2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷4(有答案)

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2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷4(有答案)

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湖北省沙洋县2018年初中毕业生学业考试英语模拟试卷四
本试题卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题),共8页。满分120分,考试时
间120分钟。
    注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,将准考
证条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置,并认真核对条形码上的姓名、准考证号是否正确。
2.第I卷(选择题)每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上相对应题目的答案标
号涂黑。如需改动,必须先用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂另一个答案标号。答案写在试题卷上一律无效。
3.第II卷(非选择题)用0.5毫米黑色签字笔写在答题卡上每题对应的答题区域内。
答案写在试题卷上一律无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第I卷(选择题,共三部分,满分75分)
                     第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)  
第一节(共5小题; 每小题1分, 满分5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the boy‘s answer mean?
A. He asks another boy to help the girl.
B. He is free and can help the girl.
C. He is too busy to help the girl now.
2. What does the boy like collecting?
A. Stamps.        B Books.           C Tickets.
3. What can we know from the dialogue?
A. The boy is good at history.  
B. The boy doesn’t do well in history.
C. The boy is a good student and he is good at science.
4. What will the woman probably do?
A. She will see a new play.
B. She will go to a concert.
C. She will meet Jay Chou in person.
5. What are they talking about?
A. Their work    B Their hobby         C Their field trip
第二节(共15个小题; 每小题1分, 满分15分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6-7小题。
6. How did the woman do in the science exam?
A. Not very well             B. Not very badly.           C. Just so-so.
7. What does the woman plan to do on vacation?
A. Go swimming.            B. Go camping.              C. Go to Dalian.
听下面一段材料,回答第8-9两个小题。
8. What are the speakers doing?
A. They are hanging out in the street.
B. They are buying clothes in a shop.
C. They are eating in a bakery.
9. How does Diana feel in the dialogue?
A. Excited and happy.         B. Tired and hungry.          C. Sad and angry.
听下面一段材料,回答第10-12三个小题。
10. Who is the writer of the book?
A. Anne.              B. Jameson.                   C. Parker.
11. What will the man do for the woman?
A. Order the book for the woman.
B. Call the woman up tomorrow.
C. Send the book to the woman.
12. What’s the woman’s phone number?
A. 76895432           B. 67895423.                   C. 67895432.
听下面一段材料,回答第13-16三个小题。
13. Where did the story happen?
A. In a Spanish bar.      B. In an English hotel.           C. In a Spanish restaurant.
14. What did the two Americans want?
A. Some beef and sandwiches.   B. Some milk and salad.   C. Some milk and sandwiches.
15. How did one man make the waiter understand him?
A. By speaking Spanish.    B. By drawing a cow.           C. By drawing some milk.
16. What can we know about the Americans?
A. They made themselves understood.
B. They didn’t get what they wanted at last.
C. They wanted to see the bull-fight.
听下面一段材料,回答第17-20四个小题。
17. Why did Bob stay at home alone?
A. Because he was ill      B. Because he had a party.      
B.  C. Because his parent went out for a party.
18. What’s Bob’s reaction when he found there was fire in the next room?
A. He calmed down soon.  B. He could do nothing.   C. He went to the neighbor’s house.
19. What didn’t Bob do when he found the fire?
A. Called his parents.      B. Called the fire station.   C . Run out quickly.
20. Which of the following is right?
A. The house was burnt down.  B. The fire lasted just a while. 
B. C. The parents helped to put out the fire.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
                                    A
One day, the father of a very rich family took his son on a trip to the countryside with the specific purpose of showing him how poor people live. They spent a few days and nights on the farm of what would be considered a very poor family.
 On their return from their trip , the father asked his son, “ How was the trip?”
 “It was great, Dad”
 “Did you see how poor people live?” the father asked.
 “ Oh yeah,” said the son.
 “ So, tell me, what did you learn from the trip?” asked the father.
 The son answered, “ I saw that we have one dog and they had four. We have a pool that gets to the middle of our garden and they have a river that has no end. We have some lights in our garden and they have the stars at night. The area of our house only reaches the front yard and they have the whole horizon.
 “We have a small piece of land to live on and they have fields that go out of our sight.”
“We have people who serve us, but they serve others. We buy our food, but they grow theirs.”
“We have walls around our house to protect us, but they have friends to protect them.”
The boy’s father was surprised to look at his son and said nothing.
Then his son added, “Thank Dad for showing me how poor we are.”
21. The father took his son on a trip to the countryside because ______.
A he wanted to enjoy the beautiful nature with his son
B he wanted his son to experience the poor people’s live
C he hoped his son to know he was richer than the poor people
D he wanted to tell his son not to live in the countryside in the future
22. How did the son feel after the trip?
A The poor people were hard-working but tired
B The countryside was more interesting than the city.
C His life was more comfortable than the poor people.
D The poor family had a more comfortable life than him.
23. Why did the father say nothing?
A He couldn’t communicate with his son at all.  B He was angry with what his son said.
C He thought his son’s word was true          D He didn’t want to argue with his son.
24. The story mainly tell us _______.
A love, friendship, care and help are richer than any that money gives
B the area in the countryside is much bigger than that in the city
C everything is better in the countryside than in the city now
D the poor people can’t compare with the rich people
 B
Winter is the season that comes after fall and before spring. Winter is usually the coldest time of year and in some places, it brings cold temperatures, snow, and ice with it. Even places that don’t get snow or freezing cold weather still have a winter season. Here are a few ways to tell about winter:
 The days are shorter and the nights are longer than during any other season. December 21st is the first day of winter, because it is the shortest day of the whole year!
 The sun doesn’t shine as warmly on the earth during the winter, even on the brightest days. Trees and plants usually go dormant(like they’re sleeping) or else die so when you look outside, you’ll see more brown than green.
 Winter is a wet season, with lots of rain or snow. The changes that winter brings influence people, animals, plants and trees. Trees and plants go dormant to live through the cold and some animals hibernate while others store up food in the fall to eat during the winter when it gets harder to find food.
 Now let’s learn more about hibernation. In winter, some animals become different by growing a white colored winter coat to match with snow. Many animals eat different foods in the winter than during the rest of the year. These are ways that animals can adapt to stay and active during the coldest times of the year.
25. What does the first paragraph mainly talk about?
A What is Winter?                    B  Winter is the coldest season
C Every place has a winter season       D Winter is between fall and spring\
26. Why is December 21st the first day of winter?
A It’s the longest day of the year      B It’s the shortest day of the year.
C It’s the wettest day of the year.      D It’s the coolest day of the year.
27. The underlined word “ dormant” means “_________ “ in Chinese.
A 冬眠         B 休眠         C 死亡           D 茂盛
28. Which of the following doesn’t mean winter?
A There are few leaves on most of the trees.   
 B Many trees look like that are sleeping.
C Trees are green and there are birds in them.
D There is much rain and snow in the season
                                  C
I move here three years ago, and because of my business, I needed to fly both to Taiwan and the United States often. When I traveled alone, I felt lonely because I didn’t speak English well. I made a decision that to learn English and study very hard.
 I like to be in Rita Colina’s class. I have many chances to speak and talk to others. Before I came to the class, I always walked away when I met any foreigner. It’s completely different now. I try to communicate with Americans in English by myself. It’s really great for a person like me to live here. I try my best to learn English in Rita Colina’s class.
 First of all, I listen to what the teacher teaches in class. Then I keep speaking during the class. I do my homework right away when I get home. I memorize at least five words everyday.
 Second, I listen to American radio stations, and I watch the news channels and other American programs with my family every day. I ask them whatever I don’t know.
 Finally, I go to American stores as often as possible so I will have more chances to learn more new words, and find any chance to talk to Americans in English.
 Anyway, the most important thing is not to be afraid to open your mouth. It doesn’t matter even though you speak incorrectly. It’s a good start.
29. Where may the writer come from?
A Taiwan   B Thailand    C America       D Japan
30. What does Rita do?
A. She is a doctor   B She is a teacher.  C. She is a seller      D She is a student
31. Why does the writer go shopping as often as he can?
A. Because he is a businessman.        B. Because he wants to do some shopping
C Because he wants to practice speaking.  D. Because he works in a supermarket.
32. Which of the following is the most important for us to learn English?
A Try to listen to English               B Try to write English
C Try to read English                  D Try to speak English
(3)
Everybody in this world is different from one another. But do you know that understanding differences can help you better manage your money?
     As we grow up, we gradually develop a set of our own values or beliefs. These are influenced by society, our family, the education we receive and so on. Once this value system is set up, it's not easy to change later in life.
     Financial experts say that everyone also has their own belief of how to manage their finances. This is part of our value system and it has a great impact on the way we look after our money.
     According to our different values, experts put us in three categories. They are: the ant, the cricket and the snail(蜗牛).
     The ant-works first
     Just like ants who work heart and soul in summer in order to store food for winter, these people don't care about enjoying the moment. They work very hard and save money they earn so that they can [来源:学+科+网Z+X+X+K]enjoy life when they get old and retire. The ant loves to save but they could make more out of their money if they were willing to invest in some funds and stocks with low risk.
     The cricket-fun first
     The cricket wants to enjoy everything now and doesn't think too much about the future. They even borrow money when they really want something. Many young people now belong to this group. These people have little savings. When they get old, they might have problems. They should learn to save and buy insurance.
     The snail-lives under pressure
     The snail refers to people who make life difficult for themselves. They take big long-term loans from the bank in order to buy things such as luxury houses. They are happy to take big loans even though they are not sure whether they can afford it. This can cause problems in the future. They should plan more carefully.
33. The ant refers to people who ________.
A. Work very hard in summer in order to store food for winter.
B. Could make more money if they worked harder
C. Save money they earn for their later life when they get old and retire
D. Only care about enjoying the moment by working very hard[来源:学+科+网Z+X+X+K]
34. Which of the following is TRUE according to the last paragraph?
A. The snails enjoy life because they have luxury houses.
B. The snails live under pressure and they may have problems in the future.
C. The snails will take more loans if they realize that they can afford it.
D. The snails take big long-term loans because the interest for the long-term loans is low.
35. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To make fun of the three kinds of foolish people.
B. To make us understand the differences and manage our money better.
C. To make us understand we should spend our own money.
D. To state that we are the same as animals.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余项。
 Tennis has been called a gentleman’s sport. At first, tennis was a sport of only kings in France and England. 36 In 1874, the first tennis club was opened. Since then, there have been more and more tennis clubs and games in many countries. Now, tennis is one of the most popular games in the world.
 There are three main kinds of courts(球场) depending on the materials used for the court surface: clay courts, hard courts and grass courts.
 37 The French Open is played on this kind of court.
 The grass court is the traditional tennis court. The most famous tennis games, Wimbledon(England), is played on grass courts.
 The U.S. open and the Australian Open use hard courts.  38  They are faster than clay courts but not as fast as grass courts.
 At tennis games, we find young boys or girls who rush into the court to collect balls during a game. 39  They are chosen from applicants (申请人),and then trained before the game begins.
 It is an honor for kids to be in a big game, They are often given a lot of free things, like clothes, caps, even shoes, and the most important is the chance to be near tennis stars. 40 Many tennis stars were ball boys or girls when they were younger.
A. The grass court is the fastest of the three kinds of courts.
B. Hard courts can vary (变化) in speed.
C. The clay court is the most common in Europe.
D. Some tennis stars are kind while others are not.
E. They will learn a lot from the stars.
F. They are called ball boys or girls.
G. It was played differently from today.
二 英语知识运用 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Fears are something we all have. You need to face your fears and get over them. However, it's easier  41    than done. Running away from your fears doesn’t make them leave. It just makes them   42     than ever. We're never going to be   43    fearless of everything we do, but we can at least be more fearless and   44   .
What are the fears that scare you much? Check what they are and get them   45     in the open. Are they things   46    heights or snakes? Are you afraid to talk to a girl or a boy? Are you so  47    that you are fearing on saying the wrong thing? These are common fears that   48   your daily lives.   
Before you can face them, you need to learn more about   49    makes you fearful of these situations. Communicating your fear is one way. Other people may be able to   50   your anxiety(焦虑)because they know something you don’t. It could be from a past     51 , something that you could never forget and has made you fearful    52   then.     
To face fears, you have to  53     in something. It's a very healthy way of letting you feel as if nothing can go  54   . When you feel that way, you may be able to think  55     about your fears. You will be able to believe that everything will be okay. Everything does end up being okay.
(   ) 41. A called         B. acted        C. dreamed          D. said
(   ) 42. A. louder        B sillier        C. brighter           D. bigger
(   ) 43. A. similarly      B. specially     C. completely        D. strongly
(   ) 44. A. honest        B. confident    C. patient            D energetic
(   ) 45. A. out           B. below       C. about            D away
(   ) 46 A. like           B. behind       C. among           D above
(   ) 47. A. free          B; shy          C. polite            D. peaceful
   (   ) 48. A. wonder       B. pretend       C. influence         D. save
   (   ) 49. A. who          B. why         C where            D. what
   (   ) 50. A. remind        B. realize       C. represent         D. receive
   (   ) 51. A. season        B. expression    C. subject           D. experience
   (   ) 52. A. before         B. since        C. after             D .until
   (   ) 53. A. believe        B. suggest       C. dream           D. succeed
   (   ) 54. A. guilty         B. wrong        C. direct            D. correct
   (   ) 55. A. mostly        B. fairly         C. differently        D. gently
第二节 综合填空(共10小题,每题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不超过3的单词)。
Films provide more than just fun. 56_____ many people, watching foreign language films is a way to develop their language skills. But some might meet with difficulties when 57_____ (watch) an English film. If you are one of them, I’d like to give you some 58 _____ (suggest) to help you get the most fun out of watching a film in English.
Choose a film that you enjoy.
 If you like action films, watch an action film, for example Star Wars. If you like comedies watch a comedy—anything with Hugh Grant (a British actor) in always 59______ (provide) a laugh! It’s simple enough.
 Choose something that you are familiar (熟悉的) with.
 It’s best 60______ (start) with something simple. In this way, you can understand the film more easily. Disney films 61_______ as The Lion King and Tangled are classic examples.
 Ask friends for advice.
 Perhaps your friends have already seen some English films. If so, they may be 62______ to tell you what films are interesting.
If you need to, use the subtitles (字幕).
 For beginners, subtitles are very 63_____ (use). It’s OK to use subtitles in your own language. But for stronger learner, 64_____ not consider using English subtitles? In this way, you can connect them with the words 65_______ (speak) on the screen, and it can help you develop your language further.
 第四部分 写作(共三节,满分35分)
第一节 单词拼写 根据句意或首字母或括号里的汉语或单词提示,把所缺单词写在横线上,并注意其变换形式。(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
66. Kelly _________(boil) the water before she drank it.
67. We’ve told our daughter not to speak to __________ (stranger).
68. The food is too cold. Why not h_______ it before eating ?
69. My cousin Kelly always speaks ________ (polite),so almost everyone likes her.
70. Mrs. Hu is very ____________ (耐心的) with the children.
71. Sarah was very sad because she f________ the math exam yesterday.
72. We’re keeping you here for your own _________ (safe).
73. The firefighters tried to prevent the fire from ___________( 蔓延)。
74. All of a s_________, the bedroom window flew open.
75. Some of the problems were ____________(提到) in his report.
第二节 短文改错(共5小题;每题1分,满分5分)
I think it's a good idea to practice English with foreigners. When we talk English to them , we have to forget our own language. Through talking, we can improve our pronunciation.
We can also learn many useful phrase and about western culture. Practising English on voice chatting system is real easy. Since we don't talk face to face, we needn’t to be afraid of making mistakes. Even the shyest person will feel free to talk.
第二节 书面表达(满分20分)
时间都去哪儿了?这也是一些中学生的烦恼:没有时间做作业,没有时间从事个人爱好……其实,时间就在我们的掌握之中,关键是能否合理利用。请根据以下提示,以“How to spend our time properly”为题写一篇英语短文,谈谈你的看法。
提示:如何合理利用时间:
1、学习方面:计划、听课、做作业……;
2、爱好方面:类型、好处、时间……;
3、其它方面:交流……
注意:1、词数90左右。开头、结尾已给出,不计入总词数;
         2、内容必须包括上图中的要点,可作必要的发挥;
         3、条理清楚、语句连贯;
        4、文中不得出现真实的地名、校名和人名等信息。
                       How to spend our time properly

参考答案:
听力(共20分,每小题1分)
1-5 CCABC  6-10 AAABB  11-15 ACCCB    16-20 BCAAB
阅读理解
21-25 BDCAA      26-30 BBCAB    31-35 CDCBB
阅读还原
36-40 GCBFE
完形填空(共15分,每小题1分)
41-45 DDCBA    46-50 ABCDB       51-55 DBABC
综合填空
56.  For     57.   watching    58.  suggestions     59. provides 
60.  to start    61. such   62. able     63. useful    64. why    65. spoken
单词拼写
66. boiled  67. strangers  68. heat   69. patient  70. politely  71. failed 
72. safety    73. spreading   74. sudden   75. mentioned  
改错
1. talk English 之间加  in .
2. Through 改成 by.
3. phrase 改成 phrases.
4.  real 改成 really.
5.  too 改成 either.
书面表达(共20分)
One possible version:
 How to spend our time properly
Where has our time gone? How should we spend our time properly?
As students, it is important for us to study, so we should make a plan for every day. Most of all, we should listen carefully in class. For homework, we need to make a list and work out how much time we need, and then finish them one by one. Hobbies are also important in our lives and different students have different kinds of hobbies. They can make us feel happy and confident. But we don’t need to spend so much time on them. So we should achieve a balance between our study and our hobbies.
In other ways, we need time, too. For example, we often spend a lot of time talking with our friends at lunchtime and watching TV at the weekends.
If so, I’m sure we will live a happier school life.
 

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