仁爱版八年级英语上册全册同步检测题(共23套附答案)

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仁爱版八年级英语上册全册同步检测题(共23套附答案)

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山 课 件 w w w.
5Y k J. c oM

Review of Units 1-2
词句精讲精练
词汇精讲 
1. win
  win是动词,意为“赢得;打败;战胜”,其现在分词要双写n,过去式和过去分词均为won。例如:
  He won a prize last week. 他上周得奖了。
  They won the basketball match yesterday. 他们昨天赢得了那场篮球比赛。
  【拓展】
  win和beat的辨析:
  (1) win强调赢得“比赛、游戏、战争”,获得“名次、奖品”。例如:
    win a prize得奖
    win a game赢得比赛
    win a honor赢得荣誉
    win a battle 赢得战斗
    win a match赢得比赛
    win a scholarship赢得奖学金
  (2) beat强调“打败,战胜”,其后只能接比赛、竞争的对手,即beat只能接表示人的词语作宾语。例如:
    beat a team 战胜/打败一队(组)
    beat a nation战争/打败一个国家
   2. popular
  popular是形容词,意为“流行的;受欢迎的”。be popular with意为“受……欢迎”。
  例如:
  This kind of sweater is very popular. 这种毛衣非常流行。
  She is a popular teacher in our school. 她是我们学校一位很受欢迎的老师。
  His songs are popular with young people. 他的歌很受年轻人的欢迎。
3.invent
  (1)invent 作动词,意为“发明;创造”。例如:
     Edison invented the light bulb. 爱迪生发明了电灯。
  (2)invent还可以表示“虚构”。例如:
     The whole story was invented. 整个故事是虚构的。
  (3)invent的名词形式有两个,一个是inventor(发明者;发明家),另一个是invention(发明物).例如:
     Edison is a great inventor in history.
     爱迪生是历史上伟大的发明家。
     Human history is also a history of great inventions.
     人类的历史也是一个伟大发明的历史。
  【拓展】
  invent和discover辨析
  (1)invent 意为“发明,发明之物”,指“从无到有”。例如:
     Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
     亚历山大•格雷厄姆•贝尔在1876年发明了电话。
  (2)discover 意为“发现”,指“本来就已经存在,但不为人知”的事物。例如:
     Columbus discovered America in 1492.
     哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。
4. score
(1)score作动词,意为“得分;获胜”。例如:
 Hughes scored two goals before half-time.
 休斯在上半场进了两个球.
 The army continued to score successes in the south.
 军队在南方不断取得胜利。
(2)score作名词,意为“得分;二十;乐谱”。例如:
 I recorded the score in a notebook.
 我在笔记本上记下了分数。
 He bought two scores of apples yesterday.
 他昨天买了四十个苹果。
 Look at the score and try to play that song.
   看乐谱演奏一下那首曲子。
5. break
  (1)break作动词时,既可作及物动词也可作不及物动词,意为“打破;折断;弄坏”。
     例如:
     He fell through the window, breaking the glass. 他撞破玻璃从窗口摔了下去。
     The plate broke. 盘子打破了。
     She broke a leg in a skiing accident. 她在一次滑雪事故中摔断了一条腿。
     The lead biker broke his bike chain. 那位领先的自行车手车链子断了。
  (2)break用作名词的基本意思是“裂口,裂缝;破裂”,用于时间可表示“间歇,休息时间”,
     是可数名词。例如:
     There is a break in the pipe. 管道上有一处裂缝。
     There is a break during the performance. 演出中有一次中场休息。
6. well
  (1)well作形容词,意为“身体健康的,身体好的”。例如:
     I hope you will be well soon. 我希望你很快好起来。
     He is quite well. 他身体好。
  (2)well作副词,意为“好,令人满意地”。例如:
     Mary speaks English very well.
     玛丽英语说得很好。 
     He sings well.
     他唱得好。
7.ask sb. to do sth.
  ask sb. to do sth.“让某人做某事”,其否定形式为ask sb. not to do sth.“让某人不要做某事”。
  例如:
  I often ask him to help me with my housework.
  我经常让他帮助我做家务。
  My mother asked me not to read in the sun. 
  妈妈让我不要在太阳下看书。
  【拓展】
  (1)ask sb. sth. “问某事某事”。例如:
     Can I ask you some questions?
     我能问你一些问题吗?
  (2)ask sb. about sth.意为“询问某人有关某事;向某人打听某事”。例如:
     My father often calls me up and asks me about my study.
     爸爸经常给我打电话,询问我的学习情况。
  (3)ask for sth.“请求某事,要某物”,相当于want sth. 例如:
     Please ask for help if you have some problems.
     如果你有问题,请寻求帮助。
  (4)ask sb. forsth.“向某人要某物”。例如:
     If you don’t find the way to the school, please ask a policeman for help.
     如果你找不到去学校的路,请向警察求助
8. keep healthy
  (1)keep作动词,意思是“保持”,常见的结构为keep+形容词/动词-ing形式,
     意为“使某物保持某种状态”。例如:
     The cat keeps running after the rat, trying to catch it.
     那只猫一直在追赶老鼠,想要抓住它。
     I need to keep fit. 我需要保持健康。
     Please keep quiet. 请保持安静。
  (2)keep的后面还可以表示为keep sb. doing sth.,表示“让某人一直做某事”。例如:
     You keep me waiting for half an hour.
     你让我等了半个小时。
  (3)healthy是形容词,意为“健康的”,“healthy food”意为“健康食品”。healthy的名词为health,
     副词为healthily, 反义词为unhealthy。例如:
     The old man looks healthy.
     这个老人看起来很健康。
     Healthy food is good for our health.
     健康食品对我们的健康有益。
9. three times a day
   three times a day意为“每天三次”,是一个表示频率的副词短语,对其提问时用how often。例如:
   You should take your medicine three times a day.
   你应该每天吃三次药。
  —How often do you wash your clothes? 你多久洗一次衣服?
  —Once or twice a week. 每周一两次。
【拓展】
在英语中,表示“一次”用once,表示两次用twice,表示“三次或三次以上”时,用“基数词+times”,此时time是可数名词,意为“次数”。例如:
  once a week每周一次  twice or three times a week 每周两三次
词汇精练
I. 英汉互译。
    1. play sports _____________  2. 一天许多次_______________
  3. 谈论_______________   4. 去游泳_______________
5. 保持健康 ____________  6. 对……有害____________
  7. 不到,少于____________ 8. 每周两次____________
9. do sports ___________    10. no problem ___________  
11. too much __________      12. healthy food ___________
II. 根据句意及首字母提示写出所缺单词。
1. H______ food is good for your body.
  2. You must k______ quiet in the library.
  3. Do you often eat unhealthy f______?
  4. We n______ to do sports every day.
  5. It’s time to do morning e______.
  6 I don’t like fish, so I s_____ eat fish.
III. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空
1. Amy is good at _______________(draw).
  2. Mille _______________(do) morning exercises every day.
  3. Let’s go _______________(swim) after school.
  4. He goes to the library many _______________(time) a week.
  5. My grandpa enjoys _______________(listen) to the radio.
  6. Music makes me _______________(feel) great.
  7. He hopes _______________(become) a member of the music club.
  8. He wants me _______________(go) with him.
  9. Does Daniel _______________(get) up at 6:30 every morning?
  10. What about _______________(watch) TV at home?
参考答案
I. 英汉互译。
1. 做运动 2. many times a day 3. talk about 4. go swimming 
5. keep healthy/fit 6. be bad for 7. less than 8. twice a week
9. 作运动 10. 没问题 11. 太多  12.健康食品
II. 根据句意及首字母提示写出所缺单词。
 1. healthy  2. keep 3. food 4. need 5. exercises 6. seldom
III. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空
1. drawing  2. does  3. swimming  4. times  5. listening  6. feel 
7. to become 8. to go   9. get  10. watching

句式精讲
1. Which sport do you prefer, swimming or rowing?
  (1) prefer 作动词,意为“更喜爱,更喜欢”。相当于like…better。例如:
    Of the two cars,I prefer that red one.
    两辆车中,我更喜欢红色的那辆。
    Which do you prefer,coffee or tea?  
    你更喜欢咖啡还是茶?
  (2) prefer to do sth. 意为“宁愿做某事”。例如:
    I prefer to go home now. 现在我宁愿回家。
  (3) prefer sth to sth. 意为“与……相比更喜欢……”。后接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。
    例如:
    She usually prefers vegetables to meat.
    她通常喜欢蔬菜而不喜欢肉。
2. I have a cold.
 have a cold是动词短语,意为“患感冒,伤风”,也可以说成catch a cold/get a cold或take a cold。其中have表示“患病,得病”,不能用于进行时态,但可与一段时间连用,表示状态;而catch/get a cold则表示瞬时动作,不能同一段时间连用。例如:
  I have had a cold for three days. 我感冒三天了。
  此句也可以表达为:
  I had/caught/got a cold three days ago.
  【拓展】
  表示人体某部位“痛”时的几种结构:
  (1)have a + 身体部位名词后加-ache构成。例如:
     have a headache 头痛
     have a toothache 牙痛
     have a stomachache胃痛
  (2)have a sore + 身体部位名词。例如:
     have a sore throat 喉咙痛
     have a sore arm  胳膊痛
     have a sore foot  脚痛
  (3)身体部位 + hurt/ache。例如:
     My eyes hurt. 我眼睛痛。
     My legs ache. 我腿疼。
  (4)have a pain in/ on + the + 身体部位。例如:
     I have a pain in the arm. 我胳膊痛。
  (5)There is something wrong with + one’s + 身体部位。例如:
     There is something wrong with your eyes. 你的眼睛有毛病。
3. Staying up late is bad for your health.
 (1)stay up late 表示“熬夜;睡得很晚”。例如:
   I used to stayuplate with my friends and watch movies.
   我以前总是和朋友们一起熬夜看电影。
 (2)be bad for,意为“对……有害处”。介词for后接名词或代词。
    其反义词为be good for意为“对……有好处,对……有益处”。例如:
   Junk food is not good for our health. 垃圾食品对我们的健康没有好处。
   Smoking is bad for you. 吸烟对你有害。
4. Are you going to join the school rowing team?
  (1)join 意为“参加,加入”,可以指加入某种社团或者组织,成为其中的成员。
     例如:
     Yao Ming joined the NBA. 姚明加入了NBA。
  (2)“join + 指人的名词或代词”,意为“加入……之中”。例如:
     Will you join us for lunch? 和我们一起吃午饭好吗?
  (3)“join + in + 活动类名词”意为“参加……(活动)。”例如:
     Can you join in the game? 你能参加这个游戏吗?
 5.You should see a dentist.
should是情态动词,意为“应当,应该”。表示义务、责任,可用于各种人称,无人称和数的变化,也不能单独作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语,表示说话人的语气和情态;否定形式为should not,缩写为shouldn’t。其主要用法有:
  (1) 表示责任和义务,意为“应该”。例如:
    You should take your teacher’s advice. 你应该听从你老师的建议。
    You shouldn’t be late for class. 你不应该上课迟到。
  (2) 表示推断,意为“可能,该”。例如:
  The train should have already left. 火车可能已经离开了。
6. Basketball is one of the most popular sports …
 one of +the +形容词最高级+复数名词/代词,意为“最……之一”,当其作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:
 His brother is one of the tallest boys in the class.
 他弟弟是这个班最高的男生之一。
 The song is one of the most popular songs.
 这首歌是最流行的歌之一。
 One of us has nothing for breakfast.
 我们中有一个人没吃早饭。
句式精练
I. 根据汉语提示,完成英语句子(每空一词)。
1. 垃圾食品对我们健康有害。
  Junk food _______ _______ ______ our health.
2. 中国的长城是世界的奇迹之一。
          The Great Wall in China is __________ _________ the wonders of the world.
3.汤姆,你不应该玩刀。
     Tom,you shouldn’t ________ ________the knife.
4. — 你怎么了?
 — 我牙疼。
 — ________ ________ ________?
 — I have a ________.
5. 我奶奶宁愿去散步而不愿看电视。
My grandma prefers _______ a walk ______ ______ in front of the TV.
II. 按要求完成句子。
1. I think I have a cold. (改为否定句)
  I ________ ________ I ________ a cold.
  2. She has a toothache. (对划线部分提问)
  ________ the ________ ________ her?
  3. My head hurts. (同义句转换)
  I ________ a ________.
4. Yao Ming plays basketball very well. (改为同义句)
Yao Ming ______ ________ ______ playing basketball.
5. Do they enjoy the lessons? (作否定回答)
_____________, they _____________.
6. Helen has some Chinese textbooks. (改为否定句)
  Helen ________ ________ _________Chinese textbooks.
  7. We have chicken for dinner. (对划线部分提问)
  ______ do you _______ for dinner?
  8. My little cat walks to his bowl many times a day.(对划线部分提问)
  _______ ______ ______ your cat walk to his bowl?
  9. I would like a cup of tea. (改为一般疑问句)
  ________ _______ like a cup of tea?
  10. Hamburgers aren’t good for our health. (改为同义句)
  Hamburgers _______ ____ ___our health.
III. 补全对话。
阅读下面对话,从方框中选择适当的句子补全对话。(其中有两项是多余的)
A. When will it be?
B. What’s the name of it?
C. Shall we be volunteers?
D. What’s in today’s newspaper?
E. Anything new in today’s paper?
F. How can we become volunteers?
G. Everyone is supposed to make contributions.

A: Hi, Li Jun.1__________
B: Yes, the first National Youth Games will be held in Fuzhou.
A: Great! 2______
B: It’ll start in 0ctober, 2015. Look, here is a photo of the main stadium.
A: Wow, it looks grand.3________
B: Fuzhou Strait Olympic Game Center.
A: Really nice. What else about the Games?
B: Thirty-one thousand volunteers are wanted.4. ________
A: Sure! It’s an honor to serve the players and visitors.
B: So it is.5._______
A: Let’s look forward to this big event.

参考答案
I. 根据汉语提示,完成英语句子(每空一词)。
1. is bad for   2. one of   3. play with  
4. What’s the matter; toothache  5. taking; to watching
II. 按要求完成句子。
1. don't think; have  2. What's; matter with  3. have; headache 4. is good at 5. No; don’t
6. doesn’t have any 7. What; have   8. How often does   9. Would you   10. are bad for
III. 补全对话。
1-5 EABCG

Review of Units 3-4
词句精讲精练
词汇精讲
1. hobby
hobby作名词,意为“兴趣;爱好”。例如:
His hobby is fishing.
他的爱好是钓鱼。
One of my hobbies is painting.
我的业余爱好之一是画画。
【拓展】
其他表达喜好的句型:
enjoy sth./doing sth.
be keen on sth./doing sth.
be into sth./doing sth.
feel like sth./doing sth.
be fond of sth./doing sth.
be crazy about sth./doing sth.
be inserested in sth./doing sth.
2. collect
collect作及物动词,意为“收集,搜集”。例如:
collect stamps 收集邮票    collect coins 收集硬币
【拓展】collection作名词,意为“收藏品、收集物”。是动词collect 的名词形式,是由动词collect后缀-tion变化来的。collector 名词,意为“收藏家”。例如:
These are my collections.
这些是我的收藏品。
My brother has a very good collection of stamps.
我的弟弟收集了许多邮票。
Mark is a famous stamp collector.
Mark是一位著名的邮票收藏家。
3. lend
lend作及物动词,意为“借给,借出”,表示“自己”借给“他人”。常用结构有:lend sb. sth.或lend sth. to sb. 借给某人某物。例如:
     Can you lend me your ruler? = Can you lend your ruler to me?
把你的尺子借给我好吗?
    【辨析】
lend 借出,借给 表示把东西借给他人 常用搭配:lend sb. sth.或lend sth. to sb.
borrow 借入,借来 表示从他人借入 常用搭配:borrow sth. from sb.
例如:
     She borrows an English dictionary from her classmate and lends a pen to her friend.
     她向同学借了一本字典,并把一支钢笔借给了朋友。
4. wonder
wonder作及物动词,意为“想知道;对……感到怀疑”,常见的用法有:
(1) 后接who, what,why,where 等引导的宾语从句。例如:
I wonder who she is. 我想知道她是谁。
She wondered what the child was doing.
她感到疑惑,孩子究竟在干什么。
I wonder why Ann is late. 我想知道安为什么迟到了。
I wonder where they have gone. 我想知道他们去哪儿了。
(2) 后接 that 引导的宾语从句,表示“对……感到惊讶”,that常可省去。例如:
I wonder (that) she has won the race. 
我对她赢了比赛感到惊讶。
(3) 后接 if 或 whether 引导的宾语从句,常用来表示一种委婉的请求或疑问。例如:
She wondered whether you were free that morning.
她想知道你那天上午是否有空。
I wonder if he will succeed.
我不知道他会不会成功。
5. agree
agree作不及物动词,意为“同意”,I agree意为“同意,赞成”,I don’t agree表示“不赞成某人或某人的观点”,常用于交际用语中。另外,agree后接不定式,但不能接动名词。
例如:
She agreed to lend me the book. 她同意把那本书借给我。
I agree to meet him tomorrow. 我同意明天见他。
    【拓展】
agree with和agree to(to为介词)都表示“同意,赞同”,但后面所接的宾语不同。agree with后接指人或表示意见、看法的词;agree to后接表示建议、计划、安排之类的词。例如:
I quite agree with you. 我很同意你(的意见)。
Do you agree with what I have said? 你同意我所说的话吗?
He has agreed to our suggestion about the holiday. 他已经同意我们度假的建议了。
6. beat
beat作及物动词,有以下用法:
    (1)意为“赢;打败;战胜”,后接人或某一团队、组织等,其过去式为beat。例如:
I beat him at long jump yesterday. 昨天跳远我赢了他。
    (2)意为“打;击”,表示连续不断的打击。例如:
       Who is beating the drum? 谁在打鼓?
    (3)表示“(心脏)等跳动”。例如:
       I feel my heart is beating fast. 我觉得我的心脏在剧烈跳动。
【拓展】
     beat和win都有“赢”的意思,但用法不同:
     beat的宾语为人或相当于人的团体、组织;而win的宾语为比赛或某个项目,过去式为won。例如:
     Though we were weak, we beat them. 虽然我们弱,但我们赢了他们。
Who win the first prize in the competition? 谁在比赛中赢得了一等奖?
7. share
(1)share用作及物动词,意为“共用;合用;分享”。例如:
It’s hard to share power. 权力很难分享。
(2)share sth. with sb.意为“与某人分享某物”。例如:
Tony shared his chocolate with other kids.
托尼把他的巧克力与其他孩子分着吃了。
She shares a house with two other students.
她与另外两个同学合住一所房子。
8. thousand
thousand是数词,意为“千”,当表示具体的“几千”时,用“基数词 + thousand”,注意不加-s。例如:
  There are nine thousand students in our school. 我们学校有9000名学生。
【拓展】
(1)thousands of 表示“数千,成千上万的”,这时thousand后要加-s,且后面有介词of,但是不能与数词连用。例如:
There are thousands of people in the street. 在街上有成千上万的人。
(2)表示数词的还有hundred“百”,million“百万”,billion“十亿”。它们的用法和thousand一样,可以用来表示约数和确数。例如:
More than nine hundred people have died in the fighting.
900多人在这场战斗中丧生。
The programme was viewed on television in millions of homes. 
无数家庭通过电视收看了这个节目。
9. find out
find out意为“找到,发现,查明”,多指通过调查、询问、打听、研究之后“弄明白”。通常含有“经过困难、曲折”之后才找出难以找到的东西。例如:
      Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。
【拓展】
      (1)find是动词,意为“找到”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,强调的是找的结果。
例如:
        He didn’t find his book. 他没有找到他的书。
      (2)look for意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调找的动作。例如:
       Jim is looking for his little dog.  吉姆正在找他的狗。
10. protect
protect为及物动词,意为“保护”。常用搭配protect sb./sth. from…,意为“保护某人/某物免受……伤害”。例如:
We should protect rare animals.
我们应该保护珍稀动物。
Parents protect their young from danger.
父母保护他们的儿女不受伤害。
11. look up
look up 意为“(在词典或参考书中)查阅,检查”,其后跟名词作宾语,名词可放在look和up之间,也可放在look up 之后;如果代词作宾语,则只能放在look和up之间。例如:
Look up the word in the book, and you will know its meaning.
在书中查查这个词,你就知道它的意思了。
Please look them up in the dictionary carefully.
请仔细在词典中查一下它们。
12. pay attention to
      pay attention to表示“注意;留心;专心”,该短语中to是介词,后面可以接名词、代词、动名词或宾语从句。例如:
       Don’t pay any attention to Nina— she doesn’t know what she’s talking about.
别理睬Nina——她根本不知道自己在说什么。
You must pay attention to the problems of spelling in your writing.
你必须注意你写作中的拼写问题。
You should pay more attention to observing.
你应该多注意观察。

词汇精练
I. 根据首字母提示及汉语意思写单词。
1. My h_____ is collecting stamps.        
2. A f      thing happened in the subway yesterday.                                            
3. He waited for us with a letter of i         .
4. True f        is worth more than money.     
5. I _______ (想知道) if there are some seats still available.
6. After a brief________ (平静), fighting broke out again.
7. He has run out of food, his children are h__________.
8. It’s our duty and responsibility to        (保护) this land.
9. The job was        (完美的); there was not a single mistake.
10. After several years’ study he got a lot of        (知识).
II. 用括号中所给单词适当形式填空(每空不限一词)。
1. He is ______ (interested) in art, and music, and books, and so on.                      
2. They have a large ______ (collect) of fishes.        
3. The local people are always very ______ (friend) towards tourists.
4. He hopes that his reasons may be ______ (understand).
5. Tom, let me ______ (introduction) my friend to you.                         
6. Everything is very green and______ (peace) .
7. They said the ship was ________ (miss).
8. The foreign visitors are going to travel in some________ (south) provinces of China.
9. She asked the police ________ (search) for missing soldiers.
10. The Chinese version of the English novel ________ (appear) in the early 1950s.
III. 从方框中选择恰当短语并用其适当形式填空。
agree with sb.,  wake up,  be fond of,  lose oneself in…,  look up,  
less and less,  in danger,  die out,  thousands of,in a low voice
1. We talked           because we didn’t want to wake the baby up.
2. The water in the lake is getting _____________.
3. The dam was __________ because of the rising flood.
4. She            the beauty of this early spring morning.
5. We can           the word in the dictionary.                           
6.            people ran into the stadium to watch the football match.
7. I’m really very          swimming in summer.
8. I used to         early and get up at 6:30.
9. Many whales were killed that we are afraid that they might         .
10. He gets angry when people do not         him.

【参考答案】
I.根据首字母提示及汉语意思写单词。
1. hobby          2.funny          3. introduction        4. friendship     
5. wonder         6. peace          7.hungry            8.protect    
9. perfect         10. knowledge
II. 用括号中所给单词适当形式填空(每空不限一词)。
1. interested    2. collection      3. friendly       4. understood.      5. introduce    
6. peaceful     7. missing    8. southern       9. to search     10. appeared 
III. 从方框中选择恰当短语并用其适当形式填空。
1. in a low voice       2. less and less        3. in danger                 
4. lost herself in       5. look up            6. Thousands of  
7. fond of            8. wake up            9. die out 
10. agree with

句式精讲
1. Maybe I need a change.
maybe作副词,主要用于非正式场合,口语中常用,意为“也许,大概”。它通常放在句子的开头,在句子中作状语。例如:
Maybe they won’t come here tonight. 他们大概今晚不会来这儿。
Maybe she is happy. 也许她是幸福的。
【拓展】
may be是“情态动词may+动词原形be”构成的,在句中做谓语,意为“可能是、大概是”。例如:
She may be at home. 她可能在家。(也可以说:Maybe she is at home.)
You may be right. 你可能是对的。(也可以说:Maybe you are right.)
2. I used to collect baseball cards.
used to do sth.是一个固定结构,意思是“过去经常做某事”,后面用动词原形,表示过去的某种经常性、习惯性的行为或者动作,并意味着这种动作目前已经不存在。
肯定句:I used to play with my friends after school.
过去放学后我常常和朋友们一起玩。
否定句:You didn’t use to like pop songs. =You usedn’t to like pop songs.
  你过去不喜欢流行歌曲。
一般疑问句:Did your sister use to be quiet? = Used your sister to be quiet?
你的妹妹过去常常是很安静吗?
there be句式:There used to be a lot of fishes in this river.
过去这条小河常常有许多鱼。
【拓展】
(1)be used to do something意思是“被用来做某事”,是动词短语use …to do的被动语态结构。例如:
Knives are used to cut things.小刀是用来切东西的。
(2)be used to doing something意思是“习惯于做某事”,to后接动词-ing形式。例如:
My father is used to living in the village. 我爸爸习惯于住在村子里。
3. But the girl was afraid to go home without selling one box of matches.
(1)be afraid 之后可接不定式,也可接名词、代词或of doing sth. 表示“害怕做某事”或“不敢做某事”。例如:
She was afraid to tell you. 她害怕告诉你。
She is afraid of going out alone late at night. 她很怕深夜独自外出。
I’m afraid of the dog. 我怕狗。
(2)但若要表示担心可能会发生某事,则只能用 be afraid of doing而不能用 be afraid to do。
例如:
I’m afraid of being late for class. 我担心上课迟到。
【拓展】
be afraid后可接that从句,表示“担心……”。例如:
He is afraid that his father will be unhappy.
他担心他的爸爸会不高兴。
4. And then they felt too tired to work on Monday mornings.
too…to…意为“太……而不能”。它在结构形式上是肯定的,但意义上却表示否定含义,所以动词不定式符号to前不能再加not,只接动词原形即可,too后接形容词或副词原形。
例如:
     The book is too difficult to understand. 这本书难于理解。
【拓展】
(1 )在too…to…句型中,当动词不定式的动词是不及物动词,其后所跟的介词不能省略。
例如:
     The room is too small to live in. 这房间太小了不能住。
 (2) 在too…to…句型中,当动词不定式的宾语实际上就是这个句子的主语时,动词不定式后面不能再加代词作宾语。
例如:
      The question is too difficult to answer. 这个问题太难了,无法回答。
    (3) 在too…to…句型中,当动词不定式能确切说明动作执行者时,可以在动词不定式前面加上逻辑主语,即for sb.形式。例如:
      The box is too heavy for him to carry. 箱子太沉了,他搬不动。
      (4) 含too…to…的句子可以改写成so…that…句型,意为“如此……以至于……”。例如:
      He is too old to do hard work. =
      He is so old that he can’t do hard work.  他年纪太大而不能干重活。
 (5) 含too…to…的句子也可以用“not + 形容词/副词 + enough to do sth.”句型来替换,但注意要用原句中形容词或副词的反义词。例如:
       He is too old to do hard work. =
       He is not young enough to do hard work. 他年纪大了,不能做重活。
5. What are you thinking about?
(1) think about意为“考虑;就……思考”。提问对某人或某事的看法应该用疑问词what。此时think about可与think of互换。例如:
Are you thinking about the question? 你在考虑那个问题吗?
What do you think about that man? 你认为那个人怎么样?
(2) What do/did sb. think about/ of…? 这是询问某人对某事(人)的看法常用的句型,意为“……认为……怎么样?”,答语往往是对某物(人)的评价。例如:
— What do you think about / of the book written by him?
你认为他写的那本书怎么样?
— It is very good. 很好。
(3) What do you think of…?可以和How do you like…?互换。例如:
What do you think of the film? = How do you like the film? 你认为这部电影怎么样?
6. But now they have less and less land to live on.
本句中less是little的比较级,less and less意为“越来越少”。形容词/副词的比较级+and+形容词/副词的比较级,这种句型表示事物本身程度的逐渐增长,意思是“越来越......”。
例如:
   longer and longer 越来越长;  more and more beautiful 越来越漂亮。
     Summer is coming. The weather is getting hotter and hotter.
     夏天来了,天气变得越来越热了。
【拓展】另两种表示比较的句型:
(1)“The +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语,the +形容词/副词的比较级+主语+谓语”。这个句型是形容词/副词比较级的叠加用法,表示一方的程度随着另一方的程度平行增长,意思是“越……,(就)越……”。例如:
  The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you’ll make.
  你越小心,出现的问题就越少。
(2)as+形容词/副词的原级+as...。这个句型表示同级比较,即比较的结果是一样的,在as和as的中间用形容词或副词的原级。在否定句中既可以用not as...as...,也可以用not so... as...,表示前者不如后者。例如:
   He is as tall as my brother. 他和我的弟弟一样高。
   It is not as/ so warm as it was yesterday. 今天不如昨天暖和。
7. Because animals are our friends. They make us happy.
make + sb.+ 形容词,make是谓语动词,sb.是make的宾语,后面的形容词在此作宾语补足语。例如:
Rainy days make me sad. 雨天让我很悲伤。
What he said made the teacher angry. 他说的话让老师很生气。
【拓展】
(1)make +sb.+ 过去分词,此处的过去分词相当于形容词作宾补。例如:
Waiting for him in the rain made me annoyed.
在雨中等他让我很烦。
(2)make + sb.+动词原形,此处的动词原形也叫省略to的不定式作宾补。例如:
  Sad movies always make me cry. 伤感的电影经常让我哭泣。
Loud music makes her want to dance. 高声的音乐让她想跳舞。
(3)be made to+动词原形,此处是make的被动语态,要还原动词不定式的to,即be made to do sth.意为“被使做某事”。例如:
  The boss made him work for 15 hours a day.
→He was made to work for 15 hours a day by the boss.
      老板使他一天工作15个小时。
8. What did it look like?
look like意为“看起来像……” 应用范围最广,除了描述人、物之外,也能抽象表达事件或现象。例如:
He looks like a famous movie star.
他看起来像一个电影明星。
That bicycle looks just like the one I used to have.
那个自行车看起来像我曾经拥有的那个。
It looks like it’s going to rain soon.
天看起来要下雨。
【拓展】
(1)take after意为“像……,与……相似”。take after 最常见的是用在有血缘关系的亲子之间,外貌用的最多,也能够用在性格脾气这些内在特质上。例如:
She took after her mother almost in everything. 
她几乎与她母亲一模一样。
Adam was my grandfather and I take after him.
亚当是我的祖父,我和他很相像
(2)be similar to一般用在相近似的物品和情境的对比上。例如:
His problem is similar to yours.
他的问题和你的相似。

句式精练
Ⅰ. 按要求改写句子,每空一词。  
1. You must eat something.(改为否定句)
You ______ eat ______.
2. He used to be a teacher.(改为一般疑问句)
______ he ______ to be a teacher?
3. There aren’t any treasures in the Underground Palace, ______ _______?(改为反意疑问句)
4. You’d better ask our teacher for help.(改为否定句)
You’d ______ _______ ask our teacher for help.
5. He is going to see a film on Sunday.(对划线部分提问)
   ______ is he going to ______ on Sunday?
6. Why not go out and have a picnic?(改为同义句)
   ______ ______ going out and having a picnic?
7. It took them 40 minutes to watch TV.(改为同义句)
  They      40 minutes ______ ______ TV.
8. I think he will work hard this term.(改为否定句)
  I _______ think he _______ work hard this term.
9. It’s nothing serious, _______ _______ ?(改为反意疑问句)
10. He did his homework yesterday.(改为否定句)
   He ________ _______ his homework yesterday.
II. 根据汉语提示,完成句子。
1.我对打篮球很感兴趣。
  I________ ________ _______ playing basketball.
2.我过去常收集棒球卡,但现在我喜欢养宠物。
  I                  collect baseball cards, but now I enjoy keeping pets.
3.所有宠物都给主人提供爱和安慰。
  All pets         their owners         love and comfort.
4.你能把你的自行车借给我吗?   
Could you         your bike         me?
5. 古典音乐使他快乐。
Classical music                           .
6. 我同意你刚才所说的话。   
I                 what you said just now.
7. 这个小女孩不敢回家。
The little girl                        go home.
8. 没有热带雨林,许多动物和植物将会灭绝。
Many animals and plants would             without rainforests.
9. 让我在网上查明这个信息。
Let me              the information online.
10. 我们不应该花太多时间玩电脑游戏。
We shouldn’t                                 computer games.
III. 补全对话。
根据对话内容,从方框中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项(有两个选项为多余选项)。
A. I hope so, too.
B. What’s the weather like in Winter?
C. Is that true?
D. I don’t think so.
E. Thank you for your kindness.
F. Yes, it’s really a nice and bright day.
G. What about your hometown?

 

 

 


A: It is such a lovely day. I love sunshine.
B:    1   .
A: I hope it stays like this.
B:    2   .
A: Is the weather usually like this here?
B: A bit hotter than today.
A:    3   .
B: It’s pretty cold and it often snows in winter.    4   .
A: A lot like the weather here, not too hot or cold.
B: I heard it rains a lot.   5   .
A: Mmm, yes. It rains but not any more than other places.

【参考答案】
I. 按要求完成句子,每空一词。
1. mustn’t, anything    2. Did, use            3. are there        4. better not 
5. What, do           6. How/ What about    7. spent, in watching 
8. don’t, will          9. is it               10. didn’t do
II. 根据汉语提示,完成句子。
1. am interested in
2. used to
3. provide , with
4. lend ,to
5. makes him happy
6. agree with
7. was afraid to
8. die out
9. find out
10. spend much time playing
III. 补全对话。
1. F  2.A  3.B   4.G  5.C

文 章来源 莲
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