.from C.to D.at
24. A.will have B.has had C.have D.had
25. A.When B.Before C.Unless D.If
26. A.go B.to go C.going D.gone
27. A.is Amy like B.Amy is like C. Amy was like D.was Amy like
28. A.more beautiful B.beautiful 
 C.beautifully D.the most beautiful
29. A.was moved B.were moved  C.is moved D.are moved
30. A.can’t B.mustn’t C.should D.would
第二节:阅读下面一篇短文,理解大意,然后从各个小题的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,使短文连贯完整。(共10小题,计10分)
Since my mother moved to live with us in the city, she has been much heavier than before.As time went by, her health got  31  . So I had to take her to see a  32  . My mother was told to lose weight by doing exercise every day. She had no choice but to follow  33  the doctor said.1 told her that I would exercise with her every morning
On the first morning, she got up very early  34  ran with me in our neighborhood. I tried to run slowly so that she could follow me. After  35  for some minutes, I told her the proper ways of exercise and the importance of eating healthy food. She listened to me carefully. It made me  36  that she told me everything very patiently when I was a kid. On the second morning, I praised her for keeping running with me.
But after two weeks, she wanted to  37  running because she thought the two-week exercise didn’t work at all. To encourage her, I taught her how to use the facilities(设施) for exercise in our  38  . She began to exercise again.
With my help, it  39  her one month to develop a good habit of daily exercise. “Thank you,my dear daughter. Exercise brings health and happiness to me. I will 40 worry about my health. “Her words touched my heart deeply. I felt happy to make a big difference to my mother’s life.”
31.A.better B.thinner C.better   D.stronger
32.A.teacher B.waiter C.nurse   D.doctor
33.A.that B.what C.which   D.where
34.A.so B.but  C.and   D.or
35.A.swimming  B.eating C.playing   D.running
36.A.act B.expect C.forget   D.remember
37.A.put up B.give up C.set up   D.eat up
38.A.school B.neighborhood C.hospital    D.cinema
39.A.took B.spent C.cost    D.paid
40.A.always B.ever C.never   D.sometimes
Ⅳ.阅读理解(共15小题,计20分)
第一节:阅读下面一篇短文,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容,符合的用“A”表示, 不符合的用“B”表示。(共5小题,计5分)
A
Now,it seems that artificial intelligence(人工智能) is becoming more and more popular in life, and it has greatly influenced the ways we live, work and play. Can you imagine that you can play table tennis with a robot one day?
Recently,a scientist has invented a special robot that can be a table tennis coach. That means people can practice table tennis not only with humans but also with a robot.
Named Forpheus,the smart table tennis robot is quite special. It can study the movements of human players and the speeds of the ball. In this way, it can exactly judge(判断)the players skill levels(KF). Then it uses the information to change the ways to play. If the players are just beginners, Forpheus will play in a slow and easy way, but if the players are better ones, the robot will play in a faster and more difficult way. What’s more, while playing, it encourages players to try their best with words like “Good job!”, “Come on!” and so on. At the same time, it gives some good chance
improve their skills. So it is both a good partner and a clever coach.
  Science and technology is developing quickly these days and it’s hard to imagine what will happen in the future. “ In the next 20 years, it will be possible that one robot teaches another to play table tennis or even Invents another one!” Takuoya, the inventor of the robot, said.
41. Artificial intelligence has influenced people’s life in many ways.
42. The robot can judge the skill levels of human players exactly.
43. Forpheus is the name of the inventor of the robot.
44. One robot will probably teach another to play table tennis in the future.
45. The robot can encourage the human players, but it can't give advice.
第二节:阅读下面三篇短文,从各小题所给的四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的一个最佳答案。(共10小题,计15分)
B
Many animals around us are smart. Let’s get to know some of them.
Dolphins are smarter animals in the sea. Researchers put sea animals to a test. In the test, the researchers made red marks on the animals bodies and took them in front of a mirror. Many sea animals either ran away or fought with the ones in the mirror. However, when the dolphins saw themselves in the mirror, they tried to clean the red marks off their bodies. So the researchers believed that the dolphins knew the ones in the mirror were Just themselves.
    Bees work hard,and they are smart enough to learn something.Researchers found a group of bees and taught them to tell which horizontal line(水平线)was higher than the other. If they cold find the higher line, they would get sugar as a prize. After training for a period of time, the researchers tested the bees. To their surprise, the bees found the higher horizontal line quickly and got sugar. Instead,when the researchers showed them vertical line(垂直线). the bees simply flew away,because they knew there was no way to get sugar.
    Chimpanzees (黑猩猩)are very human-like.They can learn fast and well. Researchers showed the numbers from one to nine on the screen. Chimpanzees and some college students were asked to remember where the numbers were after watching the numbers, in less than a second. The adult chimpanzees and the college students performed almost the same, but the young chimpanzees performed much better. It was amazing
46. In the test,the dolphin________.
A.felt afraid and ran away from the mirror.
B.tried to fight with the ones in the mirror.
C.tried to clean the red marks off their bodies.
D.didn’t find any red marks on their bodies.
47.When the bees saw the vertical lines, they_______.
A.flew away  B.found the higher line
C.stayed there  D.found the numbers
48.________performed better in remembering where the numbers were.
A.The young chimpanzees  B.The adult chimpanzees
C.The old chimpanzees  D.The college students
C
A person has two ears but only one mouth. That means we should listen, not just speak. The word “listen” has the same letters as the word “silent”. Listening silently is a good quality that we should have.Then why is it important to be a good listener?
Listening is really helpful.
When someone is sad or angry, he wants to express his poor feelings. At this moment, we need to listen silently first until he gets calm(冷静的). Then we may have a good talk with him. Maybe it is a good way to help him out.
Listening is a kind of love.
    For example, we may think our parents are always talking too much. But in fact, they do so because they are anxious about our health, study and so on. If we listen patiently, our parents will feel we care about them. A loving silence is often more powerful(有力量的)than words.
Listening is polite behavior.
Sometimes, we just want others to listen to us but forget to listen to others. In fact. That’s not polite. In order to show our respect(尊重)for others, we had better listen to them first. Then we can express our ideas。
Listening sounds easy,but it’s not. Every head is a world. So we should learn to listen with our ears, eyes and hearts as much as we can, and try to make ourselves
good listeners from now on.
49.When someone is sad or angry, we should ________ first.
A.express our poor feelings. B.talk too much with him.
C.tell his parents about it.  D. listen to him silently.
50.The underlined word “anxious” here probably means “_______”.
A.worried  B.angry  C.satisfied   D.excited
51.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. We should ask others to listen to us first.
B. We had better listen to others first.
C. We should let others respect us first.
D. We should express our ideas first.
D
Last month, a common graduation ceremony(毕业典礼) was held in Tianjin University,but it received much attention. Xue Minxiu, born in 1937, graduated with excellent grades after working hard for 4 years.
Going to a university has always been a dream for Xue. But for some reasons, she didn’t have the chance when she was young. Even so, she never forgot her dream. In 2014, she was accepted by Tianjin University and finally her dream came true. Since then, Xue has been a model for the people around her. She got up at 5 o’clock every morning. Then she studied for a while before brushing teeth and having breakfast. Her room was filled with books and newspapers. Wherever she went, she would take books with her.
In fact, for her age had many difficulties during the four years. But nothing could stop her.Whenever she had problems, she would either solve them by herself or ask teachers for help. Through her hard work she Passed he exams and was named “a star student”during the first period of her college life.
“ I think the meaning of our lives is to challenge(挑战)and improve ourselves whether we are old or young.” Xue said at the graduation ceremony. “For me, learning something I enjoy is a lifelong journey. I want to thank Tianiin University for giving me the chance to achieve my dream. Our lifetime is short, so we should make good use of it.”
52.At the age of_____,Xue was accepted by Tianjin University.
A.77  B.85   C.81  D.73
53. With the help of,Xue solved her problems in study
A. her family and friends.     B. her teachers and herself
C. her teachers and classmates.   D. her classmates and herself
54.What is the best title(标题 )for the passage?
A.A Graduation Ceremony    B.A hard-working Old Lady
C.A Difficult Examination    D.A University in Tianjin
55. Where do you think the passage may come from?
A. A science report.     B.A newspaper.
C. A travel book.       D.An advertisement.
第二部分(共55分)
Ⅴ.完成句子:根据所给汉语意思,用单词或短语完成下列英文句子。(共5小题,计10分)
56.同学们请靠马路右边行走。
Boys and girls please walk _____________ side of the road.
57.离开教室的时候记着关灯。
Remember to _____________the lights when you leave the classroom.
58.昨天我买了两张《厉害了,我的国》的电影票。
I bought two movie _____________ to Amazing China yesterday.
59.马良想为那个孩子画一匹马。
  In the club, some _____________ help children with table tennis.
60.她的脸上总是带着温暖的微笑。
A _____________is always on her face.
Ⅵ.短文填空:用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使短文意思完整正确。(每个单词限用一次,每空只填一个单词。)(共10小题,计10分)
  

Wang Ping is a cleaner, He has 61._______in a park for 5 years. He is also a good father.Nothing can make him 62._______than playing with his little daughter in his free time.
Last Tuesday afternoon, while he was 63.________ the park, suddenly, he heard a woman crying for help. He ran up 64.________  quickly to see what happened. The
woman’s 15-month-old baby girl choked(窒息)on a small piece of pear and her face65._______purple.The baby was too young to save herself, and the mother was so nervous that she didn’t know how to save,her daughter properly.Luckily, Wang Ping knew what to do. He took the baby in his 66.____without thinking twice. With the mother’s help, Wang Ping held the baby upside down and gave her a few pats(轻拍)on the back.After a short while,he succeeded in getting the piece of pear out of her mouth.and the baby began to cry. Her mom was so thankful because her daughter was 67._______.
Wang Ping tried his best and saved the 68._______life. In his mind, helping others is just helping69._______. He hoped more people could
70._______ to help the people in need if possible.

Ⅶ.任务型阅读:阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,回答下列问题。(共5小题,计10分)
Eleven countries are building a great wall of trees across Africa. It is called the Great Green Wall.The aim is to bring life to the dry lands and help to fight the bad environment.
The wall is 8, 000 kilometers long and 15 kilometers wide. It covers from Senegal in the west to Djibouti in the east,on the south of the Sahara Desert(撒哈拉沙漠). So far,Senegal has made the best progress by planting about 11, 000,000 trees.
Many years ago, there were few trees in that area and the winds used to be very strong. It was harmful to the fields. Also, there was little rain, so few plants could grow and many people went hungry.Since the tree planting project started, the trees have provided food for the local people and increased the wetness(湿度)of the air. Little by little, there appeared green fields for people to grow plants.
The project which began in 2007 is supposed to cost a total of 8, 000, 000, 000 dollars. Many countries are trying their best to help to continue the planting. So we will be able to see the whole green wall across Africa in the near future.
71.Why are the countries building the wall of trees?      
They want to bring life to the dry lands and help to          .
72. Where is the great wall of trees?
It’s          of the Sahara Desert.
73. Why couldn’t many plants grow in that area many years ago?
Because there were few trees, strong winds and           .
74. When did the project begin?
It begun                  .
75. What does the passage talk about?
  It mainly talks about _________________________________ in Africa.
Ⅷ.补全对话(共10小题,计10分)
    A) 根据对话内容,将方框内符合对话情景的句子抄写在对话的空白处,使对话恢复完整。其中有两项是多余的。
A: Hi, Tom. Are you free this Saturday?
B:76._____________________ What are you going to do,Lintao?
A: I’m going to watch a traditional art show. 77. _____________________
B: Wow,you are so great!What are they about?
A: 78._____________________  They stand for happiness and good luck in China.
B: It’s fantastic! Where do you learn paper-cutting?
A. In our school art club
B. Well. I am also interested in Chinese culture and I want to learn it. 79._____________________
A: Of course. So would you like to watch the show with me?
B: Yes. Id love to and I cant wait. 80._____________________
A: Let’s meet at the school gate at 9: 00 in the morning
B: OK. See you then.
A: See you.

 

 

B) 根据下面对话中的情境,在每个空中填入一个适当的语句,使对话恢复完整。
A. Hi, Jack. Our speech competition about sports is coming.
B: Yeah. I’m ready for it. 81. _____________________?
A: I have no idea about it. Could you give me some good advice?
B: Well, that depends on your hobby. What’s your favorite sport?
A: 82._____________________.
B: Then, you can collect some information about football
A: 83._____________________
B: You can collect the information by reading newspapers and magazines, And you can also talk about the World Cup in Russia these days.
A: 84._____________________.Thank you very much.
B: 85. _____________________.Bye
A: Bye-bye.
Ⅸ.书面表达(共1题,计15分)
假如你是李华,上周日你独自在家照看你五岁的妹妹Nana,请根据表格内容,写一篇短文。
活动 上午 讲故事,唱歌,……
 中午 煮面(cook noodles),休息( have a rest),……
 下午 玩游戏,看动画片( watch cartoons),……
感受 ……
要求: 1.参考表格内容,可适当发挥;
2.语句通顺,意思连贯,书写工整;
3.文章不得出现任何真实信息(姓名、校名和地名等)
4.词数:不少于70词。(开头已给出,但不计入总词数。)
Last Sunday, my parents were not at home, so I looked after my 5-year-old sister Nana at home._________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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