2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十:非谓语动词

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2018年中考英语二轮复习语法练习专题十:非谓语动词

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5Y k J. c oM 专题十 非谓语动词
一、词形转换
1. (2018原创)My friend invited me ________ the art club, and I accepted it with pleasure. (join)
2. (2018原创)________ with you is such a great pleasure, and we can make progress together. (work)
3. (2018原创)Thanks a lot for ________ back the notebook I left in the lecture hall. (get)
4. (2018原创)If all of us pull together, there must be something we can do ________ the environment. (improve)
5. (2018原创)If you want to learn English well, you should practice ________ it as often as you can. (speak)
6. (2018原创)You should try your best to avoid ______ mistakes while taking an important exam. (make)
7. (2018原创)We will have no water to drink or use if we don't stop ________ it. (waste)
8. (2018原创)I'm looking forward to ________ to Hainan to spend my summer holiday and enjoy the beautiful scenery. (go)
9. (2018预测)The Greens are used to ________ out in the community after dinner. (hang)
10. (2018预测)My English teacher usually helps the students who have difficulty in ________ English after class. (learn)
二、单项填空
1. (2017天津)We only planned ________  the play for an hour, but in the end, we stayed for three hours.
A. watch           B. watches             C. to watch       D. watched
2. (2017重庆B卷)Dave is a good boy and he always finishes ________ his homework on time.
A. do              B. did                 C. does          D. doing
3. (2017青岛)As a volunteer, the girl wants to visit sick kids in the hospital ________ them up.
A. to cheer         B. cheer                C. cheering       D. cheered
4. (2017临沂)Doctors in the town are using the books ________ their studies and treat patients.
A. continue        B. to continue            C. continuing     D. continues
5. (2017益阳改编)It’s necessary for you ________ the classroom clean, class.
A. keep           B. keeping               C. to keep       D. to keeping
6. (2017成都改编)Our English teacher wants us ________ English stories out of class.
A. read           B. reading                C. to read         D. reads
7. (2017昆明五华区二模)—Why not go out with me this evening?
—My parents are against ________ out at night.
A. go            B. to go                  C. going         D. went
8. (2017昆明官渡区二模)—What do you know about the Dragon Boat Festival?
—It’s a tradition ________ zongzi.
A. eat           B. eating                  C. to eat         D. ate
9. (2017云大附中二模)—Did you see The Reader  last Friday evening?
—Of course. It was well worth ________. I plan ________ it again.
A. to watch; to see                                  B. watching; to see
C. watching; seeing                                 D. to watch; seeing
10. (2017大理下关四中模拟)The heavy snow stopped many people from ________ back home.
A. go          B. goes                   C. went            D. going
11. (2018原创)Don't forget ________ the window of the classroom. It seems to be windy tonight.
A. close      B. closed                   C. closing         D. to close
12. (2018原创)Every time I do my homework for about an hour, I usually stop ________ a short rest.
 A. have      B. to have                  C. had          D. having
13. (2018原创)—You seemed to be very thirsty. Would you like something ________?
—Yes, I’d like a cup of apple juice.
A. to drink     B. drinking                 C. drunk        D. drink
14. (2018原创)After a short break, she continued ________. Because this job must be done today.
A. to work      B. work                   C. working     D. worked
15. (2018预测)The teachers always ask the students ________ those in trouble, because helping others is helping themselves.
A. help        B. helping                   C. helped      D. to help
16. (2018预测)Our P.E. teacher encourages us ______ part in all kinds of after­class activities.
A. take        B. to take                   C. taking       D. took
一、1. to join 【解析】句意为:我的朋友邀请我加入艺术俱乐部,我很高兴地答应了。此处考查invite sb. to do sth.意为“邀请某人做某事”,为固定用法。故填to join。
2. Working 【解析】句意为:跟你一起工作很快乐,并且我们可以共同进步。分析句意可知,此处应用动名词短语作主语。注意句首首字母大写。故填Working。
3. getting 【解析】句意为:非常感谢你帮我取回我忘在演讲大厅里的笔记本。空处所填动词位于介词for之后应用动名词,故填getting。
4. to improve 【解析】句意为:如果我们所有人都齐心协力,我们一定能为改善环境做点什么。根据句意,我们一定可以做些什么来保护环境,可知此处考查动词不定式作目的状语,即做某事的目的是为了改善环境。故填to improve。
5. speaking 【解析】句意为:如果你想学好英语,你应该尽可能经常地练习说它。 practice doing sth. 练习做某事,是固定短语,故填speaking。
6. making 【解析】句意为:在参加重要考试的时候,你应该尽最大的努力避免犯错误。avoid doing sth. 避免做某事,为固定搭配。故填making。
7. wasting 【解析】句意为:如果我们不停止浪费水资源,我们将没有水来喝或者使用。本句考查stop的用法。stop doing sth. 停止做某事;stop to do sth. 停下来开始做另一件事。根据句意,我们应该立即停止浪费水资源。故填wasting。
8. going 【解析】句意:我期盼着去海南度过暑假,欣赏那里的美景。look forward to doing sth.期待做某事,故填going。
9. hanging 【解析】句意为:格林一家人习惯晚饭后在小区里闲逛。be used to do sth. 被用来干某事;be used to doing sth. 习惯干某事,此处是说格林一家人的习惯,故填hanging。
10. learning 【解析】句意:我的英语老师总是在课后帮助那些学习英语有困难的学生。have difficulty in doing sth.做某事有困难,故填learning。
二、1. C 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:我们计划只看一小时的演出,但是最后我们却待了三个小时。plan to do sth.意为“计划做某事”,不定式在此处作宾语。故选C。
2. D 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:戴维是个好男孩,他总是按时完成家庭作业。“finish doing sth.完成做某事”为固定用法,故选D。
3. A 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:作为一个志愿者,这个女孩想去医院看望生病的孩子________他们。由短语“cheer up鼓舞,使振奋”可知,小女孩看望他们的目的是为了鼓舞他们,此处应用动词不定式表目的,故选A。
4. B 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:镇上的医生正用这些书来继续他们的研究和治疗病人。分析句子结构可知此处在句中作目的状语,用动词不定式,故选B。
5. C 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:同学们,对你们来讲保持教室干净是必要的。It's+adj.+ for/of sb. to do sth.意为“对某人来说做某事是……的”,为固定句型。故选C。
6. C 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:我们的英语老师想要我们课外读英语故事。固定搭配want sb. to do sth.意为“想要某人做某事”, 故选C。
7. C 【解析】考查动名词的固定搭配。句意“今天晚上为什么不和我一起出去呢?”“我父母反对在晚上________。”“be against doing sth.”反对做某事,故选C。
8. C 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意“关于端午节你知道些什么?”“吃粽子是一种传统。”分析句子结构可知此句中it为形式主语,动词不定式是真正的主语,即to eat zongzi is a tradition。故选C。
9. B 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意“上周五晚上你看《朗读者》了吗?”“当然。它非常值得看。我打算再看一次。”be worth doing...意为“值得做……”,是固定结构,可排除A、D项;plan to do sth.计划做某事,不定式作宾语,可排除C项。故选B。
10. D 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:大雪阻止了很多人回家。stop sb. from doing sth.阻止某人做某事,故选D。
11. D 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:不要忘了________教室的窗户。今晚好像有风。由后句“It seems to be windy tonight.”可知,今晚有风,所以“要关窗户”。 forget to do sth.表示“忘记去做某事”,forget doing sth.表示“忘记做过某事”,此处“指未做的事”。故选D。
12. B 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:每次我做了大约一个小时的作业后,通常________休息一小会儿。stop doing sth.表示“停止做某事”;stop to do sth.表示“停下来去做另一件事”,由句意可知,是指“停下来休息一会儿”。故选B。
13. A 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为“你似乎很渴。你想要________点儿东西吗?”“是的,我想要一杯苹果汁。”分析句子结构可知,空白处在句中作后置定语,用来修饰宾语something,应用动词不定式作后置定语。故选A。
14. C 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:短暂的休息之后,她继续________。因为这项工作今天必须完成。分析句子结构可知,该句缺少宾语。continue to do sth.继续做某事(做完一件事后,做另一件事);continue doing sth.继续做某事(做同一件事)。由后句“Because this job must be done today.”可知是继续做同一件事。故选C。
15. D 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:老师总是让学生________那些处于困境中的人,因为帮助别人就是帮助他们自己。ask sb. to do sth.意为“让某人做某事”,为固定搭配,其中的动词不定式在句中作宾补。故选D。
16. B 【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:我们的体育老师鼓励我们参加各种课后活动。encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事,是固定搭配,故选B。 文 章来源 莲
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5Y k J. c oM
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