高一英语下册第五单元重点解析:Great women(人教版)

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高一英语下册第五单元重点解析:Great women(人教版)

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高一英语下册第五单元重点解析:Great women(人教版)

重点词汇

1.inspire vt.鼓舞;激励;启示eg:

I was inspired to work harder than ever before. 我受激励后比以往任何时候都更加努力地工作。

相关链接:inspired adj.受鼓舞的;有灵感的 inspiring adj.激发灵感的;鼓舞人心的inspiration n.灵感用法拓展:inspire sth.in sb.(一inspire sb.with sth.)使某人产生某种感情;激发某人的某种感情 inspire sth.into sb.把某种思想灌输给某人

案例剖析 旁征博引 举一反三

考题1 (典型例题)Greatly , the students made up their minds to work harder at English.

A. inspiring B. inspired C. having-inspired D. to inspire

考题1点拨;答素为B。主句中的主语与inspire之间是逻辑上的被动关系,故用过去分词形式。句意为:“学生们受到极大鼓舞,决定曼努力地学习英语。”

2.mesh adj.卑鄙的;吝啬的eg:He is very mean with money.他对钱非常吝啬。

That was a mean trick!那是卑鄙的伎俩!

相关链接:mean v.意思是,意味着;意欲,打算eg:

The new order will mean working ov’ertime.新订单意味着加班加点。

l didn't mean to hurt you.我并不想伤害你。

means n.方式,方法meaning n.意义,意思,含义

meaningful adj.有目的的;有意义的用法拓展:mean sth./doing sth.意味着某事/做某事

mean to do打算做某事be meant to必须;得要

考题2 (典型例题)I _ you earlier but I had no time.

A. had meant to see B; meant to see C. had meant seeing D. meant seeing

考题2点拨:答案为A。首先应是mean to do句式表示打算/意欲做某事,所以排除c、D项,再者表示“本来打算早一些去看你”,所以用过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的想法。

3.regret n.遗憾;后悔;抱歉yr.为……感到遗憾;后悔eg:I regret spending so much money on a car.我后悔在一辆小汽车上花了这么多钱。

I regret to say I cannot come.很抱歉,我不能来了。

He told me with regret that he COt/ld not come to the party. 他很抱歉地对我说他不能来参加这个聚会了。. 一

用法拓展:regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔(已做)

regret to do对要做的事遗憾(未做) have no regrets没有遗憾

I regret(to say)that…我很遗憾……;很抱歉……

It is to be regretted that…使人遗憾的是……;真可惜……

考题3 (典型例题 分)--You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.

--Well, now I regret that.

A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done

考题3点拨:答案为D。regret doing sth.表示“对做过的事情遗憾、后悔”,regret to do表示“对要做的事遗憾”,根据“你在会议上提出反对意见真是太勇敢了”,说明已做过,所以选D。

4.promise n.&v.承诺,允诺,答应;有……的征兆/可能eg:

He promised me a quick answer.他答应我从速答复。

made a promise that if anyone set me free,I Would make him very rich.我许下诺言,如果谁把我释放了,我会使他很富有。

The dark clouds promise a henvy rain.乌云是下大雨的征兆。

用法拓展:keep/hold one's promise遵守诺言 break one's promise违背诺言 give/make a promise许诺promise sb.sth.答应某人某事 promise(sb.)to do sth.答应(某人)做某事promise(sb.)that从句

考题4(典型例题The heavy snow a harvest new year.

A. advises B. suggests C. promises D. permits

考题4点拨:答案为C。advise建议; suggest建议,表明;promise在此句中表示“有……的征兆/可能”,permit许可。句意为:“瑞雪兆丰年。”

5.value vt.重视;估价;评价n.价值;价格eg:

How do you value him as a writer?你如何评价他作为一个作家?

I value your frlendship very highly.我非常珍惜你的友谊。

we must reaIize the vaIue of the boo k.我们必须意识到这本书的价值。

用法拓展:good value for money[口](钱)花得值,值得买of no value没有价值的

put/set little value on/upon对……评价不高;不怎么重视

put/set much/a high value on/upon对……给予高度评价

value oneself on/upon以……自豪;以…夸耀’自己

we never know the value of water tIll the we’lIis dry.[谚]井干方知水可贵。

考题5 ( 典型例题 分 ) You'll find this book of great in help-ing you to go over your lessons.

A. price B. cost C. value D. usefulness

考题5点拨:答案为c。of great valHe很有价值。句意为:“你将发现这本书在帮你复习功课方面很有价值。”

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来源莲山
课 件 w w w.5y K J.Co m
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