2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷1(有答案)

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2018年沙洋县中考英语模拟试卷1(有答案)

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湖北省沙洋县2018年初中毕业生学业考试英语模拟试卷
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节  听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A 、B 、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。(共5 小题;每小题1 分,满分5 分)
1. Where does the dialogue probably happen?
A. In a shop.     B. In a library       C. In a museum.
2. What does the woman mean?
A. The English exam was very easy.
B. The English exam was very difficult.
C. The English exam was neither easy nor difficult.
3. What’s the man probably doing on weekend?
A. He’s going hiking.
B. He’s going shopping.
C. He ’s going fishing with his wife.
4. What are they talking about?
A. A  theatre  show.
B. A  basketball  match.
C. A  famous  pop  star.
5. What will the weather be like later?
A. It will be cloudy.     B. It will be rainy.      C. It will be fine.
第二节  听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A 、B 、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。(共15个小题;每小题1 分,满分15 分)
听下面一段材料,回答第6-7小题。
6. Who got there earliest?
A. Jane.    B. Mr White.   C. Mrs Brown.
7. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The man is at the head of the queue.
B. The man has a sister.
C. The man wants to jump the queue.
听下面一段材料,回答第8-9小题。
8.When is Rose's birthday party?
A. Next Sunday.   B. Next Monday.    C. Next Wednesday.
9.What's the present?
A. A toy plane.   B.A kite.        C. A bird.
听下面一段材料,回答第10-12小题。
10. What are they talking about?
A. Li Ming's trip to London.
B. The weather in London.
C. The food in China.
11. When will Li Ming probably go to London?
A  In January.   B. In July.       C. In October.
12. What can we learn from the dialogue?
A. Li Ming will visit his father in London.
B. Li Ming will go to London by plane.
C. It will be cold in London next month.
听下面一段材料,回答第13-16小题。
13. What did Bolt want to be when he was a small kid?
A. A singer.    B. A writer.  C. A runner.
14. How old was Bolt when he won the first world champion?
A. 15.        B. 16.      C. 17.
15.What sport does Bolt like except running?
A .  Basketball.   B .Volleyball.    C. Football.
16. What’s the passage mainly talking about?
A. The life of Usain Bolt.   .
B. Usain Bolt is a kind man.
C. Usain Bolt is interested in running.
听下面一段材料,回答第17-20小题。
17. How many people went to the zoo together?
A. Two.   B. Four.    C. Three.
18. What day is it today?
A. Friday.   B. Saturday.    C. Sunday.
19.What did the speaker and the friends do when they went to the zoo last time?
A. They gave a bear some food.
B. They gave the monkeys some bananas.
C. They watched the pandas eating.
20. What happened to the bear in the zoo?
A. It was badly hurt.   .
B. It was ill.
C. It ate a plastic bag and died.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项。
                             A
An important question about eating out is who pays for the meal. If a friend of yours asks you to have lunch with him, you may say something like this, “I’m afraid it’ll have to be someplace cheap, as I have very little money.” The other person may say “OK, I’ll meet you at McDonald’s.”
This means that the two agree to go Dutch, that is, each person pays
for himself. He may also say, “Oh, no. I want to take you to lunch at Smith’s," or“I want you to try the Chinese dumplings there. They’re great.” This means the person wants to pay for both of you. If you feel friendly towards this person, you can go with him and you needn’t pay for the meal. You may just say “Thank you. That would be very nice.”
  American customs about who pays for dates are much the same as in other parts of the world. In the old days, American women wanted men to pay for all the meals. But, today, a university girl or a woman in  business  world will usually pay her way during the day. If a man asks her for a dance outside the working hours, it means “Come, as my guest.” So as you can see, it is a polite thing to make the question clear at the very beginning.
(  ) 21. The passage tells us____.
     A. how to eat out     B. where to eat out
     C. what to eat out     D. who pays for the meal
(  ) 22. “Go Dutch” in this passage means____ .
     A.去饭馆   B.就餐  C.订餐  D.各自付款
(  ) 23. Sometimes your friend takes you to lunch. It means____.
     A. he’s going to lend some money to you
     B. he’s going to pay for your meal, too
     C. he’ll be angry with you
D. he can’t understand you
                           B
A Japanese toy maker says that they’ve developed a gadget(小器具)that translates dog barks (吠)into human languages and plan to begin selling the gadgets—under the name of Bowlingual—in the US pet stores and present shops this summer.
 People laughed when the Japanese toy maker Takara company made the world’s first dog-human translation machine last year .But about 300,000 of them have been sold since it was on sale in Japan last year. Far bigger sales will be expected once an English language translation machine for dogs comes to America in August .The United States is home to about 67 million dogs, more than six times the number in Japan.
 “We know that the Americans love their dogs so much, so we don’t think they’ll mind spending $ 120 on this gadget”, the Takara marketing manager said before the journalists at a meeting in Atlanta. Bowlingual ,one of US Time magazine’s coolest inventions of 2002, has two parts .A microphone is tied to the dog’s collar(项圈)and sends out sound information to the gadget held by the owner .Then the translation is done in the gadget by a database (数据库)with every kind of barks .Those barks show six feelings—happiness, sadness, disappointment, anger, declaration and desire. Each of the feelings is then translated into words like “Let’s play.” “Look at me!” or “Spend more time with me.”
 Takara says it has spent millions of dollars developing the gadget .One thing that seems certain is that the markets for animal translation machines will probably be a dog’s world since Takara has no plans to develop such a gadget for cats . “They are too unpredictable (反复无常) ,”the marketing manager said.
( ) 24.The first three paragraphs of the passage mainly tell us that Bowlingual_______ .
   A.was invented in Japan  B.has developed quickly
   C.will be sold in America  D.sells well for its price
(  ) 25.The underlined word “they” in the last sentence refers to        .
   A.markets   B.dogs  C.plans D.cats
(  ) 26.When was this passage most probably written?
   A.In the winter of 2002.     B. In the spring of 2003.
   C.In the summer of 2002.     D. In the autumn of 2003.
(  )27.From the passage, we can see that Takara is ________the sale of its new gadget in the US.
   A.proud of  B.pleased with  C.confident of  D.worried about
C
Rob Frenette had problems with bullies(欺辱) at school for eleven years. He was often lonely and scared. When he was fifteen, however, he decided to do something about his problems. He walked into a newspaper office and told them about the bullying. His story went into the newspaper and soon all the TV stations in Canada wanted to talk to him about his experiences. They also wanted to hear his ideas to stop bullying.
After that, Rob continued his studies at school, but in his free time he helped other people with bullying problems. With a friend Katie Neu, he made a website called www. bullyingcanada. ca. Visitors to the website can find advice, stories and poems about bullying, in both English and French. When people are upset, they can talk on the phone or online to Rob and his team. Every weekend Rob has to answer e-mails to the website. He also speaks to children, teachers and members of government around the country about bullying.
Rob’s most important message is: “When bullies are unkind to you, it isn’t your fault. There’s nothing wrong with you, so you should try to keep trusting yourself. And remember that people care about your problems. You just have to find those people.”
One of Rob’s ideas is “Blue Day”, a special day for stopping bullying in schools. Students have to wear blue clothes and in class they learn how to stop bullying. More than 150 Canadian schools now celebrate Blue Day, but Rob won’t stop until there’s a Blue Day in every school in Canada.
(  ) 28. How did Rob often feel at school before he was fifteen?
     A. Relaxed.  B. Unhappy.  C. Shocked.  D. Tired.
(  ) 29. We can learn from this passage that Rob suffered from bullying since he was ______.
     A. four.   B. seven   C. eleven    D. fifteen
(  ) 30. The underlined part “those people” in Paragraph 3 means _____.
     A. people who always bullied others before  
B. people who help others with bullying problems
    C. people who are members of the government.
  D. people who write e-mails about their problems
(  ) 31. What was the correct order in which these events happened?
     a. Rob and his friend made a website.   b. Rob was bullied at school.
     c. Rob created “Blue Day”.         d. Rob told his story in public.
     A. b-d-a-c  B. a-b-c-d  C. b-a-d-c   D. c-b-a-d
D
You need some bread and milk. But half an hour later, you leave the supermarket with a trolley(手推车) full of food. What games do supermarkets play to make us spend so much money?
The tricks usually start before you walk in. Outside the supermarket entrance, anybody who walks past can smell warm, fresh bread. That makes us hungry and ready to buy lots of food, not just bread.
Now you’re inside and, of course, a small basket would be fine, but all they have are trolleys. And of course the problem with a trolley is that it looks sad and lonely with just one or two products inside. So we may fill it with something. In fact, supermarket trolleys are actually getting bigger so that we buy more.
Of course, many people shop in supermarkets because they think everything is cheaper than in other shops. So supermarkets offer very cheap prices on some things but then have higher prices for other products. One new trick is to put red stickers on products. Customers usually connect red stickers with lower prices so the red stickers is easy to be noticed, even when there is no reduction! Interestingly, this trick appears to work more with men than with women.
There is a story behind the position of everything in the supermarket. For example, customers often go only to buy milk. So they put it right at the back, forcing you to go past hundreds of shelves full of other products. The position of products on each shelf is also important. The most expensive products are usually at eye-level so you see these immediately. The exception is anything that children might like. These products are on lower shelves so that kids see them.
Apart from what you see and smell in a supermarket, what about what you listen to? In most supermarkets they have soft, slow music. It’s so relaxing that you slow down and spend more time (and money) in the store. You also move more slowly when the supermarket is busy. Experts suggest it’s better to shop when it’s quieter, on a Monday or a Tuesday for example. And be careful with queues at the checkouts. These are sometimes deliberate(故意), to make you buy something from the checkout shelves while you wait.   So, next time you go into your local supermarket, remember these tricks and see if you can come with just the things you went for.
(  ) 32. Supermarkets don’t provide baskets because ______.
     A. supermarkets don’t usually have many   
B. baskets are too small to hold many products
     C. it’s easy to go shopping with trolleys    
D. a trolley can hold one or two products inside
(  ) 33. According to the passage, toys for children are usually placed ______.
     A. on higher shelves   B. on each shelf
     C. on lower shelves       D. on the back shelves
(  ) 34. It can be learned from Paragraph 6 that supermarkets usually ______.
     A. stop people lining up at the checkouts   
B. close on Monday morning
     C. play loud and noisy music inside    
D. make customers feel relaxed
(  ) 35. The passage is mainly about _____.
     A. several ways supermarkets use to sell more products
     B. some advice when people go shopping on the street
     C. several rules that every business should follow
     D. some advertisements that make people buy
第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
    阅读下面的短文,请从以下A-G七个选项中选出五个正确的选项填空,使短文通顺、结构物完整。(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
Travel Tips for Holidays Abroad
Everyone loves holiday abroad. They give us the chance to see some sights, have some fun and relax. However, holidays aren’t always a great experience. Follow these tips to make sure you enjoy your holiday.
(36)___________Your tickets? Every year, thousands of people miss flights because they’ve forgotten their passport , they arrive at the airport too late, or even go to the wrong airport
(37)______________Learning a little about the culture of a country will help you understand the people. Learning a few words of another language can also help you make new friends.
(38)_____________ Travel by train if you can. Flying produces twenty times more carbon dioxide than traveling by train. Of course, it might be impossible to avoid flying, but when you arrive, use buses or trains instead of taxis.
(39)_____________You can help a local community a lot by staying in local hotels and eating in local restaurants. This means that your money will go to local people, rather than to a large international company.
(40)______________You don’t want to forget your holiday. Make a scrapbook---a book of memories-about your holiday. You can show it to friends, or just use it to remember all the good times you had! And don’t forget the new friends you made on holiday. Did you promise to send them pictures or presents? Don’t forget to do it! Then next time you go on holiday, you can visit them again.
 

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两小节,满分25分)
第一节:完型填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)
From Monday to Friday most people are busy working or studying, but in the evenings and on weekends they are free and __41____ themselves. Some watch television or go to the movies, others ___42__ sports. This is decided by their own ____43_____. There are many different ways to spend our___44__ time. Almost everyone has some kind of __45___: it may be something from collecting stamps to __46__ model planes. Some hobbies are very___47____ , but others don‘t cost anything at all. Some collections are worth ___48___ of money, others are valuable (有价值的)only to their owners. I know a man who has a coin collection worth several ___49 ___dollars. A short time ago he bought a rare(罕见的) fifty-cent piece which ___50_ him $250! He was very happy about this collection and thought the price was all right . On the other hand, my youngest brother collects match boxes. He has almost 600 of them, but I wonder __51___ they are worth any money . However, ___52_____ my brother they are quite valuable.___53_____ makes him happier than to find a new match box for his collection. That‘s what a hobby means, I think. It is something we __54___ to do in our free time just for the __55__ of it. The value in dollars is not important, but the pleasure it gives us is.
41. A. love         B. work           C. enjoy       D. play
42. A. look like     B. take care of      C. think about   D. take part in
43. A. lives         B. interests        C. jobs           D. things
44. A. working      B. free            C. own          D. whole
45. A. hobby        B. thing          C. job            D. way
46. A. make         B. making        C. makes         D. made
47. A. interesting     B. exciting       C. cheap          D. expensive
48. A. a little        B. a few          C. a lot          D. a number
49. A. thousand      B. thousands      C. thousands of    D. thousand of
50. A. paid          B. cost           C. took          D. spent
51. A. that           B. if            C. what          D. why
52. A. to            B. on            C. with          D. in
53. A. Everything     B. Anything      C. Nothing       D. Something
54. A. have          B. need          C. refuse        D. like
55. A. money        B. work          C. fun           D. time

第二节 综合填空(共10小题,每题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
True friends are hard (56) _____ (find). Often you thought you could believe in someone, but later he or she may let you down.
     A true friend is sometimes a person who will always be there for you .Through good times or (57) _______ (badly) times, they will stand by your side. They will not make you alone when things get difficult. They will accept you without (58) ______(try) to change you. A friend will bring new and exciting things into your life and make it richer.
     True friends will keep your worst secrets as you will keep (59)______(their) .They will be honest and you can always believe in them .If you talk to someone who you believe in, you don't have to worry about what you may say .We can enjoy this freedom only with (60)_______(friend).
 Friendship is a two–way street .To find a true friend and keep the friendship (61)______ you, you must do the same  thing as well .Be there for your friends when they  are in need and (62)_______(share) the good times with them .Offer them the same things they give to you .Friendship will break (63)_______(quick) if only one person is giving and putting effort into it.
     You will find that there is nothing (64)_______ (value) than having a true friend by your side to share life with, just (65)_______ someone says, “There is nothing on this earth more to be prized (珍惜) than true friendship”.
第四部分 写作(共三节,满分35分)
第一节 单词拼写 根据句意或首字母或括号里的汉语或单词提示,把所缺单词写在横线上,并注意其变换形式。(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
66. That girl in red is an old friend of _______ (I).
67.All of us like Tom because he is a gentle man and s _______  gets angry.
68.To keep_______, you'd better exercise every day and  eat more fruit and vegetables.
69.I'll be 9 years old, my parents will celebrate my n _______ birthday next week.
70.Such accident could have been  ______ (避免) ,but she was too careless.
71.Today he didn't come to school again . He has been a______ from classes for a week.
72.The doctors _______ (stick) to their research until they discovered how to cure the disease.
73.Firefighters wear special coats and helmets(头盔) to p _______ themselves from falling down.
74.He worked hard and spend much time on his  _______  (medicine) research.
75.Police officers must be well prepared for the _______   (始料未及的) incidents.
第二节 短文改错(共5小题,满分5分)
文中共有5处语言错误,每句中最多两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下面画____线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
2、只允许修改5处,多者(从6处起)不计分。
People often say that a dog is man's best friend. Over thousands of years, man has taught his dogs to do many kinds of work besides guard the home. For example, sheepdogs are famous for their ability to control a flock of hundreds sheep.
    Dogs have been used to aid disabled people for centuries. A guide dog can lead to its blind owner. Nowadays, dogs can be taught to turn on light switches, open refrigerator doors and dials the telephone for their disabled owners. For the majority of people, however, dogs are simply pets and friend for both young and old members of the family.
第三节 书面表达
假设在英语课上老师给你们欣赏了电影《太空大灌篮》的主题曲I Believe I Can Fly.
这是一首催人奋进的励志歌曲.请你根据以下要点以"I Believe I Can Fly"为题,用英语写一篇短文,参加某英语杂志社的写作比赛.
内容要点:1.这首歌告诉我们自信的重要性;
2.自信给人勇气尝试,使人成功;
3.梦想和自信使人勇于面对困难;
4.没有梦想和自信,不会获得成功;
5.你的感悟(考生自拟,至少一点).
注意:1.词数80左右.短文的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数;
2.参考词汇:自信-confidence(n.);
3.短文须包括所有要点,不要逐词翻译,可适当发挥,使短文连贯、通顺,文中不得出现真实的人名、校名等相关信息.
                     I Believe I Can Fly
  I Believe I Can Fly is a nice song by R.Kelly. 


听力原文及参考答案
听力原文
Text 1
M: How long can I keep this book?
W: Two weeks. You must renew it if you can’t finish it in time.
Text 2
M: What was the English exam like?
W: Oh, it wasn’t a little difficult.
Text3
W: Could I use your car this weekend, dad?
M: I’m afraid you can’t.  I’m going to the mountains in the countryside with your  mum on weekend.
Text 4
W: Did the Lakers win the game yesterday?
M: No. It was reported that they were beaten 98: 101 in the end, though Kobe tried his best.
Text 5
M: How long will the rain last?
W: The weather report says that the clouds will lift soon.
Text6
W: Oh, dear. What a long queue!
M: Yes. Look, my sister Jane is at the head of the queue.
W: Oh, yes, but where is Mrs Brown?
M: Let me see, oh, she is behind Jane but in front of Mr White.
W: I don't want to wait fora long time. Let's go and stand in front of your sister.
M: Oh, no. Please don't do that. Or other people will get angry with you queue jumper. W: Oh, sorry.I won't do it. Then let's wait in line.
M: That's right.
Text7
M: Hello, Rose! I bought a birthday present for you yesterday.
W: Thank you. What is it?
M: It's a secret. You'll find out at your birthday party next Wednesday.
W: Can I try to guess what it is now?
M: Hmm... Okay. You can try.
W: Can you tell me something about it?
M: Sure. It's green and it can fly in the sky...
W: Oh, I know. It's a toy plane.
M: No, it doesn't have any wings.
W: I see. It must be a kite. Am I right?
M: Hah, you're such a clever girl.
Text8
M: Hello, Mary. This is Li Ming.
W: Hi, Li Ming! How are you? Are you coming to England next month?
M: Yes, I am. I'm really happy. I'm going to visit London. That's why I'm phoning. I have some questions.
W: What do you need to know?
M: First, what will the weather be like? Will it be cold?
W: Not cold, but it rains a lot in London in autumn.
M: OK. Second, how do I get to London from the airport?
W: You can take the bus.
M: OK. And finally, shall I bring you something from my country, Mary?
W: Oh, yes, please! Could you bring me some Chinese food?
M: No problem.
Text 9
    Usain Bolt is thought to be the fastest person in the world, He was born in Jamaica in 1986. When he was a small kid, his father wanted him to be a singer. However, Bolt seemed to be only interested in running. Bolt won the first world champion in 2002. From then on.,he won many other champions in the world events including the Beijing Olympic Games and London Olympic Games. Bolt is a kind man. He has ever raised money for charities. Maybe you don’t know he is a soccer fan!
Text 10
Today is Saturday. I went to the zoo with my friends Linda and Nancy in the morning. We met at the gate of the zoo at 9: 30. When we went to the zoo last time, we gave those monkeys some bananas. They looked so lovely when they were eating the bananas. So I took some food for those animals this time. But the zoo keeper told us last month a bear ate some food together with the plastic bags given by some visitors. Some days later, the bear lost its life. So visitors are not allowed to give anything to the animals. I felt sorry for the poor bear. But I enjoyed watching the animals eating, so we stayed until feeding time. It’s around three o’clock in the afternoon. We all had a good time today.
参考答案
选择题
1-5 BBABC   6-10 ABCBA    11-15 CBCBC   16-20 ACBBC

21-25 DDBCD   26-30 BCBAB    31-35 ABCDA    36-40 EDAFB

41-45 CDBBA   46-50 BDCAB    51-55 BACDC

综合填空:56. to find        57.bad        58.trying        59.theirs    60.friends        61.between     62.share        63.quickly      64、more valuable      65.as


单词拼写:66.mine    67. seldom   68. healthy   69. ninth    70. avoided
71. absent      72. stuck     73. protect     74. medical    75. Unexpected

短文改错: 第二行,将guard改为guarding
           第四行,在hundreds后加of
           第六行,删除to
           第七行,将dials改为dial
           第九行,将friend改为friends
 

书面表达
I Believe I Can Fly is a nice song by R.Kelly. This song tells us that confidence is very important. When a person has confidence,he believes in himself. He believes that he can and will succeed,and this gives him the courage to try new things. Dreams and confidence are what keep us going on in the face of difficulties. No one can achieve success without them. If you believe you tail fly,then you can really fly someday.
I think I will never give up whenever I meet any difficulties. I'll remember confidence is the promise to achieve success.
 

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来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M
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