2018初一下册英语知识点:Unit9

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2018初一下册英语知识点:Unit9

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2018初一下册英语知识点:Unit9

课前预习资料

  学习目标:

  过去的时间状语连用。

  日常交际用语:

  (1) What did you /your friend/he/she/they do last weekend?

  (2) How was your weekend?

  (3) It was great!/It was OK./It wasn’t very good.

  (单词的词义/词的搭配和它们在一般过去时中的用法是难点)

  知识点:

  一般过去时知识点

  ⑴用法:一般过去时指的是过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

  ⑵分类:Ⅰ以Be动词作谓语的一般过去时 Ⅱ 以实义动词谓语的一般过去时

  ⑶一般过去时的时间状语

  ①yesterday ②the day before yesterday ③at that time

  ④----ago 构成的短语 two days/ one hour/ three years ago

  ⑤last构成的短语 last week/ month/ year

  ⑥in + 过去的年代in 1990/2002 ⑦just now

  ⑷以Be动词 作谓语的一般过去时构成

  ①be动词的变化is/ am --- was are ---- were

  ②was/ were 和人称的搭配

  was: I / he/ she/ it/ 单数第三人称/ 可数名词单数/ 不可数名词

  were: we/ you/ they/ 复数人称/ 可数名词复数

  ③肯定句:主语+ was/were+其他+时状.

  ④否定句:主语+was/were +not+其他+时状.

  ⑤一般疑问句:Was/Were+主语+ 其他+时状?

  肯定回答:Yes,主语 +was/were. 否定回答:No, 主语+wasn’t/ weren’t.

  ⑸ 以实义动词作谓语的一般过去时(助 动词只有did)

  ①肯定句:主语+V.(过去式)+其他+时状.

  ②否定句:主语+didn’t +V. (原形) +其他+时状.

  ③一般疑问句:Did +主语+V(原形)+ 其他+时状?

  肯定回答:Yes,主语 +did. 否定回答:No, 主语+didn’t.

  [ 实义动词一般过去时用法歌诀:动词一般过去时,表 示过去发生事。句中谓语用过去式,过去时间作标记。否定句,很简单,主语之后didn’t添。疑问构成也有法,主语前面did 加。还有一点不能忘,后面的动词要还原。]

  ④ 动词过去式的规则变化:

 

  ⑤动词过去式的不规则变化:笔记unit8 I’d like some noodles.

  ⑥动词过去式的读音:清后清,浊后浊,/t/,/d/后面读/id/

课后复习资料

  一.短语

  1. play +运动  play soccer play tennis play sports

  play the + 乐器  play the guitar play with…和某人\物玩耍

  2.have +三餐  have breakferst \lunch \ supper

  3. study for… clean the room visit sb stay at homehave a party  talk show

  4.go to the beach    go to the movies go for a walk go to the mountains

  5.go shopping\do some shopping \go to the shop 买东西

  6.last weekend\over the weekend 上周末  on weekends 每周末

  7.on +某日+morning\afternoon\evening (或具体的某一天) in + morning\afternoon\evening

  in+世纪\年\月\季节   at +时刻 last (next) month\year\week

  8.what about+n\v-ing\pren=how about ……呢

  9. spend the weekend last week 度过上周的周末

  10.it’s time to do sth=it’s time for sth 该做么的时候了

  11.look for 寻找.....

  二,重点句型和语法

  1.一般过去时

  表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,通常与过去的时间状语连用:

  yesterday ,last week(month,year)

  (1)系动词be的过去时: am(is) →was, are →were

  陈述句:He was at home yesterday.

  否定句:He wasn’t at home yesterday.

  疑问句:Was he at home yesterday? Yes ,he was./No ,he wasn’t.

  (2)行为动词的一般过去时:

  陈述句:主语+动词过去式+其它 I go to the movie. →I went to the movie.

  否定句:主语+助动词didn’t+动词原形+其 I don’t go to school today. →I didn’t go to school.

  一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+其它Do you have breakfast? →Did you have breakfast?

  Yes,I do./No,I don’t. Yes,I did./No,I didn’t.

  (3)规则动词的过去式变化规则

 

  动词不规则变化:

  do →did have →had go →went see →saw read →read get →got

  give →gave sleep →slept eat →ate write →wrote find_---found

  2. what’s the date today? It’s …

  3. What was the date yesterday? It was…

  4. What’s the weather like today? It’s …?

  5. How was your weekend?

  6. What did she do ? She did her homework

  7. What did he do last weekend ? He played soccer

  8. It’s time to go home= It’s time for home

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