2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)

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2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)

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2017-2018学年第一次调研测试
九年级英语
注意事项:
1.本试卷共10页。全卷满分90分。考试时间为90分钟。试题包含选择题和非选择题。考生答题全部答在答题卡上,答在本试卷上无效。
2.请将自己的姓名、考试证号用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写在答题卡上。
3.答选择题必须用2B铅笔将答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。答非选择题必须用0.5毫米黑色墨水签字笔写在答题卡的指定位置,在其它位置答题一律无效。
第一卷 选择题(共40分)
一、单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答卷纸上将该项涂黑。
1. This is what Andy wrote just now. Maybe he is
going to  ___________.
  A. fix something        B. prepare a meal   
  C. buy some gifts      D. do some sports
2. Three-leaf Garden, which is about 20 kilometers
 south of Yongyang, is full of visitors ___________ early April.
   A. on      B. for       C. at          D. in
3. —We have some exchange students at school. I heard ___________ singing a Chinese folk song this morning.
   —Really? It seems they are interested in Chinese culture.
  A. they      B. them     C. themselves   D. their
4. —Are you going to take part in the writing competition?
   —Why not? I have ___________ to lose, right?
  A. nothing      B. something   C. anything    D. everything
5. According to Forbes, Amazon’s CEO, Jeff Bezos ia now the ___________ person in the world.
  A. wealthiest    B. wealthier      C. wealthy      D. most wealth
6. —Some say drinking coffee can cause cancer.
  —Well, coffee drinking hasn’t been shown to ___________ your risk of cancer.
  A. invite     B. introduce     C. imagine      D. increase
7. A ship is safe if it stays in a harbour. But this is not ___________ it is built.
  A. what      B. how       C. why        D. where
8. Ladies and gentlemen, please remain in your seats.The plane________.
  A.takes off  B.is taking off  C.has taken off D.took off
9. —I'm tired out these days.
—Well, you'd better keep a ________ between work and play.
A. promise   B. diary       C. balance      D. secret
10. —He may be in the classroom ,I think.
   —No,he ___________ be in the classroom ,I saw him go home just now.
  A. needn’t   B. mustn’t       C. can’t      D. shouldn’t
11.—You watched the fashion show last week, didn’t you?
   — Yes, ______ I missed the beginning.
  A. or             B. so               C. and        D. but
12. In an English dictionary, which word comes before “toothache”?
  A. while       B. teeth          C. trust       D. uniform
13.Li Ao, one of my favourite Chinese writer, ___________ earlier this year. He was a man who was never afraid of any power.
  A. passed down  B. passed on    C. passed off      D. passed away
14. On April Fools’ Day, we play jokes on friends. The jokes and their victims __________ April Fools.
  A. call       B. are calling    C. called         D. are called
15. —Why did you take part in the charity walk? You are not good at running at all.
 — __________. I run to show that I can help others.
  A. I can’t agree more       B. That’s not the point   
  C. Not exactly         D. It sounds like a pity
二、完形填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
 As the world has become a global village(地球村), there are many ways to learn about a country. Reading a book and watching a movie are both good   16  . But here is another way – through statistics (数据).
US comic website DogHouse Diaries   17   statistics from sources(来源) including World Bank and Guinness (吉尼斯)World Records. Then, they made a world map based on these statistics to show   18   each country is like.
The US was   19   an interesting title – the country that eats the most hot dogs. Hot dogs are the most popular food in America. It is reported that US people eat as   20   as 20 billion hot dogs a year. That’s about 70 hot dogs per person each year.
Japan is a leading country in robots. Many   21   of robots such as sport robots, servant (服务员) robots and even human like ones, are invented by Japanese companies. This is a country where robots are most  22    used.
Other countries with interesting titles include Canada, who sells the most maple syrup (枫糖浆), New Zealand that   23   the most sheep, and South Koreans are mostly workaholics (工作狂).
24  , these statistics cannot tell you everything about a country. Reading maps or studying statistics is far from a(n)   25   idea. If you want to know what a country is really like, go there in person. It is a good idea to surround yourself in its culture and history.
16. A. instructions     B. choices      C. problems       D.challenges
17. A. creates      B. produces     C. collects        D. introduces
18. A. what      B. how      C. when          D. why
19. A. given      B. seen      C. made          D. taken
20. A. high      B. many       C. few           D. large
21. A. types      B. uses      C. shapes         D. sizes
22. A. shortly       B. quickly      C. simply         D.widely
23. A. raises      B. grows      C. plants         D. holds
24. A. Otherwise   B. Therefore    C.Although       D.However
25. A. useful      B. perfect      C. interesting      D. friendly
三、阅读理解(共15小题, 每小题1分,满分15分)
阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Word Bank: Update 更新  Unfortunately: 不幸的是entry: 进入
26. Where will the students finally go in the afternoon?
   A. The city center.           B. The park.
   C. St Fagans National History Museum.
   D. The Science and Technology Museum.
27. How much should each student pay for the school trip?
   A. $20     B. $15     C. $10    D. It’s for free.
28. The second notice is supposed (为了) to _________.
  A. further explain the details    B. tell students about changes in the plan
  C. tell students the date        D. repeat the plan for the school trip
B
Thirteen-year-old Sophie had been bullied (欺凌) at school for over two years. She had had her keys and mobile phone stolen. She had also been knocked off her bicycle, kicked and punched(以拳重击). She tried to fight back, but it always seemed to be her, not the bullies, who got into trouble.
Her headmaster encourages students to look after one another. He encouraged Sophie to play the guitar in a school concert. It gave Sophie new confidence and earned her respect from the other students.
Sadly, Sophie’s story is not rare. Bullying is always around us. They can take many forms. And there are new bullies. Cyber (网络的) bullies can be harder to avoid and harder to catch. It is too easy to send a nameless threat by text, or post something insulting (侮辱的) on social media. Yet the results can be serious for the victim.
    But help is out there. There are many charities and organizations giving support to young people. Remember one very important piece of advice: If you are being bullied, don’t put up with it – tell someone.
29. In the beginning, Sophie found it __________ to fight back when she was bullied.
A. important   B. easy  C. helpful  D. difficult
30. We can infer(推断) from the article that cyber bullies__________?
    A. can be harder to stay away from     B. are less serious than school bullies
    C. have a long history               D. are a result of school bullies
31. The writers starts to talk about the topic of bullies by __________.
   A. explaining what bullies are      B. giving an example
   C. discussing how common it is      D. mentioning ways to fight
C
A mother held her new baby and very slowly rocked him back and forth, back and forth, back and forth.And while she held him, she sang:
I'll love you forever,  I'll like you for always,
As long as I'm living, my baby you'll be.
The little boy grew. He grew until he was nine years old. And he never wanted to come in for dinner, he never wanted to take a bath, and when grandma visited, he always said bad words. Sometimes his mother wanted to sell him to the zoo!
The boy grew. He grew until he was a teenager. He had strange friends and he wore strange clothes and he listened to strange music. Sometimes the mother felt like she was in a zoo! 
That teenager grew. He grew until he was a grown-up man. He left home and got a house across town.
Well, that mother, she got older. She got older and older and older. One day she called up her son and said, "You'd better come to see me because I'm very old and sick."
So her son came to see her. When he came in the door she tried to sing the song:
I'll love you forever, I'll like you for always,
But she couldn't finish because she was too old and sick.
The son went to his mother. He held her in his arms very slowly rocked him back and forth, back and forth, back and forth. And he sang this song:
I'll love you forever,  I'll like you for always,
As long as I'm living,  my Mommy you'll be.
32. This story is about ___________.
A. mother and son             B. father and son        
C. mother and daughter         D. father and daughter
33. From the underlined sentence, we can know that the boy might _________ when young.
 A. make much trouble         B. have good manners     
 C. showed love properly        D. showed gift in sports
34. The underlined phrase “As long as” means similar to ___________?
   A. since      B. if         C. while      D. though
35. Which of the following is NOT True according to this article?
   A. The boy's mother sold him to the zoo when he was nine years old.   
  B. The boy had strange friends when he was a teenager.     
 C. The boy didn't live with his mother when he grew up.      
 D. The return to showed his love for his mom in the end.
D
     Housework is an endless argument between lazy husbands and their hard-working wives, but women are warned not to expect men to share housework any time soon.
     A study from Oxford University has found it seems impossible for men to be doing an equal share of housework before 2050. Mothers will continue to shoulder the burden(负担) of childcare and housework for the next forty years, largely because housework such as cleaning and cooking is still thought of to be “women’s work”.
     The gap(鸿沟) has narrowed slowly over the past 40 years. Women expect true equality(平等). But what makes them down is that it will take another forty years before it is achieved.
     The research found that in the northern Europe, the burden of housework is shared more equally between men and women. In the UK, a woman spends around four hours and forty minutes each day on housework, compared with two hours and twenty-eight minutes for men. This is an improvement from the 1960s, when British women typically(典型地) spent six hours a day on housework, while men spent just 90 minutes every day.
     But progress towards housework equality appears to be slowing in some countries. Dr Oriel Sullivan,a research reader, said, “we’ve looked at what is influencing the equality in the home, and we have found that certain tasks seem to be given according to whether they are viewed as ‘men’s work’ or ‘women’s work’.”
     Dr Sullivan said cultural attitudes(态度) taught at school may decide the views of housework. “At school it is much easier for a girl to be a tomboy, but it is much more difficult for a boy to enjoy cooking and dancing,” she said.
36. Women will continue to do more housework before 2050 mainly because _________.
   A. men are too busy to help    B. they would like to do so
   C. they can do better         D. it is considered as women’s work
37. The underlined “it” in Paragraph 3 refers to (指代) ___________.
   A. the research          B. true housework    
   C. true equality          D. the gap
38. From Paragraph 4 we know that in the UK ___________.
   A. men now spend just 90 minutes a day on housework on average
   B. women now are too busy with their work to do housework
   C. women now spend less time on housework than before
   D. housework is shared equally between men and women
39. _____________ is mentioned in the last two paragraphs(段) of the article.
   A. What men think of housework   
   B. How much housework women spend on housework
   C. What influences people’s view of housework   
   D. Why men should share housework
40. What is the main idea of this passage?
  A. Argument about housework between husbands and wives will end.
  B. Women will be doing more housework than men until 2050.
  C. Men are unable to help their wives with housework.
  D. Women spend less time on housework while men spend more than before.


非选择题(共50分)
四、填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
A) 根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词,使句子意思完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为41~45的相应位置上。
41.Some foreigners like to   ▲  (给) themselves funny Chinese names. For example, a friend of
mine call himself “Hao Lihai”.
42. As the sun shines brightly, everything returns to life when   ▲   (春天) comes.
43. Huang Zichang is a rising star in the CSL. A bright   ▲   (未来) is waiting for him.  
44. There is nothing good in war,   ▲   (除了) its ending.
45. Fang Ping is spoken   ▲   (高度地) of by all the students’ parents.
B) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为46~50的相应位置上。
46. In the movie,a bad person is actually a wolf in a   ▲   (sheep) coat.
47.   ▲  (cross) Yuxiu Road and wait for the bus at that bus stop.
48. The trade war will cut both   ▲   (way). It should be avoided.
49. Today is warm and   ▲   (sun) ,it is good for a trip.
50. ---Could you tell me how   ▲   (succeed) in making a speech in front of people?
   ---Be confident.
C) 根据对话内容,从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空,使对话内容完整正确,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为51~55的相应位置上。


M: Do you know who the compass(指南针) was invented by?
W: Of course. It was invented by   51  , right?
M: Exactly. And you know when it was first invented?
W: No. But I know there were written  52   of South-pointing Fish in the Song Dynasty.
M: That’s true. People in the 10th century began to use an instrument called South-pointing Fish to show   53  .
W: How did it work?
M: When it is  54   the water, the floating fish has its head pointing to the south. 
W: It wasn’t the first recorded compass, wasn’t it?
M: No, of course not. “Sinang” appeared much earlier, in the Warring States Period(战国).
W: So the history of compass   55   to over 2000 years ago.
五、阅读短文(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
    A) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后第56~65小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为56~65的相应位置上。注意:每个空格只填1个单词。
 Eco-friendly(环保) rain gardens have beautiful flowers, trees and other plants that beautify the community. They are also healthy for the environment and the people living and working nearby. A rain garden is not very different from a traditional garden, It is just far more eco-friendly. Usually it is built lower than the ground.
Why Eco-friendly Rain Gardens Are Recommended
 Rain gardens smartly used rain and storm water by temporarily(暂时) holding water from rain and storms and letting it soak(渗透) slowly into the ground before it runs into streams or enters the public drinking water supply. In this way, a rain garden keeps the water, allowing it to be used as needed by plants in the rain garden, rather than flowing(流) directly into nearby streams and going unused, The water will soak. Slowly into the ground within a day or two. This creates an advantage that the rain garden does not allow mosquitoes(蚊子) to breed(繁殖). This is a simple, attractive, and eco-friendly “green” way to treat storm water.
 What's more, planting a rain garden helps cut down on pollution and make the environment better. The gardens don’t use expensive machinery and chemicals. They remove harmful chemicals in the rainwater and reduce the amount of pollution reaching streams and rivers by up to 30%.
How You Build Your Own Rain Gardens
 Native(本地的) plants are recommended for rain gardens because they are more used to the local climate(气候), soil, and water conditions. They may attract local wildlife such as native birds. Water your rain garden right after planting and once a week. Don’t water it if you have had at least an inch of rain during the week. You needn’t take much care of it once the plants have a necessary root system(根系统).
Often, local governments and private businesses develop large rain gardens in their yards and in public parks. However, you can do your own part. You don't need to be an environmental engineer to create a rain garden. Just start by building smaller rain gardens in your yards.
Eco-friendly Rain Gardens
Definition(定义) ♦ Eco-friendly rain gardens are far more eco-friendly gardens   56   under the ground.

57  of rain gardens ♦ Rain gardens use rain in   58   ways. Rain water is held and soaks into the ground before running into streams or   59   the drinking water supply.
 ♦ They   60   mosquitoes from breeding.
 ♦ They help to cut down on pollution and   61   the environment. 30% of the pollution is reduced   62   using machinery and chemicals.
How you build the garden ♦ Use native plants because they are more used and may attract   63  .
♦ Water the garden   64   you have had at least an inch of rain during the week.

Conclusion ♦ To create such a garden, you needn’t be an environmental   65  . Just start by building small ones in your yards.

B) 根据短文内容和首字母提示,填写所缺单词,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为66~75的相应位置上。
     Leonardo da Vinci's(达芬奇) mother may have been a Chinese slave(奴隶) according to a new research by an Italian -Angelo Paratico. He has spent the last 20 years living and working in Hong Kong, researching the links(联系) b  66   his homeland and China.
     It is believed that Leonardo da Vinci's mother was named Caterina, who, according to some reports, was a local farmer. But Mr. Paratico's new work leads to a d  67   explanation.
     Speaking to the South China Morning Post, Mr. Paratico said, “I am s  68   that Leonardo's mother was from the East, but to make her a Chinese, we need to use a deductive method (演绎法).”
     Angerlo Paratico has s  69   many documents(文献). He found that one wealthy friend of Leonardo's father’s had a slave called Caterina. After Leonardo's date of b  70  , she disappeared from the documents. “She was no longer working there and could not be found,” Paratico a  71  . Supporting his opinion, he said, “During the period, countries like Italy and Spain were f  72   of slaves from the East.”
     He said that there were certain aspects(方面) of Da Vinci's life and works which suggest a Chinese link. An e  73   is that he was writing with his left hand from left to right. And he was a vegetarian(素食者), which was not common. Mona Lisa(蒙娜丽莎) is probably a picture of his mother. On the back of Mona Lisa, there is a Chinese landscape and e  74   her face looks Chinese.
     Mr. Paratico said the only way to s  75   the mystery is to extract(提取) some DNA. But he said he preferred to let the mystery to remain mysterious.

六、书面表达(满分15分)
假设你是Sunshine Middle School的Andy,你校最近开办了一个“英语角”,你想邀请你班上的澳洲交换生Peter参加,请你结合下列的海报,写一封邮件给他。


注意:
1、覆盖海报要点,要写出参加的理由,可适当发挥。
2. 字数80词左右,邮件的开头与结尾已经给出,不计入字数。
3. 邮件中不得出现有关考生个人身份的任何信息,如班级名、人名等。
Dear Peter,
Would you like to come to the newly-opened English corner with me?
_______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Looking forward to your reply.                                                                                                                                                   
Yours,
Andy
溧水一模参考答案
1-5 BDBAA    6-10 DCBCC      11-15 DBDDB
16-20 BCAAB   21-25 ADADB
26-30 CCBDA   31-35 BAABA    36-40 DCCCB
四、A. 41. give 42. spring 43. future 44. except 45. highly
B. 46. sheep’s 47. Cross 48. ways 49. sunny 50. to succeed
C. 51. the ancient Chinese 52.  records 53. directions 54. put into 55. goes back
五、A. 56. built  57. Advantages 58. smart 59. entering 60. prevent/stop/keep
      61. improve 62. without 63. wildlife 64. unless 65.engineer
六、B 66. between 67. different 68. sure 69. studied /searched70. birth
      71. added  72. full 73. example 74. even 75. solve
七、
Dear Peter,
Would like to come to the newly-opened English corner with me?
The English corner is in Room 203 in the Art Buiding. It will be open from 3: 30 to 4:30 p.m. every Wednesday and Friday. We can talk about many interesting things in English. Of course, we can talk about learning English.
It will be a good chance for us to share our love for English. At the same time, we can make friends with students who have similar interests. I think many students will be waiting to communicate with there.
Please reply soon. I am looking forward to going there with you and I am sure we will have great fun together. 

Yours,
Andy

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