八年级英语下册第二单元练习题及答案

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八年级英语下册第二单元练习题及答案

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来源莲
山课件 w ww.5 Y K j.Co M

新目标八年级下2单元练习题

I.单项选择(共10小题,满分为10分)
1.I think you should borrow some money ____ your friends.
a. from   b. to   c. for   d. in
2.—May I use your dictionary, please?
—Of course, but please ____it as soon as possible.
a. take   b. give   c. return  d. bring
3.—Why is John unhappy?
—Because he ____ the English exam.
a. passed   b. didn’t fail   c. went through   d. failed
4.He gave us ____ on studying English.
a. an advice b. some advices c. many advice   d. some advice 
5.She looks very busy. I want to help her, but I don’t know____.
a. how to do   b. what to do it   c. what to do   d. why to do
6. Mr Smith eats ____ meat, so he is ____ fat now.
a. too much, too much  b. much too, much too  c. too much, much too d. much too, too much
7. Does everyone ____ have something to say?
a. other  b. another  c. else   d. others
8. —I’m sorry I broke the window.
—I’m afraid you have to ____it.
a. look for  b. get back   c. cut up   d. pay for
9. He finds ____ hard to finish the work in two days.
a. it   b. that   c. this   d. its
10. Don’t ____ it. Let’s try again.
a. argue with   b. complain about   c. get on   d. be angry with
II.完形填空(共10小题,满分为10分)
Dear Pet,
Without knowing more about you, it’s hard for me to give you some good advice.
But first, I am sure that you are   1  . You said that nobody would care if you left home. What about your  2   ? And other family members? It seems that you are very   3    . You’d better go to a doctor or talk   4   your parents. They will be able to help you.
Second, I’m sure there’s someone else in your class who feels lonely,   5   . You never know  6   other people feel. Try to make friends with your classmates. And you could   7   a club to meet new people and make friends, too.
You   8   find happiness in yourself. So my   9   advice is to write a list of all the good things about yourself, learn to like yourself, and then   10   will see your confidence (信心)and like you, too.
Editor
1. a. right        b. wrong           c. OK          d. clever
2. a. teachers   b. classmates   c. parents     d. friends
3. a. popular        b. tired     c. sad     d. happy 
4. a. to        b. about   c. of         d. with
5. a. too         b. either      c. also         d. to
6. a. why        b. how   c. when      d. where
7. a. take part in   b. join        c. join in      d. take part
8. a. mustn’t    b. shouldn’t   c. need to       d. can’t
9. a. finally   b. last        c. end          d. first
10. a. other       b. the other   c. others        d. another
III.阅读理解(共10小题,满分为20分)
 (A)
One of the most popular item (项) in the class newspaper is the advice column(专栏). Here are some of them and their answers ——
Q: I’m always late for school. I try not to be late, but I can’t help (避免) it. Please advise me what to do. Tommy.
A: You are probably late for school because you don’t really like school. My advice to you is to enjoy school more, and then you won’t be late so often.
Q: I find it difficult to make friends. What do you think I should do? Sara.
A: I can’t advise you until I know more about you. Your problem may be that you are shy. On the other hand, it may be the opposite. You may be too bold (大胆). Write and tell me more about yourself.
Q: I’m always at the bottom (末尾) of the class. What do you advise me to do? Molly.
A: I advise you to concentrate (集中注意力) on improving your grades in one subject at first. Next, try to improve your grades in another subject. If you do this, by the end of the year you should be quite a long way up from the bottom in all your subjects.
根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。
1.What is the main idea of this passage?
a. The school newspaper has an advice column.
b. Tommy wrote to the school newspaper to ask for advice.
c. Sara finds it difficult to make friends.
d. The advice column in the school newspaper is very popular.
2. What is Tommy’s problem?
a. He is always late for school.
b. He finds it difficult to make friends.
c. He is always at the bottom of the class.
d. He needs help with his homework.
3. What does the adviser (建议者) want Sara to do?
a. Stop being so shy.
b. Stop being so bold.
c. Make more friends.
d. Give more information about herself.
4. What does Molly want to do?
a. Make more friends.
b. Improve her grades.
c. Stay at the bottom of her class.
d. Concentrate on one subject at a time.
5. By the end of the year, what should Molly have in all her subjects?
a. At the bottom.
b. At little way up from the bottom.
c. Quite a long way up from the bottom.
d. At the top.
 (B)
A good way to pass an exam is to work hard every day. You may not pass an exam if you only work hard before the exam. If you are getting ready for an English exam, do not only learn grammar rules. Try to read stories in English and speak English whenever you can. Before you start the exam, read the questions carefully. Try to understand the exact (确切的) meaning of each question before you pick up your pen to write. When you finish the exam, read answers once more, correct the mistakes if there are any and make sure that you don’t miss anything out.
根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。
6.How can you do well in an exam?
a. Work hard every day.   b. Read stories in English.
c. Be careful in doing the questions. 
d. Read your answers once more before you hand in your paper.
7. Only learning rules of grammar ____ to pass an English exam.
a. is enough   b. is not enough   c. is good  d. is not good
8. It is not a good way ____.
a. to read English stories   b. to learn rules of grammar
c. to speak English as much as possible 
d. to work hard only a few days before the exam
9. The word “whenever” means ____.
a. every time   b. what time   c. at any time   d. forever
10. Before you start the exam, what should you do?
a. Read your answers loudly.
b. Correct the mistakes carefully.
c. Write the meaning of each question.
d. Read the questions carefully.
IV.任务型阅读(满分为10分)
Dear John,
   I am very upset and I need some help. You know I will finish college soon, and I have to decide about my future. I like the computer and I really want to work on it.
Last Sunday I asked my family for some advice. They had quite different ideas about my future! My father said I should to go university and study computer engineering. My mother thought I should get a job as a computer salesperson, so I could make a lot of money. My brother wanted to start a web site design company with me. My sister did poorly in computer science and she wanted  me to teach her in her school. My uncle manages a famous software company. He hoped I could join his company. As you see, it is very difficult for me to decide which one is the best. What do you think? Write me soon.
Yours,
Jordan
根据短文内容,完成下列表格。
Person Advice
Father  You should (1)______.
Mother  You should be a computer salesperson to (2)______.
Brother Let’s (3)______.
Uncle  You should (4)______.
Sister  You could teach (5)______.
V.词汇考查(共10小题,满分为10分)
A)根据句意和所给首字母,在句子空白处填入适当的单词。(5分)
1. She is the smartest in her class. She often has o___ ideas.
2. I a____ with my father, but I felt sorry for that now.
3. This dress is out of s____. She doesn’t want to take it.
4. The writing materials (文具) i____ pens, pencils, erasers and books.
5.The coat is too large. It doesn’t f____ me.
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空
6.Our English teacher is ____(friend) to us.
7. Today many students are under much ____(press). They are stressed out.
8. The children enjoyed _____(they) in the park last Sunday.
9. The students often have ____(organize) activities on weekends.
10.They are ____(craze) about dancing and singing.
VI.完成句子(共5小题,满分为10分)
根据汉语完成句子,每空一词。
1.当你到北京时给我打电话。
____ ____ ____ when you get to Beijing.
2.她与她的朋友们相处很融洽。
She is ____ ____ ____ ____ her friends.
3.我的表弟和我同龄。
My cousin is ____ ____ ____ ____me.
4.另一方面,我不知道如何使用电脑。
____ ____ ____ ____, I don’t know how to use the computer.
5.我们应尽可能多地说英语。
We should speak English ____ ____ ____ ____.
VII. 选择恰当的词,并用其适当的形式填空,每词限用一次。(共10小题,满分为10分)
(work, be, take, see, feel, excite, look, watch, leave, live)
Last Sunday, Mr Gao (1)____ his class to the Space Museum in Guangzhou. There (2)_____ many things about space there. First, they (3)____ a movie about space travel. They (4)____ how the space shuttle (航天飞机) took off in space and later landed (降落) on earth again. It was very (5)____ and they (6)____ that they were traveling in space themselves!
After the movie, Mr Gao took them to see some models for rockets and the space shuttle. The models (7)____ very real, but they were smaller.
Before they (8)_____, they watched a video show about people (9)_____and working in a spacelab(太空实验室). The spacelab was very big. There were kitchens, bathrooms, bedrooms and a big workshop for people (10)____ in. People could stay in the spacelab for months.
VIII.补全对话(共5小题,满分为10分)
选择恰当的句子完成对话。
A: I want to get good grades. (1)_______
B: Maybe you can could take part in after-school class on weekends.
A: (2)____ I have to do my homework on weekends.
B: Well, you could ask your friends for help.
A: (3)____
B: You should say “sorry” to your friend.
A: OK. (4)_____
B: I think you shouldn’t play computer games or watch TV any more.
A: (5)____ I’ll study harder and harder from now on.
a. But I argued with my best friend yesterday.
b. That’s a good idea.
c. I don’t have enough time.
d. What should I do?
e. I’ll try to apologized (道歉) to her.
IX. 写作(10分)
假如你叫Tina,用下面所提供的信息告诉你最好的朋友Sarah 关于你的烦恼。
内容提要:这几天,你发现同学们对你不太友好。上个星期六,你们班上的一位同学举行生日聚会,她邀请了班上的很多同学,但没有邀请你。你感到很烦恼,于是向她述说此事,并向她求救。
注意:词数60左右,内容连贯。

参考答案:
I.1-5acddc 6-10ccdab
I.1-5bccaa 6-10bbcbc
III.1-5dadbc 6-10 abdcd
IV.1. study computer engineering in a university
2.make lots of money
3.start a company together
4.work in my company
5.computer science in my school
V.1.orginal 2. argued 3. style 4. include 5. fit 6.friendly 7. pressure 8. themselves 9. organized 10. crazed
VI.1.Call me up 2. getting on well with 3. the same age as 4.On the other hand 5. as much as possible
VII.1.took 2. were 3. watched 4. saw 5. exciting 6. felt 7. looked 8. left 9. living 10. to work
VIII.1-5dcaeb
IX. One possible version:
Dear Sarah,
I have a problem these days, and I need your help.
I am not getting on well with some of my classmates. I don’t know why. Last Saturday one of my classmates had a birthday party at home. She invited many classmates in my class, but she didn’t invite me. I feel worried and I don’t know what to do, could you tell me what I should do?

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来源莲
山课件 w ww.5 Y K j.Co M
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