2017-2018学年八年级英语下期中试题(高邮市附答案)

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2017-2018学年八年级英语下期中试题(高邮市附答案)

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江苏省高邮市2017-2018学年八年级英语下学期期中试题
(时间:110分钟 满分:140分)

第I卷 选择题 (共80分)
一、听力 (共20 小题;每小题1分,计20分)
第一部分:听对话回答问题。本部分共10小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,听两遍。
1. What does the woman get for her birthday?
   A.      B.            C.
2. What competition does Simon think Kitty should enter for?
   A.      B.         C. 
3. Where is the cat?
   A.        B.          C. 
4. What are they talking about?
   A.     B.        C.
5. Why was the woman’s train late?
  A. The train was too full.   
B. The train broke down on the way.
C. It was raining heavily.
6. What was the best thing the man did in New York?
  A. He did lots of shopping.  
B. He visited the Statue of Liberty.
C. He met some friends.
7. What does the boy think the cloud looks like?
  A. A giant panda.         B. An elephant.              C. A whale.
8. How long does the film last?
  A. One hour and forty-five minutes.
B. One hour and a quarter. 
C. One hour and a half.
9. Who is that boy?
  A. Amy’s friend.       B. Amy’s brother.            C. Amy’s  neighbour.
10. What is Eddie doing?
A. He is having a meeting. B. He is working on the project. C. He is repairing the computer.
第二部分:听对话和短文答题。你将听到一段对话和两篇短文,各听两遍。
听一段对话,回答第11~12小题。
11. What does Jane say about growing vegetables?
   A. It is hard work.          B. It is great fun.            C. It takes a lot of time.
12. Which is NOT the reason for Jane’s growing potatoes?
   A. She can get great results after she plants them.
   B. She can plant potatoes any time.              
   C. She likes eating potatoes.
听第一篇短文,回答第13~15小题。请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。
It was too hot!
What the temperature was: Over    13   ℃.

What the boy did: He   14   in the morning.
He spent the whole afternoon   15   .
13. A. 38           B. 35           C. 25
14. A. stayed at home       B. washed the car         C. went shopping
15. A. in his bedroom        B. on the beach         C. in the swimming pool
听第二篇短文,回答第16~20小题。
16. Why did the woman go to the jewellery(珠宝) shop?
    A. She wanted to visit a friend who works there.
B. She wanted to buy a gift for her mother.
    C. She wanted a new ring(戒指) for herself.
17. How old was the robber?
    A. About 30.             B. Under 20.           C. Older than 40.
18. What did the shopkeeper do first?
A. He was so afraid that he did nothing.    
B. He ran after the robber.                      
C. He phoned the police.
19. Why was the speaker nervous at the police station?
A. She saw the robber again.           
B. She needed to make a report.
C. The police were unfriendly.
20. Why did the speaker feel lucky and happy?
A. Because the robber did not hurt her. 
B. Because the robber did not take  her purse.
    C. Because the police found all the jewellery.
二、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1,计15分)
21. -Look! Laura is listening to music in the garden.
-She likes listening to music. It has been one of her __________ for a long time.
A. habits           B. plans              C. rules             D. ideas
22. -You can’t reach       something _____ someone’s plate.
-OK, I won’t.
 A. for, over     B. to, over       C. for, through   D. to, through
23. -I don’t know _____________next.
    -You’d better finish your homework first.
    A. when to do    B what to do        C. how to do    D. where to do
24.  — How long has the Frenchman _____________in Yangzhou?
   —He came here two days ago.
    A. been        B. come     C. arrived           D. got
25. -You _________ park here! Look at the sign, it says “No parking”.
-Sorry, I didn’t notice that sign just now.
A. won’t            B. needn’t          C. mustn’t        D. couldn’t
26. The old man ________his dog after supper since last year.
A. has got used to walk              B. has been used to walk   
C. has got used to walking       D. has been used to walking
27. I don’t want to go sailing with them. I don’t like swimming. _________, I’m busy now.
A. However         B. As a result       C. Moreover         D. In a word
28.It’s bad manners to _________ on others when they are talking.
 A. push in          B. cut in           C. cut down          D. push past
29.—Thanks for listening to my problem and giving me your advice, Amy.
 —        . That’s what friends are for.
   A. My pleasure      B. With pleasure     C. Never mind        D. It’s nice of you
30. His arm _____the chair by the man. The only way to escape was to break the rope_____.
    A. was tired to; as faster as he could         B. was tied to; as fast as he could
    C. was tying to; as fast as possible           D.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
31.—Thank you for your wonderful dinner. I have to leave now.
-It’s raining hard. Don’t leave ______ it stops.
A. after            B. of           C. for            D. until
32.-There are many theaters_________ the island.
   -Yes, Broadway is _________ the southern end of the island.
    A.at; at            B. on; on           C. at; on              D. on; at
33.The boy wearing glasses _________ to pass the exam, but failed.
    A. managed        B .tried           C. refused            D. continued
34. That park ________ some bridges and a lake.
    A. is made of          B. is made from   C. is made by        D. is made up of
35.-Having many helpers makes a task easier and faster to complete.
-I think so. ________.
A. Many hands make light work         B. Too many cooks spoil the both
C. The early bird catches the worm       D. The more you learn, the more you know
三、完形填空  (共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)
While you are in trouble, what are you going to do? What?  36  ? Or run away? Those are all the wrong ways. Robinson Crusoe can tell you the   37  answer.
It is an   38   story: Robinson Crusoe hated the comfortable life in his hometown. So , he wanted to be a seaman and travelled around the world. But one day, a terrible thing happened.   A great storm came and their boat crashed! No one was alive in this accident except Robinson.  
He was the  39  man in the world-Because all his friends were  40  but he was alive.   41  , at the same time he was the most tragic(悲惨的) man of all-He must face the fact. 
Alone on an island   42   food, water or gun! But, all roads lead to Rome! He just used his   43  to work hard. Then, he made a cave, built a house, grew corn and kept goats. In the end, he could   44   the life on the island. In his twenty-fourth year on the island, he saved a wild man, and gave him the name of “Friday”. With Robinson’s   45  , “Friday” learned to become a good servant(仆人). Finally, they got a boat and  46   the island!
Surely, the writer of Robinson Crusoe is really a hero! It’s too  47  to describe Robinson with words. We could say that Robinson was very  48  , and also he was brave...Certainly, too many good words can describe him. But now, I don’t think it is  49  , the most important thing is  50  we have learned from the story. That is, use our own hands to work hard with
confidence!
36. A. Cry B. Laugh     C. Think  D. Work
37. A. wrong B.  right  C. necessary D. funny
38.A. usual B. exciting  C. interesting  D. impatient
39. A. cleverest B. kindest C. luckiest  D. happiest
40. A. missing B. lost  C. dead D. safe
41. A. However   B. But C. Though    D. Finally
42. A. with B. without C. have  D. has
43. A. money  B. body  C. heart  D. hands
44. A. forget B. remember C. enjoy  D. know
45. A. teaching B. learning   C. helping D. working
46. A. lived on  B. travelled around  C. went away from   D. left for
47. A. easy  B. hard C. possible  D. impossible
48. A. clever  B. funny C. honest  D. shy
49. A. good B. important  C. funny  D. happy
50. A. where B. how  C. what  D. how many
四、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,计30分))
   A
   John is twelve  years old. He had a bad cold and coughed day and night. He went to see a doctor. The doctor gave him some cough medicine.
Cough Medicine
Shake it well before use. Take it three times each day before meals.
Age Dose (药量)
over 14    2 teasp oonfuls (勺)
8~13 1 teaspoonful
4~7 1/2 teaspoonful
Not right for children below the age of three. Put it in a cold place. Use it before December 1st 2016.
51. John should take _________ a day.
A.1 teaspoonful     B. 2 teaspoonfuls      C. 3 teaspoonfuls    D. 4 teaspoonfuls
52. The medicine should be kept in _________.
A. a fridge         B. hot water          C. any place        D. the sun
53. John should _________ the medicine after Dec. 1st, 2016.
A. stop to take   B. throw away     C. go on taking    D. continue taking
B
Different countries have different customs(风俗). When you travel to other countries, please follow their customs, just as the saying goes, “_____”.
Very often people who travel to the United States forget to tip. It is usual to tip porters who help carry your bags, taxi drivers and waiters. Waiters expect to get a 15% tip on the cost of your meal. Taxi drivers expect about the same amount.
In England, make sure to stand in line even if there are only two of you. It’s important to respect lines there. It’s a good idea to talk about the weather. It’s a favourite subject of conversation with the British.
In Spain, it’s a good idea to have a light meal in the afternoon if someone invites you for dinner. People have dinner very late, and restaurants do not generally open until after 9 p.m.
In Arab countries, men kiss one another on the cheek(脸颊). Your host may welcome you with a kiss on both cheeks. It is polite of you to do the same.
In Japan, people usually give personal or business cards to each other when they meet for the first time. When a person gives you a card, don’t put it into your pocket right away. T he person expects you to read it.
Don’t forget to be careful of your body language to express something in conversation. A kind of body language that is acceptable in one culture may be impolite in another.
54. When you travel to the USA, you don’t need to tip _____.
A. porters       B. waiters      C. taxi drivers      D. cashiers
55. The missing sentence in the first paragraph should be “_____”.
A. Love me, love my dog       B. He who laughs last laughs best
C. When in Rome, do as the Romans do    D. Where there is a will, there is a way
56. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. In Spain, people usually have dinner very early.
B. In England, it’s not polite to talk about the weather.
C. In Arab countries, men kiss one another on the cheek.
D. In Japan, you should not read the business card as you get it.
57. What is the best title of the passage?
A. How to Tip        B. Different Countries
C. When to Have Dinner      D. Advice to International Travelers
C
You eat to stay fit and keep your body working, right? Then reading is food for your mind and soul. Reading informs you of what's happening around. Reading encourages you to think and imagine, think out of the box and imagine the impossible.
    In the past, people just read books, only books. Today, we have books online, which makes reading easy. The web, our new storehouse of information, is just a click away. But this  in no way has stolen the magic of reading books, the sound of their pages fluttering(翻页)and the smells of…You can lie in bed with a book, but with a computer you possibly can't. No matter how you read, reading is important.
Remember those bedtime stories? We read fun facts about animals, plants and the universe. We ask "why" and "how". In books, we find the answers. Children who are introduced to reading at an early age seem to have a better understanding of phonics(语音学). They master language skills easily, have a richer vocabulary and have greater reading abilities. Children, who grow up reading good books, mostly stand out. The way they think and act is very different from those who have never been introduced to reading. Reading not only adds to their knowledge but also shape their personalities.
    The more you read, the more creative you will become. Reading dev elops vocabulary, improves language skills and sharpens(使敏捷)your problem-solving abilities. Reading gives you knowledge and make you more confident. The more you read about others' life experiences, the better decision-maker you will become.
Reading about the importance of reading can lead you to read more, and more, and more. So choose a book you like and don't stop reading until you reach the end. And even after that read as much as you can.
58.When you read, the books       .
    A. must be storybooks        B. should be only about the importance of reading
    C. must be paper books       D. should be finished reading
59.The underlined(划线的)sentence in Paragraph 2 means________
    A. reading books is no longer a pleasure to people
    B. reading books is less interesting than reading online
    C. reading online can't take the place of(代替) reading books
    D. reading online can't be difficult for people
60.What can we infer from the passage?
    A. More teenagers read online now.          B. What teenagers read builds their future.
    C. What children should learn first is phonics.  D. More practice makes reading easier.
61.What's the best title(标题)for the passage?
    A. Why Is Reading Important?       B. What Should Teenagers Read?
    C. How Is Reading Ability Improved?   D. When Should Children Start Reading?
D
The Big Lottery is giving money to groups of teenagers between 14 and 19 who want to become active citizens. The teenagers who would like to help make the area you live in better, cleaner, safer and more friendly can actually get money for improving your local community (社区).We have $ 80,000 to give away. We are looking for young people to take part in schemes(规划) and projects near to where they live.
Here are a few easy things you could do to get started.
Meeting the neighbors: Everybody needs good neighbors. Knock on people’s door and find out what they would like improving in your area. Set a date for a meeting and then make some plans together. If you don’t want to go round to their houses, then you could always put a note through their doors.
Neighborhood watch: Neighborhood watch schemes are very popular in the UK. If you go away on holiday and leave your house, it’s very nice to know that a neighbor is keeping an eye on it. It’s a good way to make the area you live in safer. You could set one up easily and quickly.(Paragraph 4)
Lending a hand: There are often elderly people living in the neighborhood who may not be able to do the things that you can. Offer to do their shopping once a week, look after their garden for them or maybe walk their dog.(Paragraph 5)
No littering: Nobody likes picking up other people’s rubbish, but a clean street can make all the difference. Take it in turns to go out once or twice a week and see what you can find. You never know, one day you might find something valuable.
Recycling: Nearly two-thirds of your rubbish can be recycled. Some are as already provide places to people to recycle bottles, tins, plastic and paper. Find out if this is done in your neighborhood. If it’s not, do something about it.
   So go on … Just tell us what kind of project you want to join in. Then we’ll send you more details. Take positive action and help make your neighborhood a better place to live in.
62. The aim of the Big Lottery is         .
   A. to make the neighborhood busier       B. to help the old people in the community
   C. to improve the local community        D. to help young babies in the neighborhood
63. Who is needed to take part in the project?
   A. Anyone who wants to.               B. All the teenagers.
   C. Students in the neighborhood.         D. Teenagers from 14 to 19.
64. Paragraph 4 and Paragraph 5 tell us         .
   A. neighborhood watch is good to make the community cleaner
   B. how to make the community safer and more friendly
   C. lending a hand means to lend some money to others
   D. to help neighbors do what they wouldn’t like to do.
65. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?
   A. Discuss plans with your neighbor for improving your area.
   B. Do some shopping once a week for old people who can’t do it.
   C. Pick up the rubbish everywhere in the street to make your area cleaner.
   D. Look after the garden, walk the dogs for the old in order to get much money.
第Ⅱ卷  非选择题 (共60分)
五、词汇运用(每空一词)(共10题;每小题1分,计10分)
66. She has          the book for more than three weeks.(借)
67.There are a lot of __________about whether to build a park or not.(讨论)
68.Why not put the ladder _________ the wall? (紧靠)
69.I think snakes are the ____________ animals in the world. (丑陋的)
70.I think nothing can prevent us from _____________our dreams.(实现)
71. The gentleman stood up           when the lady entered the room. (polite)
72. He was so tired out that he found himself ______ to move out of the hole. (able)
73.Our school library is the same size as __________ (they).
74. What a good time we had __________ with my pen friend by e-mail! (communication)
75. Many traditional ________  give advice or express some truth about life. (say)
六、任务型阅读 (每空一词)(共10空;每空1分,计10分)
You love reading,and you're dying to get your hands on a book.With the right
knowledge ,it’s easy to choose a good book!
Go to the library first. Answer  these questions. What writers do you like? What are your interests? See if the library has computers. If it does ,you can use it to find a certain book by a certain writer, or keywords of your interests. If you like a certain book, search the book up and read its summary(概要).That will help you decide  if the book is right for you.
    Search your house next. Often good books are quietly collecting dust(灰尘) in your own house. Maybe you forget about one. Probably, you will find some books that you can read,and they won’t even cost you any money.
Then, ask someone to recommend a good book. You can ask your older brothers or sisters, your mom, your dad, your best friend, or even your English teacher. They have something in common with you and can often make excellent book recommendations. You should ask people that like the same type of books, so that you can get books that match your need.
Join a book club , please. It helps you know who else likes the same books as you, and you can read books that other members have read and have a good discussion about them.
Finally, read the first part of each book. If that holds your attention(注意) , read a few more pages. If it still holds your attention, then it’s probably  a book for you. If you have many books, this can take m uch time to choose. Keep doing this until you have a few good books.
                       How to   76   a good book
Go to the library Use the computer to search books by   77   or interests.
Search up a book that you like, read its summary and    78   whether to read on.
Search your house Look through the good books that lie    79    in your house for long. You will probably find a good one that has been forgotten.
Ask someone for recommendations Turn to your   80   ,friend or teachers for excellent book recommendations.
Ask those who share the same  81  in certain types of books with you.
Join a book club It gets you to     82   those who like the same books as you.
You and other members read the same books and  83   them together.
Read the first part of each book  If the first part attracts you, keep    84   to see if it is a good for you.
   85    a few good books from many will take much time.
七、缺词填空(共10空;每空1分,计10分)
When you have dinner, you follow table manners. When you have a 1   8 6   , you obey the rules in the classroom. But have you ever thought about needing to m   87  your manners in the digital(数码的) world when you use phones, e-mails and social media, like QQ, WeChat, etc?
As new research by Oxford University noted, "It's just important to treat people with respect online as it is in real life. " The study came up with some rules of good manners to live by in the digital age. Their first a   88   is not "over-sharing" on social media, which means not posting every detail about your life online, because some of us are not creative e   89   to always show off our thoughts and lives on social media. The manners also i   90  not looking through others' phones and not gossiping(说闲话) about others over messages, e   91   when you choose "reply all" to send a message to a group of people.
    Although gossip is not h  92   chat that can make conversations exciting, it can also be a way to spread something untrue about other people. Gossip can be even stronger on social media than in real life, so it's b   93    not to gossip.
    Moreover, when you have bad news for someone, do not leave text messages on social media, chat with him or her by c   94     personal messages.
    Nowadays technology has o    95  us different ways to contact others. It is important to remember how to behave toward others online.
八、书面表达(计30分)
A. 句子翻译(共5小题;每小题2分, 计10分)
96. 当地政府已经将镇中心的一部分改建成一个新公园。
97. 顺便问一下,乘坐直飞航班到海南需要多长时间?
98. 他过去曾梦想不带护照环游世界。
99. 这个公园是辛苦工作一天后放松休闲的好去处。
100. 他说得太快,不能清楚地表达自己的想法。
B.写作(计20分)
101. 2018年江苏省第十九届运动会将在扬州举办,这是我市首次承办的规模最大、规格最高的一项大型综合体育赛事,作为扬州市民的你应该为这场盛会中作出哪些贡献呢?请
根据下表内容提示,以“Let’s roll up our sleeves to work for the Great Event”为题,写一篇英语短文。
美化环境 不乱扔垃圾,保持公共场所干净整洁;
植树种花,美化环境 ……
文明礼貌 主动向客人问好 ……
乐于助人 向客人介绍扬州的历史文化,带领客人赏美景,品美味 ……
其它 ……
要求:
1. 词数100左右;开头已给出,不计入总字数;不得出现真实的人名、班级名;
2. 短文应包括表格内所有内容要点,不要逐条翻译,可适当发挥,使短文连贯通顺。        
Let’s roll up our sleeves to work for the Great Event
The 19th Jiangsu sports meeting will be held in our city in 2018. Many people are all busy preparing for it.
 
八年级英语参考答案
一、听力1-5ABBAC  6-10 BCAAB  11-15 BBBAC  16-20 BACBB
二、单项选择21-25. AABAC   26-30. DCBAB  31-35.DDBDA
三、完形填空 36-40.ABBCC  41-45. ABDCA  46-50. CBABC
四、阅读理解51-53. CAB     54-57.DCCD  58-61. BCBA   62-65. CDBD
五、词汇运用
66.kept    67. discussions  68.against    69. ugliest            70.realizing
71. politely  72. un able     73.theirs     74.communicating      75. sayings
六、任务型阅读
76.choose   77. writers        78. decide     79.quietly      80. family/families
81. interest   82. know        83. discuss    84. reading      85. Choosing
七、缺词填空
86. lesson     87.mind     88.advice  89.enough  90.include 
91.especially  92.harmful  93.better   94.calling  95.offered
八、书面表达
A.完成句子
96.The local government has turned part of the town centre into a new park.
97. By the way, how long does it take to take a direct flight to Hainan?
   By the way, how long does it take to fly yo Hainan directly?
98. He used to dream of travelling around the world without a passport.
99. He spoke too fast to express himself clearly.
He spoke so fast that he couldn’t express himself clearly.
100. The park is a good place to relax after a hard day’s work.
(注:只要答案正确都可以给分!)
B.写作(计20分)
 Let’s roll up our sleeves to work for the Great Event
The 19th Jiangsu sports meeting will be held in our city in 2018.Many people are busy preparing for it. We should try our best to help them.
Firstly, it’s important for everyone to live a green life. We should keep our city clean and beautiful. Don’t throw rubbish everywhere. Try to plant more trees and flowers.
Secondly, we should have good manners. When we meet our guests, we should say“hello”to them. We must learn to say “please”,“thank you”and so on.
Thirdly, try our best to help people in need. Yangzhou is a beautiful city with a long history. There are many places of interest to visit. We can show our guests around them.
We can take our guests to taste some delicious food.
We are happy to do something useful.

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