2018年中考(会考)适应性考试英语试题(泰州市海陵区带答案)

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2018年中考(会考)适应性考试英语试题(泰州市海陵区带答案)

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二○一八年海陵区中考适应性训练
英语试题
(考试时间:120分钟  满分120分)
请注意:1.本卷分选择题和非选择题两个部分。
2.所有试题的答案均填写在答题卡上,答案写在试卷上无效。

第一部分 选择题(60分)
一、单项选择题 从下列每题所给的选项中,选出一个最佳答案。(15分)
1. _____ more beautiful Taizhou was shown to the world in _____ fourth “Micro Film·Us” micro film competition.
 A. The; a    B. A; a    C. A; the    D. / ; the
2. ---Why did you go to bed so early yesterday evening?
---To get enough sleep, I make it a _______ to go to bed before 10 p.m..
A. plan    B. wish    C. secret    D. rule
3. ---Which would you like, tea or coffee?
  ---_______. It’s already 9:00 p.m.. I’d like milk because of my poor sleep.
 A. Neither   B. Either    C. Both    D. None 
4. Stephen Hawking, one of the most respected and best-known scientists, passed away _____ March 14, 2018 ______ the age of 76.
A. in; at    B. on; at    C. in; on    D. on; on
5. In the past five years, China has done a lot in overcoming poverty(脱贫攻坚). In the next three years, it is believed that we _______ the poverty problem.
A. have solved   B. will solve   C. solved    D. solve
6. ---Shall we go to Xinghua to see the rape flowers (油菜花) this weekend?
  --- _____ And it’s said that it is Xinghua Qianduo Rape Flowers Tourism Festival now. We can’t miss it.
A. Why not?      B. I’m not sure.     C. I am afraid not.  D. I don’t think so.
7. ---Don’t _______ the bottles and paper, they can be recycled.
---It’s nice of you to remind me. All of us should help to protect the environment.
A. wash away      B. put away   C. throw away   D. run away
8. ---On the TV show “Chinese Poetry Conference”, Lei Haiwei, a food delivery courier (外卖小哥) from
   Hangzhou won the final of the third season.
---How ______! I admire him for his effort.
A. energetic     B. amazing   C. generous     D. practical
9. ---The high school entrance examination is coming!
---Yes, our teacher tells us we ____ be too careful while taking exams.
A. mustn’t      B. shouldn’t   C. needn’t   D. can’t
10. The headmaster’s speech was really exciting. ______ his early hard experience encouraged us a lot.
 A. Probably   B. Exactly   C. Especially    D. Mostly
11. ---How do you like the documentary “A Bite of China III”?
---Wonderful! I like it very much, ____ many viewers think it’s not so attractive.
A. because    B. if     C. unless    D. although
12. ---Mother’s Day is coming. Are you going to send anything to your mother?
---Of course, but what present to buy ________ so far.
A. hasn’t decided      B. won’t decide    C. hasn’t been decided D. won’t be decided
13. ---Could you please tell me_________?
---I’m not sure. Perhaps in a couple of days.
A. when he is coming back    B. how many days he will stay there
C. how long will he be back   D. how soon will he come back
14. ---Do you plan to have a driving tour on the coming May Day?
---I’m afraid there is a lot of traffic, so I’d rather ______the train than _______a car.
A. take, to drive   B. take, drive  C. taking, driving  D. to take, to drive
15. ---I was told that Tom was charged with stealing the jewelry from the shop?
---it is just a misunderstanding(误会). _______, he had nothing to do with this case.
A. In fact    B. As a result    C. However    D. Moreover
二、完形填空 阅读短文,从每题所给选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(15分)
Every year, schools in Australia have a “Big Day” .
Students put their old things on sale for charity. The   16   will be used to help others. And at my school, the topic of Big Day is only about   17  ! After lunch, different   18   got a stall (摊位). All the students took turns running their grade’s stalls. Each one only had 10 minutes so that   19   could have fun. Every stall had their main   20  . For example, for Grade Ten’s stall, we   21   different drinks. The most popular one was an Oreo milk shake (奶昔)   22   ice cream. For Grade Eleven’s stall, the focus was the cheap lollipops (棒棒糖), which only cost $1 (6.56 yuan) per packet.
I could only work from 1:50 pm to 2 o’clock. But it was the   23  moment of the activity. The stall was usually crowded with quite a lot of people. I arrived at our stall three   24   earlier.
My partners arrived even earlier. They waved at me with big smiles on faces, and said   25  , “Come here! We need some help!” I was pulled to a table with a lot of paper cups. I was   26   to shake each cup for 30 seconds to make it taste better.
    However, when I shook the first cup for nearly 20 seconds, the salesman shouted, “Hey!   27  ! People are waiting!” So I speeded up and finally gave it to the   28   and they took it away with satisfaction.
After a while I was tired out and I couldn’t even   29   my own fingers. Finally, I   30   my work and bought a milkshake. It tasted a little bit sweeter.
16. A. bill             B. things            C. food          D. money
17. A. eating    B. playing   C. clothing  D. working
18. A. schools    B. grades    C. classes   D. pairs
19. A. everyone   B. no one    C. anyone  D. someone
20. A. programmes   B. products   C. purposes  D. projects
21. A. bought    B. mended   C. sold   D. borrowed
22. A. except     B. with    C. for   D. to
23. A. worst    B. simplest   C. busiest   D. best
24. A. hours    B. seconds   C. minutes  D. days
25. A. angrily    B. carefully   C. surprisingly  D. happily
26. A. hoped    B. forced            C. asked   D. refused
27. A. Hurry up   B. Eat up        C. Clean up  D. Get up
28. A. salesman   B. customer          C. partner   D. stall
29. A. feel    B. find           C. see   D. cure
30. A. finished    B. avoided   C. started   D. changed

三、阅读理解 阅读下列短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。(30分)
A
Inventions make the world better, smarter and – in some cases – a little more fun.
   The folding(可折叠的) bike helmet:
People refuse to wear a helmet because it’s thick and heavy. Morpher is a bike helmet made from plastics. It is just as strong as the traditional ones, but flexible(灵活的) enough to fold almost totally flat. Also it is much easier to carry.
  Shoes that tie themselves
After we see the movie Back to the Future, almost everyone wants a pair of self-tying shoes. Now, thanks to Nike, the shoe dream comes true. When you press a button, the shoes themselves tighten and loosen around your feet.
  The smart alarm clock-Hello Sense
An alarm clock, called Hello Sense, can improve your sleep. It can control the temperature, light and even air quality in your bedroom to help you have a perfect sleep environment. And it can record your sleep cycles.
 
Sweet potatoes that could save lives
The lack of vitamin A puts children at risk of blindness, malaria(疟疾) and many other diseases. In sub-Saharan Africa, plant scientists are helping them grow a kind of new sweet potatoes. These potatoes can help them fight viruses.
31. The folding bike helmet is _______.
A. thick and heavy      B. made from metal
C. not as strong as a traditional one  D. flexible enough to fold almost flat
32. Which company makes self-tying shoes?
A. Adidas.         B. Nike.       C. Kappa.       D. Lining.
33. The smart alarm clock can NOT _______.
A. improve our sleep      B. control our weight
C. record our sleep cycles    D. control the temperature in the bedroom
34. If someone has a poor eyesight, he may be in the lack of _______.
A. vitamin D      B. vitamin E    C. vitamin A      D. vitamin K
35. You can find the passage in a _______.
A. newspaper        B. storybook    C. guidebook    D. cookery book

B
When I was twenty years old, my grandmother invited me to Europe. I had never been to foreign countries before, so I was very excited. When I told my professor about the trip, he suggested, “Keep a journal.” More than ten years later, I am so thankful for his suggestion, as I can look back on this first trip to Europe through my journal.
Keeping a travel journal is very simple. During your vacation, write down the things that interest you. They may not be the tourist attractions but some small things, such as a meal and a talk.
Choose a good journal book that you like. The size of your book is also important. It should feel good in your hand. Some people feel that a travel journal book should be small and easy to carry, while others prefer a large-sized one. My journal has always been about 8*11 inches. I haven’t found any real problems with carrying it. It fits well into a backpack. You’d better get your journal with a waterproof(防水的) cover.
You can write with different kinds of pens or pencils to make your journal look beautiful. Even if you are not good at drawing, a journal can make you more creative. You will find yourself quickly drawing things or writing poems in your journal. Bring back some pictures and postcards so that you can put them in your journal. You can cut them into the shapes you like so that you can make your journal look more beautiful.
Tourist maps are also a wonderful thing to add to your journal because they show where you have been.
There are so many things you can write in your journal, such as the beautiful sights, a person you have seen in a museum, a café that has caught your attention and your feelings about your trip. All these small details do make up your trip.
36. The writer is grateful for his professor’s suggestion because _______.
A. he had a good time in Europe
B. he has been used to keeping a travel journal
C. he has learned a lot about how to keep a travel journal
D. the journal reminds him of the happy time in Europe.
37. “Keep a travel journal” means  _______.
A. take nice photos while travelling     B. write great poems while travelling
C. keep a written record while travelling  D. draw beautiful pictures while travelling
38. The writer advises to add some tourist maps to the journal to _______.
A. mark the most interesting places  B. record the places you have been to
C. avoid getting lost in strange places  D. find out where the next place is
39. According to the writer’s opinion, if you bring back some postcards, you can _______.
A. make your journal colorful     B. give them to friends 
C. make more money      D. tell others where you go
40. Who may most probably find the passage useful?
A. Those studying abroad.   B. Those enjoying writing.
C. Those loving travelling.   D. Those planning to be a journalist.

C
My husband and I were out shopping on a cold day. On the way out of the parking lot, we saw a man standing on the grass, holding a sign. The sign didn’t say anything about needing money or food, but simply said, “Help would be appreciated(感激)!”
My husband wanted to give him some money, but he just had credit cards with him, so he picked up a bag of fast food and gave it to the man. But thinking about what we gave wouldn’t be enough, we parked and asked him to go to a restaurant with us. He looked at us for a moment as if we were crazy, but then followed us.
The man told us that he was trying to save money for some candles that can warm him up, not for food that day. My heart broke. I explained that it was our treat and he could pick out anything he wanted from the menu. He said he always wanted to try a double cheeseburger, but had never got the chance. So we bought him a double cheeseburger and hot coffee. The total was around nine dollars. It was a piece of cake for us, but the world to him.
He said he had lost his flat after losing his job. Since then he’d lived in a tent because the shelters were full and he wanted to leave room for women and children. After he finished eating, we went to a store and bought some candles for him. Then we said goodbye.
We saw that man in our car a couple more times. We would give him a few dollars if we had any cash with us. Then one day, he just wasn’t there. A year passed and we never met again. One day, my husband and I went to the fast food place to treat ourselves. We heard a voice say “hi” while we were looking up at the menu. It was that man. He had been working there for eight months. He was preparing to get a flat, too.
We talked about how his life was going before there was a line behind us. Then I said we should probably pick something and get out of the way. He said, “I’ll treat you.”
He set down a tray(托盘) in front of us, with double cheeseburgers and hot coffee. I picked it up, thanked him and walked away before I started crying. What he didn’t know was that my husband had been without a job for six months. We only had last twenty-five dollars. The meal may not have meant much to him anymore, but it meant a lot to me. I sat down at the table, looked at the food and smiled.
41. Why did the writer’s husband give a bag of fast food to the man?
A. He wanted to help the man but he had no cash with him.   
B. He had several bags of fast food in the car.
C. He wanted to leave the parking lot right away.
  D. He knew the man needed food after reading his sign.
42. What can we learn about the man when they met for the first time?
  A. The writer thought the man was crazy.
  B. He was out of work after moving out of his flat.
C. Some women and children refused to share the shelter with him.
  D. He couldn’t believe the writer and her husband would help him further.
43. When the writer met the man a year later, ________.
  A. the man had got a job      B. the man had bought a new flat
C. she didn’t recognize(认出) him at first   D. the man had no change
44. What is TRUE according to the last two paragraphs?
A. The fast food cost twenty-five dollars.
  B. The man sold the writer and her husband some food.
  C. The writer and her husband didn’t pick out anything from the menu.
  D. Double cheeseburgers and hot coffee were the couple’s favorite food.
45. What may be the best title for the passage?
A. Doing well and having well    B. Actions speak louder than words
C. The early bird catches the worm   D. Put all your eggs in one basket


第二部分 非选择题(60分)
四、阅读表达  阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。回答下面5个问题,每题答案不超过6个词。(10分)
    In the Middle Eastern country of Lebanon, there are more than 1 million refugees(难民). Youssef was 10 years old when a local Syrian musician discovered his talent: a deep, powerful voice—well-suited to traditional songs. However, Syria’s civil war took place soon. He and his family lost their home.
When the Action for Hope Music School announced that it was looking for talented children to train, his family encouraged him to attend the school. A year and half later, the now-14-year-old, Yousssef, with another 11 children, was chosen to take part in a concert.
Youssef, a shy boy, was a lead singer in the concert. He gave a confident performance of traditional Syrian songs. “We only heard the sound of a mortar(迫击炮). It fell near us. A whole building came down. That is all I remember,” said Youssef. “Music makes me forget everything. Music is the most important thing.”
Basma, director of Action for Hope, said the music school offers children who suffers from the war strength. They can find a good way to express themselves and stop thinking of themselves as refugees.
“Art gives strength. It comes from the ability to create,” Basma said. “People who are in difficult conditions need this strength much more than the rich.”
46. When was Youssef’s talent discovered?
  ______________________________________________________________________
47. Why did Youssef and his family lose their home?  ______________________________________________________________________
48. Who did the Action for Hope Music School look for?
  ______________________________________________________________________
49. How many children were chosen to take part in the concert?
   ______________________________________________________________________
50. What do people in difficult conditions need to get from art?
______________________________________________________________________
五、任务型阅读  阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,每个空格只填1个单词。(10分)
English is quickly becoming known as the world language. It’s used far more widely than all the other spoken languages. And it is an official language in 60 countries as well as many small areas. It has become the most useful language to learn for international travel. What’s more, English is also a most important language on the Internet. So it’s necessary and important for you to learn English properly.
To learn English well, first of all you need to read any English language newspaper. You can go as slowly as you can in order to understand the meaning of what you are reading. While the structure of English is simpler than many other languages, its idioms(习语) make it more difficult to fully understand.
Secondly, you can find some children’s books to read. Those books, such as fables(寓言), short stories and legends are good because they are interesting and easy to read. Reading such stories can help you get more new words. Those who learn English as a second language can also choose children’s books with illustrations(插画).
Thirdly, every day, try to write down some of the key new words you have got that day. Go through this dictionary once a week so that you can recall the meanings of these words and they can stick in your memory forever. Every time you go through this dictionary, imagine the meanings of those words. What’s more, try to use the words you’ve noted in your dictionary in your daily conversation with your friends.
Last but not least, to learn English well, you should also read aloud as often as you can. If you’re too shy to talk with others, you’ll be only a loser. So you should talk with others in English. Reading aloud will help give you more confidence so that you can speak the words clearly.
The English study
An introduction to English ◆Of all languages, English is used the most   51   in the world.
◆60 countries and many small areas use it as their official language.
◆It is an important language used for international travel and on the Internet.
Four   52 
on studying English Read English newspapers ◆Read as slowly as   53   to develop a good understanding of what you’re reading.
◆You may find the structure of English simple, but may have   54     understanding its idioms.
 Read children’s books ◆You can read some easy and interesting fables, short stories and legends to improve your vocabulary.
◆Children’s books with illustrations are also a good   55  .
 Make your own     56   of words ◆Imagine what the words mean while   57   through the dictionary once a week.
◆Use the words in your own dictionary on purpose.
 Read aloud   58   ◆Be   59   to talk with others in English.
◆Improve your   60   by reading aloud.

六、词汇运用(10分)
A.根据句意和汉语提示,用单词的正确形式填空。(每空限一词)
61. The boy made so much   ▲   (进步) that his parents were so pleased with him.
62. My mother was always   ▲   (粗心大意) . She left her mobile phone in the taxi yesterday.
63. My teachers always   ▲   (提供) us with a lot of valuable suggestions about how to deal with the problems in the exams.
64. My mother is even   ▲   (严格) with me in my study than my father. I call them “Tiger Mom Cat Dad” at home sometimes.
65. Next Saturday is Jim’s mother’s   ▲   (第四十九) birthday, their family are going to have a party to celebrate it.
B.根据句意,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。(每空不限一词)
66. Since you   ▲   (hand) in your homework, why not go out to play with us?
67. More and more people are used to   ▲   (pay) by mobile phone when they are shopping, so they seldom take cash with them.
68. It is still   ▲   (know) whether all the students in our class have passed the exam.
69. --- Can robots take the place of humans   ▲   (complete) in the future?
--- It’s hard to say.
70. These foreign   ▲   (music) names are so difficult to remember, but their music works are really great.

七、短文填空 根据短文内容及首字母提示,补全空格内单词,使短文完整、通顺。(请在答题卡上写出完整单词)(10分)
There was once a young man who began to feel self-satisfied after some small achievements. One day, the young man took a walk with a wise man from the town. On the way the young man was showing off about h  71  , but the wise man didn’t say a word. When they c  72   to the top of the mountain, the wise man asked, “Look down. What do you see?”
“I see trees, farmland, houses and people as small as ants working in the fields,” the young man said p  73  .
“What do you feel?” the wise man asked.
“Everything is b  74   me. I feel I rule the world,” the young man answered.
The wise man said n  75  . After a minute, he asked the young man to look up. “What do you see this time?” the wise man asked.
“I saw birds f  76   around high mountains, the white clouds on the mountains and the blue sky above the white clouds,” the young man answered.
Then he asked the wise man’s f  77  . “I feel small and powerless,” the wise man r  78  . “A person who knows to look upward can clearly understand his position. When a person knows the blue sky is always overhead, he won’t be so s  79   as to believe he rules over the world or other people.”
The young man felt foolish for his pride. From then on, whenever he began to feel as if the world owed (亏欠) him something, he looked up at the sky and r  80   how small he really was. Try to look upward when you feel too good about yourself.

八、书面表达(20分)
初三毕业在即,你班将组织一次野餐活动。假如你是班长,请根据下面内容,用英文写一篇100词左右的活动计划,告知全体同学下列内容要点:
1. 全班下周周日早上8点在校门口集合,坐公交车前往天德湖公园;(已写出)
2. 上午的活动包括唱歌跳舞、观鸟、野炊,下午租(hire)自行车环湖骑行或划船等;
3. 准备好食物、饮料,也可以带上相机、乐器等;
4. 2:30在公园东南部的岛上集中,与老师合影后返回;
5. 确保安全,注意环保。(选择“安全”或“环保”之一具体谈两点注意事项)
要求:
1. 词数100个左右(文章的开头已经给出,不计入总词数);
2. 条理清晰,语义连贯,句式规范,字迹工整;
3. 不得出现真实的人名、校名、地名等相关信息。
Our class is going to have a picnic in Tiandehu Park next Sunday. We are going to meet at the
school gate at 8:00 a.m.. We plan to take a bus there.             ▲                
                                      ▲                             
                                      ▲                            
I’m sure we will have a lot of fun.

 

二○一八年海陵区中考适应性训练
英 语 答 案
第一部分 选择题(60分)
一、 单项选择题 从下列每题所给的选项中,选出一个最佳答案。(15分)
1---5 CDABB        6---10 ACBDC           11-15 DCABA
二、 完形填空 阅读短文,从每题所给选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(15分)
16---20 DABAB     21---25 CBCCD           26-30 CABAA
三、 阅读理解 阅读下列短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案。(30分)
31---35 DBBCA      36---40 DCBAC          41---45 ADACA
第二部分 非选择题(60分)
四、阅读表达  阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。回答下面5个问题,每题答案不超过10个词。(10分)
46. When he was 10 (years old). / At (the age of ) 10.  (2分)  / Before Syria’s civil war took place. (1分)
47. Because Syria’s civil war took place. / Because of Syria’s civil war.  (未写Because扣0.5分)
48. (The) Talented children.
49. 12.
50. (The / This) Strength. / The strength of art.
五、任务型阅读  阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词,每个空格只填1个单词。(10分)
51. widely      52. tips / suggestions    53. possible    54. difficulty      55. choice
56. dictionary   57. going        58. often       59. brave         60. confidence
六、词汇运用(10分)
A.根据句意和汉语提示,用单词的正确形式填空。(每空不限一词)
61. progress     62. careless     63. provide      64. stricter      65. forty-ninth
B.根据句意,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。(每空不限一词)
66. have handed   67. paying    68. unknown     69. completely   70. musicians’
七、短文填空 根据短文内容及首字母提示,补全空格内单词,使短文完整、通顺。(请在答题卡上写出完整单词)(10分)
71. himself    72. climbed      73. proudly       74. below     75. nothing
76. flying     77. feeling(s)     78. replied       79. silly       80. realized / remembered
八、书面表达(20分)
Our class is going to have a picnic in Tiandehu Park next Sunday. We are going to meet at the school gate at 8:00 a.m.. We plan to take a bus there. We will have many activities including singing, dancing and having a picnic in the morning. And in the afternoon, we can hire bicycles to ride around the lake or go rowing on the lake. So please take plenty of food and drink. You can also pack your cameras or musical instruments. We will meet again at 2:30 p.m. on the island in the southeast of the park. We will return after taking photos with our teachers. It is important for us to keep ourselves safe during the activities. (Swimming is not allowed and we must follow the traffic rules.) And we must keep the park clean at the same time. (We shouldn’t throw rubbish everywhere. Instead, we should separate the rubbish into different groups so that it can be recycled. )
I’m sure we will have a lot of fun.

初中英语作文评分档次
四档文:内容不完整,语言表述错误很多,不能完整地表达思想。可得0-4分
三档文:内容完整,重点描述合理,但表述不充分,层次结构不合理,语言不够流畅,字迹不够工整,5-6  处语法或拼写错误;字数不足。可得5-12分
二档文:内容完整,重点描述比较充分,层次结构比较清晰,语言比较流畅,字迹工整,有3-4处语法或拼写错误;字数符合要求。可得13-16分
一档文:内容完整,重点描述清楚、合理,表达充分,层次结构清晰,字迹工整,可读性强,语言流畅,仅有1-2处语法或拼写错误;字数符合要求。可得17-20分
初中英语作文评分标准
评分原则:
1.总分20分,按5个档次给分。中档属于第三档(13-16分)。
2.评分时,先跟据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。
3.总词数不足的,可在本题总得分中扣去1分。
4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点|、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和正确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。各要素的权重大体为:卷面书写(2分),内容12分(其中要点8分,语意连贯4分),语法结构、单词拼写、标点(4分),词数(2分)。
5.拼写与标点符号是语言正确性的一个方面,评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。
【各档次的给分范围和要求】
一类(17-20分):写出全部内容要点,语句流畅。基本无语法和词汇方面的错误,少数错误主要是由于较高级词汇或复杂结构所致。词数达到要求。基本无单词拼写及标点错误。
二类(13-16分):写出大部分要点类容。语句较流畅。有少量语法和词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。有少量单词拼写及标点错误。
三类(9-12分):写出部分要点。语句基本通顺。有一些语法和词汇错误,有少量单词及标点错误。
四类(5-8分):写出少量内容要点,语句不通顺。语法、词汇、单词拼写、标点错误较多。只有少量句子表达正确。
五类(0-4分):基本上没有写出内容要点,语法、词汇、单词拼写错误较多。基本上没有通顺的句子。只写出一些单词,不知所云。
【说明】
1、要点可用不同方式表达。
2、对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。
凡不写任何内容,抄袭、所写内容无法看清者一律给0分。

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