文 章来 源莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cO m Unit 1 Section 1A
by making flashcards 通过做单词抽认卡
by doing sth 通过…..方式（途径）。
例：I learn English by listening to tapes.
②在…..旁边。例：by the window/the door
③乘坐交通工具 例：by bus/car
⑤被 例：English is spoken by many people.
2.read the textbook读/看教科书
3.make vocabulary lists 列生词表
4.listen to tapes听磁带
5.ask sb for help向某人求助
6.study for a test为备考学习
8.practice sth练习某事;practice doing sth练习做某事 Do you ever practice conversations with friends (与朋友对话)? I have to practice speaking English everyday.
10.that way=in that way 通过那种方式
11.improve my speaking skills
It’s too hard for me to understand the article. = It’s so hard that I can’t understand the article.
13. for example=for instance 例如
14. ask about询问有关…;ask sb about sth向某人询问/打听有关…. We asked them about the best ways to learn more English. I want to ask about the use of the new machines.
15. watch/see/hear sb do sth观看/看见/听见某人做过某事;watch/see/hear sb doing sth观看/看见/听见某人正在做某事 He can watch actors say the words. Can you hear him singing in the room?
16. 辨析:sometime ;sometimes ;some times ;some time ①sometime在将来/过去的某一时间 I’ll speak to him about it sometime. 我会找个时间和他谈谈这事. I met her sometime last year.去年的某个时候我见过她. ② sometimes = at times有时,偶尔It is sometimes hot and sometimes cold here. He sometimes writes to me. ③some time A.一些时间:It will take you some time
to walk there. B.在未来的某时=sometime: Phone me some time next week下个星期什么时候给我打电话吧. ④some times一些次,几次 I've told him the thing some times.
17. join短语:①join sb加入到某人的活动中去 ②join in+活动项目"参加…活动" I'd like to join in the game. ③join+组织机构"加入到某个组织机构,成为其中的一个成员"join the Party; join the League, The best way to improve your English is to join an English club
18. have fun 玩得高兴
19. not at all 一点也不
20. get excited 高兴、激动
21. end up (vi.) 结束; 告终; 结果 ; 最后
end up doing sth.
We end up taking a taxi there .我们结果乘出租车去了那里. We sometimes end up speaking in Chinese.(以说汉语结束对话)
22. do a survey 做调查;do a survey about针对…做调查 I'm doing a survey about learning English. 我在进行学习英语的调查。
23. keep an English notebook 记英语笔记
2.make mistakes/make a mistake犯错误
3.get the pronunciation right 使发音准确
4.practice speaking English 练习说英语
5.first of all 首先
6.to begin with 一开始
7.late on 随后
8. be afraid to do因为害怕而不敢做某事
I'm afraid to speak in class.
9. in class 在课堂上
10.laugh at sb嘲笑某人;
laugh at sth因为某事而发笑
12.辨析: too , also , either: too, also用于肯定句 ,疑问句;also用于行前be后,情后助后 ; either用于否定句,置句末
13.decide to do sth决定做某事
15.have trouble doing sth在…方面有困难 If you have some trouble spelling new words , you can look them up in the dictionary.
16. enjoy doing 喜欢干
17. be impressed 深受感动
impress sth on sb/impress sb with sth
18.write down 写下、记下
19.look up（v-adv） “查字典 ”
20. feel+形容词 “感觉起来…”
21. native speakers 说本族话的人
22. make up 组成、构成
Most people speak English as a second language.
You can use the book as your textbook.
Regard problems as challenges.
24. around the world 全世界
How do you deal with your problem?
2. unless连词 “除非…否则…” (不用于假想的事) Unless you start at once , you will be late. 除非你马上出发,否则你要迟到了.
Nobody , unless Tom can help you. 除了汤姆别人帮不了你。
3.worry about （be worried about）
4.be angry with 生某人的气
5.stay angry 生气
6.go by 消逝
7. affect (vt.)影响,感动 Worrying about our problem affects how we do at home.
8. have disagreements有分歧 ,意见不同
9. regard…as… 把……当做……
10.complain about…抱怨… Many students complain about school. He often complains about the weather here.
We must learn how to change problems into challenges.
12.try one's best to do sth尽力做某事
13.with the help of 在...的帮助下
14.think of (think about) 想起、想到15.compare A to B 把A比作B
Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer. 科学家有时将人脑比作电脑。
16. physical problems 身体上的问题
17. face the challenge面对挑战
18. forget about (口语)不要放在心上;忘掉 Did you forget about the meeting ? He forgot about sweeping the floor .
19. break off 中断
break off a friendship断绝友谊;断交
20. in a way用某种方式 ;
in a positive way以正面的方式
1.used to do过去常常作某事,表示以往的事实或情况
He used to be tall , didn’t he ? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t.
2.Over here! = Come over here! 到这边来!过来!
3.play the piano 弹钢琴
4.be interested in 对…感兴趣.
5. be on a team 加入…队 I'm on a swim team.
6.People sure change.人确实在变
7.be afraid of ⑴害怕，畏惧：be afraid of sth /doing sth 害怕… I used to be afraid of the dark. Fred is afraid of flying. He feels anxious before he gets on the plane. He is afraid of going /to go out alone at night. 他害怕夜晚独自出去。⑵担忧，忧虑（为某事可能产生的后果而担忧） He is afraid of dying.他怕死。
8.be alone 独自、单独（表状态）
fell lonely 感到孤独，寂寞
9.in an airplane 坐飞机.
10.go to sleep 入睡、睡着
11. be terrified of 害怕.
be terrified of sb/sth
12.with the light on开着灯;with the eyes closed闭着眼睛 He often sleeps with the light on.他经常开灯睡觉。
1. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学
take the bus to school = go to school by bus
2. gym class 体操课.
3. worry about. 担心.
4. all the time 一直, 总是
5.these days 如今，现在
6. go right home马上回家 ，直接回家
7. spend time/money (in) doing sth
辨析:pay; take; cost ; spend:① sb pay for sth支付…的费用;pay money for sth ②It takes (sb) time/money to do sth. ③sth cost (sb) money ④sb spend time/money on sth /in doing sth
8. chat with 与…闲聊
9. hardly ever 几乎从不
hardly“几乎不”，表示否定含义，类似的词有：never，few，little，nothing，nobody等。 I am so tired that I can hardly do anything.我太累了几乎什么事情也干不了了。There is hardly any food left for me.几乎没有给我剩什么吃的东西。
10.the old days 过去的日子
11. in the last (few years)
My life has changed a lot in the last few years.
1. cause trouble惹麻烦
2. afford to do sth支付得起…的费用
I can't afford to see the movie.
3. as well as“不仅…而且…；既…又…”
His mother looked after him as well as she could.他的母亲尽可能好好照顾他
Living things need air and light as well as water.
She helps Tom as well as I.
4．get into trouble招惹麻烦; get into trouble with sb惹…的麻烦,与…发生纠缠 He often gets into trouble with the police.
5．in the end 最后, 终于
6．make a decision 做出决定
8．to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是
9．even though=even if“即使”
Even if I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there.
I like her even though she can be annoying.尽管有时他很烦人，但是我还是喜欢她。
11．take pride in对…感到自豪
He would take pride in everything good I do.
12．pay attention to sb
13． a top student尖子生
14.give up 放弃
15．not …any more英式
② He likes music.----- Music is liked by him. I ask him to help her.---He is asked to help her. She makes me go there every day. ----I am made to go there every day by her. They gave me some flowers. ----I was given some flowers by them . Some flowers were given to me by them.
③特殊句型:be made in; be made of; be made from; be made up of; be used /spoken as
2. be allowed to do sth 被允许干…
I am not allowed to watch TV at home. allow sb to do sth 允许某人干…
allow doing sth 允许干…
3. go out with their friends
4.sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls 16岁的孩子
5.part-time jobs 兼职工作
6.get one’s ears pierced 穿耳孔
get sth +过去分词“使…被…”You must get your coat washed. I couldn't get my car started this morning.今天早晨我无法把汽车发动起来
7.choose one’s own clothes 选自己的衣服
8. a driver’s license 驾照
9.enough 用法: enough money/books; old enough
10.seem to 好像
11.on weekends 在周末
12.instead of 代替，而不是
辨析:instead (adv.); instead of (prep.) I won’t go there, I’ll go to the park instead. They talk instead of doing homework. I did it instead of him.
13． at that age 在那个年龄段
14.so do we 我们也一样
So + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定) 表示与前面所述事实一致.
Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定) 表示与前面所述事实一致.
例: He likes oranges. So do we.
He doesn’t like oranges. Neither do we.
She went to the cinema yesterday. So did I.
She didn’t go to the cinema yesterday. Neither did I.
Tom can swim. So can John.
Tom can’t swim. Neither can John.
So +主语+ be动词/助动词/情态动词 表示对前面事实的进一步确认.
例: Henry is very tired. So he is.(的确是)
He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.(的确是)
They will win the game. So they will.(他们会的)
15．on school nights 在上学期间的每个晚上
16．by 10:00pm 晚上十点前，by不迟于，常用于将来时的句子中
17.stay up熬夜 ，不睡觉
He is allowed to stay up until 11:00.
18.clean up (v-adv.) 打扫干净, 收拾整洁 They were all busy cleaning up the ground.
1. get to class late . 上课迟到
2.fail (in) sth做某事失败 Do you ever worry that you'll fail (in) a test?
fail (in) a test考试不及格;
pass a test考试及格;
take a test参加考试
3. be strict with 对…要求严格
be strict with+人. be strict in+事物.
4.the other day前几天,不久以前
5.all my classmates 我所有的同学
We would concentrate more on our clothes.
7.辨析:①be good to sb/sth对…好 She is very good to me.② be good to do sth做某事好 例:Why is it good to volunteer? ③be good at擅长;④ be good for对…有益 Swimming is good for our health.
8. be a good way to do 是…的好方法
9.keep +宾语+形容词 “使…保持…状态”
We must keep him happy.Keep the door closed.
10.both;neither用法:Both answers are right.---Neither answer is right.
Both of the answers are right.---Neither of the answers is right.
11. It’s a good idea for sb. to do
12. in groups 成群的,按组的
13.get noisy 吵闹(系表结构)
14. learn from 向某人学习
At present, the holidays are too short.
16. have an opportunity to do sth
17. be a good/great experience for sb.
18. English-English dictionary 英英词典
19. at least 至少
20. eight hours’ sleep a night
21. an old people’s home 敬老院
22. perform a play for sb为…表演节目
23. primary schools 小学
24. newspaper office报社
25. be sleepy 睏
26. after a long week of classes
27. have…off 放假,休息
28. reply to 回答,答复
1.get in the way of妨碍
2 a professional athlete 职业运动员
3.achieve one’s dreams实现某人的梦想
4. have nothing against doing sth不反对…
5. think about 思考,考虑
6. in the end 最后,终于
7.make a decision 做决定
Should I be allowed to make my own decisions?
8.be serious about对…感兴趣的/是认真的.
But I'm serious about running.
9. spend…on + n. spend …(in) + v-ing 在…上花费时间/金钱
I know that my father cares about me.
1. give the money to charity
2. put the money in the bank存钱
3. medical research 医学研究
4.wear a shirt and tie 穿西装打领带
5.What if …… 如果…怎么样？
6.get nervous 紧张
8.take a walk散步
9.take a big exam 参加大考
11. be a lot of trouble很麻烦
1.in public 在公共场合 2.hardly ever 几乎不
3. give a speech 演讲
4. the whole school 全校
5. without permission 未经许可
6. be in a movie 演电影
7. be(make) friends with 与…交朋友
8. introduce myself自我介绍
9. introduce…to… 把…介绍给…
10. invite…to do… 邀请…干…
11. social situations 社会环境
12. in the slightest 一点也，根本
not… in the slightest 根本不，一点也不 “Do you mind my opening the window?”
“Not in the slightest . Please do it.”
13. plenty of 很多的，足够的
14.get along with 与 … 相处;
get along with someone very well
15. say something bad about somebody
16. right away 立刻，马上
17. think about考虑
18. all day 全天
19. be friendly to 对…友好
20. at lunch time 在午饭时间
21. a bit shy 有点害羞
22. English speech contest 英语演讲比赛
23. represent the class代表班级
24. come top in… 在 … 中取得第一
26. come up with: =to think of ( a plan, answer, reply,etc.)针对问题提出，想出（解决方法）
27. the rest of the students 其余的学生
1.have a lot of experience (in) doing sth
2.deal with 对付，处理
3.come out 出版
4.give advice on…
5.by accident 偶然地，无意之中
6.hurry to do sth 匆匆忙忙干…
7.an internet friend 网友
1.belong to…属于…的;是…的一员 The book belongs to him.那本书属于他的。 I belong to the tennis club.我是网球俱乐部的一员。 What party do you belong to?你是哪个党的党员？
2.表示肯定推测:must一定,肯定; can/could可能; may/might也许,或许;表示否定推测:can’t 不可能 例句:The French book must be Li Ying’s , she is the only one who’s studying French. The homework can’t be Carol’s. She wasn’t at school today. The ticket might be my aunt’s or my uncle’s. They are both going to the concert.
3.toy car 玩具汽车
4.favorite author 最喜欢的作家
5.at the picnic 在野餐中
6.listen to classical music听古典音乐
7.a hair band 一个发带
9.they both 他们两个
10.go to the concert去听音乐会
11.have any/some idea知道
have no idea不知道
12.during the concert 在音乐会中
13.in the symphony hall 在交响乐大厅
14.try to do sth. 设法做某事
15.a math test on algebra 数学的代数考试
16.count 30% to… 百分之三十计入……
17.the final exam 期末考试
18. because of sth./doing sth. 因为……
辨析：because； because of：
because of +代词/名词 是“因为”的意思，而because后加从句
She didn’t know yesterday’s homework, because she didn’t come yesterday.
She is worried because of her test. Because of these, he failed.
19.a present for… 给某人的礼物
1.chase追赶=run after;赶走,追捕 The Johnsons' cat likes to chase the mice as if it were playing with them. 约翰逊家的猫喜欢追逐老鼠,好象它在跟它们闹着玩似的。
The alien is chasing the boy. The cat chased the mouse but could not catch them.
2.run for exercise跑步锻炼
He could be running for exercise.
3. in the sky 在天空中
4. a strange creature 一个奇怪的生物
5. a woman with a camera 带着照相机的妇女
6. wear a suit 穿西服
7. catch a bus 赶公共汽车
8.used to … 过去常常……
9.these days 近来
10.in our neighborhood 在我们社区
11.the local school/newspaper/zoo
12strange noises 奇怪的声音
13.outside our window 在窗户外
14.have fun 娱乐
15.next door neighbor 隔壁邻居
16.at first 开始
17.be worried 焦虑的
18.his or her own idea她（他）自己的看法19.there must be 一定有
21.in the hallway 在走廊
22.get in the window 进入窗户
23.in front of 在……的前面
24.escape from 从……逃出
25.in an ocean 在海洋里
an ocean of许许多多、无穷无尽的
an ocean of paper题海 I was swimming in an ocean
of paper last night.
26.too much 太多.
27.be care of=look out当心、小心
28.be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做……
29.get on the plane 上飞机
30.be worried about…担心……
31.a strange smell 一种奇怪的味道
32.句型: It is + 形容词/名词 + to do sth It is the best time to swim.
It is my greatest happiness to help others.帮助别人是我最大的快乐.
33.pretend to do sth假装做某事
He pretended to be reading.他假装在看书. pretend to be ill装病
Yesterday I used up all my money.
1.dance to the music跟着音乐跳舞 I like the music that I can dance to.
⑴prefer sth更喜欢…; I prefer summer to winter.和冬季相比我更喜欢夏季. I prefer music that has great lyrics.我更喜欢有抒情词句的音乐.
⑵prefer doing to doing…与…相比更喜欢…;I prefer swimming to skating.与滑冰相比我更喜欢游泳.
⑶prefer to do rather than (to) do宁可/宁愿…而不… I prefer to die rather (to) steal.我宁死也不愿偷窃. I prefer to stay home rather than go out to play.我宁可呆在家里也不愿出去玩。
⑷prefer doing/to do sth更喜欢做某事 I prefer singing/to sing.我喜欢唱歌。
3.quiet and gentle music轻柔的音乐
⑴ remind + of sth/sb;
⑵remind + that从句 ;
⑶ remind sb.of sth. The pictures remind me of my school days. 这些照片使我想起了我的学生时代. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.
⑷remind sb.that+宾语从句 I remind him that he must go home before dark.我提醒他天黑前必须回家.
⑸remind sb.to do sth. Can you remind me to wake me up at 6 o’clock?
5.动名词作宾语句型:enjoy doing喜欢做;finish doing做完;give up doing放弃做;practice doing练习做;mind doing介意做;miss doing错过做;feel like doing想要做
6.along with和…一道，连同… 一起I love music that I can sing along with.我喜欢能够一起唱歌的音乐.
7.call的用法:I like the CD called Heart Strings. (被叫做) This is the boy called Tom.(被叫做) The boy called Mary.(给…打电话) We can call him Xiao Ming.(叫作，称作)
8.What do you think of… ? 你认为…怎么样? ---What do you think of it? ---I enjoy it a lot.
9.next door neighbor隔壁邻居
10.there be sb doing There must be something visiting the homes in our neighborhood.一定有什么东西在拜访我们小区里的家园。 There are many boys playing soccer on the playground.
11.It is less of a problem to be poor than to be dishonest.和不诚实相比，贫穷不是个问题。 Parking is less of a problem with a small car.对于小汽车来说，停车场地不会有问题。
12.go through的意思是“仔细讨论，仔细查看，全面研究”。Go through your plan before you make a decision.在决定之前先仔细看一下你的计划。
1. 希望做某事 hope to do sth. hope that +句子
2. 为什么不 why not do sth. =why don’t you do sth.
3. 考虑做某事 consider doing sth.
4. …的首都 the capital of
5. one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一
6. 通常, 大体上 in general
7. 消费很高 quite an expensive= very expensive
8. (按规定,习俗,安排) 应当 be supposed to do /be
9. 暖和的地方 somewhere warm
10. 在中国的东部(内) in the east of
11. 在中国的东部(边) on the east of
12. 在中国的东部(外) to the east of
13. 给某人提供某物 provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. to / for sb.
14. 给某人提供某物offer sth. to sb.= offer sb. sth.
15. 主动提出做某事 offer to do sth.
16. 最好做某事 It’s best to do…
17. 你最好(不)做某事 you’d better ( not ) do …
18. 攒钱 save money
19. 一年中的这个时候 this time of year
20. 尽快地 as soon as possible = as soon as one can / could
21. 继续做某事 continue to do / doing sth.= go on doing sth.
22. 梦见，梦想dream of /about + doing / sth.
23. 愿意做 be willing to do = be pleased / glad to
24. 相当多的 quite a few + pl.
25. 下结论 make a conclusion
26. 继续, 坚持 hold on to + doing / n.
27. 看起来, 似乎 It seems/ed that+句子 = Sb. seems/ed to do sth
28go on vacation 去度假
29.trek through the jungle 徒步穿越丛林
30.some day 有朝一日
31.one of the liveliest cities 最有活力的城市之一
32.be supposed to do sth. 应该干。
33.pack light clothes 穿薄衣服
34.take a trip 去旅行
35.provide sb with sth = provide sth for sb 为了某人提供某物
36.be away 离开，远离
37.the answer to the question 问题的答案
38.according to 根据。按照。
39.work as tour guides 做导游的工作
40.achieve one’s dreams 实现梦想
41.sail across the pacific 横渡太平洋
42.hold on to 保持，不要放弃（卖掉）
43.take it easy 从容 轻松 不紧张
44.Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉大瀑布
45.Eiffel Tower 艾菲尔铁塔
46.Notre Dame Cathedral 巴黎圣母院
1.clean up 清扫
2.give out 分发，发放
3.cheer up=make…happier 使...高兴，使...振作
4.after school study program 课外学习班
5.come up with=think up 提出，想出
6.put off 推迟
7.write down 写下，记下
8.put up 张贴
9.hand out 分发，发放
10.call up 打电话
11.ser up=establish 建立
12.be home to sb 是某人的家园
13.volunteer one’s time to do sth 自愿花时间干...
14.put…to use… 把...投入使用 15.elementary school 小学
16.plan to do sth 计划干...打算干
17.coach a football team for kids 训练少年足球队
18.start a Chinese History club 开办一个中国史俱乐部
19.run out of 用完，耗尽
20.take after 在性格或长相方面与父母相象
21.fix up 修理
22.give away 捐赠
23.be similar to 与...相似
24.ask for 索要
25.a call-in center for parents 家长热线
26.hang out 闲荡
27.put up signs asking for singing jobs 张贴寻求唱歌工作的广告
28.run out of money for singing lessons 学唱歌的钱用完了
29.disabled people 残疾人
30.for sure 确实如此，毫无疑问
31.fill…with... 用...填充...be full of 装满了...
33.a specially trained dog 一只经过特殊训练的狗
34.train sb to do sth 训练某人干...
35.fetch my book 把我的书拿来
36. 推迟, 拖延 put off + doing sth. / sth. till / until …
37. 今日事今日毕 Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
38. 不但…而且 not only …but also
39. 轮流做某事 take turns
40. 一点点地，逐渐地 little by little
41. 务必，一定 be sure to do / that +句子
42. 把…装满… fill…with … be filled with = be full of
43. 面对面 face to face
1．用来做 be used for + doing = be used to do
2．用作 be used as
3．带有调整后跟的鞋 shoes with adjustable heels
4．整天 all day
5．整日整夜 all day and all night
6．往….上撒… sprinkle sth. with / on sth.
7．按照，根据 according to + n.
8．落入，陷入 fall into
9．入睡 fall asleep
10. 落后 fall behind
11. 一种宜人的香气 a pleasant smell
12. 一个古老的中国传说 an ancient Chinese legend
13. 烧开水 boil drinking water
14. 以这种方式 in this way
15. 在六世纪 in the sixth century
16. 与…相撞 knock into
17. 把…划分为. Divide …into
18. 跌倒 fall down from = fall off + n.
19. …的数量 the number of + the pl.
20. 一些 a number of = some + pl.
1．起床 get up
2．醒来，唤醒 wake up wake sb. up
3．到…的时候 by the time = when + 时间从句（常用一般过去时）
4．到达学校 get to school = arrive at school / reach school
5．把我的书包忘在家里 left my backpack at home
6．动身去… leave for
7．发生了什么事？ What happened?
8．某人某物发生了什么事 happen to sb. / sth.
9．经过安排的）发生 take place
10. 返回，回来 get back = come back
11. 回电话 ring back
12. 给（某人）打电话 ring (sb.) up.
13.（闹钟）发出响声 go off
14. 跑开 run off to + n.
15. 按时，准时 on time / in time 及时
16. 损坏，抛锚 break down
17. 露面，来到 ( sb. )show up
18.（事物等）出现，发生 come up
19. 邀请某人做某事 invite sb. to do sth. invite sb. to + n.
20. 激起，引起 set off
21. 从…逃跑 flee from = escape from
22. 尽可能多的 as much as possible
23. 结婚 get married = be married ( to sb. )
24. 嫁给某人，娶某人 marry sb.
25. 一块，一张 a piece of + UC
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