2017~2018学年度八年级英语第一学期期末考试试题(含答案)

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2017~2018学年度八年级英语第一学期期末考试试题(含答案)

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2017—2018学年度第一学期期末考试
八年级英语试题
(考试时间:120分钟   满分:150分)
注意事项:
    1、本试卷分第一部分选择题和第二部分非选择题
2、作答试题前,请考生务必将自己的姓名、考试号用钢笔或圆珠笔填写在试卷规定的位置上,并认真核对。
3、答案必须填在答题纸上,在其他位置作答一律无效。每小题做出答案后,用钢笔或圆珠笔填在答题纸的相应位置。

第一部分  选择题(85分)
一、听力(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
第一部分  听对话,回答问题。
本部分共有10道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍。在听每段对话前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读题目;听完后,你还有5秒钟的时间选出你认为最合适的备选答案。
1. What was the weather like in Beijing last Friday?
A.        B.     C.
2. What is the boy going to do first? 
A.           B.          C.
3. When is Tom’s birthday? 
A.            B.          C.
4. What are they talking about?
A.            B.          C.     
5. Where can the woman be?
A. At a library.                 B. At the doctor’s.   C. At a bookshop.
6. How often does Jack work on his Happy and Happy? 
A. Never.          B. Once a week.   C. Every day. 
7. Where was Ann last night?
A. At home.      B. At school.     C. In the cinema.
8. What’s the relationship (关系) between the two speakers?
A. Teacher and student.           B. Father and daughter.      C. Husband and wife.
9. When did William begin to skate according to the conversation?
A. Four years ago.               B. Five years ago.          C. Six years ago.
10. Why didn’t Cindy come to Lily’s birthday party?
A. Because she was ill.          
B. Because Lily didn’t invite her. 
C. Because she forgot it.
第二部分 听对话和短文,回答问题。
本部分你将听到一段对话和两篇短文,各听两遍。在听每段对话或短文前,你将有时间阅读相关小题,每小题5秒钟。听完后,你还有5秒钟的时间选出你认为最合适的备选答案。
听一段对话,回答11-12题。
11. Where did the fire happen?
A. In a school.                 B. At a hotel.             C. At a shop.
12. Who was hurt?
A. Some students.               B. No one.               C. Many people.
听第一篇短文,回答第13-15题,请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。
Why is hiking popular?
Reason 1 healthy and relaxing
good exercise without   13 
Reason 2 simple and cheap
what you need to do: wear a pair of   14    and a smile on your face
Reason 3 can help you get away from your    15    
can make you energetic and confident
13. A. running           B. jumping    C. hurting
14. A. glasses       B. boots     C. trousers
15. A. daily life     B. strange feelings   C. bad habits
听第二篇短文,回答16-20题。
16. Where does Miss Lin work?
A. In a police station.   B. In a restaurant.      C. In a school. 
17. How does Miss Lin go to work every day?
A. On foot.                    B. By bus.                C. By bike.
18. Why did nobody help the old lady when she cried for help?
A. Because no other people were in the street.   
B. Because the bad man was very strong.
C. Because the people there were not very friendly.
19. What did Miss Lin do to help the lady?
A. She hit the bad man.       B. She called the police.  
C. She shouted at the bad man.
20. What is Miss Lin like, according to the story?
A. Honest and friendly.       B. Strong and helpful.     C. Brave and clever.
二、单项选择  从下列每题所给的四个选项中, 选择一个最佳答案。(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
21. —Here is _____international call for you, Lily.
  —Thank you. ________ call is from my aunt.
A. a; The   B. the; The   C. an; A      D. an; The
22. —Do you know what to do first if I burn myself?
  —You should keep your hand ______ cold water and then cover it ______ a clean towl.
A. on; with   B. above; by   C. in; with   D. across; of
23. There are ______ visitors to the wetland park, and the number is becoming ______ now.
A. thousand of; larger and larger   B. thousands of; more and more   
C. thousands of; larger and larger   D. thousand of; more and more
24. Jack used to be a lazy boy. We all hope ______ hard at his lessons now.
A. he to work  B. him to work  C. to working      D. he can work
25. We should do what we can ________ the hunters ________ the animals.
A. to prevent; killing      B. to prevent; to kill   
C. prevent; killing         D. prevent; to kill
26. —________ does the girl over there weigh?     
—Her ________ is 50kg.
A. How heavy; weigh           B. How many; weight
C. How much; weight         D. How much; weigh
27. The sentence structure of  “I saw some kids kicking the ball.” is _____________. 
A. S+V+IO+DO    B. S+V+DO+OC      C. S+V              D. S+V+O
28. — Will it be sunny this afternoon?
— It _____________fine. Who knows? The weather always changes quickly.
A. must be          B. will be       C. may be       D. maybe
29. Last year, our country ______ lots of food ______ that African(非洲的) country to help the poor people there.
A. gave; for     B. provided; with    C. provided; for     D. offered; for
30. —How do you come to school?
—By bike. Taking a bus may _______ much money. And walking _______ too much time.
A. take; pays        B. cost; takes         C. pay; spends       D. pay; takes
31. — Simon, I called you at about 7:00 p.m. yesterday, but you didn’t answer it.
   — Sorry. I ______ with my cousin in the supermarket and it was really noisy.  
A. am shopping     B. was shopping      C. shopped       D. will shop
32. — _____ will the weather ______ tomorrow?
   — I hope it will be _______. There are many wet clothes at home.      
A. What; be like; sunny        B. What; be; cloudy 
C. How; be like; fine                D. How; be; snowy
33. —Jiangyan, our hometown, ________ an area of 987 square kilometers. Do you know ______ from Taizhou to Jiangyan?
   —It’s nearly half an hour’s driving.
A. covers; how soon is it                B. takes; how often is it 
C. includes; how long it is                 D. covers; how far it is
34. —Many people like using WeChat now.
—Yes. WeChat makes ______ easier for friends to contact with(联系) each other.
A. it      B. that       C. this      D. them
35. —How many cranes did you see on the lake last Sunday?
   —_________. They all flew to the south last month.
A. Nothing     B. Nobody           C. No one         D. None
36. Suzy was making a snowman _______ Kitty was standing beside her.
A. when           B. while    C. until    D. before
37. —I fell off the bike and hurt my leg yesterday.  
—_______. Be careful next time.
A. Never mind                B. No problem   
  C. I’m sorry to hear that             D. What bad news
38.         his way out, he tried to move through the dark.
A. To find          B. Find              C. Finding           D. Finds
39. — I think cycling isn’t as exciting as climbing.
   — That’s because you can’t ride well. _________, both of them are interesting.
A. In fact                        B. As a result      
C. By the way                        D. In the beginning
40. —        it is!    
—Yes. It is almost pouring.
A. What a heavy rain                     B. How a heavy rain 
C. What heavy rainy                     D. How heavy rainy
三、完形填空  阅读短文, 从每题所给选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
Ivan sat on the floor covered with sand deep down in the sea. He was bored and   41  . He watched other pretty fish swimming in and out of rocks. They were laughing and dancing
  42  . “ Why am I so different?” he said to himself.
“You are an octopus(章鱼), Ivan. That is special.” The sweet   43   of Peter, a beautiful white dolphin,   44   made Ivan feel better. Ivan looked up at the white dolphin and smiled. Peter said,“Let’s play games   45  .”
They were having a lot of   46   and they didn’t know they swam far from home. Suddenly Peter saw a large shark(鲨鱼) swimming next to them, “It is Big White …... the biggest, most   47   shark in the sea,” he shouted to Ivan. Peter looked at Big White   48  . Peter was very afraid and he couldn’t   49  . Just at this moment, Big White rushed down towards   50  . An   51   came to Ivan. He quickly sprayed(喷) a very dark cloud of black water to the shark’s eyes. Then Ivan and Peter swam away   52   got home safely.
“Are you OK?” asked Ivan. “Yes. That was the most interesting trip ever! You saved me just now, I am lucky to have you as my   53  !” Ivan’s face turned red. “I guess being different
  54   others can be so cool sometimes,” Ivan said. “That is what I try to   55   you,” Peter said.   
41. A. happy          B. unhappy        C. nervous         D. trapped
42. A. in the river       B. in the lake      C. in the sea        D. on the beach
43. A. sound           B. noise          C. shout           D. voice
44. A. seldom          B. always         C. sometimes       D. never
45. A. together          B. instead         C. as well          D. also
46. A. trouble           B. care           C. shame          D. fun
47. A. kind             B. terrible         C. friendly         D. small
48. A. hopefully         B. hopelessly       C. carefully       D. carelessly
49. A. walk            B. fly             C. swim          D. run
50. A. me              B. you            C. her            D. them
51. A. idea             B. action          C. ability          D. example
52. A. and             B. but            C. or             D. after
53. A. pet              B. family          C. friend          D. listener
54. A. with             B. about           C. as             D. from
55. A. tell              B. play            C. ask           D. buy
四、阅读理解  阅读下列短文, 根据短文内容选择最佳答案。(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A
When I was fourteen years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad (Like many English children, I often went to France). So when I went to America, I thought I would have a nice easy holiday without any language problems.
How wrong I was! The misunderstanding(误解) began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to tell my American friend Danny that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking lost and asked if he could help me.
“Yes,” I said, “I want to give my friend a ring.”
“Well, that’s nice,” he said, “Are you getting married? But aren’t you too young?”
“Who is talking about marriage(婚姻)?” I replied, “I only want to give my friend a ring to tell him I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there is a phone box?”
“Oh,” he said, “there is a phone downstairs.”
When at last we met, Danny explained the misunderstanding to me.
“Don’t worry,” he said to me, “I had so many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which Americans use differently in meaning from British people. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. Most of the time, British and American people understand each other.”
56. The writer was from _________.
A. Japan    B. France   C. America   D. England
57. The writer thought ________ in America at first.
A. he wouldn’t have any language problems
B. he would be lost and he had to call the police for help
C. he wouldn’t understand the Americans
D. he would have a terrible holiday
58. The writer wanted to ________ at the airport.
A. have a meal   B. buy a map  C. call his friend   D. find an old man
59. According to the friendly old man, “give somebody a ring” means “_____”.
A. make a telephone call to somebody    B. be going to get married
C. buy a telephone for somebody   D. ask somebody to wear a ring
60. The underlined word “they” refers to ________. 
A. the old man and the boy        B. the British  
C. the French          D. the Americans
B
Ren Kexin is preparing a Christmas gift for her best friend. It is a cross-stitch (十字绣). Making the gift takes up a lot of her free time.
“I’m interested in making gifts myself,” said the Grade 10 girl, “and I believe my friend will like it very much.”
Many Chinese students make gifts instead of buying them. Ren is one of them. A DIY gift is not only cheaper but also interesting to make and it has a special meaning.
Teenagers also make other gifts like bracelets (手链), Chinese knots (中国结). “Gift shops may sell many of them, but any gift you make yourself is unique (独一无二的),” Zheng Ruobing, a 16-year-old girl said. She once made a cross-stitch for an American teacher. Her teacher was excited with it.
However, not all students are DIY fans. Luo Dinghan thinks making gifts is a waste of time. “I often buy gifts for my friends, as time is more important than money,” he said, “And some gifts you get from stores are much more beautiful.”
61. The report says that making a DIY gift may_____________.
A. be easy       B. be boring        C. take much time   D. cost much
62. The report tells many good points of DIY gifts except (除了) that ________________.
A. they are interesting to make       B. they have special meanings   
C. they are cheap to make           D. they look very beautiful
63. Zheng Ruobing ____________ her American teacher.
A. made a cross-stitch for        B. bought a bracelet for  
C. made a Chinese tie for       D. got a cross-stitch from
64. The Chinese meaning for the underlined word “waste” should be _____________.
A. 珍惜     B. 浪费    C. 投资    D. 节约 
65. Luo Dinghan thinks ______________.
A. gifts from stores cost more money       B. money is more important than time
C. DIY is a waste of time        
D. DIY gifts can be more popular than gifts from stores

C
An old man was fishing on the bank of a river. A child came to see him fishing. The old man was really good at fishing and it didn’t take long for him to catch a full basket of fish. The old man saw that the child was very cute, and he wanted to give her a whole basket of fish. But the child shook her head. The old man was surprised and asked, “Why don’t you want the fish?”
The child answered, “I want the fishing rod(竿) in your hands.”
The old man asked, “Why do you want the rod?”
“It doesn’t take long to eat all the fish in a basket. But if I have the fishing rod, I can go fishing by myself and I won’t be afraid of not having any more fish to eat.”
I think you will certainly say that the child is very smart. Wrong! If she doesn’t know how to fish, she can not have fish to eat, even though(尽管) she has the fishing rod. It’s useless to only have a fishing rod. Fishing skills are the most important, not the fishing rod.
Too many people think that if they have a “fishing rod” in their life, they will no longer fear(害怕)the wind and rain. They are just like the child, who thought that if she had a fishing rod, she would have fish to eat.
66. The old man was fishing on the bank of ___________.
A. a river       B. a lake             C. a pool      D. a stream
67. Why did the child refuse(拒绝) the fish the old man gave her?
A. Because she didn’t like fish.       B. Because she wanted his fishing rod.
C. Because the old man had few fish.      D. Because she wanted to learn fishing skills.
68. The writer thought the child was _______ after she explained why she didn’t want the fish.
A. smart     B. hard-working        C. silly(傻的)     D. creative(有创造力的)
69. The article mainly tell us ____________.
A. if you have a “fishing rod” in your life, you won’t be afraid of anything
B. if you have a fishing  rod, you’ll have a lot of fish to eat
C. “fishing skills” are more important than “the fishing rod” in life
D. “the fishing rod” is more important than the fish that people catch
70. What is the best title for the article?
A. The Fishing Rod            B. The Fishing Man
C. The Fishing Girl            D. The Fishing Experience

第二部分  非选择题(65分)
五、任务型阅读  阅读下面短文,根据所读内容,在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。
注意:每个空格只填一个单词。(共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
We live in a world full of many different kinds of people. We want to get along well with others. We also want to be liked by others. The following ways will make others like you.
Do This and You’ll Be Welcome Anywhere
Become really interested in other people. A show of interest must be true. It must bring good results to the person showing the interest, but also to the person receiving the attention. It is a two-way street—both of you get an advantage.
A Simple Way to Make a Good First Impression(印象)
Smile as often as possible. Your smile is a sign of kindness. When someone feels stressed from his or her teachers or parents, your smile is like the sun breaking through the clouds, your smile can help him or her realize that all is hopeful—that there is still joy in the world.
If You Don’t Do This, You Are Getting Into Trouble
Remember a person’s name. A person’s name is the sweetest and the most important sound in any language. We should realize the magic in a name. The name makes the person different from others; it makes him or her special among all others . If you remember a person’s name, the relationship between both of you will become much closer.
An Easy Way to Become a Good Talker
Be a careful listener first. Ask questions that other persons will like to answer. Encourage them to talk about themselves and their achievements. What you need to do is just to listen, because people are much more interested in themselves.
     71    to make people like you
Become really   72   in others Your show of interest must be true.
It must   73    good results to both of you.
Smile as often as possible Your smile is a sign of   74   .
Your smile makes others realize that all is   75   .
Remember a person’s   76     A person’s name makes him or her   77   from others.
A person’s name is the sweetest and the most important sound in all   78   .
Listen   79    first You ask questions that others enjoy   80   .
Encourage them to talk about themselves and their achievements.
六、词汇运用  (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
(A) 根据句意和汉语注释,写出单词的正确形式。(每空限一词)
81. The birds don’t have enough food to eat because _______________(渔夫) keep fishing there.
82. The little girl will travel ___________ (在国外) to learn more about art.
83. The restaurant is open every day ___________(除了) Monday.
84. The food is very delicious! I can’t ___________(描述) how much I like it.
85. As we know, giant pandas live ___________(主要地) on a special kind of bamboo.                       
(B) 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。(每空不限一词)
86. __________(luck), I fell down from my bike and hurt my left leg.
87. When we have trouble, our teachers always give us a lot of useful __________(advise).
88. The Greens ____________(plan) where to go at this time yesterday.
89. ________ (shake) hands with each other when meeting for the first time is polite.
90. Jerry was so careless that he gave an __________(correct) answer at last.
91. My uncles and their____(wife)have taught English in this school for many years.
92. Nobody can work this Maths problem out ___________ (easy).
93. —How was your trip to Beijing World Park?
—Tommy and I really enjoyed ___________(we).
94. It is a sunny, hot day today with the temperature in the ___________(thirty).
95. The wind is____________ (blow) hard outside now. The sound makes us feel afraid. 
七、根据括号内的要求完成句子;每空一词。(共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
96. The boy goes to the bookstore once a week. (对画线部分提问)
    ________ ________ does the boy go to the bookstore?
97. He spent 200 yuan on the nice suit last winter. (保持句意基本不变)
The nice suit ________ _______ 200 yuan last winter.
98. It is important for kids to imagine freely. (改为感叹句)
_________ _________ it is for kids to imagine freely!
99. I don’t like going on a picnic. I like going hiking. (合并为一句)
I like going hiking _______ _______ going on a picnic.
100. Mr. Zhang asked us when we should go to dance classes. (改为简单句)
Mr. Zhang asked us _________ _________ go to dance classes.
八、短文填空  根据短文内容及首字母提示,补全空格内单词,使短文完整、通顺。(请在答题纸上写出完整单词)(共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
There is a Chinese s  101   about an old farmer who had an old horse for farming. One day the h  102   escaped (逃脱)into the hills and, when all the other neighbours took p  103  
on the old man over his bad luck, the farmer replied, “Bad luck? Good luck? Who knows?”
A week later, the horse returned w  104   a lot of wild horses from the hills. This time the neighbours congratulated(祝贺) the farmer on his good l  105  . His reply was the s  106  , “Bad luck? Good luck? Who knows?”
Then when the farmer’s son was going to train one of the wild horses, he f  107   off its back and broke his leg. Everyone t  108   this was very bad luck, but not the farmer, whose only reply was, “Bad luck? Good luck? Who knows?”
Some weeks later, the army came into the village and made every healthy man j  109   the
army(军队). When they saw the farmer’s son with his leg b  110  , they let him off. Now was that good luck? Who knows?

九、书面表达(满分20分)
假设你是Daniel, 你的英国笔友Paul想要结交更多的朋友。你通过电子邮件,把你最好的朋友Simon介绍给他。Simon的情况见下表:
姓名 Simon
年龄 15
外貌 圆脸,黑色短发,明亮而笑眯眯的眼睛
个性 幽默 (自由发挥一点)
 真诚的朋友(自由发挥一点)
爱好 Travelling 上周参加了学校去世界公园(the World Park)的郊游。
 DIY 对DIY 着迷,阅读了很多关于DIY 的书
学校生活 有大量时间进行课外活动
所有科目中最喜欢英语,学习外语其乐无穷
其他情况 对了解不同种类的鸟类感兴趣,是观鸟俱乐部的一员。
 最喜欢冬季,因为……
理想 长大后想成为……因为……(自由发挥一点)
注意:1.词数100左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
      2. 内容必须包括表格中所有信息,并作适当的发挥。
Dear Paul,
     How are you? I’m writing to introduce my best friend Simon to you.
_________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________                                                           Yours
Daniel

文章来源
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K J.CO
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