2018年荆门市中考英语模拟试卷一(附答案)

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2018年荆门市中考英语模拟试卷一(附答案)

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荆门市2018年初中毕业生学业水平考试英语模拟试卷(一)
(满分120分    考试时间100分钟)
第一部分 听力测试 (共两节,满分20分)
第一节(共5小题,每题1分,满分5分)
请听下面5段小对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应的位置。听完每段对话后,你都将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
(    ) 1. What time did Mike go home yesterday?
A. At 6:30. B. At 7:00. C. At 7:30.
(    ) 2. What is the man doing now?
A. Using the computer.    B. Repairing the computer.   C. Buying a computer.
(    ) 3. Where did Becky stay yesterday afternoon?
       A. In her office.       B. At her friend’s home.       C. At her own home.
(    ) 4. Why do they have to stay at home?
       A. Because the weather is too bad.       B. Because they want to watch TV.
C. Because they like to stay at home.
(    ) 5. How is Jim?
       A. He’s OK.          B. He’s ill.           C. He’s returned home.
第二节(共15小题,每题1分,满分15分)
请听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应的位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,每个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6-7题。
(    ) 6. What will the speakers do tomorrow?
A. Go hiking. B. Go shopping. C. Fly kites.
(    ) 7. What will the speakers take with them?
A. Clothes and water. B. Clothes and food. C. Water and food.
听第7段材料,回答第8-9题。
(    ) 8. What are the speakers talking about?
A. Future families. B. Future jobs. C. Future paintings.
(    ) 9. How old is Sandy?
A. 8.   B. 10. C. 15.
听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。
(    ) 10. What’s the date today?
A. It’s June 6th. B. It’s June 16th. C. It’s June 26th.
(    ) 11. What did the girl eat this morning?
A. Rice dumplings. B. Rice noodles. C. Dumplings.
(    ) 12. Why do Chinese people call it Dragon Boat Festival?
        A. Because people watch lantern shows at night.
B. Because people meet relatives on this day.
C. Because people race dragon boats on this day.
听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。
(    ) 13. What happened to John?
        A. His bike was broken.   B. His leg was broken.   C. His eyes were painful.
(    ) 14. What was the weather like that day?
A. Cloudy. B. Snowy. C. Rainy.
(    ) 15. When will they give a talk?
        A. In the next class meeting.   B. This evening.   C. In the next class.
(    ) 16. What is the talk about?
A. Class meeting.   B. Road safety. C. Putting up signs.
听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。
(    ) 17. What did the boy want to be?
A. A worker. B. A driver. C. A writer.
(    ) 18. Why couldn’t the boy go to school?
        A. Because he had no money.
B. Because he had no arms.
C. Because he was too young.
(    ) 19. Where did the boy drive the train?
        A. First to the town, then back to a small station.
B. First to a small station, then to another town.
C. First to a small station, then back to the town.
(    ) 20. Why was the worker so surprised?
        A. Because the boy was so clever.
B. Because he had never seen the boy before.
C. Because he found the boy drove the train with his feet.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题,每题2分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳答案。
A
Sarah’s fourth book, “Wild by Nature”,came out recently. It tells her wonderful hiking experiences alone in nature that took her from one end of the world to the other. Sarah’s book is a story about walking for three years by herself. She experienced many difficulties. She met some drug sellers in a place. Later she had a terribly high fever in the Laos jungle. Surely she faced many kinds of dangerous animals on her way. Luckily she succeeded in finishing the long journey.
Sarah talks about some of her experiences to a newspaper, and why she thinks she will never stop walking. “As soon as I start walking, I let go. There’s something amazing about connecting with nature. I am excited to be that close to it. You forget about everything else and don’t care if things happen that aren’t part of your plan. That isn’t to say that it isn’t difficult. The first six months is the hardest, though you might not expect it,” Sarah says.
  On her journey, in which she walked more than 30 kilometers a day. Sarah faced more difficulties than she had expected. “I remember one moment when I was surrounded by five wolves,” she says, laughing. “They were just telling me I was in their land!”
Sarah decides to bring happiness and fun to the people she would meet. So she will keep on walking.
(    )21. What is the book “Wild by Nature” about?
A. Her experience working in a factory. B. Her favorite sport.
C. Her hiking experiences. D. Her journey with her family.
(   )22. According to the passage, Sarah met the following difficulties EXCEPT_____________.
A. meeting some drug sellers B. helping some people out of trouble
C. having a high fever D. facing many dangerous animals
(    )23. Why was Sarah surrounded by wolves once?
       A. The wolves were very hungry at that time.
       B. She killed one baby wolf for food.
       C. The wolves were angry at her coming.
       D. She took their food by mistake.
(    )24. What does the passage mainly talk about?
       A. Sarah’s hiking experiences alone.
       B. Difficulties Sarah met during the hiking.
       C. Reasons why Sarah likes hiking alone.
       D. Sarah’s love for nature.
B
There are many bear attack(攻击) stories that have been in the news over the last few weeks. Most experts agree that a person should play dead with grizzlies(灰熊), and fight back when it comes to black bear attacks.
But the brave young lady in Michigan, who was attacked by a black bear, was saved after she played dead. However, an Alaskan man wasn’t able to get help so quickly after another bear attack this past weekend.
The man from Alaska had to wait for someone to bring him to a hospital. And luckily he received necessary care from a hunter(猎人) while he was waiting. The attack happened at 5pm on Thursday, and the man was finally saved around 3 on Saturday morning.
The second story makes me consider what it would be like after a bear attack and not receiving medical attention right away. The most famous true story like that is the story of Hugh Glass. Glass was attacked by a grizzly in August, 1823 during a trip. Glass walked 100 miles with a broken leg. He managed to keep alive on wild plants.
How do you keep alive? You need the ability to stand great pain. If you can’t get help in time, you’d require knowledge and medicinal plants to avoid infection(感染). Yarrow is a good choice, and it can be found across the country.
(    ) 25. Most experts think that           .
       A. black bears are more dangerous than grizzlies
B. people should run away quickly if they see bears
C. grizzlies never attack people lying on the ground
D. we should fight back when attacked by black bears
(    ) 26. How long did the Alaskan man wait before he was finally saved?
A. More than 10 hours. B. About 20 hours.
C. Over 30 hours. D. About 70 hours.
(    ) 27. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
       A. Grizzlies are native to the US.     B. There are few black bears in the US.
C. Glass failed to get help quickly after the bear attack.
D. The lady in Michigan couldn’t move after the bear attack.
(    ) 28. “Yarrow” is probably the name of a         .
A. hospital B. hunter C. wild animal D.medicinal plant
C
It does not have to be January 1st to give yourself a chance to make the most out of your day. Every day is a new day and a fresh start to learn, grow, develop your strengths, free yourself from past regrets or hurts, and move forward older and wiser. Every day gives you chance to reinvent(彻底改造) yourself. It is never too late to change things that are not working in your life.
Each day is a new beginning and a piece of blank paper. How would you like to create your day? If you wake up in a negative mind, you are more likely to paint a dark picture throughout the day, and your picture will not show hope, happiness and joy.
If you take each day to think actively, and have a positive intention(意图) for how you would like to create your day, how would your life different? What can daily positive intentions do for you? Every day you will give yourself the gift of an “attitude of gratitude(感恩态度)”.
Each day is a chance to look at things in a different way. You can experience each day in the beauty of the world—and the beauty of you who is in it! You find yourself changing from “I can't” to “I can”. With a focus on positive intentions, you feel you are full of power and more like a “winner” than a “loser”.
You pay more attention to the present, and will be more likely to live fully in the present each moment of each day. After all, the past is a great place to visit, but you don't want to live there! So how about starting each day taking a moment to think of a positive intention for the day?
(    )29. The first paragraph mainly tells us ________.
A. we should make every day a new start
B. January 1st is the most important day
C. learning is helpful in reinventing ourselves
D. we needn't change ourselves at all
(    )30. The underlined word “negative” in Paragraph 2 probably means ________.
A. not clear B. not wise C. not happy D. not careful
(    )31. If you have daily positive intentions, you will ________.
A. get a positive result B. have a busy life
C. get gifts from others D. be a complete loser
(    )32. From the passage we can learn that ________.
A. past regrets or hurts can make you older and wiser
B. think actively and you will be a winner, not a loser
C. the present is not where you should live for ever
D. positive intentions for each day are of great help
D
To discipline(管教) children is not an easy thing. Take a look at some of the lessons for parents and some of the mistakes they must avoid.
Waiting too long
Sometimes, we wait too long for a certain rule to be followed. For example, a rule such as “putting your shoes back” gets broken very often. In the hope that the child will behave, we keep giving the child too much time to learn. The child considers this instruction unimportant so it can be easily forgotten. If you tell your child the result of putting the shoes back, it might help.
Long speeches
This is a common mistake. Giving long speeches, necessary solutions and advice can destroy your relationship with your child. Yes, it is a good idea to talk things through with your child. Instead of making it a speech, make it a conversation. Ask your child what exactly happened.
One solution fits all
With the experience got from an older child, parents believe that they are ready to take on another task at disciplining. In fact, every problem has to have its own different solution. Each child has a different character. Treating them differently will make all the difference in their growth and your relationship with them.
Teaching good behavior needs a team effort. Patience, love and a positive attitude are the basic things of every discipline method you may choose to take up.
(    ) 33. In order to make the children follow their instruction, parents should       .
       A. try to forget their mistakes              B. wait and let them see the result
C. let them understand their mistakes alone   D. tell them the result right away
(    ) 34. According to the passage, giving long speeches to children is        .
A. uncommon B. useless C. meaningful D. helpful
(    ) 35. In this text the writer mainly wants to show          .
       A. why children often make mistakes    B. how to make friends with a child
C. how to discipline a child            D. why children often argue with parents
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
阅读下面的短文,从所给的A-G七个选项中选出五个正确的选项填空,使短文通顺、结构完整。
How many men do housework? Recently a European commission(委员会) tried to find out people's ideas about it .They made a survey.     36    The men answered very differently from the women!
The housework they asked people about was: preparing meals, washing dishes, cleaning the house and babysitting. 48% of British husbands said they did these things. 37% of Danish(丹麦的) men helped in the house.     37   
But there was an interesting point of view from the wives.According to British wives, only 38% of their husbands helped in the house.   38       The Italian and British men did not tell the truth! The Commission found that Danish men were the most truthful husbands.    39   
Do the men you know help in the house?    40    Do you want to know Chinese men help with housework?  Write and tell us what you think.
A. Their answers are the same as their wives' answers.
B. They also go online and find some information.
C. As part of their survey, they asked many men and women the question, “Who does the housework?”
D. British people are very helpful in doing housework.
E. Do you think the survey gives a true picture in your experience?
F. But only 15% of Italian men said they did the housework; many of them said they never helped at all!
G. And Italian wives said that their husbands hardly ever helped.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分25分)
第一节 完形填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
We now live in a touch-screen world. Smart phones and watches can be  41  found everywhere. They are popular  42  young people. However, people are paying  43  attention to grammar now, because they think it’s not important. As more and more people are reading e-books, bookstores and libraries are slowly  44  . Then are we really in a better or a(n)  45  place than before?
When I was growing up, I  46  information from newspapers and libraries. In libraries, I would borrow books and  47  them on time. However, as I’m going to start a family, it will become a(n)  48  idea for my children to borrow books from the library.
As I plan to become a new-time parent, I can’t keep my  49  from learning the high technology. When he or she goes to  50  , he or she should learn to use an iPad or an iPod, or he or she will be  51  by other students.
Many kids see iPods as necessary things to have. They are great for music,  52  do they do anything good for your children’s education? Maybe they do. That’s the  53  of Doug Johnson, a teacher for 35 years. Johnson thinks teachers should accept all new forms of technology in the classroom, including iPods. He said, “I don’t think we should be  54  . The truth is that it’s easier to change the way we  55  than to change the technology habits of a whole generation(一代) .”
(    ) 41. A. finally    B. hardly C. easily D. quickly
(    ) 42. A.as B. to C. among D. for
(    ) 43. A. little   B. much    C. all D. some
(    ) 44. A. increasing B. disappearing C. improving D. spreading
(    ) 45. A. bigger B. worse C. earlier D. slower
(    ) 46. A. took away B. put off C. gave out D. looked for
(    ) 47. A. return B. pick C. learn D. bring
(    ) 48. A. old B. new C. terrible D. common
(    ) 49. A. friend B. teacher C. child D. brother
(    ) 50. A. parties B. school C. libraries D. stores
(    ) 51. A. looked after B. found out C. listened to D. laughed at
(    ) 52. A. but B. or C. if D. because
(    ) 53. A. plan B. opinion C. story D. dream
(    ) 54. A. excited B. angry C. strict D. worried
(    ) 55. A. sleep B. eat C. teach D. exercise
第二节 综合填空(共10小题,满分10分)
阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不差过3个单词)。
Dear Bill,
I’m glad    56   (receive) your letter. Thank you for asking for the weather and my health. But I am sorry to tell you that I have to stay at home because   57   the heavy fog and haze(雾霾).
      58   the winter last year, the fog and haze has appeared a lot of times. It has done great harm   59   our daily life. Many traffic accidents happened. More and more people were ill and the doctor said the serious disease   60   (cause) by the fog and haze, quite a lot of flights have to be put    61   , and a great number of people have to stay at home for fear of the poisonous(有毒的) air.
    According to the Chinese Academy of Science, driving cars and   62   (burn) coals are two main reasons. People have been told: don’t do outdoor sports.   63   you have to go out, wear a mask(口罩); wash your face and clean your nose as soon as you get home.
    People have realized the   64   (important) of protecting environment. The government suggest everyone   65   (go) to work or school with the public traffic, such as the bus and the underground. Also we should plant more trees.
                                                                                        Yours,
Li Hua
56.               57.                 58.                59.                 60.                 
61.               62.                 63.                64.                 65.              
第四部分 写作(共三节,满分35分)
第一节 单词拼写 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
根据句意或首字母或括号里的汉语或单词提示,把所缺单词写在横线上,并注意其变换形式。
66. Please send me a               (信息;消息) to your parent by phone before you leave your home.
67. Those               (mouse) made the girl shout loudly all of a sudden.
68. Of all the reasons for his              (决定) to study abroad, his father’s advice was the most important one.
69. Lucy is going to hold a big party for her              (twenty) birthday.
70. In the past few years, our               (政府) has spent lots of money on “the Construction of Beautiful Village”.
71. I find it hard to speak English because I can’t get the              (发音) right.
72. The Chinese Spring Festival in 2019 will be on F               5th.
73. To be a good student, you should tell the police the             (true) of the accident.
74. I followed what my               (old) brother did at home because he did much better than me.
75. He always feels sad when he recalls the                (pain) experience.
第二节 短文改错(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改范文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有5处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。         
2. 只允许修改5处,多者(从第6处起)不计分。
Early last Thursday morning, I was walking on my way to school as usually. A little boy ran past me. He ran very fast when crossing the street that he didn’t notice a speeding car came round the corner. I was scared and shouted him to stop, but it was too late. The boy was knocked down by the car. I hurried to the boy, crying for help.
The boy was taken to the hospital as soon as the policemen and the doctors arrived at. Later, I was sad to hear that the boy died because he lost too many blood.
第三节 书面表达(满分20分)
“友谊的小船说翻就翻”曾经是主流社交网络上流行的网络语言,看后同学们有何感想?相信同学们都有自己的朋友,如何使“友谊的小船不会说翻就翻”?请你根据下面的写作要求,写一篇短文谈谈你的看法。
内容包括:
1.我们为什么需要朋友?
2.我们该如何与朋友相处?(三点建议)
3.呼吁同学们与朋友和睦共处,互帮互助,共同创造美好生活。  
注:词数100字左右,文章开头已经给出,不计入总数。
Everyone needs friends.      

       听力录音材料
Text 1
W: Did you use to go home at seven, Mike?
M: Yes, but I went home half an hour later yesterday.
Text 2
W: May I use your computer?
M: I’m afraid not. I’m busy looking up something important with it.
Text 3
M: Becky, were you in your office yesterday afternoon?
W: No, I visited a friend and we had a long talk at her home.
Text 4
W: Look at the rain. It’s too heavy.
M: I’m afraid we have to stay at home and watch TV.
Text 5
W: I haven’t seen Jim for a long time.
M: Sorry. I haven’t seen him, either. But his mother says he’s been in hospital for a week.
Text 6
M: What do you think of going hiking together tomorrow?
W: Sounds great. Is it OK if my friend, Li Lei, comes along?
M: Sure. What should we take with us when we go hiking?
W: Remember to take some food and water.
M: OK. By the way, shall we meet at 3:20 tomorrow afternoon?
W: Yes. Where should we meet?
M: Let’s meet outside the school gate.
W: Great!
Text 7
M: Sandy, what kind of job would you like to do in ten years?
W: I like painting, so I’d like to be an artist.
M: Good. How long have you been learning to paint?
W: About eight years, since I was seven years old.
M: It’s good to choose a job according to our hobbies.
W: I think so. What about you, Mark?
M: I like animals, so I hope to work with animals. Helping animals is like helping people, isn’t it?
W: Yes. Animals are our friends.
M: Now we must study hard and then we can make our dreams come true.
W: Listen! The bell is ringing.
M: Oh, let’s go to the classroom.
Text 8
M: What’s the date today?
W: It’s June 16.
M: Already? Then it’s Dragon Boat Festival today, isn’t it?
W: Yes. We Chinese usually eat rice dumplings this day.
M: Did you have rice dumplings this morning?
W: Sure. How about you?
M: I didn’t.
W: What a pity! But I happen to have got some with me. Would you like to have one?
M: I’d love to. By the way, why do you call it Dragon Boat Festival?
W: Because in China, people race dragon boats this day every year.
M: Oh, I see. Thank you for your rice dumpling.
W: You are welcome.
Text 9
W: Hello, John. Why didn’t you come to school yesterday?
M: Hello, Mary! On my way home two days ago, I was hit by a car, and my leg was broken.
W: Sorry to hear that. Are you feeling better today?
M: Yes, much better. Thank you.
W: Our teacher often tells us to pay attention to the safety on the way to or from school. We must be careful next time.
M: I know. But on that day it was raining heavily so that I couldn’t see clearly while riding.
W: Oh, on rainy or snowy days, we have to be more careful. The traffic is heavier and cars cannot stop so easily.
M: I agree.
W: I think it’s necessary to give a talk about road safety in the next class meeting, especially for the students who go home every night.
M: Good idea. And we can also ask the police to put up more signs to remind people.
W: Great.
Text 10
An eleven-year-old boy in a small town wanted to be a train driver. But the boy was born without arms. He was taught by his father to use his feet as “hands”. He couldn’t go to school and he spent all his time watching trains coming and going because he lived near the station. How he wished he could be a train driver!
One day he saw an empty train and he climbed in. He started it with his feet easily. Soon the train was traveling at forty kilometers an hour. Nobody could see the boy in the train. The train reached a small station, a little far away from the town and then the boy drove it back. When he was near the town, a worker caught up with the train and stopped it. At first the worker was very angry, but when he saw the boy, he was so surprised that he hardly thought it was true. “I like trains,” said the boy quietly.

参考答案
第一部分 听力测试
1---5 CABAB    6---10 ACBCB    11---15 ACBCA    16---20 BBBCC
第二部分 阅读理解
第一节
21---25 CBCAD    26---30 CCDAC   31---35 ADDBC  
第二节
36---40 CFGAE
第三部分 英语知识运用
第一节 完形填空
41---45 CCABB    46---50 DAACB    51---55 DABDC
第二节 综合填空
56. to receive    57. of       58. Since       59. to            60. was caused
61. off       62. burning     63. If/When     64. importance     65. go
第四部分 写作
第一节 单词拼写
66. message       67. mice        68. decision     69. twentieth    70. government
71. pronunciation   72. February    73. truth         74. elder       75. painful
第二节 短文改错
第一行
as usually 第二行
very fast 第三行
shouted∧ him 第五行arrived at 第六行
too many blood
改成usual 改成so 添to 去掉at 改成much
第三节 书面表达
One Sample:
Everyone needs friends. Friends make us happy and warm. Without friends we will be lonely. So it’s important to make friends.
But how can we make our friendship last long? Firstly, we need to get on well with our friends. Try to know them well and help each other often. Secondly, we are supposed to share our things with friends. Listen to them patiently and keep their secrets. Thirdly, we’d better keep in touch with friends often. Remember to call them and greet them at least once a week.
In my opinion, the more good friends you have, the happier you will be. So let’s learn to get on well with our friends. Then our lives will be better and better.

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莲山 课件 w w w.5Y k J.C om
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