八年级英语下期末试卷(南通市虹桥有答案)

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八年级英语下期末试卷(南通市虹桥有答案)

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八(下)期末测试卷
一、单项选择。(15分)
(    )1. —I missed the beginning of ________ cartoon The Lion King.
       —What a pity! You should leave school half _______ hour earlier.
  A. a, an           B. the, a          C. the, an            D. an, the
(    )2. Jim _____ ride to school. But now he ____ walking to school
A. was used to; used to               B. got used to; is used to
     C. used to; is used to           D. used to; used to
(    )3. Lucy had few close friends. So she didn’t know ________ about the trouble.
     A. who to talk to   B. who to talk    C. who to say    D. what to talk
(    )4. —Is Mr. Liu a teacher with a lot of teaching ________?  
       —Yes, she is. He always tells us some funny ________ after class.
A. experience; experience      B. experiences; experiences
C. experiences; experience         D. experience; experiences
(    )5. —Why did you buy a radio?       — ______ English.
A. Learn         B. Learning        C. To learn          D. Be learning
(    )6. Nobody seems ________ than you ________ready for the exam.
A.busy; to get   B. busier; getting    C.busier;  to get     D.busy,  getting
(    )7. —A homeless man won a big prize. He became rich over night   — ___________.
A.Better safe than sorry               B. The early bird catches the worm.
C. Every dog has its day.              D. Actions speak louder than words.
(    )8. You two live in the same community now. It’s too hard _____you to avoid______her.
     A.of;  meeting   B. for;  to meet.    C.for;  meeting.     D.of;  to meet.
(    )9.we’ll___some money by holding a charity show,then ____it to poor students in the west.
A. raise,donate    B.donate,donate    C. raise,raise         D.donate,raise.
(    )10.Nick sat ____ to his mother with his eyes half ______.
     A.closed ,opened  B.close, open       C.closely, opening    D.close, opened
(    )11. The task _______ in an hour. Then we can go home and have a good rest.
     A. was finished   B. will be finished   C. has been finished   D. can't be finished
(    )12—Your father’s never been to other countries, has he?
       — ________. He plans to go abroad for a second time.
     A. No, he has      B. Yes, he hasn’t    C. Yes, he has    D. No, he hasn’t
(    )13.The young man ____leave his office by his boss around eight o’clock last night.
     A.made to        B. is made to       C.was made         D.was made to
(    ) 14. The visitors are very _______ to see so many changes _______.
A. surprised; are taken place           B. surprising; take place
 C. surprised; take place               D. surprising; are taken place
 (    )15. —Would you like me to help you with the homework?
         —____________ . But I can manage it myself.
     A. It doesn’t matter B. The same to you  C. It’s very kind of you. D. Take it easy
二、完形填空 。(15分)
The water and the land are thought part of the earth surface (表面). The air is   1   thought a kind of blanket   2   the earth. But it is   3   than that. Maybe you have been in a cave (洞穴)   4   in the earth. Did you think about the air that was in the cave? The land has some air mixed in it. Air is even mixed   5   the water in the sea. These examples show that some air is   6   the earth’s surface as well as above it.
 Men once   7   that there were four basic things from which everything else was made. They   8   these things—earth, fire, air, and water the four elements(元素).   9   man made more observations, they   10   that fire was not an element.   11   they concluded (得出结论)  that land, air and water were not elements,   12   .
   13   , there are more than 100 elements from which scientists believe all things are made.   14   land, air and water are not elements, they are three main parts of man’s environment. You will   15   more about them as you study the Earth.
 
(   )1.  A. usuallyB. seldomC. never D. sometimes
(   )2.  A. above B. around C. across D. among 
(   )3.  A. better B. more C. lessD. worse 
(   )4.  A. wide B. high C. long D. deep 
(   )5.  A. at  B. in  C. with D. to 
(   )6.  A. below B. before C. betweenD. beside
(   )7.  A. found B. thoughtC. knew D. understood
(   )8.  A. called B. told C. name D. said
(   )9.  A. That B. For C. As D. So 
(   )10.  A. believeB. plannedC. decided D. want
(   )11. A. End B. At last C. Hardly D. Nearly
(   )12. A. tooB. neither C. alsoD. either
(   )13. A. True B. Read C. In fact D. Correctly
(   )14. A. When B. As C. Since D. Though
(   )15. A. exam   B. study    C. exercise  D. know
 
三、阅读理解。(共20小题,每小题1分,计20分)
(A)
Different vitamins are found in different foods. Then which food should be eaten to keep us healthy? Let’s look at some important vitamins for the answer
  Vitamin A helps to protect skin(皮肤) from becoming dry. It is also helpful to the eyes. Without vitamin A, you cannot see well in darkness. Vitamin A is found in animal liver(肝脏) and the yellow part of eggs. Sweet potatoes, carrots and other dark-coloured fruit and vegetables have something that body can change into vitamin A.
  Vitamin B changes food into energy and helps the heart and nerve system(神经系统) to work smoothly. Without it, we will be weak and will not grow. It is found in grains and other foods like beans, nuts, meat and fish.
  Vitamin B helps to produce red blood cells(红血球). It is found in food like eggs, meat, fish, milk and green vegetables.
  Vitamin C is needed for strong bone and teeth, and for healthy blood vessels(血管), It also helps wounds(伤口) to cure quickly. The body stores little vitamin C, so we must get it everyday in foods like oranges, tomatoes and cabbage.
 Vitamin D increases the level of calcium(钙) in the blood. Calcium is needed for nerve and muscle cells to work normally, as well to build strong bones. Fish liver oil has vitamin D. In some countries, milk producers add vitamin to milk so that it will be good for children.
(   )1Without ______, we cannot see well in darkness.
A. vitamin A  B. vitamin B  C. Vitamin C  D. Vitamin D
(   )2According to the passage, vitamin B, can be found in _______.
A. fish liver oil    B. grains , meat and fish
C. milk and vegetables   D. animal liver and eggs
(   )3.From the passage, we know that vitamin C is good for _________
A. the skin  B. the heart  C. blood vessels  D. nerve and muscle
(   )4. Some milk producers add vitamin D to milk mainly to help children to ________
A. have good eyesight    B. produce blood cells
C. get enough calcium    D. heal wounds quickly
(   )5. According to the passage above, which of the following is TRUE?
A. We can get vitamins form everything.B. We can live healthily with few vitamins.
C. Vitamins are not important to our health.D. Different vitamins help us in different ways.
(B)
One day, Jack’s parents told him that his grandpa would retire(退休) after working for forty years. Jack said in surprise, “I’m only seven, so it means Grandpa has been… er … A really long time!”
His parents said, “Yes. That’s why we are going to have a surprising party for him. ”
Jack loved his grandpa and wanted to do something special for him. He remembered the business card his grandpa had given him two years before. He knew that his grandpa would no longer have the position(职位) on that card, so he decided to build a new one for his grandpa.
When the big day came, Jack was ready. But he didn’t want to put his gift together with others’. He carried it around with him the whole evening.
When all the other people left, he took his grandpa’s hand and brought him over to a chair and gave him the gift.
His grandpa smiled, “Well, it must be a beautiful gift. May I open it now?” “Sure!” Jack said excitedly.
As Grandpa opened the gift, tears came into his eyes. Jack gave him the greatest gift he had ever got! They were business cards with new position: FULL-TIME GRANDPA! Jack said, “Now your full-time job is my grandpa!”
Well, how much do I get paid?” his grandpa asked, smiling. “As many hugs(拥抱) as you want!” With these words, Jack gave Grandpa a hug. “Well, I guess that means I’m the richest man in the world!” said Grandpa.
(   )6. Who was going to retire?
A. Jack’s grandma.  B. Jack’s grandpa. C. Jack’s mother.  D. Jack’s father.
(   )7. Jack remembered _______ his grandpa had given him two years before.
A. the birthday card  B. the boy     C. the book     D. the business card
(   )8. What did Jack decide to do for his grandpa?
A. To build a new position for him.  B. To draw a picture for him.
C. To sing a song for him.    D. To buy a gift for him.
(   )9. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. Jack was the first one to give his gift to his grandpa.
B. Jack was the last one to give his gift to his grandpa.
C. Jack gave his gift to his grandpa together with other people.
D. Jack gave his gift to his grandpa together with his parents.
(   )10. Why were there tears in Grandpa’s eyes?
    A. Because he would lose his position.     B. Because he was not cared for.
    C. Because he was moved by Jack’s gift     D. Because he was unhappy.
(C)
A little girl walked to and from school every day. Though it was not fine and clouds appeared in the sky that morning, the little girl made her daily trip to school as usual. When school was over, winds became stronger and it began to rain.       
The mother of the little girl felt worried that her daughter would be afraid when she walked home from school and that lightning might frighten her child. Following the bright light of lightning, the mother quickly got into her car and drove to her child's school. As the mother drove along the road, she saw her little girl walking alone in the rain. To her great surprise, she found that when a lightning came, her daughter stopped, looked up and smiled. Another lightning came and then another followed. With each lightning, the little girl stopped, looked up and smiled.
Inside the car, the mother asked her daughter, "What were you doing? Why did you look up and smile when the lightning came?' The little girl answered with a smile, “Mum, you know, God was looking at me. Each time I felt a little afraid walking in the rain, God would take a picture of me. I knew he was playing a game with me.”
(   )16. How did the little girl go to school every day?    
A. By car       B. On foot.       C. By bus.       D. By bike.
(   )17. What was the weather like that day?    
A. It was rainy    B. It was fine    C It was just windy    D It was only cloudy.
(   )18. At first, the mother felt worried because _____________    
A. she couldn't help her daughterB. her daughter hadn't taken her umbrella
C. she had something more important to doD. her daughter might be afraid of the lightning
(   )19.According to the article, we can know that the little girl was____    
A. proud     B shy      C. brave      D. nervous
(   )20. This passage is possibly from____    
A. a menu     B. a magazine    C. a dictionary    D a report
四、任务型阅读。(共10小题,每空一词,每小题1分,计10分)
Smoking is bad for you, but what if your parents smoke? You might be worried about their health, be tired of smelling the smoke, or even a little embarrassed by it. You can’t order your parents to stop smoking, but you can help them to give up this bad habit. Tell them smoking is not good for their health.
If you think it will help, you could find some articles like this one and give them to your parents. Many states now have free programs to help people give up smoking. You might even see them advertised on billboards(公告栏) in your town. Point these out to your parents and help them to find out more about these programs.
What if your parents get angry with you for mentioning the topic of smoking? People don’t like to be told that they are doing something unhealthy, so it is possible your parents will be angry, especially if they are worried they won’t be able to give up smoking. Maybe they have tried before but failed.
Remember to be kind and show respect(尊敬) when you discuss smoking with your parents. Also remember that it is not easy to give up smoking. Some people have tried several times before they’re able to give up. Instead of shouting at them, tell them that you love them and want them to enjoy many healthy years ahead. They may finally realize you are right about smoking.
If your parents agree to stop smoking, be their biggest supporter. Ask if there is anything you can do when they feel the desire(渴望) to smoke. Maybe you could go for a walk, do a puzzle, or listen to music together. As they reach their goals, such as a month without smoking, remember to celebrate the achievement.
Topic ●How to    1   your parents give up smoking
Causes  ●Smoking does   2    to their health.
 ●You either    3    about their health or are tired of smelling their smoke.
Ways ●It may be helpful to find some articles for them about    4    up smoking.
●Ask them to read    5   programs provided by many states.
 ●You should know that your parents may get   6    when you mention the topic  of smoking.
 ●Show your kindness and respect when you have a    7    on smoking with them.
●It is important to remember that it is   8    to give up smoking.
 To   9   your parents in giving up smoking, you can have a lot to do. ●Spend some time with them. For example, you may go for a walk, do a puzzle, or listen to music together.
  ●Don’t   10   to celebrate their achievement when they stop smoking for a month.
五、词汇(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)A.根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子。
1. It is very __________(有意义的) for us to join the Tree-planting Club.
2. It is _________ (必须的) for us to know how to write a report.
3. We should know the _________(背景) of the event.
4. My main________ (目的) is to prepare for the meeting.
5. You should speak to the elderly ___________(有礼貌).
B. 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空
1. How many              (stomach) does a cow have.
2. Many children in poor areas can’t receive            .(educate)
3. Dr. Ma used to do two or three               (operate)
4. To Li Hai, the most important thing is             (take) part in the competition.
5. The company hopes its product will be              (success) on the European market.
6. It’s polite          (greet) others when you meet them.
7. Many people like to add some sugar while ________ (drink) black tea.
8. My sister’s dream was ___________(be) a dancer when she was a little girl.
9. She was too careless __________(pass) the final exam.
10. You should practise __________(speak) English as much as possible.
六、阅读表达。(每小题1分,满分5分)
New rules and behaviour standards(行为规范) for middle school students came out(颁布) in March. Middle schools are going to use a new way to decide who the top students are. The best students won’t only have high marks. The following are some of the new rules.
Tell the truth. Have you ever cheated(作弊) in an exam? Don’t do it again! That’s not something honest students should do. 
Do more at school. Good students love animals and care for other people. April is Bird loving Month in China. Is your school doing anything to celebrate it? You should join! In that way, you can learn more about animals and how to protect(保护) them.
Be open to new ideas. Have you ever thought people could live on the moon? Maybe you’ll find another earth in space in the future. Everyone’s new ideas are important.
Protect yourself. Has a thief ever taken money from one of your classmates? Don’t let it happen to you. If you have to go back home late, you should let your parents know.
Use the Internet carefully.  The Internet can be very useful for your study. But some things on the Internet aren’t for kids,so try to look at the good web pages(网页). You can use the web pages for fun or homework.
1. What should the best students do in an exam?(no more than 4 words)   
2. What should you do if you have to go back home late? (no more than 6 words)           
3. What can the children use the good web pages for? (no more than 4 words)   
4. When did the new rules come out? (no more than 2 words)       
5. Which new idea do you think may come true? (no more than 9 words)   
七、短文填空  (每空一词;共10空,每空0.5分,满分5分)
Millions of words have been w          (1 ) about young people in the USA. There are reasons for this great i          (2) in their ideas, feelings and actions.Today there are about seven million Americans in colleges and universities (大学).Young person u          (3 ) twenty-five make up nearly half of the American population。Many of these will soon be in charge of (负责管理)the na tion. Naturally their ideas are i        (4 ) to everyone in the country, and it is necessary for older people to understand what they t       (5) and feel.College students today have strong opinions about right and wrong. They are deeply interested in m     (6) a better life for all people, e      (7) for those who have not been given a fair c______ ( 8) before now. They see much that is wrong in the lives of their parents. It is h        (9) for them to see what is right and good in the older ways. As a result, there is often t          (10) in American families.
八、书面表达(10分)假设你是戴维,你想参加学校举办的“我想成为一名志愿者”为题的英语演讲比赛,你用英语写下包含以下要点的演讲稿。要点如下:
1.以前父母不在家时,你做事情有困难时,你总是会向邻居寻求帮助,现在你要向他们学习;  
2.每年3月5日,你一定会去拜访孤独的老人;3.上周,你在学校里组织了次义演(charity show),……
4.现在你已经帮助两个贫困的孩子重返校园,这些都很有意义;
注意:1. 信的开头和结尾已经为你写好,不计入总词数。 2. 词数:80左右。
Hi,everyone! My name is David.I want to be a volunteer. ___________________             
__________________________________________________________________________________


八(下)期末测试卷答案
一、单项选择(15分)
1-5 CCADC  6-10 BCCAB  11-15 BCDCC
二、完型填空。(15分)
1-5ABBDC  6-10ABACC   11-15BDCDD
三、阅读理解。(20分)
1—5 ABCCD 6—10 BADCB
四、任务型阅读。(10分)
1. help    2. harm  3 worry     4. giving        5. free
6. angry/unhappy  7. discussion    8. hard/difficult    9. support   10. forget
五、词汇(15分)
A.根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子。
1. meaningful   2.necessary  3.background  4.purpose 5.politely
B. 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。
1. stomachs  2. education 3 operations 4.to take 5.successful
6. to greet  7. drinking. 8. to be  9. to pass  10. speaking
六、阅读表达。(每小题1分,满分5分)
1.They should not cheat./ They should be honest. 
2.We should let our parents know.
3.For fun or homework.  
4.In March.
5.People could live on the moon in the future.
七、短文填空(10分)
1. written   2. interest    3. under   4. important  5. think    
 6. making   7. especially   8. chance    9 .hard       10. trouble
八、书面表达(10分) 

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