2018年八年级英语下Unit8单元测试题(泽林牛津版含答案)

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2018年八年级英语下Unit8单元测试题(泽林牛津版含答案)

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Unit 8 单元测试题
Ⅰ. 单项选择(每小题1分,共15分)
从各题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。
(    )1. Your advice will certainly make a difference ______ the way I do my job.
A. for    B. to   C. about    D. from
(    )2. All of us find ______ necessary to do sports every day.
A. this     B. that     C. one      D. it
(    )3. —Do you think it is ______ of Jim to spend so much time walking to work?
—Yes. It is good for both the environment and his health.
A. wrong       B. friendly
C. wise       D. impossible
(    )4. —There are ______ differences between the two rooms, are there?
—Do you think so? Room 302 has ______ dust because its window isn’t open to the road.
A. few; less      B. a few; less
C. few; more      D. a few; more
(    )5. —To be honest, the job is done ______ to make your boss pleased.
—I’m sorry. I will try my best next time.
A. too careless      B. careless enough 
C. too carelessly     D. carelessly enough
(    )6. This kind of electric (电动的) car is much safer. ______, it saves much energy.
A. Moreover      B. However
C. Therefore      D. Otherwise
(    )7. —______ do the volunteers spend so much time collecting waste?
—For recycling, I think.
A. How       B. Why   
C. What       D. Where
(    )8. Wendy’s room looks so tidy with every piece of furniture ______.
A. at a place      B. in place  
C. in a place      D. at place
(    )9. —What can be used to ______ electricity?
—A lot of things, such as water and wind.
A. push        B. protect
C. prevent       D. produce
(    )10. My new job will mean ______ all over the world.
A. travel         B. travelled  
C. travelling        D. to travel
(    )11. —Jack, didn’t you see the sign “No smoking”?
—Sorry. I didn’t know smoking isn’t ______ here.
A. achieved      B. avoided 
C. allowed      D. expected
(    )12. —After the sports meeting, there are so many water bottles in the dustbin.
—Members of our society will collect them so that they can be ______.
A. replied      B. returned 
C. reduced     D. reused
(    )13. I wasn’t worried about the situation because I knew I could ______ you.
A. depend upon     B. take after 
C. hear from     D. look like
(    )14. Helen, we have ______ money, so we can’t take a taxi to go home.
A. taken out      B. taken out of 
C. run out      D. run out of
(    )15. —You won first prize? Are you joking?
—______. We played really well in that game.
A. Of course      B. I am serious
C. Never mind      D. You are welcome
Ⅱ. 完形填空(每小题1分,共10分)
根据材料内容,从各题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。
We humans have lived on the Earth for 35,000 years. During this period, we have changed the Earth a lot in many ways. Some things we have done are very good for the Earth   1   others are bad.
All over the world, people have   2   millions of trees. When it rains or when the wind blows, the soil is taken away. In big cities, cars and buses have   3   the air. Now many people in cities have health problems. Factories have   4   polluted the land and the water.
Around the Earth, there is a special kind of oxygen (氧气) called ozone (臭氧). It is   5   to the Earth. But now air pollution is destroying it and that has made a very big hole in the ozone layer (臭氧层). Too much harmful light from the sun passes   6   the hole and reaches the Earth. This is very   7   because it can cause disease.
Carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) in the air has increased (增加) a lot. It mainly comes from burning oil, coal and wood. This makes the Earth   8   warmer and warmer. As a result, the climate (气候) of the Earth has   9   a lot.
All these problems are very   10  . We must do something to stop the Earth from being polluted now. Let’s try our best to protect the Earth.
(    )1. A. though    B. because  C. while      D. if
(    )2. A. cut down   B. cut into   C. cut off      D. cut out
(    )3. A. treated      B. polluted   C. operated     D. behaved
(    )4. A. also         B. ever      C. still        D. yet
(    )5. A. careless     B. useless   C. incorrect  D. important
(    )6. A. across       B. through   C. above      D. under
(    )7. A. proper      B. meaningful C. dangerous  D. difficult
(    )8. A. become     B. look       C. smell       D. sound
(    )9. A. held        B. changed    C. returned    D. displayed
(    )10. A. good       B. happy     C. great       D. serious
Ⅲ. 阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)
根据材料内容,从各题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案。
A
Even when I was very young, I always loved plants. When I walked to school, I would look at the different plants along the way. I would make up names for them. I would draw pictures of them. When my teacher asked us to draw a picture of anything we liked, I always drew pictures of plants.
When I got to high school, I took a course that was all about plants. We went to the park to study different plants. It was amazing. I found out that there were at least 27 different kinds of plants in the park. There were also about 12 different kinds of trees.
When I went to college, I knew that I wanted to study plants. I wanted to be a plant scientist. I took classes in Maths, English and History. They were good classes. But it was the Science classes that I loved best.
Now I teach about plants at a college. I keep learning more about plants and the animals that depend on them. I learn from the Internet now, and sometimes go to the park and study the plants in my neighbourhood. I share what I learned when I teach, and I write books that help people learn about nature.
(    )1. When the writer was very young, he liked to ______.
A. take photos of plants  
B. learn names of different plants
C. watch different plants
D. grow different plants
(    )2. At high school, the writer often studied plants ______.
A. at school       B. in a park
C. on the street      D. at home
(    )3. As a college student, the writer’s favourite subject was ______.
A. Science      B. Maths
C. English      D. History
(    )4. What does NOT the writer do now?
A. Teaching classes about plants at a college.
B. Learning more about plants on the Internet.
C. Travelling to different places to study plants.
D. Writing books to help people learn about nature.
(    )5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. Plants are interesting
B. My love for plants
C. What plants teach me 
D. Plants around us
B
It is Mrs Brown's birthday. Mr and Mrs Brown are at their favourite Chinese restaurant, China Jade. They rarely go out to eat. It is expensive to eat out. They only eat out on special days. Mrs Brown is forty years old today, so it is a very special day.
China Jade is a small restaurant. However, it is quite clean and beautiful. There are about ten tables in the restaurant. On each table, there is a red flower. The Browns came here for the first time three years ago. They came to celebrate their friend Robert's birthday. They fell in love with this small restaurant at that time.
Yan is the headwaiter (侍者领班) here. He works very hard and he enjoys his job. He likes telling jokes and many customers (顾客) like him. He knows that it is Mrs Brown's birthday and he wants the dinner to be very special. He brings Mr and Mrs Brown a menu. Then he helps them order. They order vegetable soup for their first course (菜肴). For their main course, they order Peking duck. After the main course, they order a fruit salad. Yan brings them their food. They eat slowly and happily, listening to the beautiful music.
The evening is so wonderful. It is 11:00 p.m. when the Browns get home. Mrs Brown puts her red flower from China Jade in a vase (花瓶). She is very happy. She thinks that it is not so bad to be forty years old!
(    )6. What does the underlined word “rarely” mean in Chinese?
A. 从未  B. 很少  C. 经常 D. 一直
(    )7. The Browns first came to China Jade _______.
A. four years ago  
B. five years ago
C. for their friend's birthday  
D. for Mrs Brown's birthday
(    )8. From the passage, we can know that _______.
A. Yan is a job-loving person
B. Yan is the Browns' old classmate
C. China Jade is quite a big restaurant
D. China Jade is far from the Browns' home
(    )9. What foods do the Browns order?
① Vegetable soup       ② Beef noodles   
③ Fruit salad           ④ Peking duck
A. ①②③              B. ①②④
C. ①③④              D. ②③④
(    )10. What might be the best title for the passage?
A. A surprising dinner
B. A wonderful evening 
C. The Browns' best friend
D. The Browns' favourite food
C
China’s Green Beat is the first green media in China. It provides enjoyable short films for people to care about environmental problems. It has created more than ten short films in order to teach people about environmental problems through some stories.
It was set up by John Romankiewicz from the USA and Shane Zhao from China. John graduated (毕业) from Northwestern University and came to China to learn Chinese and developed a career in renewable (可再生的) energy. He hoped to get further study on China’s environmental problems. At the same time, Shane, a high school graduate from Heilongjiang, was introduced to John by a friend. They decided to set up China’s first video podcast (播客) about the environment in 2008, named China’s Green Beat. The next year, it added a new green brother Rene Ng, a Canadian-born Chinese actor and writer working in Beijing. With his help, their short films have got a lot of public’s attention (注意). The following is one of them.
September 22nd is World Car Free Day. Kunming is the only Chinese city to have Car Free Day every month. It is on the last Saturday from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. On that day, the air in the city is reported to be much better because of fewer cars.
(    )11. What is China’s Green Beat?
A. A factory that produces short films about environmental problems.
B. A farm that produces healthy and cheap vegetables in China.
C. A media that produces short films about environmental problems.
D. An organization that asks people to protect the environment.
(    )12. Where did John come from?
A. China.       B. America.
C. Australia.      D. Canada.
(    )13. Whom did John set up China’s Green Beat with?
A. One of his friends.    
B. A high school graduate.
C. One of his classmates. 
D. A famous actor and writer.
(    )14. Which of the following is TRUE about Rene Ng according to the passage?
A. He was introduced to John by a friend at a party.
B. He was born in Beijing and is working in Canada.
C. He joined China’s Green Beat in Canada in 2008.
D. He made a great difference to China’s Green Beat.
(    )15. How often does Kunming have Car Free Day?
A. Once a month. B. Once a week.
C. Once a year.     D. Twice a year.
D
Thomas
I'm not really sure what I will do in ten years. I guess that I will get a job, but I don't know what job I want to do yet. Maybe an actor or a filmmaker? But I can clearly tell you what I'll do next week — celebrate my birthday with friends.
Emma
There's one thing I really want to do and that is to travel around the world. Hopefully I will live somewhere completely different in ten years — somewhere really interesting like Australia or even Japan. I'd like to be a teacher and I'll probably teach English. Then I can go to almost any country and find a job.
Ken
When I was little, I always said I wanted to be a doctor and that hasn't changed. I will definitely (一定地) study medicine after I finish high school. I know it will be a lot of hard work, but it's my dream. So in ten years I guess I will work in a hospital as a doctor and save people's lives.
Mary
I'm not really sure about the future. I know that I'm going to go to university but I also imagine that I will get married sometime in the next ten years. I'd like to have a family but I also want to have an interesting job. I'm interested in environmental protection, so in ten years, I'll probably work as a scientist and help develop alternative energy (替代能源) or something like that.
(    )16. What will Thomas do next week?
A. Watch a film.                
B. Celebrate his birthday.
C. Go to see a doctor.        
D. Clean up the city parks.
(    )17. Who loves travelling?
A. Thomas.       B. Ken.
C. Mary.       D. Emma.
(    )18. What does Ken dream of being?
A. A teacher.       B. A scientist.
C. A doctor.      D. A filmmaker.
(    )19. Which of the following is TRUE according to the material?
A. Ken studies medicine in his free time.
B. Thomas is studying acting in a college now.
C. Mary is interested in environmental protection.
D. Emma loves English more than any other subject.
(    )20. What question might the four people answer?
A. What subject do you love most?
B. What will you probably do in ten years?
C. What do you often do in your free time?
D. What will you do to make your dream come true?
第Ⅱ卷 非选择题(共55分)
Ⅳ. 词汇运用(每小题1分,共15分)
A) 根据语境及所给汉语提示,写出所缺单词。
1. You will be ________(罚款) if you drive in a wrong direction.
2. South-west China is very ________(丰富的) in hydropower  (水电) resources in our country.
3. The medicine must be taken on a(n) ________(空的) stomach.
4. Please ________(分开) the white coats from the colourful ones.
5. Making a plan is the first ________(步骤) to achieve your dream.
B) 根据语境,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空
6. It’s ________(possible) for us to go there by boat. It’s raining so hard.
7. Parents’ behaviour makes a great ________(different) to their children.
8. As we all know, playing computer games too much will be ________(harm) to the students.
9. These ________(travel) are very interested in the old town.
10. They finished all the work by ________(they) last month.
11. Our government is trying ________(reduce) the air pollution.
12. Amy is ________(dig) holes to plant trees.
13. Mark felt ________(bad) this morning than last night, so he went to the doctor.
14. Mrs Miller, I will never forget your ________(kind) to me.
15. Trees shouldn’t be ________(cut) down because human beings need fresh air.
Ⅴ. 任务型阅读(每小题1分,共10分)
根据材料内容,用正确的信息完成表格,每空一词。
Many large cities are not so beautiful. There is a lot of rubbish in the streets. However, some of the rubbish can be useful. If people want to solve the problem, they should do it right now. They must take action to make use of rubbish. In this way, some good things will not be thrown away as waste.
When a car gets too old, it may not run any more. But if the metal (金属) that the car was made of is still good, we can use it to make something else. When a bottle is empty, it will be thrown away. But the bottle glass can be made into sand and used to build streets. Rubbish from food can be changed into fertilizer (肥料). It is cheap and safe. Other rubbish can also be used to make buildings. It can be mixed with concrete (混凝土) to form special bricks. Now, more and more machines are designed for that.
Some day, people will watch films in a beautiful cinema which is built out of rubbish. Besides, in the future, buildings, roads, and cities may be made from rubbish. But so far, it is only a dream to build beautiful cities out of rubbish.
A dream of (1)         the rubbish
(2)       for making use of rubbish ◆The street is (3)         of rubbish.
◆Some of the rubbish can be (4)         again.
(5)         of
making use of rubbish ◆The metal of old (6)         can be used to make something else.
◆The bottle glass can be made into (7)         and used to build streets.
◆Rubbish from (8)         can be turned into fertilizer.
◆Other rubbish can be used to (9)         special bricks to make buildings.
The dream of using rubbish to build beautiful cities hasn’t come (10)        .
Ⅵ. 短文填空(每小题1分,共10分)
根据短文内容及所给首字母提示,写出所缺单词,使短文完整、通顺。
  “Go Green” can mean many different things to different people. For some people, it means something very s        (1). You may think about the environment. For others, it means that you should live in a way that is not h        (2) to the health of people or animals. It’s not n        (3) for you to change your lifestyle completely  (完全地), but small changes can help make the environment cleaner and safer.
How can you “Go Green”? The following s        (4) may help.
●You should use products (产品) that are good for the environment instead of using those that might p        (5) the environment.
●You should use washing and cleaning products with n        (6) materials and colours.
●You had better r        (7) the products you have used.
●You shouldn’t buy things that you don’t r        (8) need. You need to buy less because you must s        (9) the energy for the next generation (代).
In short, the “Go Green” message is this — thinking of the environment in
e        (10) you do.
Ⅶ. 书面表达(20分)
假如你是李伟,今天你们班开展了“珍爱地球,保护环境”的主题班会,此次活动让你对环境问题的严重性有了深刻认识。会后,你打算写一份不少于100词的英文倡议书投给校报的英语专栏,以此号召全校同学行动起来,为保护环境而努力。倡议书的开头和结尾已经给出,但不计入要求词数。
参考词汇:空气质量  air quality
Dear students,
______________________________
Yours,
Li Wei

答案:
Ⅰ. 1—5 BDCAC    6—10 ABBDC  11—15 CDADB
Ⅱ. 1—5 CABAD    6—10 BCABD
Ⅲ. 1—5 CBACB    6—10 BCACB  11—15 CBBDA    16—20 BDCCB
Ⅳ. A) 1. fined     2. rich     3. empty    4. separate   5. step
B) 6. impossible   7. difference   8. harmful 9. travellers   10. themselves  
11. to reduce  12. digging    13. worse    14. kindness  15. cut
Ⅴ. 1. reusing      2. Reasons      3. full      4. used
5. Ways    6. cars       7. sand       8. food   9. form       10. true
Ⅵ. 1. simple    2. harmful    3. necessary    4. steps
5. pollute    6. natural    7. recycle / reuse 
8. really    9. save    10. everything
Ⅶ. One possible version:
Dear students,
As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse. It’s time for us to do something to protect it. But do you know how?
First, we could use public transportation, walk or ride a bike when possible. It makes less pollution in the air. Second, we should not drop litter everywhere. When we see it on the street, we should pick it up. Last but not least, we must plant more trees to improve the air quality.
If all of us try our best, I believe our environment will become better and better. Let’s take action and help build a green world!
Yours,
Li Wei

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