2018七年级英语下册知识点归纳(Unit 5 Topic2)

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2018七年级英语下册知识点归纳(Unit 5 Topic2)

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来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M 2018七年级英语下册知识点归纳(Unit 5 Topic2)
Topic2
重点语法 现在进行时态。
重点句型  What are you doing? He is cleaning the dormitory.
Are you doing your homework? Yes, I am./No, I am not.
How long can I keep them? Two weeks.
重点详解
1 at the moment“此刻,现在”,相当于now.
2 巧辩异同 go to sleep与go to bed
go to bed“上床”“就寝”I often go to bed at ten.
go to sleep“入睡”“睡着”Last night I went to sleep at two o’clock.
3 巧辩异同some, a few 与a little “一些,有些”三者都修饰名词。
 some既可以修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词。
We want some apples and some water.
   a few用在可数名词复数之前,a little用在不可数名词之前。
There are a few books and a little water in the classroom.
4 与how相关的短语 how often多常 how many多少 how much多少钱  how old多大
5 And you must return them on time.你必须按时归还它们。Return意为“归还,回归”
return sth. to sb.把某物归还某人=give back sth. to sb.
return to“回到…”,相当于come back to…
6 Maria and a girl are talking at the lost and found.
talk“交谈”,常用的短语talk to/with sb.“与某人交谈”
巧辩异同talk, say, speak与tell
(1) talk“交谈”,表示通过谈话方式交换意见、消息等。
(2) speak“说话”,强调开口发声,后常接某种语言。
(3) say “说”,强调所说的话的内容。
(4) tell“告诉”,有时兼含“嘱咐”“命令”等。tell a truth说真话,tell a lie说谎, tell a story 讲故事等固定搭配。
7.I can’t find my purse and I am looking for it. look for“寻找”,强调寻找的过程; find“找到”强调找的结果。
8 .look(at), see与 read look(at)指看的动作,see指看的结果,read常指看书、看报纸等。
9 .Here are some photos of his.这有他的一些照片。
photos of his是双重所有格。his是名词性物主代词,后还可以接名词所有格。a friend of mine我的一个朋友 a classmate of my brother’s我弟弟的一个同学
10 .I also want to go there one day.我也希望有一天到那儿。
also意为“也”,常用于be动词和情态动词后面,实义动词的前面。
  巧辩异同 also与too also放在句中,too用于句末。
语法讲解 现在进行时
1.现在进行时表示:现在正在进行或发生的动作。
2.常用的时间状语:now, at the moment, look, listen等。
3.谓语动词构成:be(am/is/are)+v.-ing形式。
4.现在进行时态的肯定、否定和疑问式。
(1)肯定式:I am running. You are running. Hev/She is running.
(2)否定式:I’m not running. You aren’t running. He/She isn’t running.
(3)一般疑问句及回答:—Are you running? —Yes, I am./—No, I am not.
—Is he/she running? —Yes, he/she is./ —No. he/she isn’t.文章
来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M
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