2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷6(含答案)

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2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷6(含答案)

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湖北省沙洋县2018年初中毕业生学业考试英语模拟试卷六
第一部分  听力部分(20分)
第一节:请听5组小对话及对话后的问题,选择能正确回答所提问题的图画选项。每段对话及对话后的问题均读两遍。
 
1. A.         B.          C.            2. A.         B.         C.
 
3. A.         B.          C.            4. A.         B.         C. 
5. A.         B.          C.
第二节:请听4段大对话,并按要求做答。每段对话均读两遍。
听第一段大对话,回答第6和第7小题。
6. Where will the dinner party be held?
A. At Helen’s.     B. At Paul’s.     C. At Brown’s.
7. Why can’t Helen go to the party?
A. She is seriously ill.   B. She doesn’t like dinner parties.  C. She has to stay at home.
听第二段大对话,回答第8和第9 小题。
8. What did Marco do yesterday?
A. He worked with Steve.  B. He went boating in the park.  C. He went fishing in the river.
9. What do we know about Steve?
A. He wanted to study at Cambridge before.
B. He is now studying at Harvard.
C. He has no interest in business.
听第三段大对话,回答第10~12小题。
10. What are they going to buy?
A. A shirt.     B. A skirt.   C. A dress.
11. What color does Peter prefer?
   A. Red color.    B. Light color.   C. Dark color.
12. Why doesn’t Kate like the light color one?
   A. Easy to get dirty.   B. Too small.   C. Very expensive.
听第四段大对话,回答第13~15小题
13. What happened to the man?
A. He didn’t go home last night.     B. He was angry with his friend.
C. His wife was angry with him.
14. Why did the man come home late last night?
A. He had a lot of work to do.       B. He met an old friend.
C. He went to look for Lily.
15. What did Lily ask the man to do?
A. To come back home early.     B. To bring his friend home.
C. To have a heart to heart talk.
第三节:请听一段短文,并根据其内容,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。
16. ______suggest that students should have 9 hours’ sleep every night.
A. Parents    B. Teachers    C. Scientists
17. What can cause problems in a student’s study?
A. Quarreling with their parents. B. Arriving late for class.  C. Falling asleep in class.
18. Most students feel nervous and forgetful because ______.
A. they worry about their studies      B. they don’t get enough sleep 
C. they often get lower grades
19. When should many students go to sleep ?
A. After 12 am.   B. Before 11 pm.   C. At about 9 pm.
20. Most students go to bed late because ______.
A. there may be too much noise in his room    B. there may be a parent in his room
C. there may be a computer in his room

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 共三篇阅读(共15小题,每题2分,满分30分)
A
It was a hard year for my family. Whenever my mom looked over at the tree and presents, she would warn us, “There won’t be as much for Christmas this year. Try not to be disappointed.” Christmas had traditionally been a time for my parents to make us happy. In years past, we had a lot of presents here and there, taking over the living room.
On Christmas morning, we nervously waited in the hallway until Dad told us everything was ready. We rushed into the living room and let the wrapping paper fly. “Here’s another one for you,” said Mom as she handed me a package. I looked at it, confused. Having spent so much time examining the presents before Christmas, I recognized this one. But it had not been mine. It was my mom’s. A new label (标签) had been put on it, with my name written in my mother’s handwriting.
“Mom, I can’t…”
I was stopped by my mother’s eager, joyful look—a look I could not really understand. “Let’s see what it is, honey. Hurry and open it.”
It was a blow dryer. Though this may seem a simple gift, to me it was so much more. Being an eleven-year-old girl, I was stunned. In my world, where receiving outweighed giving, my mom’s act of selflessness was incomprehensible. It was a huge act. Tears filled my eyes and I thought in disbelief about how much my mom must love me to give up her Christmas so I could have a few more presents.
I have always remembered that Christmas. It had such an effect on me. As a mother with children in my life whom I love, I can now understand my mom’s actions because giving truly is better than receiving. My mom’s simple act meant the world to me.
(    )21. What can we learn from the first paragraph?
A. The author wanted very much to get Christmas presents this year.
B. There were many presents for the author in years past.
C. The author’s mother wanted to give a surprise to her children.
D. The author’s mother was excited about the Christmas presents.
(    )22. The mother gave her daughter her own present because ________.
A. she loved her daughter    B. she didn’t need the present 
C. she didn’t like her present   D. she thought the present was simple
(    )23. The underlined word “stunned” in Paragraph 5 most probably means ________.
A. worried        B. bored      C. interested    D. surprised 
(    )24. Which of the following best describes the author’s mother?
A. Friendly and energetic.       B. Strict and intelligent.
C. Selfless and kind-hearted.     D. Helpful and patient.
(    )25. The main purpose of the passage is to tell us ________.
A. good is rewarded with good   B. giving is better than receiving
C. a friend in need is a friend indeed  D. where there is a will, there’s a way
B
Welcome to FrightCatalog.com! We have the widest selection of outfits you’ll need to make your holiday one to remember. Regardless of age, men’s, women’s, and kids’ outfits are always fun to wear. The outfits give you a chance to live a life outside of your own for one whole night.
At FrightCatalog.com, there are countless adult outfits and kids’ disguises (用作伪装的东西)for you to choose from. If you are looking for something frightening or scary, we have it. If you are looking for something cute or funny, we also have it. If you want to combine the two, go ahead, we have that, too. Our passion makes it impossible not to collect the best products, which is why we have made it our goal to collect so many outfits.
Before you buy, ask yourself a couple of questions. First, do you want a full-body outfit, or a multi-pieced one? Full-body ones can be more detailed, but a multi-pieced outfit will not get as hot inside, which can be either good or bad. Next, are you going with a group? There is nothing more impressive than seeing a group of people dressed in theme. Lastly, do you have a favorite movie? We have plenty of movie disguises for you to choose from, like Star Trek, Alice in Wonderland, or Wizard of Oz.
With a selection as large as ours, even your dog can enjoy this especially hallow night. You can turn your friend into Spider-Man, Superman, and countless other choices. If you already have your outfit picked out for yourself, search for a dog outfit that will match your own. For example, you could be the robber and your dog could be the policeman, or go for a Batman and Robin combination. Whatever you do, let your dog have some fun, too.
Our outfits let you have your October 31st experience, so you get the most out of this frighteningly entertaining night of tricks and treats. Take your time and find the one that catches your attention.
(    )26. Where can the passage be taken from?
A. a story book B. a maths book C. the Internet D. a scientific report
(    )27. What does the word “outfit” mean in the passage?
A. A set of clothes to wear together for a special occasion.
B. Something to wear to frighten people at night.
C. Something to wear to protect oneself at night.
D. Something to wear to attract people’s attention at night.
(    )28. Which festival are the outfits for?
A. Christmas  B. The Spring Festival
C. Halloween  D. Carnival
(    )29. From the passage we learn that ________.
A. with our outfits you’re sure to be frightening or scary
B. with our outfits even your dog can be a policeman and catch a thief
C. with our outfits you can be a robber or go for a Batman
D. with our outfits you can even dress up your dog the way you like
(    )30. The best title for the passage can be ________.
A. The outfits at FrightCatalog.com B. A shop at FrightCatalog.com
C. A festival at FrightCatalog.com D. Shopping for Outfits at FrightCatalog.com
C
Eat like a king in the morning, a prince at noon, and a farmer at night. This saying is all about the importance of breakfast. And now scientists can tell us just why it’s so important. According to a study carried out at Imperial College London, UK, skipping the first meal of the day not only means you eat more at lunch, but also that your brain wants to find more unhealthy foods.
The study suggests that there is a special part of our brain called the orbitofrontal cortex (眶额皮层), which plays an important part in making choices about what we eat. It is used for identifying the taste of food, especially when skipping breakfast. It is more likely to target high-calorie foods when you’re on an empty stomach.
Scientists did an experiment on this. Dr Tony Goldstone from Imperial College London, scanned (扫描) the brains of 21 men and women, around the age of 25. On the first day, these people skipped breakfast before the scans. On the second day, they had cereal (谷物), bread and jam as breakfast. After the scan on both days, they had their lunch.
When the volunteers had skipped breakfast, they ate around 20 percent more at lunch, compared with days when they had eaten breakfast. Their brain scans also showed the orbitofrontal cortex was especially responsive to high-calorie foods. “We believe that it identifies the value of foods ---how pleasant, how delicious something is,” Goldstone told The Guardian.
(    )31. From Paragraph 1, we learn that ________.
A. scientists found out why eating breakfast is important
B. it’s easy to lose weight without breakfast
C. there’s no need to have good food for supper
D. eating breakfast makes your brain smarter
(    )32. Which of the following is NOT true about the orbitofrontal cortex?
A. It is part of our brain.     B. It tells people to eat breakfast.
C. It decides which food we like.   D. It is active toward high-calorie food.
(    )33. Which is the correct order for the experiment on the first day?
① The volunteers skipped breakfast.
② The volunteers had lunch.
③ The volunteers had a brain scan.
A.①②③    B.③②①    C.①③②    D.③①②
(    )34. In the experiment, the volunteers without breakfast ate about 20% ________ at lunch.
A. of the usual breakfast     B. more than the usual breakfast
C. of the usual lunch      D. more than the usual lunch
(    )35. Which of the following can be the title for this passage?
  A. Breakfast still most important   B. Three meals a day
  C. Experiments on breakfast    D. Experiments on lunch
第二节 阅读下面的短文,从所给的A-G七个选项中选出五个正确的选项填空,使短文通顺,结果完整。(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
The history of the Christmas tree comes as a shock to many countries. This famous symbolism(象征意义)of Christmas is displayed in homes in the United States, Europe, and in many other countries around the world.
__36__ The Druids in ancient England and the Romans in Europe both used evergreen branches to decorate their houses and public buildings to celebrate the Winter Solstice(冬至). __37____ Trees used to celebrate Christmas are mentioned in the early 1600s in Germany and surrounding countries. ___38___ As these people moved somewhere else or moved to other countries, they brought this tradition with them.
__39___ As the world moved into the 1900s, many trees were decorated with homemade cards and pictures, cotton, candies in all shapes and sizes. Candles were sometimes used, but often caused big fires. __40____ Electric tree lights were first used just 3 years after Thomas Edison’s invention of electric lights in 1879. The early lights were handmade and quite expensive.
Today, Christmas tree decorations can be found in nearly every imaginable size, color, and shape, and they are used to decorate millions of Christmas trees used throughout the world.
A. The families would set up these trees in a significant position of their home and decorate them with colored paper, small toys, food, and sometimes candles.
B. It is a time for them to pray for the harvest and good luck in the coming year.
C. So many different types of candle holders (烛台) were invented to try to prevent tree fires.
D. Through the years many different things were used to decorate Christmas trees.
E. When they enjoy the meal, they give each other the best wishes for the coming year.
F. Over the years, these traditions were accepted by Christians, who regarded them as a part of their Christmas holiday celebration.
G. The tradition of having an evergreen tree becomes a symbol of Christmas which goes back past recorded written history.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分25分) 
第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
I was walking home from school one day and it happened to be a particularly cold and windy day. It was  41   and I was crazy enough to forget my hats and scarf. You can imagine my face was rosy red and my hands were not able to feel anything.
    All of a sudden an old lady drove up beside me and asked if I would like a ride   42  . At first I said it was not OK but then her warm smile melted away the thought that I was not supposed to talk to   43  ! We had an amazing chat and she was just   44  a good woman. She told me her   45   and she dropped me off.
    I didn't see her for about a month and one night I decided to return the favor(帮忙). So, I made a lot of   46  and walked down to her house with my friend. At first I was a bit   47 she wouldn't remember me or think that I was a bad man who poisoned cookies, but,   48  , I was  49   wrong. She was so happy, and she hugged me and kissed me and seemed so shocked that anyone would do something like that!
    When I got home my mom told me that she   50   and told my mom that she cried  because she was so touched. She said she would never  51   the kindness that was given to her! That filled me with such   52  !
     There really is nothing else like helping  53  and making someone's day  54  !
Let us never forget the joy we get   55   giving others a hand or just the kindness.
41 A. blowing B. freezing C. shining  D. flying
42 A. hospital B. family C. school D. home
43 A. women B. drivers C. strangers D. patients
44 A. so B. such C. that D. as
45 A. numbers B. car C. family D. address
46 A. bread B. salad C. cookies D. sweets
47 A. excited B. disappointed C. embarrassed D. worried
48 A. suddenly B. politely C. finally D. luckily
49 A. generally B. completely C. hardly D. usually
50 A. visited B. came C. drove D. called
51 A. pardon B. remember C. forget  D. imagine
52 A. surprise B. fun C. pride D. joy
53 A. others B. the other C. another D. other
54 A. busier B. brighter C. easier D. harder
55 A. for B. in C. by D. on
第二节 综合填词(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Jane: Boy, it really makes me tired. I didn’t know that cross-country skiing could be such hard work.
Paul: Yeah, but just think of how much exercise you’re getting. And with cross-country skiing you don’t have to fight the crowds. That’s  56  I like it. I hate fighting the crowds and waiting for lifts.
Jane: Well, I agree  57  you there. And the price has really gone up for ski lift tickets. At least we can save lots of money by   58  (do) cross-country skiing. But I’m still tired. How much  59   (far) to the wooden house?
Paul: We should be there in about an hour.
Jane: Good. I can make  60 . It’d be nice to have a place to rest. Who did you say own the house?
Paul: It’s one of the wooden  61  (house) owned by the government. They’re for summer hikers or winter skiers. I 62  (buy) it a month ago.
Jane: Why were they  63   (build).
Paul: In the very beginning, some were for fire lookouts and some as shelter (避难处) for forest service workers. But now the government doesn’t use them anymore. We’re 64   (luck) there is one near here for us to use.
Jane: What I’d love is a hot fire  65  some soup on the stove.
Paul: You’re dreaming. The house is for shelter only.
第四部分 写作(共三节,满分35分)
第一节 单词拼写  根据句意或首字母或括号里的汉语或单词提示,把所缺单词写在横线上,并注意其变换形式。(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
66. I don’t doubt what Michael has w____________ in his report.
67 Joan looked _________(her) in the mirror. She thought she was no longer young.
68. We left the road and c__________ the hill towards the castle.
69. Let’s go to that r____________ and try some Chinese food.
70. Peter took the wrong bus, so he was l___________ for the movie.
71. They are discussing how to improve the fight a____________ pollution.
72. During the winter holidays, I didn’t go a___________, just stayed at my home.
73. He has lived in Hong Kong and Macao, but he doesn’t like e___________ of them.
74. Little Tom caught a high f____________. His body temperature was as high as 40℃.
75. They want to i____________ us to go over to their place and stay for the weekend.
第二节 短文改错(共5小题,满分5分)
文中共有5处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删减或修改。
增加:在缺词处加入一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改5处,多者(从第6处起)不计分。
It is on Sunday today. Early in the morning my classmate and I went to Xishan by bus to plant trees. As soon as we got to there, we began to work. We were trying to plant as much as we could. After work, we wet all over. Looking at the young trees, we were so happy. We came back at 12. We all think it is necessary of us to take part in this kind of physically labor.
第三节 书面表达(共1题,计20分)
同学们,三年的初中生活就要结束了,在我们的成长过程中,既有快乐,也有烦恼。请用英文写一篇短文,内容包括:
1.你在学校或家里曾经遇到的最大问题或烦恼;
2.你解决问题或烦恼的过程;
3.你的感想。
要求:
1.词数80~100,开头已给出,不计入总词数;
2.文中不得出现真实的校名与人名。
My middle school life is coming to an end .During the three years, ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


参考答案
1 -20略21—25  BADCB  26—30  CACDD  31—35  ABCDA
36—40  GFADC
41—45  BDCBB   46—50  CDDBD  51—55  CDABC
56. why  57.with  58.doing  59.farther  60.it  61.houses
62.bought  63.built  64. lucky  65.and
66.writen 67.herself 68.climbed 69.restaurant  70.late  71.against 72.anywhere  73.either  74.fever  75.invite

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