2018年山西省中考英语模拟试题(附答案)

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2018年山西省中考英语模拟试题(附答案)

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2018年山西省中考模拟英语试题

Ⅰ、听力测试(25分)
    第一节  听对话,选择相符的图片。(每小题1分,共5分)
1、What’s the paper cutting like?
 
2、How much did Axel’s shoes cost?
 

3、What is Jenna doing?

4、Which girl is late for class?
 

5、How will the two speakers get to Stonehenge?
    第二节  听对话,选择最佳答案。(每小题1分,共5分)
6、What size shoes does Brian wear now?
    A. 40.               B. 41.                C. 42.
7、What color is Lydia’s computer?
    A. Silver.            B. Black.              C. White.
8、What will Harry do after school today?
    A. Go to the computer club.     B. visit his grandmather.    C. Check his teeth.
9、What does Linda do probably?
    A. A policewoman.     B. An actress.          C. A doctor.
10、How much is this cap now?
A. $3.50.             B. $.4.45.              C. $7.95.

    第三节  听长对话,选择最佳答案。(每小题1分,共5分)
    听第一段对话,回答第11—12小题。
11、What does Zeb Richards look like?
    A. He is tall.           B. He is of medium height.       C. He is short.
12、What is Zeb Richards?
    A. An actor.           B. A director.                  C. A teacher.
    听第二段对话,回答第13—15小题。
13、When did Sam play a soccer game? 
    A. On Saturday afternoon.    B. On Sunday morning.     C. On Sunday afternoon.
14、How many golas did Sam score?
    A. Four.               B. Three.                    C. Two.
15、What did Bella do on Saturday night?
A. She went to a concert.   B. She did her homework.     C. She watched a soccer game.

    第四节  听短文,选择最佳答案(每小题1分,共5分)
16、Who is thirteen years old?
    A. Betty.              B. Linda.                    C. Alice.
17、How does Linda go to school?
    A. By underground.     B. By bike.                  C. On foot.
18、When did Betty, Alice and Linda do some volunteer work in the park?
    A. Last Tuesday.       B. Last Thursday.             C. Last Saturday.
19、What did Betty do in the park?
    A. She cleaned the chairs.    B. She watered the flowers.   C. She picked up the rubbish.
20、How long did Betty, Alice and Linda work in the park?
    A. For two hours.       B. For two and a half hours.      C. For three hours.

Ⅱ、单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)
21、-Although he was          my opinion, Mr. Wang didn’t come up with his own.
    -Yes, I think so.
    A. against              B. on           C. for           D. in
22、-It’s very important to plant more trees, because they can       carbon dioxide(CO2) and protect the air quality.
    -Let’s take action!
    A. take in              B. take off       C. take up     D. take after
23、-Sally hasn’t completed his composition.             she didn’t write a word at all.
    -What a lazy girl!
    A. Suddenly            B. Hardly        C. Actually      D. Clearly
24、-Is your mom familiar with Taiyan?
    -Oh, yes, she        there many times, so she knows every corner of it.
    A. went               B. will go         C. has gone      D. has been
25、-Look! So many people are walking into the museum. What are on show?
-Some 3D pictures          by some modern artists.
A. draws             B. drew           C. drawn     D. drawing
26、-I used to spend lots of time playing computer games. I fell behind my classmates.
    -You sure change. Time should be made good use of       your lessons well.
    A. learning           B. learned           C. to learn       D. learns
27、-Which would you like, tea or coffee?
-       is OK. But I prefer coffee        milk.
A. Any, with          B. Any, to           C. Either, to     D. Either, with
28、-Lucy, are you going to Lily’s birthday party on Saturday?    -Unless I         .
    A. will be invited       B. am invited        C. was invited     D. invited
29、-Do you know the boy        father is from Japan?
-Yes, his name is Mike.
A. whom             B. who             C. which         D. whose
30、-How about 3 dollars a T-shirt, madam?
-The price sounds          . I’ll take three.
A. cheap             B. fair              C. little           D. convenient
31、-You never exercise? -         . I walk for more than one hour every day.
A. Yes, I do.          B. No, I don’t.        C. Yes, I am.       D. No, I’m not.
32、-I’ll never forget the years            I lived on the farm with the farmers.
-It must have a great effect on your life.
A. when             B. that              C. which          D. in which
33、-Would you like to go to a picnic with me this weekend.
-Sorry, I         stay at home and watch TV. It’s too hot outside.
A. had better          B. would like        C. would        D. prefer to
34、-Last night, A robber walked        the street, jumped        a tall wall and ran away.
    -
    A. through, across      B. across, over       C. over, across   D. across, through
35、-Would you please provide us         some information about the accident?
    -Sure, it happened      a cold winter morning…
    A. for, in              B. for, on          C. with, in        D. with, on

Ⅲ、完形填空(每小题1分,共15分)
  先通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后面各题所给的选项中选出最佳选项。
Suppose you find a bright yellow bike on a street corner in the city. You hop on(跨上) it and
 36 . But wait—isn’t this stealing? No, it isn’t.   37   shouts,“Stop! Thief!” That is because  this free ride is just fine with the city.
You  38   find hundreds of free yellow bikes in some US cities. The idea began in Portland, Oregon, in 1994. People saw a need for   39   transportation, and they wanted to help    40 
pollution. So, to get citizens(市民)   41   their cars and onto pollution-free bikes, they started   the Yellow Bike Project.
The   42  bikes are painted bright yellow and placed throughout the city. People can hop on the yellow bike and ride to run errands(短程差事), to work or to school. Then, they leave the bike for the   43   rider. There have been times when bikes have been stolen, but most people follow  the rules, because they think it is not wise to   44   the bike that’s already free.
Portland’s idea was quickly loved by a lot of people. Within two years of its starts, similar programs were  45  in cities in six other states.
36、A. drive away     B. ride away       C. ride back          D. run away
37、A. No one        B. Someone       C. Anyone            D. Everyone
38、A. have to        B. don’t have to    C. can’t              D. can
39、A. expensive      B. crowded       C. free               D. common
40、A. protect        B. control        C. make              D. bring
41、A. out of         B. into           C. up                D. near
42、A. public         B. private        C. clean              D. dirty
43、A. next          B. last            C. best              D. first
44、A. buy          B. repair           C. produce           D. steal
45、A. looked up      B. made up        C. put up            D. set up
Ⅳ、阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)
A
  If life can be compared to a meal, I think the mistakes are like salt and the success is a candy.
“Hey,”said the boy sitting next to me.“Don’t worry. Take your time.”And so I did. But I still couldn’t pronounce my Chinese name that was given by the teacher correctly. I was so embarrassed on my first day of learning Chinese!
I took Chinese classes during my summer vacation. Every morning I walked for 25 minutes to the class while having a Chinese jianbing from one of the breakfast carts(推车) on the way. Learning Spanish in school was a cushy job for me, because I could speak French and Italian which helped me with another Romance language(罗曼语). However, learning Chinese was difficult at first. As a boy who was born in America and grew up in America, I knew nothing about the language. I chose it mainly because my goal was to teach and work internationally.
As the classes went on, I slowly found that I was making connections. My 10 years of playing the piano have allowed me to perform for others. My several years of writing have led me to become a school reporter. I knew that my Chinese classes would allow me to speak Chinese well.
So what did my summer really taste like? It tasted like the Chinese food that, for the first time, I did not order in English, my mother language.
46、Why did the writer feel embarrassed in his first Chinese class?
A. Because he had no Chinese name.    B. Because he forgot his Chinese name.
C. Because he had bad Chinese pronunciation.  D. Because he couldn’t write his Chinese name.
47、The underlined word“cushy”means“      ”.
    A. common      B. funny       C. popular      D. easy
48、The writer’s first language is       .
    A. French        B. English      C. Italian      D. Spanish
49、What does the writer mainly want to tell us in Paragraph 4?
A. He had a lot of hobbies.               B. He wanted to work in China.
C. He was sure he could speak Chinese well.   D. He had a talent for learning foreign languages.
50、What do we know about the writer according to the passage?
A. He is good at playing the piano.         B. He doesn’t like Chinese foot at all.
C. He is interested in writing and painting.  D. He wants to be a language teacher in the future.
B
Nha Trang(芽庄), located in the middle of Vienam, is one of the most important tourist hubs, thanks to its beautiful beaches with fine and clean sand and the clear ocean water with comfortable temperatures all year round. In Nha Trang City, the rainy season lasts for only 2 months, which is a very favourable condition for a long tourist season and all-the-year tourist activities.
There are several places where people often go for holidays, such as Vinpearl, Diamond Bay and Ana Mandara, both in the city and on islands off the coast. The possibly most beautiful street of Nha Trang is Tran Phu Street along the seaside, sometimes referred to as the Pacific Coast Highway of Vietnam.
In addition, Nha Trang is a stopover for the yearly sailing race starting in Hong Kong. In the past several years, the city has welcomed many five-star sea cruises(游船). Besides Sail Boat Racing, Nha Trang provided many different kinds of tourist activities for visitors. Island Hopping, Scuba Diving and other sporting activities can be enjoyed in the city.
The city is most famous for fresh seafood and barbecued(烧烤过的) pork rolled in rice paper. The bird’s nest soup is considered as one of the best in Vietnam. Here, the bird’s nests are collected in the wild, on bird farms on the inlands off the coast and even in some houses in the inner city.
The Nha Trang Tourist Information Center has been set up to provide information for visitors. When you travel in Nha Trang, don’t forget to contact them for any problems.
51、Why is Hna Trang popular as the all-the-year place for tourists?
A. Because of its clean sand.       B. Because of its friendly people.
C. Because of its beautiful beaches. D. Because of its short rainy season.
52、Which is called as the Pacific Coast Highway of Vietnam?
    A. Vinpearl.    B. Ana Mandara.     C. Tran Phu Street.   D. Diamond Bay.
53、The third paragraph mainly tells us      .
    A. people can see the sailing race every two years
    B. many valuable sea cruises are sold in Nha Trang
    C. visitors from Hong Kong have to stop in Nha Trang
    D. visitors can enjoy many exciting activities in Nha Trang
54、Which of the following is NOT mentioned in Nha Trang?
    A. Pork soup.     B. Seafood.       C. Barbecued pork.      D. Bird’s nest soup.
55、What can we learn from the passage?
A. Nha Trang is a city in the north of Vietnam.
B. Nha Trang is the starting place of the sailing race.
C. Local people collect the bird’s nests in different places.
D. Tourists can’t enjoy themselves in the rainy season in Nha Trang.

C
Keep More Food on the Table
It’s said that in some parts of the world, people are facing the problem of hunger. So what can we do to help them? Here are some suggestions:
Cook from the fridge
Start with the fresh foods. If you have some in the fridge, use them first. Make a meal with what you have got instead of running out to the supermarket for something else.
Learn to read the labels
“Best-before” and “use-by” dates are more important. Learn to know the different periods of foods and know how to cook them in the right way. For example, black bananas are proper for baking, fresh vegetables are good in soups, and bread that is not fresh can be turned into small pieces.
Use the freezer(冷冻室)
The freezer can keep foods fresh until you are ready to cook them, and store the cooked foods until you’re ready to eat them. It’s also the best place for the remaining food. Mark the date of the food nearby, so it’s easy to find the foods you need to eat first and you will never leave them there for too long.
Shop with a list
Plan meals ahead of time so that you know exactly what to buy. Doing this helps reduce food waste because it’s possible to buy too much of a certain food and then forget to eat or cook it later.
Title: Keep More Food on the Table (每小题不超过3个单词)
Passage outline Support details
Why Some people are facing the problem of hunger.
(56) ______ Cook from the fridge
It’s a good idea to use the foods that you have first, especially the
(57)_____________ foods in the fridge.
 Learn to read the labels
    It is important to know “best-before” and “use-by” dates of different foods and cooking them (58) ______________.
 Use the freezer
The freezer should be used to keep foods fresh and (59) ____________ going bad.
 Shop with a list
It’s necessary to plan meals ahead of time and shop with a list to reduce food (60)                。
D
Imagine the situation. You are driving along a desert or on a mountain. You have no idea where you are. You passed the last house two hours ago. Then your car breaks down. It is night and it is cold. You have no mobile
phone. What do you do? Well, next time take a GPS with you. This
invention may be able to help you. (61)It is a device(装置)which uses satellites
 (卫星) to find the user’s position(位置). It can find your position to within 20 metres. A GPS cannot  start your car, but at least you will know where you are.
GPS, which means Global Positioning System, is a small radio receiver. It looks like a mobile phone. (62)You can hold it in your hand, or put in your pocket. It is sometimes put into a watch or a telephone. We also find GPS devices in cars, planes, or boats. Some of these devices have electronic (电子) maps, so you know where you are. For example, in a city they can tell you the name of the street .
(63)_______.The first part is the receiver. You can hold it in your hand, or have it fixed into your car, plane, etc. The second part is a group of satellites orbiting the Earth. The receiver contacts at least four of the satellites and calculates(计算) its position. The third part of the system is a network of ground stations. They are all over the world. They control the satellites and make sure they are working well.
(64)有些人认为未来GPS将会和手机一样普通 They are becoming cheaper and more and more accurate(精确的). There are also new uses for the GPS. Perhaps they will become like watches.  Everyone will have one and you will never be lost again.
61、将此处划线的句子翻译成汉语。_________________________________________________
62、将此处改成被动语态句。______________________________________________________
63、请从如下选项中选出最能够使上下文语义连贯的一句。(   )
A. The Global Positioning System is so popular with users around the world.
B. There are three parts to the Global Positioning System.
C. The Global Positioning System is widely used in all kinds of fields(领域)
D. Thanks to the Global Positioning System, we have improved our life a lot.
64. 将此处划线的句子翻译成英语。_________________________________________________
65. 请给本文给出恰当的标题。_____________________________________________________
Ⅴ、完成句子(每小题1分,共9分)
66、Many people think tigers are too strong to be                (danger), but they are wrong.
67、Over 30,000 dollars              (raise) for a children’s hospital by a famous writer by the end of last month.
68、One Belt, One Road is             (help) for the international tirade.
69、I’d like to be healthy, but I only eat food that          (taste) delicious.
70、Boys and girls, you must pay more attention to your                  (发音).
71、The school rules are mainly aimed at the students who               (举止) badly.
72、Today, sky lanterns are used at festivals and other                 (庆祝活动).
73、At last, I found a way                (克服) any difficulties and face them.
74、Do you have any special                 (回忆) of junior high school?
Ⅵ、补全对话(每小题2分,共6分)
A: Hi, Lucy!  (75)                                    ?
B: Not much. Just stay at home. What about you, Ben?
A:  (76)                       .
B: Oh! So you should get up early on Sunday morning.
A: Yes, And we are going shopping for some food and drinks first.
B:  (77)                                 ?
A: Yes, I’d love to, but I have to do some cleaning.
B: I hope you and your family will have a great time at the picnic.
A: Thank you very much.
Ⅶ、书面表达(15分)
2018年5月18-19日,习近平总书记在全国生态环境保护大会中,指出要加快构建生态文明体系,要全面推动绿色发展。
作为一名鄂州籍的中学生,你的家乡的环境怎么样?发生了什么样的变化?要推动鄂州的绿色发展,作为一名中学生,我们应该做些什么?
请根据以上三个内容,写一篇80—100词的作文作文中不要出现自己的学校和个人姓名。

英语听力稿及参考答案

Ⅰ、听力测试(25分)
    第一节  听对话,选择相符的图片。(每小题1分,共5分)
1、M: Look, it’s a Chinese paper cutting.
   W: Wow, it’s so beautiful. I can see fish in it.
2、W: Your new shoes are really cool, Axel. Where they expensive?
   M: Yes. Dad bought himself a pair, too. His cost ₤35 and mine cost ₤27.
3、M: Jenna, can you make a sandwich for me?
   W: Yes, but you’ll have to wait. I’m cleaning my shoes.
4、W: Look! Someone’s late for class! Over there! She’s wearing a dress. She has long hair.
   M: Oh. That’s Kelly.
5、W: On Saturday we’re going to see Stonehenge. How should we get there?
   M: By car. It will take three hours.
    第二节  听对话,选择最佳答案。(每小题1分,共5分)
6、W: You’ve got big feet, Brian! What size shoes do you wear? 42?
   M: Yes. My old shoes are size 40, but they’re too small now.
7、M: Tell me about your computer, Lydia. I want one, too.
   W: My computer is a Takio 4569. I’ve got a silver one, but you can get one in black or white.
8、W: Harry, you will have to check your teeth at 4:00 after school today.
   M: Yes, I will. But I will miss the activity in my computer club.
9、M: Linda, do you like your job?
   W: Yes, I’m proud that I can keep the society safe and make sure that people follow the rules.
10、W: Excuse me! I’d like this cap please, but is the price right? $ 7.95?
    M: That’s the old price, but it’s on sale now. It’s $3.50 cheaper.
    第三节  听长对话,选择最佳答案。(每小题1分,共5分)
    听第一段对话,回答第11—12小题。
W: John, you saw that man over there?
M: You mean the tall man next to Marcus?
W: Yeah. Do you know what his name is?
M: Sure, That’s Zeb Richards.
W: Do you know what he does?
M: He’s a movie director.
W: Oh, that explains why he knows so much about movies.
    听第二段对话,回答第13—15小题。
W: Hi, Sam. How was your weekend?
M: Pretty good. We played a soccer game on Saturday afternoon. We beat them 4:0!
W: Nice!
M: Guess what?
W: Er…you scored all the goals!
M: No, not quite all of them…I scored two, though. Anyway, how are you? What did you do, Bella?
W: Not much. I did homework most of the weekend. But I did go to a concert on Saturday night.
    第四节  听短文,选择最佳答案(每小题2分,共10分)
Linda, Betty and Alice are good friends. Linda is fourteen years old. She is one year older than Betty, but one year younger than Alice. They are studying in the same school, but they go to school in different ways. Linda walks, Betty rides a bike and Alice takes the underground.
Linda, Betty and Alice are always trying their best to help save the earth. They think simple things like throwing rubbish into the bins can help. They often do volunteer work. Last Thursday afternoon, they did some volunteer work in the park. They arrived there at three o’clock and then started to work at once. Linda picked up the waste, Betty watered the flowers and Alice cleaned the chairs. Many visitors in the park also joined them. They worked hard until half past five. Although they were tired, they felt happy.


参考答案
1—5 ABCCA    6—10 CACAB    11—15 ABACA    16—20 ACBBB
21―25 AACDC   26-30 CDBDB  31-35 AADBD
36—40 BADCB   41—45 AAADD
46—50  CBBCA   51—55 DCDAC   
56、How      57、fresh       58、properly /rightly/ correctly 
59、stop/ prevent/ keep them from    60、waste
61、它是一种用卫星来寻找用户位置的装置。 
62、It can be held in your hand or put in your pocket.
63、B 
64、Some people think that in the future the GPS will be as common as the mobile phone
65、GPS
66、endangered   67、had been raised   68、helpful     69、tastes    70、pronunciation
71、behave       72、celebrations     73、to overcome   74、memories
75、What are you going to do this Sunday?
76、I’m going to have a picnic with my family或I’m going for a picnic with my family
77、Would you like to go with us?

文章来源
莲山 课件 w ww.5 Y
K J.CO
M
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