高考英语复习专题辅导教案

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高考英语复习专题辅导教案

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莲山 课件 w w w.5Y k J.C om

高一上
本Unit One必会习语
1.What is sb. like?
What does sb. look like?
What does sb. like?
How does sb like/find sth?
2. argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执
3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth
4. so / nor/ neither + 系动/助动/情动 + 主语
So it is with...; It is the same with...
5. be into 对…深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in
5. be fond of 喜欢 care for; like; enjoy;
6. surf the internet 上网冲浪
7. all the time 一直 总是
8. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth
imagine sb to be 想像某人是
CHUCK’S FRIEND
7. cast away 抛弃
8. so…that…/such…that… 如此…以致…
He was so excited that he could not speak.
So excited was he that he could not speak.
It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing.
It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.
It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food.
9. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean;
the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean;
10. survive the crash 在空难中幸存
11. a deserted island 荒岛
12. all alone 独自 = all by oneself
区别: alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的
13. hunt for 搜寻 寻找 search for;
12.make fire 生火
13.in order to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that
14.even though/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though
15.treat…as/like… 把…当作 regard...as...; think of...as
16.share sth. with sb. 与…分享 share (in) sth 分享
17.care about/for 关心,照顾,喜欢
care to do sth 愿意做;care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做
care + 从句 愿意;介意
18.should have done 本来应该 =ought to have done
19.make friends with 与…交朋友
20.such as 例如 for example;for instance
WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. keep...as a pet
22. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be
23. be loyal to; be faithful to;be devoted to 忠诚于
24. be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速
INTEGRATING SKILLS
25. have fun; enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time
26. drop me a line 给某人写短信
WORKBOOK
27.keep…in mind 把…记住 learn...by heart; remember
28.in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽
29.tie up (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up
30.run into 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞
come across; meet by chance; happen to meet
31.be proud of 以…而感骄傲 take pride in
32.run a restaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant
run a business 做生意
33.skip classes 逃课
33.keep an eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看
34.make fun of 取笑某人; laugh at
35. It is possible (for sb) to do;
It is possible/probable/likely that...
Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth.
Sth. + is probable
36.be curious about 对…感到好奇 be curious that...
have the curiosity about
37. have problems with 在... 有问题
38. even if you are thousand miles apart即使你们分别在几千英里
39. despite = in spite of 尽管;不管 regardless of


Unit 2 必会习语

Warming up
1. for the first time 第一次;首先 at first; first of all
2. have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快
3. all the way 一路
4. at all (否定:根本; 疑问:到底; 条件:竟然)
above all 首先;首要的 after all 毕竟; in all 总共
5. make oneself at home 不拘束, 别客气
6. There you are. 你来了。 Here you are. 给你。

ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD
7. all around the world 世界各地 throughout the world
8. the majority of 大多数的 the minority of
9. in total; in all; altogether 总共
10. the number of …的数量 (large; small 谓语动词单数)
a number of 一些; 许多
11. except for 除了...之外; 要不是
except 除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从句
except (除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者 (不包括在内)
except for (除了有…之外)指在一个整体中除去其中某个或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。
except that (除去;除掉) 后接从句,还有except when, except what; except where等
besides (除了…还) 包括在整体之内
but (除了...之外) 和except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用
11. communicate with sb. 与...交流,联络
12. have a good knowledge of 对...很熟悉; 通晓

GRAMMAR 祈使句间接引语
Ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人做/不做某事
Tell sb (not) to do sth 让某人不做某事
Order sb (not) to do sth 命令某人做/不做某事
13. help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人
help sb do sth; help do sth; 帮助
assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth;
assist in doing sth. 协助某人做...
14. stand still 站着不动; stay still; lie still
15. leave the door open 让门一直开着
leave the light on 让灯一直亮着
leave sb doing sth 留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态
leave... done 留置/听任...保持...(被...)的状态
16. turn down /up the radio  把收音机声音关小/开大
turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝
turn off / on 关掉/打开
turn in 上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是
17. stay up 熬夜; 不睡觉

Integrating skills    
18. come about 发生;happen; take place; break out
19. There is no quick answer to this question.
20. in the same way 用同样的方式 in different ways 不同
in this way 这样 in no way 决不
in the way 挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道
in a way 在某种程度上;在某一点上
on the way 在路上;即将发生
by the way 顺便说/问一下;
by way of 经由;经过  
21. stay the same = remain the same. 保持不变
22.at the same time 同时 =meanwhile
23. end up with 以...(形式)告终 begin/start with
end in failure 以失败而告终     
24. more or less 或多或少
25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth  做某事有困难
26. a great many; many a; a great number of (可数)
a great many factories 区分 a great many of the factories
a great deal of; a large amount of; (不可数)
a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of        
27. bring in 带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露
bring about 引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

WORKBOOK
29. shut up 闭嘴
30.pass away 去世
31.promise sb to do sth 答应某人做某事
promise that...
make a promise
32.make a decision 做出决定=decide
33. marry sb; 与某人结婚 get married to sb
be married to sb
34. at least 至少 at most 最多
35. a little bit 区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little
36. chat on line 网上聊天
37. stay in touch =keep in touch with sb.= keep track of
保持联系
get in touch with; 取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系
38. because of 区分 because
thanks to 多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果
due to 由于,因为 owing to 由于;因为
39. not only... but also.. (用于句首时,前句倒装)
Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she also became very interested in Canada. (前句倒,后句不倒)
Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’t understand this sentence. (并列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致)
40. as many as; as much as 和...一样多
as many books as as much money as
His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young.
41. in the name of 以....的名义


Unit 3必会习语

WARMING UP & SPEAKING
1. consider ...( as/to be)... 认为...是
consider sb to have done 认为某人做过某事
consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth
consider doing sth 考虑要做某事
consider +疑问词 + to do sth 考虑...
consider that从句 认为;考虑
in consideration of 报答;由于
take ...into consideration 顾及,考虑到
under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中
2. means of transportation/transport 交通方式
Every possible means has been tried, but none worked.
All possible means have been tried, ...
by all means 不惜一切 =in all ways
by this means 用这种方法 =in this way
by no means 决不; 一点也不=in no way
by means of 通过, 借助于 = by
3. in time 及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅行
on time 准时 in no time 马上;立刻
at that time 那时 at times 有时
for the time being 暂时的
4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth 更喜欢;较喜欢
prefer doing A to doing B 宁愿做某事
prefer A to B; 喜欢A 胜于B = like A better than B
prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A 而不愿做 B
5. in space 在太空 in outer space 在外部空间

ADVENTURE TRAVEL
6. get away (from) 摆脱; 离开
break away from 脱离 get rid of 去除
7. more and more 越来越…
8. instead of 代替; 而不是 (区分:instead)rather than
9. try doing 试验做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作
manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到了某事
attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth 企图做某事
10. get close to 靠近; 接近
11. experience life 体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经验
12. take exercise 进行锻炼 have sports; do sport
exercise C.n 练习题 (pl) 体操 U.n 锻炼
13. go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行
14. watch out (for...) 留神; 提防
15. protect… from/against … 保护…免受…
16. be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事
be careful about 注意
be careful with 小心;
17. as with ....也一样 as to / for 至于;关于
18. think about 考虑 think of 想到,想起
think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出
19. go rafting 去漂流
20. unless = if not 除非...否则...
You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(条件)
区分:until
You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(时间)

GRAMMAR
现在进行时表示将来的计划,打算
How are you getting to the airport?
一般现在时表示时刻表的将来
My plane leaves at seven this evening.
21. go on separate holidays 分别去度假
22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later 几天后
after 和 in 的区分
23. go off to ; be off to 动身去 leave for;
24. see sb off 给某人送行 meet sb 接某人
25. take a taxi to 乘出租车 go to ...by taxi
26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey 祝旅途愉快
27. say “Hi” to sb. for me 代我向某人问好
give my regards to sb
remember me to sb.
28. The same to you. 我也祝愿你。
对比: It’s the same with... ...也一样
It’s all the same to sb 对某人而言是一样的。
I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have.
29. in the past 在过去 in the old days
30. at present 目前; at the present time; nowadays
31. in the future 在未来;将来 in future 以后
32. used to do sth 过去常做某事
be used to do sth 被用来做 be used for (doing) sth
be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于 get used to doing

INTEGRATING SKILLS
33. combine…with… 把…和…结合起来 (为了共同目的合并)
connect...with/to... 把...和...连接起来 (通过媒介物连接)
link...with/to
join...to... (直接连接)
34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand …
一方面…, 另一方面..
35. so that = in order that 为了…; 以便…
36. learn about 了解; 学习有关…知识
37. as well as =and 也; 又;以及 as well = too
38. by doing sth... 通过作某事 by means of doing
39. make money 挣钱; 赚钱 earn money
40. the four of you 你们四个人
four of you 你们其中的四个人
41. prepare ( sth) for... 为…做准备... get ready for
prepare sb for sth 使某人为某事做好准备
be well prepared (for); 为...做好了充分的准备=be ready for
make preparations for 为...做准备
42. make notes 做笔记 take notes
WORKBOOK
43. take off (飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋)
44. go on holiday 去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday
INTEGRATING SKILLS
45. fill…with… 给…充满… be filled with; be full of 充满了
46. the way (in which/that) + 定语从句
the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth 做某事的方法
47. catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后
48. reach out (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰)
49. pay attention to 注意
focus one’s attention on
call /draw/attract one’s attention to 吸引某人的注意力于

WRITING
50. give away 赠送, 放弃, 泄漏(机密)
give up 放弃 give in (to sb) 屈服
give out 分发;发出(光,热,气,味等)
give off 发出(光,热,气,味等)
51. come up with 提出;想到(主意);


Unit 4 必会习语
WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING
1. talk about 谈论; 议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到
2. host the 2008 Olympic Games 举办2000年奥运会
3. take place = come about; happen 发生
4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake)
偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震等)
5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue 编对话
6. play tennis 打网球
7. for fun = as a joke 开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的
8. I hope so. I hope not.
9. shout /call for help 呼救
10. go on (a) holiday 去度假 go to...for a holiday
on holiday 在度假
11. on fire 着火 catch fire 着火;set fire to=set...on fire 纵火
make fire 生火
12. I’m afraid of +n. 害怕
I’m afraid that... 担心
I’m afraid to do sth 不敢做某事
I’m afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事
I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样
I’m afraid not. 恐怕不会。

THE RESCUE
13. a natural disaster 自然灾害
14. hear/see sb. doing sth 听见/看见某人正在做某事
hear/ see sb do sth 听见/看见某人做过某事
(五看二听一感觉)
15. look around 环顾; 四处看
16. advance towards 朝…前进
17. before +从句 还没来得及...
18. be upon 逼近; 临近
19. sweep sb down 把...冲到了
20. drag 拖拉(重物);(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力)
drag oneself along 拖着沉重的步子走
pull 拉;扯 (应用范围比较广)
pull a tooth 拔牙 pull the door open 拉开门
pull at 拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来
draw 拉(比较从容、平稳不费力)
draw one’s attention 吸引注意;draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw back 后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱
draw near 就要来临;逼近
21. get on one’s feet (艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up
22. hold on to 抓住
23. pull up 拉起来; 拉上来
24. against the wall 倚着墙
25. fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而斗争
26. look into 往…里面看; 浏览; 调查
look into one’s eyes 注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on;
look sb in the mirror 照镜子
look sb up and down 上下打量某人
20. with a look of fright 害怕的; 恐惧的
21. around the corner 即将来临,on its way; draw near;
in store
22. cut down 砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断
cut in 插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉
23. three meters deep 三米深 three metres in depth
a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep
24. sweep away (风) 吹走; (浪) 卷走;
sweep down 吹倒; 席卷; 冲倒
25. work out 计算出;想出(办法);制定(计划);
work at 从事;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于
26. refer to 指的是; 谈到;提到;查阅
WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
定语从句:限制性定语从句,非限制性定语从句
27. strike,普通用词,“打一下;打几下”,不一定有意;“敲钟”。 hit,“击中,打,对准”,着重敲打或打击对方的某一点
beat,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中击败
knock 敲;打 ;撞击
27. advance the deadline 提前最后期限;
28.pull at/on 拉一下
29. seize an opportunity/chance 抓住机会 = grasp/take/grab...
chance 可能性 U.n. & C.n
There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth
that 从句
The chances /chances are that... 可能...
by chance 偶然
30. (区分:pay; cost; spend; take)
sb pay money for sth
sth cost sb money
sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth
It takes sb time to do sth
31. in town 在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下
go to town 进城 go to the country(side) 下乡
INTEGRATING SKILLS
32.take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 给…照相
33. in a second = in a very shore time
34. a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行
35. the next morning 第二天早上
WORKBOOK
36. on the morning of April 18th, 1906
37. as a result of 由于…的结果 as a consequence of
34. A +动词/be + ten times larger than+B 比…大十倍
A +动词/be +ten times as large as+B 是…的十倍
A +动词/be +ten times the size of+B 是…的十倍
(number/amount/height/length/depth/width/age)


Unit 5 必会习语
SPEAKING
1. while still a student = while she was still a student 还是个学生的时候(状语从句的省略现象)
(you) Don’t talk while (you are) eating.
When (he was) asked how he gained first place, he suddenly
became cheerful.
The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible.
I won’t go to his birthday party unless (I am) invited.
2. play/act a role 扮演角色
play the role of...
play a part/role in... 在...中起作用
3. after graduating/graduation (from...) 毕业以后
4. work as an actress 做演员
5. during/in the 1980s 二十世纪八十年代
6. win a prize 获奖 win a game/a battle/honour
beat/defeat sb 打败某人 win sb. 把某人争取过来
7. get married (to sb); 结婚(瞬间)=marry sb.
be married (to sb) 结婚(延续)
7. in the beginning = at first 开始的时候
反义;in the end = at last; finally; eventually 最后
8. make money 赚钱 earn money

GETTING TO KNOW STEVEN SPIELBERG
9. make a film /blockbuster/follow-ups 拍电影/巨片/续集
10. The reason……is that….. 原因是…
This is because... 这是因为...
for this reason ; for some reason; for some reasons
the reason for +n./doing sth
the reason why/ for which... 定语从句
reason 与 cause 的区别
cause of the fire/accident
11. work on 从事于; 制作
12. take off 起飞;脱掉;很快上升; 开始流行/畅销
13. by the sea 在海边; by sea 乘船; in the sea 在海里
on the sea 在海面上 at sea 在海上;航海中;茫然
14. be afraid to do sth 不敢作某事
be afraid of doing sth害怕做某事
be afraid that 担心;恐怕
15. come from outer space 来自外部空间
16. cut/tear…into pieces 把…切/撕成碎片
cut/tear ... into halves 把...切/撕成两半
17. do research (in/into...) 搞研究
18. go wrong 出错;出故障;走错道 do a little wrong
19. in the end 最后;终于 at the end of在…末尾/尽头
by the end of 到…末为止
19. meat-eating dinosaurs 食肉恐龙
20. owe sth to sb. = owe sb sth 把…归功于;感谢;欠(债)
WORD STUDY & GRAMMAR
21. can’t help doing sth 情不自禁, 忍不住做某事
can’t help do sth 不能帮忙做某事
22. pass the exam 考试及格 fail (in) the exam 考试不及格
NOT ONE LESS
23. a thirteen-year-old girl 十三岁小姑娘
a girl of thirteen years old; a girl of thirteen years of age;
a girl aged thirteen
24. stay/be away for a month 离开一个月
25. take one’s place; take the place of 代替
26. lock …up 把…锁起来
27. run after 追赶; 追求; 追捕 be after
28. escape (from)... 从...逃离
escape from / flee (from) /run away from a country
escape doing sth ;
escape being caught 没有被抓住
catch sb doing sth; be caught doing sth
29. run away from school 逃学 skip classes
30. determine to do sth;make up one’s mind;decide
be determined to do sth 决意/ 决心做某事
31. go to town 进城 in town 在城里
go to the country in the country
32. on the air 正在广播; 播送 =be broadcast
go on the air 开始广播 go off the air 停止广播
in the air在空中; (消息等)在传播, 悬而未决的
by air = by plane
33. live adj 活的(动物); 现场直播的; adv. 以实况的
living adj 活着的; 有生命的;现行的(前置定语;表语)
alive adj 活着的, ( 后置定语; 表语)
a living language 现行的语言
the greatest living poet 当代最伟大的诗人
a live fish 活鱼
the live gala on New Year’s Eve 直播的新年除夕晚会
the only man alive 唯一还活着的人
34. all the other pupils 所有其他学生
35. together with 和…一起
36. in one’s own words 用自己的话 in other words 换句话说
37. make comments on / make a comment on 对…发表评论
38. give one’s opinions about 对…发表意见
39. think highly/well of =speak highly of
40. encourage sb to do sth
WORKBOOK
39. lead to + n. 通往;导致 result in; cause sb to do sth
lead sb to do sth 导致某人作某事 lead to sb doing sth
lead sb (in) doing sth; 带领某人做
lead sb + 介词短语
40. make/earn a living 谋生
41. at a high /low price 以高/低价
42. make a decision 做出决定
43. accept one’s apology 接受某人的道歉
apologize to sb; make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉
44. break down 出故障; 坏了;分解 break up 拆散
45. at full / high speed 高速 at a speed of 100 miles per hour
speed up 加速 speed by 飞驰而过
46. the World Cup Final 世界杯决赛
47. think highly/well of 对…高度评价 speak highly of
48. observe / obey the law 遵守法律 break the law
49. give sb a second look 再看某人一眼
50. make a fool of sb 愚弄某人 = fool sb.
51. turn out 结果变成
52. depend on / rely on 依靠, 依赖
53. stand by sb 支持某人 support sb /take sb’s side
54. meet with 遇见
55. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人干某事
56. lead the life of a real princess 过上真正的公主生活
57. make one’s career 在事业上有所成就
58. be clear about 对…清楚
59. combine ….with…把…和…结合起来
60. compare…with…把…和…比较
compare...to... 把...比作...
compared to/with 与...相比
Compared to men, fewer women smoke in China.


Unit 6 必会习语
Warming up & Speaking
1. apologize to sb. for sth/doing sth 因…向…道歉
make an apology to sb. for sth/ doing sth
2. mean + n./doing sth 意思是;意味着
mean +n. /to do sth/ that-clause 打算;意欲;有…的意图
mean sb to do sth. 打算(使/让)某人作某事
He meant no harm to you. / He meant you no harm.
He means his son to become a doctor.

Table Manners At A Dinner Party
3. for the first time “第一次” (作状语)
the first time “第一次”(相当于连词引导时间状语从句)
This is the first time that…. “这是第…次作某事了” (从句中用完成时)
On that day the scientist took us to the lab for the first time.
The first time we met, she wore a pair of glasses.
This is the first time that I have been here.
4. make / leave / create a good impression (on sb)
留下好印象 impress on sb
5. be impressed by/with 对...留下印象
6. drink a toast 祝酒 drink to+n. 为...干杯
7. start with = begin with 以…开始
end up with 以…结束 end in failure
8. keep silent 保持沉默
9. for a moment(一会儿); in a moment(过一会儿);
at the moment(此时); after a moment(过了一会儿)
for the moment(暂时); at any moment(随时)
10. at the table 在桌前 at table 在吃饭
in the hospital / in hospital
in the prison / in prison /go to the prison /go to prison
in the church / in church / go to the church / go to church
go to the school / go to school
11.will 作情态动词,表意愿,决心,可用于if条件句中
You’d better not drink too much if you drive home after
the party.
He will come to see you if he has time.
If you will turn down the TV. There is really too much noise.
If you will read the book, I can lend it to you.
11. all the time 一直
12. drink to sb’s health / drink to sb.
13. raise one’s glass 举杯
14. take a sip 呡一小口
15. change over time 经过一段时间
16. follow the fashion of the day 跟随时尚
17. lay the table 摆桌子
18. serve the dishes 上菜
serve the people 为人民服务
serve in the army 服役
This restaurant serves Chinese food. (供应)

LANGUAGE STUDY
19. mix…with 把…和…混合 be mixed with
20. extra information 额外信息
21. leave out 省略
22. wish you all the best = best wishes for you.

Workbook Exercises
23. look forward to +n./doing 盼望;期盼…
24. stare at 盯着看
25. pay the bill 买单;付帐单
May I have the bill, please?
26. behave oneself 注意自己的言行举止 behavior
27. It is certain that… 肯定…
It is uncertain whether/when, etc….
Sb +be sure/certain to do sth 一定会做某事
Sb +be sure/certain about/of... 对...有把握
Sb +be sure/certain that... 相信...
Sb +be not sure/certain whether/what...
28. fairy tales 童话
29. belong to 属于 (不用被动、进行时)
30. direct the traffic 指挥交通
31. produce / make /generate electricity 发电
32. hang (hanged/hanged) oneself vt. 上吊;绞死
hang-hung-hung 悬挂;vi. & vt.
33. The Hope Project 希望工程

Good Manners in the World
34. communicate with 与…交流
35. shake hands with sb 和…握手
36. look right into sb's eyes/face 直视着
37. blow one's nose 擤鼻涕
38. in public 在公共场所 make ...public ; the public
39. think…to be… 认为…是…think of...as
40. at home and abroad 在国内外
41. give sb. some advice on sth / doing sth/how to do sth
给某人提建议
take/follow sb's advice 听某人的劝告
42. lead sb to do sth 导致某人做某事 lead to sb doing sth
43. pay a visit to sb/a place 拜访,参观
call on sb / call at a place
drop in (on sb) / (at a place)
44. make jokes about 拿…开玩笑; 讲笑话
play a joke on sb ; have a joke about
have a joke with sb ; joke with sb 和...开玩笑
tell jokes 讲笑话
make fun of 取笑 laugh at 嘲笑;讥笑


Unit 7 必会词语
A CITY OF HEROES
1. cultural relics/sites 文化古迹
2. in one's opinion 以某人的意见
3. Where there is a river, there is a city.
4. on the bank of a river 在河岸/畔
5. during/in one's lifetime;
in all one's life;
throughout one's life 在某人的一生中
6. look like something out of a fairy tale
像是从童话种走出来的一样
7. in history 在历史上
8. under attack/fire 被攻击 (under=in the process of)
under arrest; under discussion; under construction;
under consideration; under control; under examination; under investigation; under observation; under repairs;
9. give in (to sb) 让步,屈服 give up 放弃
give out 发放; 发出(光;热;气等);用尽
give off 散发(光;热;气) give away 抛弃;捐赠
give over 转交,移交=hand over
10. in ruins 废墟 bring…to ruin 使…变成废墟=ruin sth
come/go to ruin=fall into ruin 变成废墟
11. lie in pieces on the ground 成为碎片撒了一地
12. We will do everything/all/what we can to save our city.
13. It seems (to me) that…;
It seems as if …;
There seems to be…
S. + seems/seemed to...
14. bring…back to life 使…复苏, 使…苏醒
come back to life 复苏; 苏醒
15. with the help of = with sb's help 在…的帮助下
16. including sth. / sth. included 包括…在内
区分:include 和contain
This album contains 30 maps, including three of China.
17. look out over the city 俯视这个城市
18. come true 实现 (realize one’s dream)
come easy/right/loose
19. Strong, proud and united, the people of St Petersburg are the modern heroes of Russia.
形容词做伴随性状语:
Cruso returned home, full of fear.
The policeman put down the telephone, satisfied with a smile on his face.
I went to bed, hungry.

LANGUAGE STUDY & GRAMMAR
19. over a period of 150 years 经过150 年
19. change one's mind 改变主意
20. in men's table tennis singles / doubles event
在男子乒乓球单打比赛中
21. pull down 推倒;拆
21. send up 发射 send for; send out;
22. set up 成立; 建立;found; put up; build
23. turn/change…into… 把…变成
24. keep the same look 保持原貌
25. so far = up till now 到目前为止

INTEGRATING SKILLS
26. make + 宾语+宾语补足语 使的…
make + 宾语+ do sth =sb be made to do sth
+ n.
+ adj.
+ done
make one's voice heard ;
make oneself known/understood

WORKBOOK EXERCISES
27. provide / supply sth for sb = provide sb with sth. 给…提供
offer sb sth = offer sth to sb
28. be careful with 对…小心/认真
29. have much /little/nothing in common
有很多/几乎没有/没有共同之处
30. be made up of 由…组成 consist of
31. settle down 定居 settle a problem
32. keep in touch with 与…保持联系 keep track of
get in touch with 与…取得联系
be out of touch with 与…失去联系
lose touch with 与…失去联系
33. bring down/up the price 降价/提价 v.t
go down /up v.i
34. put up a notice 张贴布告
35. the State Council 国务院

THE RESCUE OF ABU SIMBEL
36. for several reasons 由于一些原因
37. all through the year = all the year round 一年四季
throughout the year
38. rise by 63 meters 上升了63 米
by 表示“相差程度”
39. as a result /consequence of 由于…的结果
40. date from = date back to 追溯于; 始建于
This temple dates from the Song Dynasty.
The temple, dating back to the Song Dynasty, will be pull down.
41. in danger 处于危险中; out of danger 脱离危险
42. be carved in rock 被刻在岩石上
43. make a plan for 为…制订计划
44. stone by stone 一块石头一块石头地
one by one
45. in all = in total =altogether 总共
46. be marked with 被标上…记号
47. Three Gorges Dam 三峡大坝
48. The Temple of Heaven 天坛
Unit 8 必会习语
WARMING UP & SPEAKING
1. the Olympic Games 奥运会
2. stand for 代表;容忍;支持/拥护;为...候选人
区分:represent 和 stand for
3. the Olympic Torch Relay 奥运火炬接力
4. the host city 主办城市
5. be worth + n. 值… sth.+ be worth doing …值得做
be worthy of + n.
be worthy of being done
be worthy to be done
It is worth while to do sth / doing sth
6. score 20 points 得20分 (v.)
a score of people 20人 two score of people 40人
three score and ten of people 70人
scores of people 许多人
注意:a dozen eggs 十二个鸡蛋 two dozen eggs
a dozen of these eggs 一打这种鸡蛋
dozens of eggs 许多鸡蛋

THE OLYMPIC GAMES
7. every four years 每四年;每隔三年
every fourth year 每第四年
every other year 每隔一年
every few years 每隔几年
8. take part in = join in = participate in 参加
attend 出席 join sb (in doing sth) 和某人一起做某事
9. compete in 参加(竞赛)
compete against/with 与…相对抗
compete for 为…而竞争
10. allow /permit/forbid sb to do sth 允许/禁止某人做某事
allow/permit/forbid doing sth 允许/禁止做某事
Nothing is permitted; everything is allowed.
一切都不(明文)准许;但也不(明文)禁止。
11. in modern times 在现代 in ancient times 在古代
12. do /try one's best to do sth 尽力做某事
13. rank third/high/low 位居第三/排名高(低)
She ranks first in English study in our class.
people of all ranks 各个阶层的人
14. host the Olympic games 主办奥运会
15. light the torch 点燃火炬 (lit—lit; lighted—lighted)
He lit a candle and the lighted candle lit up the room.
16. in preparation for 为…做准备
prepare for 为…做准备
make preparations for 为...作准备
17. have a good / bad effect on …对…有好/坏影响=affect
have influence on=influence

LANGUAGE STUDY
18. tens of thousands of 成千上万
19. pay …( to sb) for sth 付钱给…买…
20. at the opening /closing (ceremony) of 在…开/闭幕式上
21. by hand 手工 with one’s hands
22. spend…on sth 在…花费(钱;时间)
spend….(in) doing sth 花 (钱;时间) 做某事
spend (time) +a place 在某地度过(一段时间)
23. more than = not only 不仅
More than fifty people attended the conference.
He dressed more than simply. 他穿着极为朴素。
We were more than pleased to hear of her coming.
He is more than a teacher to me.
She more than smiled, but laughed. (岂止是微笑,简直是大笑)
He is more brave than wise. (有勇无谋)
more than不仅 no more than = only 仅仅
Yao Ming has more than just size; he also has great skill and speed and he is a team player. (不仅)
He has no more than handsome look; he is neither wise nor polite. (仅仅)
not more than = less than 不超过;至多
no more than = only 仅仅
There is no more than ten yuan in my pocket. (只有)
There is not more than ten yuan in my pocket. (不到)
He is no taller/no more careful than me. (并不比...更)
He is not taller/more careful than me. (不如)
24. live one's dream =try to realize one's dream 努力实现梦想

WORKBOOK EXERCISES
25. set /give a good example to sb 为…树立好榜样
copy / follow the example of 学习/效仿...的榜样
26. the International Olympic Committee 国际奥委会
27. the spirit of the Olympic Games 奥林匹克精神
28. care about 关心
29. take up 占去(空间); 开始从事;拿起;
30. put on weight = gain weight 体重增加
lose weight 减肥
31. as follows 如下

FOR THE LOVE OF THE GAME
32. even if 即使
33. hear about/of 听说
hear from sb 收到某人来信
hear that... 听说
34. I wish +从句 (虚拟语气;时态倒退一步)
I wish I were twenty years younger.
I wish I could make as much money as Michael Jordan.
I wish I had seen my favuorite movie star the other day.
35.deal with 对付;应付;处理;涉及;做生意
How did you deal with the rubbish?
What did you do with the rubbish?
36. shoot the ball into the other team's goal 把球踢入对方球门
Unit 9 必会习语
SPEAKING
1.be used for 被用于… be used as 被用作…
2. It depends. 要看情况而定。
LIFE ON THE GO
3. live life on the go 过着忙碌的生活
4. on the go 忙忙碌碌的; 四处奔走
5. make it possible for sb to do sth 使得某人做某事成为可能
6. throughout the world 遍及世界
7. more than 不仅, 多于;
no more than 仅仅; 只不过
not more than 少于, 不足
8. add to 增添;增加 add…to… 给…增加…
add up 加起来 add up to 加起来总共是
9. remind sb of/about sth 提醒某人某事
remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
remind sb of doing sth 提醒某人已做过某事
remind that...
10.have an appointment with sb. 和…有预约
keep /break one's appointment 守约/违约
make an appointment with sb. 和…约定
by appointment 按约定
11. obey /break the rules 遵守/违反规定
12. agree (not) to do sth
agree that sb can/will do sth
agree with; agree to; agree on
13. dare not do = don't dare to do 不敢作…(同need)
14. take sth/sb away from… 把….从….带/拿走
14. stay/keep in touch with sb.; /keep track of
be in touch with 与…保持联系
get in touch with 与…取得联系
lose touch with 与…失去联系
be out of touch with
15. call for help 求救
16. in case (of an emergency) 万一; 以免
in case +从句 万一
17. do whatever he wants to do 想干什么就干什么
whatever 和 no matter what 区分
LANGUAGE STUDY
18. according to 根据
19. the negative/positive effect of ….的负面/正面影响

INTEGRATING SKILLS
20. take over 接管
21. (in) the way that/in which… …的方法
The few surviving human beings are being used (in) the way (that) we use machines today.
22. break down 出故障
23. dream of/ about 梦见;梦想
24. fail to do sth; fail in doing sth 没能做到…
succeed in doing sth 成功的做某事
be successful in doing sth
25. force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事 oblige sb to do sth
by force 靠武力
26. come up with 想到; 提出
27. take steps /measures/action to do sth 采取措施
28. look up the words in the dictionary 在字典上查单词
29. go for a job interview 去面试找工作
30. unite as one 团结一致
31. hand in one's homework 交作业
32. suffer a serious defeat 遭惨败

FUTURE TRAVEL:TELEPORTATION
33. be based on 以…为基础
34. take …apart 把…分解 =separate
put…together
35. on the way 在路上 on one’s way to 在去...的路上
in the way 妨碍;挡道 in a way 在某种程度上
by the way 顺便问一下 (in)this/that way 这样
in the same way 用同样的方法
in different ways 用不同的方法
in no way 决不;一点也不
the way to do/of doing sth 做...的方法
the way (that/in which)定语从句
make one’s way to 朝...走去
all the way 一路上;从头至尾
by way of 经由;通过...的方法
way of life 生活方式
36. so far 到目前为止
37. We are still a long way from being able to do sth.
=It will take us a long time to be able to do sth.
38. It is possible (for sb) to do sth
It is likely/possible/probable that...
Sb is likely to do sth.
39. The more we know, the more we can imagine.
越..., 就越....
The more you listen to English, the easier it will become.
The longer you live in this place, the less you will like it.


Unit 10 习语必会

WARMING UP & LISTENING & SPEAKING
1.no longer; no more
1. There be… left 有…剩下
2. hunt animals for food 为得到…而捕猎…
hunt for 搜寻
hunt animals 狩猎
3. know of/about 对…了解
4. in danger 处于危险中 out of danger 脱离危险
in danger of 面临...的危险
endanger vt. 使...濒危;危害
endangered animals 濒危动物 become endangered
5. die out 灭绝; 消失
die away ; die off; die of; die from; die down
be dying for 渴望;很想
6. It follows that… 由此得出…; 可见…
People get sick because of air pollution. It follows that we must do something about it.
人们生病是因为空气污染。可见我们必须采取行动了。
7. lead to 导致
8. take turns to do sth/ doing sth 轮流做某事
do sth in turn/by turns
9. act as 扮演 play a role of
ARE WE ENDANGERED?
10. an environmental expert 一位环境专家
11. keep/stop/prevent sb from doing sth 阻止…做…
keep sb doing sth 使...一直做...
keep (on) doing sth 坚持做某事
protect...from/against 保护...免受...
12. we don't do as we say. 我们言行不一。
13. ( take sb ) on a tour of... (带某人)游览...
14. have a bright future 用有一个灿烂的未来
15. harm sb/ do harm to sb/ do sb harm/ be harmful to sb
伤害某人;对...有害=be bad for
do good to sb/do sb good/ be good for/
benefit sb./be of benefit to 对...有好处/益
16. take measures/steps/action 采取措施
17. be used to sth/ doing sth 习惯于…
18. adapt to (改变以)适应 adapt oneself to 使自己适应于
adjust to (调整以)适应
19. become endangered 频临危险
20. the original species 原有的物种 species (单复数相同)
21. first of all 首先 at first; above all
22. make a big difference 大改观;影响大
23.If we know more about what causes endangerment, we may be able to take measures before it is too late. 如果我们能更多地了解致使生物濒危的原因,就能及时采取补救措施。
◘They are thinking of buying the house before the prices go up. 他们正在考虑趁房价未涨时把房子买下来。
◘If you don’t like the present job, I suggest you look for another one before it is too late.
如果你不喜欢目前的工作,我建议你趁早另谋出路。
◘He hung up before I could say a word.
我还没说一句话,他就挂了电话。

LANGUAGE STUDY
24. devote oneself to sth/doing sth 致力于…
be devoted to sth/doing sth 投身于
a devoted friend / wife
25. at present 目前 at the present time
be present at 出席
26. explain sth to sb 向某人解释…=explain to sb sth
27. set…free 释放 =free
28. in the wild 处于野生状态

INTEGRATING SKILLS
29.be careful with 细心;认真
be careful of/about 注意;留意
30. throw away 扔掉;throw about 四处乱扔
31. care about 关心 care for 喜欢;
workbook
32. go on a tour to 去…观光/游览
33. a large amount of (money) 许多(钱)
34. (translate) word for word 逐字地
answer point for point 逐点答复
对比:one by one; little by little
35. up to (1)正在做;从事于(2)大约; 多达
(3)理应;视为...的职责
◘What’s he up to? 他在干什么? (常用作贬义)
◘I guess the fellow is up to no good.
我猜这个家伙要图谋不轨。
◘The little boy can count up to twenty.
这小孩能从一数到二十。
◘The students are allowed up to two hours to finish the test. 学生们有长达两小时的时间来完成试题。
◘It’s up to you to decide what to do next.
由你来决定我们下一步做什么。
◘The success of this project is up to us.
这个项目的成败取决于我们.
36. become extinct = die out
37. keep…as a pet 把…当宠物养
38.common adj. 常见的; 共同的; 普遍的(侧重指共性;强调“非特殊性,非优秀性” 或 "不足为奇的"
usual adj 通常的;寻常的;惯常的 (多指”习惯性的,遵循常规的,一贯如此的" 强调时间角度。
ordinary 通常的;普通的, 也指普遍的,但不是因为大家所共有而普遍常见, 而是因为符合事物的正常法则及一般规律而十分普遍; 也可带贬义,指低于一般标准的事物或人。
popular 普及的;通俗的, 指为广大群众所接受或深受喜爱的
general 一般的;普通的; 指属于大部分人或大部分事物的属性, 因此是一般的,普通的,可能也包括了一些极少数的例外。
Unit 11 习语必会
WARMING UP & SPEAKING
1. a piece of music 一支曲子
2. Can you help me to decide what to buy?
3. What do you have in mind? 你有什么主意?
4. dance to (a song/music) 伴着(歌曲/音乐)跳舞
5. What can/do you suggest?
suggest sth
suggest (sb) doing sth
suggest that...
suggest +虚拟语气 (建议) insist +虚拟 (坚决要求)
suggest + 陈述语气 (表示) insist +陈述 (坚决认为)
6. Have you considered doing...? 你考虑过...吗?
consider...(as/to be)... 认为...是...
consider sb to have done sth 认为...做过某事
THE SOUND OF THE WORLD
5. a musical instrument 乐器
6. musical styles 音乐风格
in style 流行的 out of style 过时的
7. have much/nothing in common with
和…有许多/没有相同之处
8. along with 和…一起
9. a variety of 各种各样的 varieties of = various
LANGUAGE STUDY
10. pick out 挑出 choose; select
pick up; pick on; pick
11. The style is the man. 文如其人
12. the key to the classroom 教室的钥匙
the answer to the question 问题的答案
the solution to the problem 问题的解决办法
the entrance to the station 车站的入口
13. give/put on a performance 表演/上演节目
14. golden pen 金笔 gold necklace 金项链
15. a two-room house 一个两室的房子
a four-storey building = a building of four storeys/stories
16. make a record 录制唱片 set a record 创纪录
record a song 录一首歌
17. turn into 变成; 译成 turn...into; turn to

POP VERSUS ROCK
18. become more and more similar 变得越来越相似
19. make music one's career 把音乐当事业
20. on the other hand 另一方面
20. satisfy sb. 使得某人满意
be satisfied with 对…感到满意
be pleased with; be content with
satisfactory = satisfying; satisfaction
21. satisfy one’s inner desire 满足某人的内心欲望
21. make people feel easy 让人们感觉轻松/悠闲
22. forget about 忘记了

AMERICAN COUNTRY MUSIC
23. have a hit 风靡一时
24. over the past twenty years 经过了过去的20年
25.be common for 对...很普通的
25. think…to be…. 认为…是
26. turn to 转向; 求助于;翻到
turn writer 成为作家 turn 20 过了20岁
27. think well of (be well thought of)
=think highly of =speak highly of
= sing high praise for 对…评价很高
28. make fun of 取笑; 拿某人取乐
29. bring in 带来(收入); 引进(技术)
30. on their travels 在旅行时
31, in the open air 在户外
31. for free 免费
a free meal
He is free with his money.
All these books are given away (for) free/free of charge.
The old woman has never been free from pain.
You are free to do anything you like, within the law.
Unit 12 必会习语
Warming up & Speaking
1. match…with… 把….和….相配
2. action film 动作片
3. romantic comedy 浪漫喜剧
4. shootings and fights 枪战
5. at the art festival 在艺术节上/期间
HARRY POTTER
6. magical power 魔力
7. magic tricks 魔术技巧
8. welcome to + n. 欢迎到…. Welcome home!
give sb a warm welcome 热烈欢迎
9. a world of magic and wonders 充满魔力和神奇的世界
10. a series of 一系列的
11. seem like =look like 看起来像
12. treat sb to sth 请某人(吃…) treat sb badly 虐待
treat ...as/like...
13. in trouble 在困境中
get into trouble 陷入困境
ask for trouble 自找麻烦 make trouble 捣乱
put sb to trouble 给人添麻烦
take trouble to do sth 不辞辛苦的做某事
14. do the right thing 做得对
15. come across
1. be understood;
He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not come across.
2. make an impression;
She came across well/badly in interviews.
He came across as a sympathetic person.
3. meet or find sb/sth by chance = run into
I came across some old photos in a drawer.
16. fight against 与…作斗争/打架/打仗 fight n.
fight with; fight for
17. believe 和believe in
believe in 信仰 (真理;宗教;原则)
信任= trust in;trust;have trust in
信赖=rely on
I believe him, but I don’t believe in/trust (in) him.
我相信他所说的话,但我不信任他/相信他的人格/能力。
Do you believe in God?
believe和trust
believe sb/what sb said 相信某人(所说的话)
believe ...to be... 认为...是...
believe...to have done 认为/相信...做过某事
believe that... 相信;认为
trust that...
I believe/trust that you will join us. (trust比believe语气强)
I believe him to be an honest man.
=I believe that he is an honest man.
I believe him to have passed the exam.
=I believe that he has passed the exam.
I can’t trust that boy out of my sight.
我一看不见那个孩子就不放心。
18. grow up to be... 长大后成为...
19. share the same goal 有着共同目标
20.be strong in heart and mind 意志坚强,头脑聪明
THE QUESTION
21. whisper sth to sb 小声/悄悄给某人说
whisper sth in one's ear 咬耳朵
in a whisper 小声地
22. as if 好像
23. not all = all not 并不都
not every = every...not 并非每个...都
not both=both not 并非两个都...
...not all of them were safe.=...all of them were not safe.
Not both of the students are good at English.
=Both of the students are not good at English.
完全否定:None of the rooms are safe.
Neither of the students is good at English.
24. if only 要是…就好了
If only my mother were here with me.
25. be about to do sth when… 正要…这时…
26. turn around 转身
27. walk/run up to; go/come up to 上前去
28. go past 从...的旁边过去


WORKBOOK EXERCISES
29. play a trick on sb. 给某人恶作剧
30. apologize to sb for sth 向某人道歉
make an apology to sb.
31.(1) 摆脱…的习惯
get out of the habit (of doing sth) ;
get rid of the habit of
break off the habit of
(2) 养成…的习惯
get/fall into the habit (of doing sth)
form the/a habit (of doing sth)
(3) 有…的习惯
have the/a habit of
be in the /a habit of

32. TV series 电视连续剧
33. primary school 小学 elementary school
34. Attention, please, I have an announcement to make.
请大家注意,我要宣布一个通知。
May I have your attention, please? 请大家注意啦!
35. run after 追赶;追求;追捕

BOOK MAFIC
36. be similar to 与…相似 the same as 和...一样
37. in other words 换句话说 in one’s own words
38. just like us doing what we do 就像我们做我们的事
=just as we do what we do
39. come (back) to life 苏醒;复苏;恢复生机
bring sb (back) to life 使...苏醒;使...恢复生机
40. in a way 在某种程度上
41. lose oneself in = be lost in 沉浸于; 沉醉于
Lost in thought, he almost knocked into a tree.
42. be eager/anxious to do sth 迫切地/渴望要做某事
be eager for/about/after 渴望得到
be anxious about 为...担忧;焦虑
long for 渴望得到 be dying for
 

高一下学期英语词汇
ought to应当,应该               
keep up with跟上,赶上
plenty of许多,大量的(作定语)
in plenty许多,丰富(作状语)
make a choice做出选择            
now and then偶尔,时而
prepare a dish做一道菜           
a balance diet均衡饮食
be/go on diet在节食             

no longer不再
be based on/upon以…为基础      
take medicine吃药
be harmful to对…有害      
offer advise about/on提…的建议
lose weight减肥              
cut …into pieces把…切碎
gain weight=put on weight增肥    
make up for补偿
get along with和…相处           
put up with忍受
go for sb对某人也一样            
in large amount大批地
be short of=be lacking of 缺乏,缺少
do up one’s hair做发型            
refer to查阅,提到
settle down定下心来,安家落户     
settle up付清,结账
settle for勉强同意,接受      
settle in(使)习惯(环境等)
settle on定居(短暂停留)   
of high/good quality高质量的
sign an agreement with…与…达成协
in relation to与…有关的     but for要不是                  
thanks to由于,幸亏
apart from除…之外              
hand down传下来
and so on等等                
in ancient time在古代
go against违背                 
guide to(介词)指导
of (no) effect(无)效    
take effect生效,奏效
bring/carry…into/to effect实施
come/go into effect开始实施       
depend on/upon依靠
That/It (all) depends.这很难说。    
stand for代表
in condition身体好         
out of condition身体不好
on condition that….如果,条件是
in/under favorable conditions在有利形势下
bring in引进,赚钱      
year after year年复一年
Point out指出             
make use of利用
tongue twister绕口令   
be on good terms (with sb.)关系好
drive off开走,击退       
look on…as把…看作…
Ahead of更前,更早        
give sb a hand给某人帮助
Get through通过,到达       
tear down拆毁
Hold up举起               
Intend to do sth打算做某事
Intend to have done本想做(而没能做) 
Intend…for…=be intended for…供……用
Dress up打扮,装饰       
in one’s opinion依某人之见
Play a trick on sb开某人玩笑
take in收容,理解,包含,欺骗
Be determined to do sth下决心做……
Gift money压岁钱             
fire works鞭炮
Save money存钱              
ask for a day off请一天假
Happen to meet碰巧遇见       
be jealous of sb嫉妒某人
Believe in信仰              
dress up as装扮成,打扮成
Do crime犯罪               
light up照亮
Do honor to sb=do sb honor礼遇某人,对某人表示敬意
On purpose=by accident故意地      
care for喜欢,照顾
Make fool of愚弄              
in other words换句话说
hope for对…希望            
seek after追求
A similar to B A和B相似         
take on呈现
Or else或者              
personal affair隐私
Date back to =date from始于,追溯到
Appreciate good food欣赏美味      
suit…to…使…适合于…
Be suit to/for适合于…
In all direction朝四面八方
in …direction=in direction of朝…的方向
under the direction of在…的指导下
Follow one’s directions遵照某人的指示    
Be angry with sb for sth…因…生某人的气 
be likely to很有可能                 
make fun of取笑
No laughing matter不是闹着玩的      
exist…in 存在于…
Get into contact with sb与某人取得联系
Make contact with sb与某人联络
(be) in contact with 与…有交往
lose/break contact with与……失去联系
go ahead 前进                     
be crazy about对…着迷
go into details细说        
in detail详细地
focus…on…把…集中于…     
occur to sb使某人突然想到
fell down感到闷闷不乐      
in a hurry匆忙地
accept …as认为…是…      
bring on引发
make oneself done使…被…     
make conversation交谈
have/hold a conversation with与……交谈
be in conversation with与…谈话中
divide…into..把…分成…  
ivide between/among…把…分给…
achieve success获得成功     
an injured look一副受冤的表情
call on 拜访(某人)        
call at拜访(某地)
bring back拿回来,使恢复       
day and night日日夜夜地
pay off还清                
at most 至多
a number of许多
a great deal of许多        
pick out挑出,辨别出
test on在…做实验              
be continued 未完待续
pay back偿还,报复      
sth of good/poor quality质量好的…
would rather宁愿              
after all毕竟
be well worth 很值得            
without luck运气不好
in the hope of doing…抱着…的希望
bring about引起,导致              
bring up哺育
belong to sb/sth属于…          
without limit无限地
run/take a risk冒险              
limit…to …把…限制在…
at risk处于危险中            
at any risk不顾一切
at the risk of冒着…的危险   
to one’s sorrow使…悲伤的是
than usual 比平常…                
badly off贫穷的
bear/take one’s share of…负担…的部分
keep…at harm’s length保持…的距离
a total failure一个彻底的失败者
save the situation收拾局面
trade in以交方式购入              
trade with从事贸易
be popular with受…的欢迎 
culture of mind and body身心修养
(be)of (no) use有(无)用          
put…to use利用
to one’s knowledge 据某人所知
express oneself表达自己的意思
tell…from…把…和…分开     
means of transport交通方式
together with=as well as也   
against to the wall靠着墙
without a sound悄无声息地          
pull out把…拉上来
not later than不迟于            
get close to接近…
just as 恰如               
without turning a hair毫不畏惧
in disorder混乱
be familiar with 熟悉        
rushed off one’s feet忙于工作
at work忙于工作                 
n the go奔波
go through with 完成                
at one go一口气
miss one’s turn 错过             
be devoted to sb喜欢某人
to…degree 达到…程度  
succeed in doing sth成功的做了某事
do about处理 应付           
clear away清除打扫
go out熄灭                    
push open推开
be up to sb 由某人决定          
tire out筋疲力尽
not a bit = not at all一点也不 
there is no doubt毫无疑问 
be willing to do = like to do愿意
a number of 若干 ,一些    
the rule of conduct行为准则
charge a pipe给烟斗塞烟    
be charged with充满……
tear at sth撕扯……         
fasten…to…把…拴在…上
explain sth to sb = explain to sb sth向某人解释某事
fasten one’s eyes to sb眼睛盯着某人
in tears哭泣,掉泪               
end in a tie以平局结束
in your own words用你自己的话    
come into use开始使用
can’t help doing忍不住           
stop…from doing阻止
leave sth done 让……做……        
by choice 出于选择
for choice要选就选                
ask after sb问候某人
give away赠出,让出              
set the scene为某事做准备
full dress盛装              
a pieces of jewellery一件珠宝
look about/around 警戒          
look on旁观
look through浏览                 
look up to尊敬
act for代理                  
act on/upon对……起作用
know of听说过                  
by chance偶然地
by mistake由于疏忽              
be in use在使用中
make a great discovery完成一项重大任务
bring…to use= put …to use加以利用
call sb names谩骂某人  
in the name of以……的名字
in change主管              
free of change免费
at one’s own change自费      
out of control失去控制
be particular about对…挑剔 
knock over撞翻
lay down one’s life献出生命    
a man of name知名人士
turn in归还,交上             
carry on research进行研究
take up research开始研究          
act against违反
speak against发表抨击           
little by little逐渐地
out of date这时的               
up to date最新式的
to date 到目前为止            
put a date to sth注明日期
set/fix the date确定日期            
keep a date赴约
go off 出发,爆发(机器等停止)      
go into详细调查
go by 走过,……流逝                   
go beyond超越
go about 四处走走,开始
around the corner即将来临,在拐角处
die down平息              
come to terms with甘心忍受
what else而且                
be about to即将开始
at the top of one’s voice大声地
self rescue自救                    
be mean with对…吝啬
take shelter躲避                
work with sb对……起作用
smell of闻出……的味道             
break up弄碎
hold up阻滞                  
a threatening letter恐吓信
somehow or other设法,想办法 
admire sb as…钦佩某人是…
admire sb for sth 钦佩某人的…  
admire oneself in the mirror照镜子
rise/come to fame 成名         
opposite to 在…对面
to one’s regret 使某人遗憾的是
be surrounded with/by被…围绕
get/gain/take possession of占有,占领
make up组成,构成,凑足    
turn to转向,求助于
go sailing 驾船航行           
go camping宿营
come into one’s possession被某人占有
in one’s possession=in the possession of sb被某人据有
(be) in possession of持有,拥有
零 散 记 忆
only+介词短语(方式状语)+倒装句
e.g.: Only in this way will we be ready for the…
the only/just/very/first + n.+ that(who)+定从
当n.为物时只用that,当n.为人时只用who。
be of + 抽象名词,表“具有……”
begin to do 和begin doing
一般情况下意思相同,但 1)begin为现在进行时时;
2)当begin后为think,realise等类词时,只用to do。
Make it (F.O) +adj+to do sth.
To,on,in 在表方位时:
on表接壤  2)in在范围之内  3)to不接壤
7、hope: 1)+that-clause   2)+to do   3)+for sth
a/the way (that) +定语从句
to do 和v-ing 做主语和宾语:
to do一次性和具体性;v-ing表经常性延续性
so…that… “如此…以致于…”引导结果状从句。
So…部分放在句首时,句子要倒装
比较:so…that…和such…that…的句型构成
so+adj./adv.+that… such+a(n)+adj.+n.+that…    
such+adj.+U.C.N.+that…           
such+n.(pl.)+that…
with+宾+宾补(形容词、介词短语、副词、分词、不定式),在句中状语或定语
12、a great many+n.(pl.),当此名词前有限定词如the ,these,those等,则用a great many of
13、系表结构 stay+adj. 一直保持某种状态
14、only to do sth 这一结构常作结果状语,用以指随即发生的意料之外的事,有“反而,却”之意。
15、 advise(n. advice)  “建议,忠告”
1)advise+n./pron.        2)advise sb. (not) to do sth
3)advise doing sth         4)advise sb.+clause(虚拟语气)
16、the reason 与for连用表语从句只用that引导
17、used to:
used not to +动词原形=usedn’t to+动词原形                                                                
did not use to+动词原形=didn’t use to+动词原形       
used+主+to+动词原形
did+主+use to+动词原形
It seems to that…
18、seem      It seems as if/though…
There seems (to be)…
19、Seem,that和appear
三词后均可加形容词、副词、分词等;
appear,seem后可接to do ,而look后只加to be
look后只可接as if引导的从句,不能接that 从句
20、accept
22、 a.have sb doing 使某人做某事,表动作一直进行
b.have sb do     使某人做某事,表动作完成或可能发生
c.have sth to do  有某事要做,have意为“有,拥有”
d. have sth done 使某事被做,done表被动动作
23、表“许多大量”的几个词组:
a great/good many                          
a large/great/good number of    +可数名词
a good few/quite few
many a

It(形主) +(so)happen +that-clause
27、allow(vt.)
a. allow+ 名/形    b. allow+含有不定式的复合宾语
c. allow+动名词    d. allow+sb.+介词短语/副词
28、连系动词的分类:
变化类:become,go,get,grow,fall,turn ect.
感官类:fell,smell,taste,look,sound  ect.
显现类:appear,seem,look  ect.
状态类:keep,stay,come,stand ect.
29、though相当于however ,用于句末。


30、动词+to构成的短语:
look forward to盼望…    turn to求助于,转向
pay attention to注意   stick to坚持
get down to开始认干     object to反对
belong to属于   refer to涉及,谈到
point to指向     see to处理,料理
come to共计,苏醒      reply to答复
agree to同意            add to增加
devote…to…贡献…给…    compare…to…把…比作…
高一下学期语法重难点集汇
主谓一致
主谓一致是指一个句子的主语和谓语动词保持数的一致关系。一个句子中主谓一致,通常指三个基本原则:语法一致,即形式上一致;概念一致,即概念或意念上的一致;毗邻一致,即谓语动词的形式与邻近的名词一致。
语法一致原则
在通常情况下,一个句子的主语和谓语在语法形式上保持一致。即主语为单数形式,谓语也为单数形式;主语为复数形式,谓语也为复数形式。如:
This exercise on English idioms is not easy.这个英语短语练习不容易。
在“there be”结构中, “be”的单复数取决与后面主语的数.如:
There has been little change in this city.这个城市没有多少变化。
3、“one of”结构,位于用单数,“two of”结构位于用复数
One of the things I want to do is traveling.我想做的一件事是去旅行。
Two of the boys have lost their way home.有两个男孩回家迷路了。
倒装句的主语在谓语之后,避免误用。
Never before has she been to Paris!她以前从未去过巴黎。
概念一致
主语是抽象概念、短语或从句,谓语用单数形式。如:
To tell lies is wrong.说谎是不正确的。(不定式做主语)
Keeping the house is a tiring job.管理家务是一件很劳累的事。(动名词做主语)
How this happened is not clear to anyone.(从句做主语)
注意:
用what或which引导的主语从句或简单句中的数的概念取决于后面的表语,因为它们在逻辑上的意义是相同的。如:
Which is your seat?你的座位是哪一个?
Which are your seats?你们的座位是哪些?
单个的分词作主语,不定式作主语,以及主语从句,谓语都用单数,若用连接上述的相同两个成分,谓语才用复数。
两个或两个以上的主语用and和both连接时,谓语用复数形式。
and连接的并列主语指同一人或同一样东西,and后的名词前没有冠词,谓语用单数;若有,则用复数。如:
My best friend and adviser has changed his mind again.我的密友兼顾问又改变他的想法了。
My friend and the student Sue are in the classroom.我的朋友和那位叫苏的同学在教室里。
若and后面加not,谓语用单数。如:
Lilei,and not I, has won the game.是 Lilei赢了比赛,而不是我。
用and 连接的单数主语,前面有each,every,many a,no等词修饰时,谓语用单数。
复数主语前加each,谓语仍用复数。
no后面名词为单数,谓语用单数;后为复数,谓语用复数。
毗邻一致
由not only…but also,neither…nor…,either…or…,or 连接的并列主语,在肯定句中谓语变化取决于后面的饿主语,在疑问句中取决于前面的主语。如;
Either he or I am mistaken.他和我都没错。
Either he or you are to go there.不是他就是你要到那儿去。
(详见高一下册P155~P156)
虚拟语气
虚拟语气表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不是事实。虚拟语气是通过句中的谓语动词的特殊形式来表现的,因此,掌握虚拟语气中的各种谓语动词的形式变化,是掌握虚拟语气的关键。
虚拟语气在简单句中的用法
虚拟语气用于简单句中,一般表示祝愿、命令等。谓语动词要用原形。
虚拟语气在主从复合句中的用法
在状语从句中的用法
条件句中的用法
虚拟语气的条件句是用谓语动词的特殊形式来表现与现在、过去事实相反的情况或对将来发生的情况表示怀疑,和直陈语气条件句中的谓语动词形式以及表达的含义完全不同。虚拟语气条件句中所用的谓语动词的过去时、过去完成时、过去将来时等,只表示不同的虚拟语气,和直陈语气的过去时、过去完成时、过去②用法:
If I had more time, I should study German.(fact:I have no more time, so I shall not study German. )
If she were not so busy, she would attend the meeting this afternoon.(fact:she is very busy, so she will not attend the meeting this afternoon.)
If they didn’t take physical exercises every day, they wouldn’t be so healthy.(fact: they take physical exercises every day, so they are very healthy.)
②用法:
I would have checked my paper again if I had had more time at yesterday’s examination.(fact:I had no more time at yesterday’s exam, so I didn’t check my paper again)
You would have already recovered from his illness if he had seen the doctor in good time.(fact: He didn’t see the doctor in good time ,so he hasn’t recovered from his illness )
②用法:
If it rains tomorrow, our picnic will be put off.(The weather has been changeable these days.)
If it rained tomorrow, our picnic would be put off.( The weather has beenvery good these days.)
If it should rain tomorrow, our picnic would be put off.(That would be out of our expectation.)
If it were to rain tomorrow, our picnic would be put off. (条件从句谓语动词用were to +动词原形,表示 下雨的可能性极小。Were to rain和should rain 都表示“出乎意料之外”,但were to加强表示“当初没想到以后的事”)
混合时间条件句的用法:
有时条件从句的动作和主句动作发生的 时间不一致。这时动词的形式,应根据它所要表达的具体时间来决定用什么形式。
If she hadn’t trained so hard, she wouldn’t be run so fast.(从句叙述过去,主句叙述现在。)
(fact: she has trained very hard, so she would able to run fast.)
You would speak English well enough if you had practised reading and speaking it every day.(主句叙述现在,从句叙述过去)
(fact: You didn’t practice (hasn’t practiced ) reading and speaking it every day, so you can’t speak English well enough.)
在其他状语从句中的用法
主要用于由as if (as though) 引导的比较状语从句,从句中谓语动词一般用“动词的过去式(be 变were )或had +过去分词。”
如:
She looked as if she were ill.(实际上她没有病,在这里用虚拟语气补语比喻她精神不佳)
Xiao Liu speaks English so well as if he had studied in England.(这里用虚拟语气表现他的 英语说得好)

(2)、在主语从句中的用法:
通常由形式主语it引出的主语从句来表达。主语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”;表示“必要”“重要”“奇怪”等意思。
It is necessary that you should clean the workshop after work.下班后你必须清扫车间。
It is important that we should ask advice of other people about our work.在工作中,征求别人的意见是很重要的。
在宾语从句中的用法(详见《高一上学期英语语法重难点集汇》) 
  

高二上学期英语词汇
Unit 1 Phrases
1.练习描写人  practise describing people
2.有所作为  make a difference
3.来自  be from
4.因…而闻名  be known for
5.使一位科学家成功
make a scientist successful
6.想象远比知识更重要
Imagination is more important than knowledge
7.生活中没什么可惧怕的,只有去理解Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood.
8.天才是1%的灵感+99%的汗水
  Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.
9.分析明显存在的事物需要非凡的头脑
It takes a very unusual mind to undertake analysis of the obvious
10.你不能教会一个人一切,你只能帮助他亲自去发现  You can’t teach a man anything; you can only help him find it within himself.
11.惊人之举  be on fire for
12.与…相似  be similar to
13.三位伟大的思想家  three great minds
14.有共同之处  have … in common
15.毫无疑问  there is no doubt that…
16.一位有前途的研究生
a promising graduate student
17.绝症  an incurable disease
18. 不多于…  not… more than
19.放弃对未来的梦想
give up our dreams and hopes for the future.
20.取得博士学位
much point in working on my PhD
21.活那么久  survive that long
22.与…订婚 get/ be engaged to sb
23.为了做… in order to do
24.继续他的研究工作
go on with his research
25.阻止某人做  stop sb from doing
26.梦想  dream of
27.继续探索宇宙 
continue his exploration of the universe
28.环游世界去做报告
travel around the world to give lectures/
29.二十世纪七十年代初 in the early 1970s
30.宇宙大爆炸和黑洞
the Big Bang and Black Holes.
31.寻求问题的答案seek answers to questions
32.成为畅销书 become a best-seller
33.惊喜地发现
be pleased and surprised to find
34.以某种方式 in a way
35.结果是错误的 turn out to be wrong
36.科学方法 the scientific method
37.能够预测未来事can predict future events
38.发现很难理解他
find it difficult to understand him
39.听起来像人的声sound like a human voice
40.是…样子 what was … like?
41.用完   use up
42.五岁的儿子  a 5-year-old son
43.代替   instead of
44.重力原理  the Law of Gravity
45.环境污染  environmental pollution
46.在接下来的十年里 in the next ten years
47.采取措施解决问题
take measures to solve the problem
48.每76年 every 76 years
49.犯罪现场 the crime scene
50.理应做…  be supposed to do
51.用来书写的笔  a pen to write with
52.对…感到满足  be satisfied with
53.就近看  take a closer look at
54.倘使…  what if
55.知识就是力量  Knowledge is Power
56.从一季到另一季 
from season to season
57.嘲笑  laugh at
58.相反地  the other way around
59.作为…而闻名  be known as
60.达到我们的目标  reach our goals
Unit 2 Phrases
1.以上新闻媒体the news media above
2.不同于  be different from
3.发生在某人身上  sth happen to sb
4.报纸的编辑  the editor of a newspaper
5.把登在报上  put in the newspaper
6.烧倒 burn down
7.搬进新居  move into new buildings
8.发明新汽车引擎  invite a new car engine
9.中国以2:1打败巴西
China beat Brazil 2-1 in football
10.上涨  go up
11.有经验的编辑和记者
  experienced editors and reporters
12.根据所了解的情况作出决定
 make informed decisions about
13.理解某事  relate to sth
14.同意做  agree to do
15.变换角色  switch roles
16.至少这一次  for once
17.专题报道  a feature story
18.开发情节  develop the story
19.保持报纸平衡
 keep the newspaper balanced
20.联系要采访的人
 contact the people to be interviewed
21. 使人们谈论 get people to talk about
22.条分理析地呈现材料 
present the material in an organized way
23.确保  make sure
24.被盗的文物  stolen cultural relics
25.带回  bring back
26.这一领域的国际专家
 international experts in the field
27.适应新生活  adapt to her new life
28.用真实的感情去写
 write with real passion
29.探索生活中的秘密 
explore the mysteries in life
30.精神满足的重要性 
the importance of spiritual fulfillment
31.沉溺于吸毒  be addicted to drugs
32.解决社会难题 
solve difficult social problems
33.遭受  suffer from
34.不应忽视所发生的一切
 shouldn’t ignore what happens
35.关注这一境况 
draw attention to situations
36.需要帮助的地方  where help is needed
37.方方面面 on all sides
38.批判性的读者  be a critical reader
39.时事  current affairs
40.评论热门话题 
comment on a “hot topic”
41.被选为总统  be elected president
42.做某事无困难 
have no problems doing sth
43.对…粗鲁  be rude to
44.收集信息  collect information on
45.吸毒的人们  people addicted to drugs
46.十分之九的妇女 
nine out of ten women
47.位于市中心 
be located in the center of the town
48.退休工人  retired workers
49.敬重某人  look up to sb
50.爱上…  fall in love with
51.改变他们对足球的态度 
change their attitude towards soccer
52.警察局  the police station
53.发表意见  make their voices heard
54.提出积极的建议
leave a positive message
55.一群挥舞棍棒的打手 
a group of angry men armed with sticks
56.赚钱  make money
57.一直在改变  change all the way
58.不是所有的网站都更新
not all websites are updated
59.标题句  a topic sentence
60.聚焦于  focus on
Unit 3 Phrases
1. 喜欢做  prefer to do
2.做出关于…决定
make certain choices about
3.艺术品  works of art
4.餐桌  kitchen table
5.古典音乐  classical music
6.住在现代化的公寓里 live in a modern flat
7.传统房屋  a traditional house
8.做…很便利  it is convenient to do
9.对于古式房屋很感兴趣 
get excited about old-style houses
10.古典的中式建筑 
classical Chinese architecture
11.取之于大自然的例子
 take examples from nature
12.人为的居住环境 
the man-made living environment
13.环顾  look around at
14.违背人们的审美观
 go against people’s feeling of beauty
15.传统的建筑材料
 traditional architecture materials
16.尖角  sharp corners
17.充当  act as
18.似乎又硬又不友善
 seems hard and unfriendly
19.天坛  the Temple of Heaven
20.欧洲大教学  the European cathedrals
21.贴近大自然  stand much closer to nature
22.直线  straight lines
23.被鱼皮覆盖 
be covered with the skin of skin
24.充满梦幻的色彩与形状
 full of fantastic colors and shapes
25.发现自己受日本海贝的鼓舞
 find himself inspired by Japanese seashells
26.从顶上看,它看起来好像
 Seen from the top, it looks as if
27.被覆盖  be covered with
28.用…填满空间  fill up spaces with
29.指, 参考  refer to
30.利用  make use of
31.属于  belong to
32.A对B就像C对D: A is to B what C is to D
33.使自己被理解  make oneself understood
34.在背后说某人的坏话
 say bad words behind one’s back
35.尽快地  as soon as possible
36.使我了解…  keep informed of
37.价格在我看来很合适
  the price is fine with me
38.做…成功  succeed in doing
39.把画贴在墙上
put up the picture on the wall
40.不适合他们公司does not fit their company
41.使…倒空  leave … empty
42.拆除  pull down
43.废弃多年
 stand empty without use for many years
44.在俄罗斯人的帮助下with Russian help
45.用小圆窗装饰
 be decorated with small round windows
46.使某人想起 remind sb of
47.与…比较 compared with
48.把…放到一边  set … aside
49.开发成艺术中心 
the development into a center for the arts
50.把他们用作画室
 use them as studios to paint
51.改变成  be changed into
52.被用作  be used for
53.对艺术家有好处  be good for artists
54.大作品  make large objects
55.远离城市  far from the city
56.摇滚乐师的迁入  rock musicians move in
57.制定计划  make a plan
58.每个大厅特征 special features of each hall
59.创办艺术中心 create an art center
60.列出你喜欢的名单求意见
make lists of your favorite
Unit 4 Phrases
1.无论是公汽还是火车
whether buses or trains
2.穿过 get through
3.疯了  as mad as a door
4.诗的乐园 a garden of poems
5.根据…分类 be sorted by
6.关于友谊和爱情的浪漫诗集
romantic poetry about love and friendship
7.聚集到一起  bring together
8.超过其他文学的任何形式
more than any other form of literature
9.灵活运用  play with
10.唤起,使想起 call up
11.梦幻世界的奇意象
curious images of a dream world
12.兀立于荣光宝殿之上
stand out in the halls of glory
13.遵循特殊的节奏和韵脚
 follow special patterns of rhythm and rhyme
14.以他的戏剧而闻名
 be most famous for his plays
15.使他们想起 remind them of
16.一旦被出版 once published
17.缺少节奏感 the absence of thyme
18.在每一行末  at the end of each line
19.许多杰出诗人  a great number of fine poets
20.在中国最受欢迎的是英国浪漫主义诗人 Greatly loved in China are the English Romantic poets
21.英年早逝  die at a very young age
22.活到80岁  live to the age of 80
23.通向,导致 lead to
24.英国诗歌引进中国
 the introduction of English poetry to China
25.把…翻译成汉语 translate into Chinese
26.现代英语诗modern poetry in English
27.不管一首诗被翻译得多好
no matter how well a poem is translated
28.原作的精髓
 something of the spirit of the original work
29.用汉语表达自己的方式 
ways of expressing oneself in Chinese
30.中西方的桥梁 
the bridges between the East and the West
31.产生,形成  come into being
32. …的一例  one example of
33.在老师不在的情况下
 in the absence of the teacher
34.负责  be in charge of
35.温暖又友好的会议气氛 the atmosphere of the meeting is warm and friendly
36.奥运冠军 the Olympic Champion
37.西游记  Journey to the West
38.夜里被噪声吓坏
 frightened by noises in the night
39.被跟踪  be followed by
40.寻求帮助  send for help
41.如果被单独留在沙漠中
 If left alone on a deserted island
42.收到做报告的请柬 receive many invitations to give lectures
43.受中国青年的欢
become popular among Chinese teenagers
44.唱我最喜欢的歌sing my favorite songs
45.渡过这一天 get through the day
46.处于灰色和深色之间
colors in the middle of grays and shades
47.过去逃避诗 used to avoid poetry
48.查找词意 
look up the meaning of the words
49.体验到节奏感  fall into the rhythm
50.从小诗开始  start with small poems
51.借助烛光  by the light of candle
52.悲伤一去不复返  my sadness is gone
53.雪尘  the dust of snow
54.心情的改变  a change of mood
55.几乎发狂  slowly go insane
56.不能摆脱痛苦 it doesn’t stop the pain
57.如果从此再也不能相见
if I see you next to never
58.诗的收藏  collections of poems
59.向你推荐诗  recommend poems to you
60.很值得努力  be well worth the effort
Unit 5 Phrases
1. 代表,象征  stand for
2.他们对于英国文化的看法
their view of British culture
3.由三个国家组成
 be made up of three countries
4.(某物)不为人所知 be unknown to many
5.开展蓬勃发展的运动 a growing movement
6.由共同语言和文化维系在一hold together by a common language and culture
7.位于欧洲西海岸外
 lie off the west coast of Europe
8.被英吉利海峡与法国隔开 separate from France by the English Channel
9.形成大不列颠本土  form the mainland of Great Britain
10.组成  consist of
11.被…包围  be surrounded by
12.温和多雨  mild with a lot of rain
13.一般说来 in general
14.全年,一年到头  throughout the year
15.伦敦与北方的温差
  the difference in temperature between London and the north
16.受…影响  be influenced by
17.定居英格兰  settle in England
18.形成英语的基础  for the basis for English
19.一些本地人some of the native population
20.继续讲他们自己的语言
continue speaking their own language
21.其后几百年来
 in the next few hundred years
22.上层阶级 the upper classes
23.老百姓 common people
24.以… 结束  end up with
25.组成联邦 form the Union
26.成立一个单独的国家  form a single state
27.是一个独立的共和国 
be now an independent republic
28.在现代  in modern times
29.被认为是不列颠岛的本族语 be considered to be native to the British Isles.
30.把这些语言记录不来并传给后record and teach them to the younger generation
31.中华人民共和国
the People’s Republic of China
32.允许反方向的车通过
allow cars from opposite directions to pass
33.由于她的教师的影响 because of her teacher’s influence
34.凭第一印象判断人 judge a person only on the basis of first impressions
35.学些实际有用的东西 learn sth practical
36.节食  be on a diet
37.令家长和教师担心
worry their parents an teachers
38.在中国进行三天的访问
be on a three-day visit in China
39.没有科学的证据
there is no scientific proof for
40.筹集许多钱去帮助癌症的研究
raise a lot of money to help research into the breast cancer
41.遍及整个城市 all around the city
42.饲养羊  raise sheep
43.多达六十万只羊 
an many as six hundred thousand sheep
44. 许多古代的文物
  many old relics form ancient times
45.土著人墟废ruins of the native population
46. 以其塔楼的高度而闻名
be famous for the height of its tower
47.毫无疑问  without doubt
48.距地面404英尺be from the ground 404 feet
49.两大重要产品和行业
two important kinds of produce and trade
50.许多好规矩  a great deal of good manners
51.生产水果和谷物的肥沃田地
rich fields bearing fruit and grain
52.对…感到吃惊   be surprised with
53.有机会再来中国 
get the chance to come to China again
54.众所周知 be well known to all
55.通过努力在英语方面取得更大进步 make greater progress in English through hard work
56.对人的健康有害be bad for people’s health
57.最使我吃惊的  what surprised me most
58.世界强国  world’s most powerful nations
59.学生会  the Students’ Union
60.没有人能把台湾和中国分开  nobody can separate Taiwan from China
Unit 6 Phrases
1. 在你听来很古怪 sound absurd to you
2.陪伴我们  keep us company
3.我们在一起很有趣
 we have lots of fun together
4.从她的内存下载资料
 download information form her memory
5.识别电话里的声音 
recognize a person’s voice on the phone
6.远程教育 distance education
7.成为终身学习者  become lifelong learners
8.欣赏新的和不同的东西
 appreciate what is new and different
9.在健康和医学领域
 in the field of health and medicine
10.听天气预报 listen to the weather forecast
11.得回双倍的钱  get double their money
12.含有微型芯片  contain a tiny chip
13.脖上手上戴微型电脑wear tiny computers
around one’s neck or on one’s wrist
14.医学的进步  advances in medical science
15.就…提出建议  give advice on
16.帮助父母做家务
  help their parents with the housework
17.写故事的结局  write an ending to the story
18.记忆把她带回1998年春天 his memory
brought him back to the spring of 1998
19.在遗传和生物化学的新发现
 new discoveries in genetics and biochemistry
20.空中学校和网络学校
 schools on the air and e-schools
21.开一家网上购物商店open an online store
22.看起来像人类  looks just like a human being
23.输入照顾我的程序
be programmed to take care of me
24.模仿真实的世界 imitate the real world
25.打发我的电子朋友清理房间
 send my e-friend to clean up my room
26.随时随地  whenever they have time and wherever they may be
27.我们的梦想是否会实现
whether our dreams come true
28.有准备地迎接未来所带给我们的
be well-prepared for whatever the future may have in store
29.拥有光明的未来 have a bright future
30.时尚  the trends of fashion
31.快餐店  the fast food restaurant
32.年纪大了很活跃
remain active even in old age
33. 更注重健康饮食的重要性pay more attention to the importance of a healthy diet
34.旅行时带太多的现金
carry too much cash when you travel
35.治疗新的疾病 deal with new diseases
36.喜欢网上冲浪 be fond of surfing the Internet
37.人类能生活在火星上
man be able to live on Mars.
38.随着对人体的更深入的了解
 with a better understanding of a human body
39.完全不同于今天的样子
be quite different from what they are today
40.使用智能卡  use smart cards
41.未来的生活会是什么样
 what life will be like in the future
42.预测未来的发展
make forecast about future developments
43.购物付款 pay for their purchases
44.窥测未来  catch a glimpse of the future
45.当代社会的主要趋势 
the major trends in contemporary society
46.把购物与娱乐相结合
 combine shopping with fun
47.当前的趋势表明了 current trends indicate
48.到拥护的商店寻找必须品
  search a crowded store for basic goods
49.环保,节能
 be environmentally friendly, energy-saving
50.以430千米/小时运行
  travel at an amazing 430km/m
51.保证安全 ensure safety
52.与国外公司和客户保持联系
keep in touch with customers and companies in other countries
53.变成了一种娱乐方式
 become a form of entertainment
54.不必担心我们是否污染环境
without worrying about whether we are polluting the environment
55.将来的商业不会是现在样子
it will not be business as usual
56.开始改变他们做生意的方式
 begin reforming the way they do business
57.发现网上购物的好处 
advantages of on line shopping
58.通过互联网做生意
 business done on the Internet
59.虚拟现实  virtual reality
60.听说过这种新磁悬浮列车
hear of the new maglev trainUnit  7  Phrases
1.接受或容忍 live with
2.对艾滋病人的态度 attitudes towards AIDS
3.感染艾滋病毒
become infected with HIV
4.很难治愈  be difficult to cure
5.通过以下途径传播
 be transmitted via the following routes
6.疾病预防控制中心
 the Center for Disease Control and Prevention
7.当今最严重的社会问题
 the most serious problem today
8.几百万儿童  millions of children
9.破坏人体的免役系统 
break down the body’s immune system
10.至于,就…来说  as in one’s case
11.照顾,照看  take care of
12.想念她的母亲  miss her mother
13.受感染儿童的总数
  the total number of infected children
14.缺乏适当的医疗保健  a lick of proper health care
15.非常昂贵  much too expensive
16.有机会做某事  have a chance to do
17.鼓励某人做某事  encourage sb to do
18.学会如何自我保护  learn how to protect oneself
19.支持某人  support sb
20.使…感到振奋  cheer them up
21.选择做个医生  choose to be a doctor
22.面对人们对于艾滋病的恐惧 
deal with people’s fear of the disease
23.建一个病人与医生的联系网络 
create a network of patients and doctors
24.说服某人做某事  persuade sb to do
25.给艾滋病的研究和教育投入更多资金
 spend more money on AIDS research and education
26.查清实情  find out the facts
27.一位艾滋病专家  an AIDS specialist
28.与某人握手  shake hands with sb
29.解释艾滋病的传播方式
explain how AIDS spread
30.拥抱某人  give an AIDS patient a hug
31.感到孤单  feel lonely
32.遇到许多困难  meet many difficulties
33.继续与疾病作斗争 
continue struggle with the disease
34.一班迟到  be late for work
35.网球赛中失败 
be defeated in the tennis match
36.做…是没有用的 it is no use doing
37.感冒的最限治疗方法 
the best treatment for a cold
38.阻止某人做某事
 discourage sb from doing
39.浪费时间玩电脑游
waste time playing computer games
40.很长时间感到恶心
feel sick for a long time
41.带我去医院做检查
 take me to hospital to have me examined
42.采血样  take samples of my blood
43.目光悲伤 
there was a sad look in one’s eyes
44.患了重症
 suffer from a serious disease
45.不治之症 an incurable disease
46.有特殊的功能 have a special function
47.不在人与人之间传播
  not spread from one person to another
48.跟许多癌症患者一样
 like many people with cancer
49.接受放疗化疗be treated with radiation
50.不让我感到孤独和悲伤
 keep me from feeling sad and lonely
51.相反地 on the contrary
52.把…当作一个礼物
 think of my cancer as a gift
53.给我上了重要的人生一课
teach me an important lesson about life
54.使我认识到生命的珍贵
make me realize how precious life is
55.抓住一切机会充实生活
 take every chance to live life to the fullest
56.学会欣赏每一天的每一分钟
learn to appreciate every minute of each day
57.改变某人的生活 change one’s life
58.从自行车上摔下来 fall off my bike
59.完全摆脱疾病 
be completely free from diseases
60.钢琴赛上获奖
win a prize at a piano competition
Unit 8 Phrases
1. 失火,着火  catch fire
2.颠倒  upside down
3.她看起来好像死了 it looked as if she were dead
4.进行急救  give first aid
5.目击事故  witness an accident
6.紧急情况下分秒必争
 seconds count in an emergency
7.记住  keep in mind
8.做出决定  make better decisions
9.准备应急  prepare for an emergency
10.保持冷静  stay calm
11.怎么办  what to do
12.挽救生命  save lives
13.推荐我们使用字母DR ABC
  recommend that we use the letters DR ABC
14.代表  stand for
15.首先  first of all
16.受伤  get hurt
17.确保呼吸道是畅通的,呼吸很容易
 make sure that a person’s airway is open and it is easy to breathe
18.救援即将来临  help is on the way
19.轻敲某人后脑 tip the person’s head back slightly
20.人工呼吸  the mouth-to-mouth method
21. 等待救护车的到来 wait for the ambulance
22.把手放在人的脖子上、手腕上
 put a finger on the person’s neck or wrist
23.用干净的布盖住伤口
 cover the wound with a clean piece of cloth
24.按住伤口止血 
press on the wound to stop the bleeding
25.叫救护车 call an ambulance
26.把人置于康复位置
 put the person in the recovery position
27.把人滚向一侧 roll the person onto one side
28.用毯子盖住某人 cover the person with a blanket
29.帮他保暖  help him stay warm
30.设法了解足够的知识用来救命
 manage to know enough to save lives
31.朝我喊叫  shout at me
32.保持平静不理睬她 keep calm and ignore her
33.摸脉  take a person’s pulse
34.没有明显的反应 give no clear response
35.分四组讨论问题
 discuss the questions in groups of four
36.犯错误  make many mistakes
37.如果我们惊慌。我们就不能帮助 if we were to panic, we would not be able to help
38.迷路  lose one’s way
39.去野餐  go for a picnic
40.死于突发性心脏病 
die of a sudden heart attack
41.煤气中毒  be gas-poisoned
42.太靠近湖  get too close to the lake
43.他根本就没经验
 he has no experience at all
44.关掉所有的电源 turn off all power
45.某事发生在某人身上 sth happen to sb
46.用来纪念这位伟人
 in honor of this great man
47.阻止事情发生 prevent bad things from happening
48.处理常见伤 deal with common injuries
49.用流水冲洗伤口
 wash the wound with cold running water
50.马上给皮肤降温
cool the area of skin at once
51.搜索房间寻找药物
 search the room for any pills
52.把你所找到的一切送到医院
 send whatever you find to the hospital
53.腿上有一把刀 with a knife in his leg
54.被狗咬  be bitten by dog
55.事故现场是安全的 the scene of the accident is safe
56.急救箱  a first-aid kit
57.以防紧急情况 in case of an emergency
58.紧急电话号码清单 
a list of emergency phone number
59.如果一个人失1/3血,就会死if a person loses one third of his blood, he may die
60.把报纸拿颠倒
hold a newspaper upside down
Unit 9 Phrases
1. 解决问题难者 solve the problem
2.生产能量 produce energy
3.出席会议  attend the meeting
4.地球峰会 the Earth summit
5.欢迎参加地球峰会 welcome to the earth summit
6.联合国  the United Nations
7.南非 South Africa
8.这次峰会的主题 the main themes of the summit
9.可持续发展 sustainable development
10.关于不同题目发表演讲
 speak about different topics
11.三大公害 the big three
12.饮水污染  contaminated drinking water
13.卫生状况恶劣  poor sanitation
14.世界卫生组织  the World Health Organization
15.地球上的人们 the people on earth
16.喝到洁净的水
have access to clean drinking water
17.在农村地区  in rural areas
18.贫困、战争与暴力 poverty, war and violence
19.参与我们创造新世界
 take part in the new world we create
20.强调世界范围的平等与公正
 stress the need for equality and direness in the world
21.对…负有责任 have a responsibility towards
22.国际间的合作  international cooperation
23.存在严重的问题 there exist serious problems
24.来得及采取措施 there is still time to take action
25.对环境不利 be bad for the environment
26.空调 air conditioners
27.如果我们稍作改变,就会有大的成效
 if all of us make small changes, we could make a big difference
28.在全世界传播 spread across the world
29. 行动的愿望 the willingness to act
30. 寻找解决未来问题的方法
 find solutions for the future
31. 未来的关键 the key to the future
32. 与大自然协调 in harmony with nature
33. 结束死亡和痛苦
put an end to the death and suffering
34. 有可能会 there is good chance that
35.保护水资源 protect the water resources
36.消除贫困  wipe out the poverty
37.与男子有同等的机会
 have true equality of opportunity with men
38.售货员的工作职责
  the job responsibilities as a shop assistant
39.中国代表  Chinese representatives
40.得出结论  draw a conclusion
41.采取行动拯救地球
take action to save the earth
42.表示愿意来帮忙
show great willingness to come and help
43.对于全球变暖了解不多
 not know much about global warming
44.学会与大自然和平共处
 learn to live in harmony with nature
45.做重要的讲话
 make a very important speech
46.住院  be in hospital
47.当地政府决定迁移工厂 the local government decided to move the factories
48.来自发展中国家的人
  people from developing countries
49.限制汽车的数量
limit the number of cars
50.利用可选择性的交通
 make use of alternative transportation
51.我们要行动 we need action
52.步行骑自行车和合伙用车
walking, biking and car-pooling
53.挣钱 make money
54.准备好回答问题
 be ready to answer questions
55.为你的论点辩护 defend your argument
56.发表你的观点 give your opinion
57.尽可能多地列出理由
 list as many reasons as possible
58.建议某人不要做某事advise sb not to do
59.完成关于环保的报告finish writing his report on environmental protection
60.不要砍伐树木stop cutting down trees
Unit 10 Phrases
大自然对人构成危险
nature form a danger to people
2.科学帮助减小威胁 science help reduce that threat
3.对…很重要  be important to
4.飓风袭击海岸  a hurricane hits the coast
5.一点也不/很,非常 not a bit/ not a little
6.被吓死  be scared to death
7.陷入惊慌  get into a total panic
8.汽车飞到空中  cars go up in the air
9.它使我毛发倒竖  make my hair stand on end
10.死于难忘的灾难  die in an unforgettable disaster
11.吸引我叔叔的注意力  draw my uncle’s attention
12.距离遥远  at such a distance
13.到近处去看个究竟  see it from closer at hand
14.它唤醒我叔叔身上的科学意识 it awake the scientist in my uncle
15.她家位于维苏威火山脚下
her house lay at the foot of Vesuvius
16.请求他救她  beg him to save her
17.初衷为寻求知识的旅行
start out as a trip for knowledge
18.需要勇气  call for courage
19.从…逃走  flee from
20.直奔危险地带
 hold his course directly into danger
21.我认为不是这样的 I don’t think so
22.停顿了一会儿  pause for moment
23.营救他的朋友  rescue his friend
24.我叔叔一到,就拥抱了庞皮
upon arrival, my uncle hugged Pompy
25.帮助别人镇静 help the other calm down
26.给大家留下印象 give everyone the impression
27.惊慌地离开 leave in a panic
28.燃烧的石头雨  a rain of burning rocks
29.随后闻到了硫磺味
 then came a smell of sulphur
30.在两个奴隶的帮助下,他站了起来
Helped by two slaves he stood up
31.立即倒地死去了 immediately fall down dead
32.与其说他看起来死了,不如说睡着了
he looked more sleep than dead
33.记忆犹新  memories are still fresh
34.择要摘取  pick out the important bits
35.活火山  the active volcano
36.被灰尘覆盖
 be covered with dirt and ashes
37.复活  come to life
38.埋藏了岛国的首都
  bury the capital of the island nation
39.清理的费用  costs for cleaning up
40.催促别国来帮忙
 urge other countries to help
41.答应援助100万英镑
promise to offer 1 million pounds in aid
42.热烈欢迎他的到来
 be warmly welcomed on his arrival
43.是否  whether … or not
44.你看起来不像是老师  don’t look very much like a teacher
45.返回到故乡 return to their home village
46.天气闷热  the heat is close
47.坏天气就要来临 dirty weather knocking about
48.抬头看天  lift his eyes to the sky
49.突如其来  all of a sudden
50.强劲的飓风
 the full force of the hurricane
51.驾驶船驶向大海
move the ship over the high sea
52.风暴中心  the very eye of the wind
53.白色的泡沫水柱 a white tower of water
54.它奔腾着冲向轮船
 it raced to meet the ship
55.没有风,纹丝不动
there was no wind, not a breath
56.风一下子小了下去 wind fell all at once
57.把火焰凑近气压表 hold out the little flame towards to the barometer
58.风呼啸着靠近了
 the roar of the winds drew near fast
59.国内外的天气
 the weather at home and abroad
60.天气状况 the weather conditions

Unit11
have sth in common with sb. 和某人有……共同之处
a manned spaceship 配备了人的宇宙飞船
leap to a conclusion 一下子得出结论
Look before you leap. 三思而后行
in store 即将到来,就要发生
have sth in store for sb  有…等待着(某人)
The future has many great achievements in store for china.
未来有很多伟大的成就等待着中国。
It is likely that……很可能…
(sb)be likely to do sth (某人)很可能做…
set up 创建,创立
share sth 共享…… share sth with sb 和某人共享……
sth be home to sth  ….是…的大本营,发源地,基地
return 回来,归还  return sth to sb 把……归还给某人
return to China=go back to China 回到中国
set foot in 踏进,进入
set foot on the soil of  踏上……的土地
run a company 经营公司
have a positive effect on sth 对……有积极的影响
rely on =depend on 依赖,依靠
come to life 恢复生气,活跃起来
come back to life 苏醒
arrange for sth 安排…, 准备…
broad band 宽带
stand out 突出,优于  outstanding  adj.显著的,突出的
put forward a plan 提出一个计划
put forward 提出,提前,推荐
rejuvenate the nation by relying on science and education 科教兴国
aim at 旨在,目的在于,企图,瞄准
love sb at first sight 对某人一见钟情
break through 突破,进展
breakthrough  n. 突破性进展,成就
make the breakthrough 首创
a deadly disease 顽症,致命的疾病
in all shapes and sizes 各式各样
to name a few 举几个来说
in some cases 在一些情况下
in turn 反过来
view science and technology as key to the development
把科技看作是发展的关键
Unit12
make a living 谋生
apply for a job 申请工作,求职
remind sb of sth 使人想起某事,提醒某人某事;
remind sb to do sth使人想起做某事,提醒某人做某事
take sth one step further 把……向前推进一步
lay the foundation of sth 奠定……的基础,打下……的基础
it/sb/sth is believed to be…=It is believe that…人们认为,据认为
set out to do sth=set off to do sth=start out / off to do sth出发/动身去做某事
set out /set off /start/ start out/start off  for a place 前往某地
set out to do sth = set about doing = start to do/start dong sth 开始、着手做某事
the story that follows  随后的故事
in company with sb 和某人在一起
keep company with sb 和某人结交
keep sb company 陪伴某人
sth turns out to be = sth proves to be 某事(被)证明是……
on board在潜水艇上,船上,飞机上
from that day on=from then on从那时起
be surrounded by 被……所包围
wonder about sth 对……有疑惑
wander about 四处游荡
begin with sth = start with sth 开头说,以……开始
go on an adventure 做一次冒险
be drawn into 被卷入…   be driven by 被… 驱使
dream of sth /doing sth 梦想(做)…; 梦见…
throw light upon sth 阐明某事
hesitate to do sth  犹豫做某事
hesitate about doing sth 对…犹豫不决
hesitate at nothing对…毫不迟疑
cut down 砍倒  cut up 切碎
unfold sth to sb 把…打开/展开给某人
unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of nature
= unfold the deepest mysteries of nature to the world
把自然最深的奥秘展示给世界
fire screen 防火板,防火强
Unit13
turn sth upside down把…倒过来
benefit from 从…中获益
sth range from sth all the way up to sth 某物从…一直排到…
range…from…to…=range between…and… “…在…和…之间变化”
break down 分解,打破,破坏
at room temperature 在室温下
freezing point 冰点,零度
thus
1)=in this manner/way; so  这样,象这样
2)=hence, consequently 因而,因此
mix sth and sth 把…和…混合起来
mix with 和…相混
mix sth with sth 用…来搅拌…
mix up 搅和,拌和
take advantage of =make use of 利用
be absorbed in  专心于
give off=release 放出,释放
call in sb=send for sb 派人去请
have fun on the beach 在海滩上嬉戏/玩耍
be sensitive to sth 对…敏感
compared to = compared with 和…比较起来(作状语)
Unit14
the content of the text 课文内容
the content of one’s character 人格的内容
content with sth 对…满意/满足
join hands 携手,联手,合伙
give a speech=make a speech 作报告,作演讲,演说
march on 向…进军,集会,游行示威
on the march 行军进行中
treat sb as sth 把某人当作……
treat sb well/bad/对某人好/坏
treat sb equally=treat sb with equality平等地对待某人
treat sb with respect 对某人尊敬
treat sb to sth 招待某人吃….…
treat sb to beer 请人喝啤酒
treat sb for illness 给某人治疗疾病
a mixed-race marriage = mixed marriage 混种婚姻,不同种族的通婚
a mixed school 男女兼收的学校
mixed doubles 混合双打
forbid doing sth 禁止做某事
forbid sb to do sth /forbid sb sth
禁止某人做某事(反义词allow doing/allow sb to do)
vote for/against sb/sth 投票赞成或反对某人或某事
have no right to vote 没有选举权(to vote 作定语)
have no right to speak 没有发言权
fight for 为争取…而斗争
fight against 为反对…而斗争
fight to do sth  努力做某事
set an example to sb 为某人树立榜样
not……but 不是……而是 ……
When in Rome, do as the Romans do入乡随俗
believe in 信任(=trust),信仰
the American War of Independence 美国独立战争
the American Independence Day 美国独立日
treat sb equally to other people 和其他人一样平等地对待某人
regardless of(作状语)不理会,不顾
give a voice to sb 为某人代言
struggle for/against/to do = fight for/against/todo
in part 在某种程度上
put sb in(into) prison  把某人投进监狱
die for a just cause 为正义目标而死
be separated 被分离,被隔离
The family was separate. 家庭离散。
be known to sb as/for 因…而为谁所知
be famous as/for 因…而出名
It is well-known to all that … 众所周知
be subject to sb/sth 服从于……
regarding=about 关于
The schools begin at 8 o’clock. 学校八点上课。
The book sells well. 这书好卖。
The car is easy to drive. 这车容易开。
The shirt feels soft. 这衬衫摸起来柔软。
put the interests of others above their own 把别人的利益放在自己的利益之上
Unit15
free of charge = for free 免费
complain sth 投诉,抱怨某事
complain of / about sth 抱怨,抗议某事
be upset about 忧心于,苦恼于
= be very worried about
argue as you see fit在你认为适当的时候争辩
(see fit = think/consider right/reasonable)
look into 调查
I’m fed up with it. = I’m tired of it. 我对它厌倦透了
every now and then= every now and again 不时的
get an itch to travel 渴望旅行
have an itch for knowledge= be greedy for knowledge 渴望知识
I itch all over. 我全身发痒。
The insects bite itched all night. 整晚昆虫咬得痒痒的。
Bob is itching to go to college. (itch to do) 鲍勃渴望上大学
feel the urge to do sth 感到有迫切的愿望(冲动)做某事
urge sb to do sth 怂恿某人做…, 强烈要求某人做…
=urge sb into doing sth
have a good stretch 放松
stretch out one’s arms  伸展双臂
stretch oneself  伸懒腰
get/catch a glimpse of 瞥见,瞧见= catch sight of
get/be tired of=have enough of 对…受够了,厌烦,厌倦
be tired with/from 由于…而累了,疲乏,疲倦
cool off = cool down 变凉,凉下来,凉快一下
breath-taking scenery 令人瞠目的风景
be home to有…,是…的发源地/大本营
compete in the downhill race 参加速滑比赛
There is no need to worry… 没必要担忧,无须担忧
a wide variety of entertainment 各色各样的娱乐活动
a feast for the eyes 一包眼福
take a dip 泡一泡(澡)
work out 活动一下,运动,锻炼;算出;带来好结果
avoid sth/doing sth 避免某事(做某事)
get ideas for sth/to do sth 想到要做……
in addition to sth/doing sth = besides 除了…之外,另外
heart and soul 全心全意
keep an eye out for the turtles! 注意/警惕海龟!
keep an eye on sth/sb =to watch carefully  密切注视
spread out = stretch  散布在…
get around 四处走动,各处旅行
treat visitors to all the colours of the rainbow
请游客享受彩虹的多彩颜色;用彩虹的多彩颜色招待游客
Unit16
treat sb for illness (普通用语)给某人治疗疾病
cure a disease / cure sb of a disease (多用于疾病)给某人治病
heal a wound (多用于外伤和创伤方面)治疗创伤
struggle to do sth 努力做…
struggle for/against=fight for/against
struggle to one’s feet  挣扎着站起来
drive off 驱赶,赶走
No pains, no gains. 不劳无获
be greedy of(for) gain 贪得无厌
be greedy for knowledge 渴求知识
be greedy to do sth 急切做…
There are signs that…… 种种迹象表明……
the Great Depression 大萧条,大经济危机
sacrifice one’s life for = lose one’s life for 为   牺牲生命
despite = in spite of 尽管
lead sb to do sth = cause sb to do = make sb do 使某人做…
aim at 旨在…
a series of 一系列
in honour of  以纪念…
in vain 徒劳,白干
eventually=finally=at last =in the end 最后,终于
take a chance 冒险,碰运气
as a result  结果
as a result of = because of 由于…的结果,因为
put out 出版, 生产,扑灭,关掉
on sale 出售,减价
be proud of / to do 对…感到自豪(骄傲)= take pride in sth / doing sth
The USA is a melting pot(nation of immigrants, most powerful country). 美国是个大熔炉。
be forced to move away 被迫搬走
resist = fight against 反抗,抵挡
make agreements with sb on sth 和某人就某事达成协议
break the rule / law / custom 违反规则/ 法律 / 风俗习惯
cut off the skin 剥下皮
leave sth behind 把……留下
in turn 反过来,转而,轮流
supply sb with sth, supply sth to/for sb提供/供应某人某物
=provide sb with sth/provide sth for sb 提供/ 供给某人某物
be willing to do sth 愿意做某事
a mountain chain = a range of mountains 山脉
be in chains 上着镣铐
a chain of events 一连串事件
can’t resist doing=can’t help doing 抑制不住做…,禁不住做…
stick to sth/doing=insist on sth=persist in sth/doing 坚持…
afterwards …之后
towards 朝,向
forward 向前
look forward to sth / doing 期望,希望
onwards 向前(from this day onwards=on 从今天开始)
downwards 向下(walk downwards 向下走 )
leave alone 别打扰,不理会
over the next three hundred years 在接下来的三百年间
break one’s promise 违背诺言
reservations (印第安人的)保留地,保护区
receive the respect they deserve获得他们应得的尊重

Unit17
treat sb to sth 以…招待某人;招待某人吃…
treat sb well/bad 对某人好/坏
treat sb as/like/to be 把某人看作…
treat sb with sth 以…方式对待某人
win an award for sth 获得…奖励
receive an award at sth 在…(展览、会)上获奖
be born without the ability to do sth 生来就不能做某事
be born with (the ability to do) sth 生来就会(做)某事
get around/about 四处走动;传播;逃避
create many programmes 制作了很多程序
the way to do sth =the way of sth/doing sth 做某事的方法
make a contribution to sb/sth 对…作出贡献
thank to sth 幸亏,多亏
launch a man-made satellite 发射人造卫星
launch a new factory/enterprise 创办一个新工厂/企业
launch a ship 使船下水
launch an attack 开始攻击
assist sb with sth/to do sth/in doing sth 帮助某人(做)某事
cooperate with sb in doing sth= cooperate with sb to do sth= cooperate with sb on sth 与他人合作/协作
play a (valuable)role in/within 起(有价值的)作用
more than 不仅仅是;而;而不是
productive life 有作为的生活
be surrounded by  …的前后;被…所包围
fail to do sth 没有能够做…;不能做…
compete in three events 参加三个比赛项目
treat sb with dignity and respect 以尊严和尊敬对待某人
compete for the honor to do 为做某事的荣誉而竞争
have equal access to all areas and facilities 有权进入所有的场所和设施
start with sth 从…开始;以…开始
be frustrated 感到受挫折的
be frustrating 令人受挫折的
have gift for sth 对…有天赋
have/feel sympathy for sb 同情某人
be in (out of )sympathy with sb 赞同……
a letter of sympathy 慰问信
adjust oneself to sth 使自己适应于…
adjust to sth 适应…
participate in sth with sb 同某人参与某事
have the right to sth/to do sth 有权做某事
keep …in mind 记住…
according to 根据,按照
Unit18
come up with 提出,提供
have sth in common with sb 和某人在…方面有…共同之处
a matter of habits 某种习惯
highly valued skills 评价极高的技能
think outside the box 框外思维
allow for 顾及,考虑到,在计算之列
get stuck (in sth) 被框住、局限(陷于…中);遇到困难;陷进去
stick to 坚持,粘住
creative thinking 创造性思维
thinking strategies 思维策略
break away from 摆脱,脱离
in perception 在观念上
take another look at it 换个角度看问题
as with=like 正如…一样
be aware of 知道;意识到
trial and error 反复实验;不断摸索
keep track of 保持联系
be connected to/with =have sth to do with sth/sb 与…有联系
connect sth to/with sth =combine sth with sth =combine sth and sth 把…和…联系起来
keep trying=learn by trial and error 不断试验
a long process of 一个长期…的过程
respected scientists 受人尊敬的科学家
no accident 绝非偶然
at (the) least 至少,最少
at (the) most 至多,最多
now that=since 既然
at a high pace=rapidly 快速的,高速的
around the corner 即将到来
bounce back 弹回
see through 看穿
take sth for granted 想当然
be greeted with 以…问候;被作出…的反应
be greeted with doubt 被怀疑

unit19
All that glitters is not gold. = Not all shiny things are gold. 发光的不全都是金子。
deny sth 否认;拒绝给予
deny sth to sb 对某人拒绝某物
deny doing sth 拒绝做某事
refuse sth 拒绝某物
refuse sb sth 拒绝某人某物
refuse to do sth  拒绝做某事
have mercy on 对…表示怜悯
throw oneself on sb’s mercy 恳求某人宽恕
without mercy 残忍地
mercy killing 安乐死
at the mercy of 任由…摆布或控制
go about sth/doing sth =set about sth/doing
=set off/out to do
=set to do  开始做;着手做
bargain with sb over sth
=make a bargain with sb over sth
与某人讨价还价
get a bargain 买的便宜
a good bargain 卖得合算
do a good deed 做好事
Deeds are better than words. 行动胜于言论。
In deed,but not in name. 有实无名。
go/get down on one’s knees 跪下
be worthy of sth/being done
=be worthy to be done
=be worth doing     值得做...
a sign of weakness 软弱的表现
It’s useless doing sth.
=It’s no use doing sth. 做…没用;做…毫无用处
It’s useful to do sth. 做…有用/有意义
Pass judgement on sb 对某人宣判
offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 提供某物给某人
offer to do sth  (主动)提出做某事
The new building is four tines the size of the old one.
=The new building is four tines as large as the old one.
=The new building is three times larger than the old one.
hope for mercy 希望得到宽恕
take one’s seat 就座(动作)
be seated 就座(状态)
accuse sb of sth 控告某人某事
tear up 撕毁
tear down 拆毁
go ahead 继续;去吧;进行
swear to heaven to do sth 对天发誓做…
offer up 露出;供奉;祭献
pay back 还钱,偿还
pay for sth 付款;为某事吃苦头或受惩罚
pay off 还清,付清;带来好的结果
pay sth off 全部偿还
pay sth out (按时)为…付巨款
pay up 付清全部欠款
take sb in one’s arms 拥抱某人
as far as I know 据我所知
go about sth 从事;干某事
above all 首先;最重要的是
at sea 在海上;在航行中;不知所措;迷茫
be in love with sb 与某人相爱
dress sb as/like 打扮成…的样子
dress sb 给某人穿衣服
be dressed in 穿着…的衣服
so far= as far as=until now 到目前为止
by law 根据法律
cut off 切断,割下
at one time 曾经

Unit20
``must/may/could/might/couldn’t/can’t+ have+ done`` 表示对过去事件的推断, must可能性最大, may次之, could/might 再次, could`t /can`t 表``不可能``.
date back to=date from=go back to 追溯到…
have a date with sb 和某人有个约会
give sb an idea of sth 使某人想起…
a man of distinction 地位卓越的人
and a second 另外
all that=what
a variety of 各种各样的…;多方面的…
varieties of 大量的;不同样的
tend to do 倾向于做…;有助于;易于做
tend to sth 朝某方向;趋于;注意;留心;照料
on average 平均
It is possible that… 有可能…
be linked to/with 与…有联系
have a hand in sth 帮助(参与)做…
give/lend a hand to sb 给某人帮助/援助
in terms of 就…而言;考虑到
It is thought that…=It is believed that…
=sth/sb is believed to d o…
人们认为
It has been proved that …
事实已经证明…
have trade links with … 和…通商
have trade and cultural links with… 和…进行商业文化交流
a large quantity of sth(可数或不可数名词)+单数谓语  表许多;大量
large quantity of (可数或不可数名词) +复数谓语  表许多;大量
serve as 作为; 当作
dig up 挖掘,发掘
accompany sb 陪同某人
accompany sb to sp 陪同某人去某地
be concerned about 关心
consist of=be made up of 由…组成
result in sth/doing 结果是...;导致
in the eyes of 在…看来


高中英语词组
1. a big headache令人头痛的事情
2. a fraction of 一部分
3. a matter of concern 焦点
4. a series of 一系列,一连串above all 首先,尤其是
5. absent from不在,缺席
6. abundant in富于
7. account for 解释
8. accuse sb. of sth.控告
9. add to增加(add up to)
10. after all 毕竟,究竟
11. agree with同意
12. ahead of time / schedule提前
13. ahead of 在...之前(ahead of time 提前)
14. alien to与...相反
15. all at once 突然,同时
16. all but 几乎;除了...都
17. all of a sudden 突然
18. all over again 再一次,重新
19. all over 遍及
20. all right 令人满意的;可以
21. all the same 仍然,照样的
22. all the time 一直,始终
23. angry with sb. at/about sth.生气,愤怒
24. anxious about/for忧虑,担心
25. anything but 根本不
26. apart from 除...外(有/无)
27. appeal to 吸引,申诉,请求
28. applicable to适用于
29. apply to适用
30. appropriate for/to适当,合适
31. approximate to近似,接近
32. apt at聪明,善于
33. apt to易于
34. around the clock夜以继日
35. as a matter of fact 实际上
36. as a result(of) 因此,由于
37. as a rule 通常,照例
38. as far as ...be concerned 就...而言
39. as far as 远至,到...程度
40. as follows 如下
41. as for 至于,关于
42. as good as 和...几乎一样
43. as if 好像,防腐
44. as regards 关于,至于
45. as to 至于,关于
46. as usual 像平常一样,照例
47. as well as 除...外(也),即...又
48. as well 同样,也,还
49. ashamed of羞愧,害臊
50. aside from 除...外(还有)
51. ask for the moon异想天开
52. at a loss 茫然,不知所措
53. at a time 一次,每次
54. at all costs 不惜一切代价
55. at all events 不管怎样,无论如何
56. at all times 随时,总是
57. at all 丝毫(不),一点也不
58. at any rate 无论如何,至少
59. at best 充其量,至多
60. at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
61. at first 最初,起先
62. at hand 在手边,在附近
63. at heart 内心里,本质上
64. at home 在家,在国内
65. at intervals 不时,每隔...
66. at large 大多数,未被捕获的
67. at last 终于
68. at least 至少
69. at length 最终,终于
70. at most 至多,不超过
71. at no time 从不,决不
72. at one time 曾经,一度;同时
73. at present 目前,现在
74. at someone's disposal 任...处理
75. at the cost of 以...为代价
76. at the mercy of 任凭...摆布
77. at the moment 此刻,目前
78. at this rate 照此速度
79. at times 有时,间或
80. aware of意识到
81. back and forth 来回地,反复地
82. back of 在...后面
83. back up后备,支援
84. bare of几乎没有,缺乏
85. be able to do能够
86. be around差不多
87. be available to sb.可用,可供
88. be bound to一定
89. be capable of doing能够
90. be concerned with 关心…,涉足…
91. be dying to渴望
92. be fed up with受够了be tired of
93. be in hospital 住院
94. be in season 上市的/in peak season旺季
95. be in the mood to do sth. 想做
96. be pressed for time时间不够
97. be tied up with忙于
98. be under the weather 身体不好
99. beat around the bush 拐弯没角
100. beat the crowd 避开人群
101. before long 不久以后
102. behind schedule 误点
103. bent on sth. 下定决心做…
104. beside point 离题的,不相干的
105. beyond one's ability超越某人的能力
106. beyond question 毫无疑问
107. book on reserve 须留的图书
108. booked up 订完了
109. bound for开往
110. break down抛锚
111. break though突破
112. break up with和某人分手be through with / be finished with
113. bring about 使…发生
114. bring someone up to date帮某人赶上help someone catch up
115. by accident 偶然
116. by air 通过航空途径
117. by all means 尽一切办法,务必
118. by and by 不久,迟早
119. by chance 偶然,碰巧
120. by far 最,...得多
121. by hand 用手,用体力
122. by itself 自动地,独自地
123. by means of 用,依靠
124. by mistake 错误地,无意地
125. by no means 决不,并没有
126. by oneself 单独地,独自地
127. by reason of 由于
128. by the way 顺便说说
129. by virtue of 借助,由于
130. by way of 经由,通过...方法
131. call off取消
132. call on号召,邀请,点某人的名,拜访
133. capable of能够
134. careful of/about/with小心,注意
135. certain of /about确信,肯定
136. chair a meeting 主持会议
137. charge sb. with sth.控告
138. clear of没有,不接触
139. clever at善于
140. close to接近,亲近
141. come in contact with 与…取得联系
142. come out of sth. alive大难不死
143. come up (with)提出,拿出
144. comparable to/with比作/比较
145. conscious of察觉到,意识到
146. consequent on随之而来
147. considerate towards体谅,体贴
148. contemporary with与...同时代
149. content with满足于
150. contrary to违反
151. cost someone an arm and a leg代价很大
152. count down倒计时
153. count one's chickens before they are hatched过于乐观
154. count on依靠
155. count on依靠
156. count the day期待
157. count the day期待
158. counter to与...相反
159. crazy about热衷,着迷
160. critical of挑剔,批评
161. cry in one's beer借酒消愁
162. cry on one's shoulder依靠
163. curious about好奇,想知道
164. cut down on 减少
165. cut down削减
166. cut in插入
167. cut off切断
168. cut out切除
169. cut someone short打断
170. cut through抄近路
171. cut up切碎
172. die out 灭绝
173. distinct from种类(风格)不同
174. do the laundry洗衣服
175. doubtful of /about怀疑
176. drop by / in 顺路拜访
177. due to 由于,因为
178. each other 互相
179. easier said than done说起来容易做起来难
180. east of在...东面
181. equal to相等,胜任
182. equivalent to等于,相当于
183. essential to/for必不可少
184. even if/though 即使,虽然
185. ever so 非常,极其
186. every now and then 时而,偶尔
187. every other 每隔一个的
188. except for 除了...外
189. expert at/in/on善于
190. face to face 面对面地
191. faculty members 教职员工
192. faithful to忠实于
193. fall flat 平躺在地上
194. familiar to sb为...所熟悉
195. familiar with sth熟悉,通晓
196. far from 远非,远离
197. fatal to致命的
198. favorable to支持,赞成
199. fearful of惧怕
200. feel at home熟悉
201. feel blue心情不好
202. feel free to随便
203. figure out sth. 解决
204. fit for适于
205. flat tire轮胎没气
206. flat tire轮胎没气
207. fond of喜欢
208. for ever 永远
209. for good 永久地
210. for the better 好转
211. for the moment 暂时,目前
212. for the present 暂时,目前
213. for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益
214. for the time being 暂时,眼下
215. foreign to非...所原有
216. free of /from未受...;免费
217. free with康慨,大方
218. from time to time 有时,不时
219. full up客满
220. get a bargain 买到便宜货
221. get nowhere with 毫无进展
222. get over恢复
223. get used to习惯于
224. give off发出
225. give someone a big hand为某人鼓掌
226. give someone a hand帮忙
227. go about sth. 开始做…
228. go after追求
229. go ahead同意做某事
230. go by遵守
231. go down下降,往下传
232. go for竭尽全力做
233. go into进入,开始从事
234. go off出发
235. go out熄灭,外出
236. go over复习
237. go over复习,从头到尾检查一遍
238. go round/around足够分配
239. go sightseeing 去观光
240. go steady with和某人确定关系
241. go through从头到尾
242. go without单独
243. guilty of有...罪的
244. had better最好
245. hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联
246. hang up 挂断
247. have one's hands full
248. have the final say 有决定权
249. head on 迎面地,正面的
250. heart and soul 全心全意地
251. hold out for sth. 坚持要求
252. hold up坚持
253. hold water站得住脚
254. how about ...怎么样
255. how come怎么会
256. hungry for渴望
257. ignorant of不知道
258. impatient at sth.不耐烦
259. impatient for急切,渴望
260. impatient of无法容忍
261. in (the)light of 鉴于,由于
262. in a hurry 匆忙,急于
263. in a moment 立刻,一会儿
264. in a sense 从某种意义上说
265. in a way 在某种程度上
266. in a word 简言之,总之
267. in accordance with 与...一致,按照
268. in addition to 除...之外(还)
269. in addition 另外,加之
270. in advance 预先,事先
271. in all 总共,合计
272. in any case 无论如何
273. in any event 无论如何
274. in brief 简单地说
275. in case of 假如,防备
276. in charge of 负责,总管
277. in common 共用的,共有的
278. in consequence(of) 因此;由于
279. in debt 欠债,欠情
280. in detail 详细地
281. in difficulty 处境困难
282. in effect 实际上,事实上
283. in favor of 支持,赞成
284. in front of 面对,在...前
285. in general 一般来说,大体上
286. in half 成两半
287. in hand 在进行中,待办理
288. in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念
289. in itself 本质上,就其本身而言
290. in line with 与...一致
291. in memory of 纪念
292. in no case 决不
293. in no time 立即,马上
294. in no way 决不
295. in order 按顺序,按次序
296. in other words 换句话说
297. in part 部分地
298. in particular 特别,尤其
299. in person 亲自,本人
300. in place of 代替,取代,交换
301. in place 在合适的位置
302. in practice 在实践中,实际上
303. in proportion to 与...成比例
304. in public 公开地,当众
305. in quantity 大量
306. in question 正在谈论的
307. in regard to 关于,至于
308. in relation to 关于,涉及
309. in return for 作为对...报答
310. in return 作为报答/回报/交换
311. in short 简言之,总之
312. in sight 被见到;在望
313. in spite of 尽管
314. in step with 与...一致/协调
315. in tears 流着泪,在哭着
316. in terms of
317. in the company / wake of随着
318. in the course of 在...期间/过程中
319. in the distance 在远处
320. in the end 最后,终于
321. in the event of 如果...发生,万一
322. in the face of 即使;在...面前
323. in the first place 首先
324. in the future 在未来
325. in the heat of the day 一天中最热的时候
326. in the least 丝毫,一点
327. in the long run 长期
328. in the way 挡道
329. in the world 究竟,到底
330. in time 及时
331. in touch 联系,接触
332. in turn 依次,轮流;转而
333. in vain 徒劳,白费力
334. indifferent to无兴趣,不关心
335. indignant with sb.愤慨
336. inferior to级别低于,不如
337. innocent of无...罪,无辜
338. instead of 代替,而不是
339. intent on专心于
340. invisible to不可见的
341. jealous of嫉妒
342. just now 眼下;刚才
343. keep one's eyes on关注
344. keep on爱好,很喜欢
345. keep track of 留心
346. kind of / sort of有点somewhat
347. lay off 下岗
348. leave alone别说
349. let the cat out of the bag泄露秘密
350. liable for对...有责任
351. liable to易于
352. little by little 逐渐地
353. look for / hunt for 找工作
354. lost the point弄错
355. lots of 许多
356. loyal to忠于
357. mad about/on狂热迷恋
358. mad at/with sb.生气,愤怒
359. mad with因...发狂
360. make (both) ends meet收支平衡
361. make a living谋生
362. make it成功
363. make the best / most of充分利用
364. many a 许多
365. mark the papers 批改考卷
366. mayor / minor in
367. meet one's needs满足要求
368. might as well不妨
369. mistake a for b 认错
370. more or less 或多或少,有点
371. my treat我请客
372. narrow escape九死一生
373. necessary to /for必要的
374. next door 隔壁的,在隔壁
375. next to下一个,其次
376. no doubt 无疑地
377. no less than 不少于...;不亚于
378. no longer 不再
379. no more than 至多,同...一样不
380. no more 不再
381. none other than 不是别的,正是
382. nothing but 只有,只不过
383. now and then 时而,偶尔
384. off and on 断断续续,间歇地
385. off duty 下班
386. on (the) one hand 一方面
387. on a large/small scale 大/小规模地
388. on account of 由于
389. on behalf of 代表
390. on board 在船(车/飞机)上
391. on business 因公
392. on condition that 如果
393. on duty 上班,值班
394. on earth 究竟,到底
395. on fire 起火着火
396. on foot 步行
397. on guard 站岗,值班
398. on hand 在场,在手边
399. on loan to借给
400. on occasion(s) 有时,间或
401. on one's guard 警惕,提防
402. on one's own 独立,独自
403. on purpose 故意地
404. on sale 出售,廉价出售
405. on schedule 按时间表,准时
406. on second thoughts 经重新考虑
407. on the contrary 正相反
408. on the grounds of 根据,以...为由
409. on the other hand 另一方面
410. on the point of 即将...的时刻
411. on the road 在旅途中
412. on the side 作为兼职/副 业
413. on the spot 在场;马上
414. on the whole 总的来说,大体上
415. on time 准时
416. on(an/the) average 平均,通常
417. once (and) for all 一劳永逸地
418. once again 再一次
419. once in a while 偶尔
420. once more 再一次
421. once upon a time 从前
422. one another 相互
423. one's cup of tea喜欢的人/物
424. open to不限制,开放的
425. opposite to在对面
426. or else 否则,要不然
427. or so 大约,左右
428. other than 非;除了
429. out of breath 喘不过气来
430. out of control 失去控制
431. out of date 过时的
432. out of doors 在户外
433. out of order 出故障的
434. out of place 不适当的
435. out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
436. out of sight 看不见,在视野外
437. out of the question 毫无可能的
438. out of touch 不联系,不接触
439. out of 从...中;由于;缺乏
440. over and over (again) 一再地,再三地
441. parallel to与...平等,类似
442. particular about挑剔,讲究
443. patient with有耐心
444. peculiar to独特的,独有的
445. pick up捡
446. play by ear见机行事
447. popular with受...喜爱,爱戴
448. prior to 在...之前
449. pull one's leg拿某人开玩笑put someone on
450. put someone up给某人提供住宿
451. put up with忍受
452. quite a few 相当多,不少
453. rain cats and dogs瓢泼大雨
454. rather than 不是...(而是)
455. reach agreement 达成协议
456. reach an agreement达成一致
457. regardless of 不顾,不惜
458. relative to与...有关
459. remove from 从…除去
460. representative of代表...的
461. resign one's post 辞职
462. responsible for负责,是...原因
463. result from 由于
464. rich in富于
465. right away 立即,马上
466. ring sb. up 打电话给…
467. rule out 排除…的可能性
468. run out of用完
469. rush hours上下班高峰
470. see: see to it that - make sure that确保
471. sensible of觉查到
472. sensitive to对...敏感
473. set another date改期 make on saturday / lock it
474. set one's mind on doing 决定be determined to / have one's mind set on / bent on
475. short of缺少
476. show off卖弄
477. sick of厌恶,厌倦
478. side by side 肩并肩,一起
479. similar to相似
480. skilled at /in善于
481. slip one's mind 忘记
482. so far 迄今为止
483. somewhere around 大约
484. sooner or later 迟早,早晚
485. sore throat / foot
嗓子哑/腿酸
486. stay up late 熬夜
487. step by step 逐步地
488. subject to受制于,易于
489. such as 例如,诸如
490. sufficient for足够的
491. suitable for/to适合于
492. superior to优于,级别高于
493. sure of /about对...有信心,确信
494. suspicious of怀疑
495. take a leave请假
496. take a seat / be seated
497. take one's place 取代
498. take one's time慢慢来
499. take sth. seriously 认真对待
500. take up占据
501. thanks to 由于,多亏
502. that is (to say) 就是说,即
503. the reverse is also true 反之亦然
504. tired of对...不在感兴趣
505. to the point 切中要害,切题
506. turn over 倾覆
507. typical of是典型的,特有的
508. uncertain of /about不确知
509. under control 处于控制之下
510. under the circumstances 这种情况下
511. up in the air没有确定
512. up to date 在进行中
513. up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于
514. vital to对...关系重大
515. void of没有,缺乏
516. what about 怎么样
517. what if 切合目前情况的
518. what's up / new?发生了什么事?
519. with regard to 关于,至于
520. with respect to 如果...将怎么样
521. with the exception of 除...之外
522. without any trace没有踪迹
523. without fail 一向如此
524. without question 毫无疑问
525. wolf down狼吞虎咽
526. word for word 逐字的
常用的都在这里了.
.by accident 偶然
on account of 因为,由于
in addition 另外
in addition to 除……之外(包括)
in the air 在流行中,在传播中
on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说
on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上
at (the) best 充其量,至多
for the better 好转,改善
on board 在船(车、飞机)上
out of breath 喘不过气来
on business 因公,因事
in any case 无论如何,总之
in case of 假使,万一
in case 假如,以防(万一),免得
in no case 决不
by chance 偶然,碰巧
in charge (of) 负责,主管
(a) round the clock 昼夜不停地
in common 共用,共有,共同
in conclusion 最后,总之
on condition that 在……条件下
in confidence 信任
in connection with/to关于
in consequence 因此,结果
in consequence of 由于……的缘故
on the contrary 反之,正相反
in contrast with/to 与……成对照
out of control 失去控制
under control 被控制住
at all costs 不惜任何代价
at the cost of 以……为代价
in the course of 在……过程中,在……期间
of course 当然,自然,无疑
in danger 在危险中,垂危
out of danger 脱离危险
out of date 过期(时)的
up to date 时新的
in debt 欠债
in detail 详细地
in difficulties 处境困难
in the distance 在远处
off duty 下班
on duty 值班,上班
on earth 究竟,到底
at all events 无论如何
in any event 无论如何
in effect 有效;实际上
in the event of 万一,如果发生
for example 例如
with the exception of除……之外
in the face of 面对,不顾,即使
in fact 其实,实际上
on fire 烧着
on foot 步行
in force 有效;实施中
in favo(u)r of 有利于,赞成,支持
in front of 在……面前
in (the) future 今后,将来
on guard 警惕,防范
in general 通常,大体上
in half 成两半
at hand 在手边,在附近
from tip to toe 彻头彻尾,完全
by hand 用手
hand down to 往下传,传给(后代)
hand in hand 手拉手,携手
in hand 在掌握中,在控制中
on hand 在手边,临近
on (the) one hand... 一方面……,
on the other hand...另一方面……
at heart 在内心;实质上
by heart 牢记,凭记忆
at home 在家,在国内;自在,自如
in honor of 以纪念,向……表示敬意
on one’s honor 以名誉担保
in a hurry 匆忙地,立即
for instance 例如,举例说
at intervals 不时,时时
at last 最终,终于
at least 至少,最低限度
in the least 一点,丝毫
at length 终于,最后;详细地
in the light of 按照,根据
in line 成一直线,排成一行
in line with 与……一致,按照
at a loss 困惑,不知所措
by all means 无论如何,必定
by means of 借助于,用
by no means 决不
in memory of 纪念
at the mercy of 在……支配下
by mistake 错误地
at the moment 现在,此刻
for a moment 片刻,一会儿
for the moment 现在,暂时
in a moment 立刻,马上
in nature 本质上
on occasion 有时,不时
in order 秩序井然,整齐
in order to 以便,为了
in order that 以便
out of order 发生故障,失调
on one’s own 独自地,独立地
in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地
in the past 在过去,以往
in person 亲自
in place 在适当的位置
in place of 代替
in the first place 起初,首先
in the last place 最后
out of place 不得其所的,不适当的
on the point 即将……的时候
to the point 切中要害,切题
in practice 在实际中,实际上
out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
at present 目前,现在
for the present 目前,暂时
in proportion to (与……)成比例的
in public 公开地,当众
for (the) purpose of为了
on purpose 故意,有意
with the purpose of 为了
in question 正在考虑
at random 随意地,任意地
at any rate 无论如何,至少
by reason of 由于
as regards 关于,至于
with/in regard to 对于,就……而论
in/with relation to 关系到
with respect to 关于
as a result 结果,因此
as a result of 由于……的结果
in return 作为报答,作为回报
on the road 在旅途中
as a rule 规章,规则;通常,照例
in the long run 最终,从长远观点看
for the sake of 为了……起见
on sale 出售;贱卖
on a large scale 大规模地
on a small scale 小规模地
in secret 秘密地,私下地
in a sense 从某种意义上说
in shape 处于良好状态
on the side 作为兼职,额外
at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
in sight 被看到,在望
out of sight 看不见,在视野之外
in spite of 不管,不顾;尽管,虽然
on the spot 当场,在现场
in step 同步,合拍
out of step 步调不一致,不协调
in stock 现有,备有
in sum 总而言之
in tears 流着泪,含泪,哭
in terms of 依据,按照;用……措词
for one thing 首先,一则
on the second thoughts 经重新考虑,一转念
at a time 每次,一次
at no time 从不,决不
at one time 同时,曾经,从前曾
at the same time 但是,然而,同时
at times 有时
for the time being 目前,暂时
from time to time 有时,不时
in no time 立即,马上
in time 及时,适时地
on time 准时
on top of 在……之上
out of touch 失去联系
in truth 事实上,实际上,的确
on try 试穿
by turns 轮流,交替地
in turn 依次,轮流
in vain 徒劳,无效
a variety of 种种,各种
by virtue of 由于
by the way 顺便提一下,另外
by way of 经由,通过……方式
in a way 在某点,在某种程度上
in no way 决不
in the way of 妨碍
in one’s/the way 妨碍,阻碍
after a while 过了一会,不久
for a while 暂时,一时
on the whole 总的来说
in a word 总而言之
in other words 换句话说,也就是说
at work 在工作,忙于
out of work 失业
in the world 到底,究竟动词+名词形式
have/gain access to 可以获得
take...into account 考虑
gain/have an advantage over胜过,优于
pay the way for 为……铺平道路
take advantage of 利用,趁……之机
pay attention to 注意
do/try one’s best 尽力,努力
get the best of 胜过
make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理
get the better of 打败,致胜
catch one’s breath 屏息,歇口气
take care 小心,当心
take care of 照顾,照料
take a chance 冒险一试
take charge of 担任,负责
keep company with 与……交往
take delight in 以……为乐
with delight 欣然,乐意地
make a/the difference 有影响,很重要
carry/bring into effect 使生效,使起作用
put into effect 实行,生效
come/go into effect 生效,实施
take effect 生效,起作用
catch one’s eye 引人注目
keep an eye on 留意,照看
make faces 做鬼脸
find fault 埋怨,挑剔
catch fire 着火
come/go into force 生效,实施
make friends 交朋友,友好相处
be friends with 对……友好,与……交上朋友
make fun of 取笑,嘲弄
keep one’s head 保持镇静
lose one’s head 不知所措
lose heart 丧失勇气,失去信心
get/learn by heart 记住,背诵
get hold of 抓住,掌握
keep house 管理家务,做家务
throw/cast light on 使明白,阐明
have in mind 记住,考虑到,想到
make up one’s mind 下决心
come/go into operation 使投入生产,使运转
put in order 整理,检修
keep/hold pace with 跟上,与……同步
play a part 起作用
take place 发生,进行
take the place of 代替
come to the point 说到要点,扼要地说
bring/carry into practice 实施,实行
make progress 进步,进展
give rise to 引起,使发生
make sense 讲得通,有意义
catch the sight of 发现,突然看见
(go) on the stage 当演员
take one’s time 不急不忙,从容进行
keep in touch 保持联系
keep track 通晓事态,注意动向
lose track 失去联系
make use of 利用
put to use 使用,利用
give way 让路,让步
lead the way 带路,引路
make one’s way 前进,进行
make way 让路,开路
keep one’s word 遵守诺言
act on 作用
appeal to 呼吁,要求
attempt at 企图,努力
attitude to/towards 态度,看法
a great/good deal of 大量(的),许多(的)
influence on 影响
interference in 干涉
interference with 妨碍,打扰
introduce to 介绍
a lot (of) 许多(的),大量(的)
lots of 大量,很多
fall in love with 相爱,爱上
a matter of (关于……)的问题
a number of 若干,许多
reply to 回答,答复
a series of 一系列,一连串
trolley bus 无轨电车
I.D. card 身份证
credit card 信用卡
no doubt 无疑,必定
next door 隔壁
out of doors 在户外
face to face 面对面地
as a matter of fact 实际情况,真相
a few 有些,几个
quite a few 还不少,有相当数目的
a little 一点,稍微,一些,少许
little by little 逐渐地
quite a little 相当多,不少
no matter 无论
the moment (that) 一……就
no more 不再
fair play 公平竞赛;公平对待
in demand 有需要,销路好
rest room 厕所,盥洗室
primary school 小学
side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个
heart and soul 全心全意
step by step 逐步
ahead of time 提前
all the time 一直,始终
once upon a time 从前
once in a while 偶尔,有时
no wonder 难怪,怪不得
word for word 逐字地
decline with thanks 婉言谢绝
against/through storms/strong winds穿越风暴大风
  all of a sudden:突然
  a long experience of:长期的体验、经历
  another thing或one other thing:另一件事
  a piece/sheet of paper:一张纸
  back one's plan:支持某人的计划
  be caught in the rain:淋雨
  beg for mercy:请求宽恕
  be/give/have grounds for/of:有...的理由
  be proud of或take pride in:为...感到骄傲、
  be stricken down:被染上、患上
  be worn:穿破
  bow before sb.:向...鞠躬
  bring to (one's) attention:引起注意
  cars run on the road:汽车行驶在路上
  cause sb. a trouble:给某人带来麻烦
  circle round:盘旋
  clock strikes:钟敲了起来
  combine one's effort to:联合力量
  come into use:付诸使用
  cook a meal:做饭
  die down/away:平息、消失
  difficulties become impossible:困难变得难以对付discuss a topic:讨论主题、话题
  draw:把某人拉过来、拉到一边
  draw sb. before sb.:把...拉到跟前
  drive sb. mad:使某人疯了
  elder sister:姐姐
  enter one's life:进入某人的生活中
  fall ill或get ill:生病
  fire a feeling of interesting:激发兴趣
  five star national flag:五星红旗
  for...[for在句首]:就...而言
  fulfill one's dream:实现梦想
  further more:而且
  get a high score或get the high marks:得高分
  get a shine in one's eye:眼睛一亮
  get dirty looks:被看扁
  get over:克服困难
  give sb. a tour of some place:让某人参观某
  give the cause:给出理由
  go over:走过去;走到另一边;从一间屋走到另一间屋go up hill:到山上
  hand over:移交、交出
  have a part:扮演角色
  have an effect on:对...有效果、影响
  have a chat:闲谈
  have no choice but to do...:除了...别无选择
  hear it over the radio:从收音机里听到消息
  in area:在面积上
  increase one's strength:增强力量
  in terms of:用...的词句
  it won't do:这不奏效、合适
  just carry on the plan:勉强地执行计划
  kill the time:消磨、打发时间
  lean over one's way:将身体倾向某人
  let out a cry:发出叫声、喊声
  live...lives:过...的生活
  look over the shoulder:透过肩膀看过去
  look up:抬起头来
  look up a word in the dictionary或refer to the dictionary:查字典
  lost in silence:沉默
  lost in thought:沉思
  make a (good) effort:作出很大的努力
  make a journey/trip/voyage:旅游
  make coffee:煮咖啡
  make it that:把...规定在某时
  make oneself fully useful:使某人变成有用的人make one's way:克服困难前进
  make progress:取得进步
  make sb. into:使某人成为[如医生]
  make sense:有道理、行得通
  make tea:沏茶
  miss:发觉东西丢失
  native language:母语
  non-smoking section:无烟区
  normal people:正常人[指没有精神病等]
  nothing else matches this one:没有什么比得上这个ordinary people:普通人
  pass law:通过法律
  pay the bill:付账单
  play a...part(in) ...:起...作用
pour knowledge and skill into...:倾注知识和技术pull into及pull out of:(驾车)驶入、驶出
  某地
  pursue one's dream:追逐梦想
  push one's way:挤过去
  put...away:把...放好、收藏起来[如雨伞]
  put sth. aside:把某物放到一侧、边
  put up the tent:支起帐篷
  raise sb.:把某人扶起来
  read faster:快速阅读
  receive education:接受教育
  satisfy our expense:满足开支
  scene:事发地点、现场
  serve me right:我活该
  set out to do sth.:着手做某事
  snails pull themselves on:蜗牛拖着身体往
  爬solar system:太阳系
  sounds travel to/toward:声音传播
  spare no effort:不遗余力
  stand on one's own feet:自立
  stay to dinner:留下吃饭
step onto/off the platform/stage:走上/下站台/舞台take a step或take steps (to do sth.):采取步骤take one's eye off:将某人的视线移开
take the advice:采纳建议
  take the responsibility for:对...负责
  take to one's bed:卧床不起
  the bell goes:铃响了
  the corner of eye:眼角
  the experience of doing sth.[of不能直接加名词]:...的经历
  the plan break down:计划被中断
  there is no doubt that...:勿庸置疑
  the story goes that...:据说;常言道
  through the window:通过窗口(递送东西)
  time is up:时间到了
  under construction/development:在建设/发展中use in:被某一行业、领域应用
  waste no time:争分夺秒
  wear out:筋疲力尽
  white birds against the blue sky:蓝天映衬白鸽win one's independence:获得、赢得独立
  with one's aid/help:在...帮助下
  with the aid of:在...援助下;借助于...
  with the warm weather:随着天气变暖
yellow tape:(用来封锁事故现场的黄色)胶带younger sister:妹妹
 高三词组    
set down 记下;写下
in the first place 首先;第一;原先
burst into sth. 突然而猛烈地发出或产生某事物
centre on/upon 将某人(某事物)当作中心或重点
concentrate on 专心致志于
Tour de France 环法自行车赛
keep track of 记录;掌握……的线索;保持对……的联系
stand out 突出;出色
be diagnosed with... 被确诊患有……(疾病)
in a row 连续,一连串
lead sb.to do sth. 致使某人做某事
apply for 提出申请(或要求等)
make for 走向;向……前进;有利于,有助于;倾向于
get a better understanding of... 更充分地理解……
head down to... 向……进发,动身
hang ten (冲浪运动中)作十趾吊
in the name of 以……的名义;代表
push on(with sth.)毅然继续(做某事)
run out of 耗尽;用光
apart from... 除……外(尚有)
set sail(to/from/for...) 起航
compete for 为……而竞争
in search of 寻找
give birth to 生;产生
as long as (表示条件)只要……
at the height of 在……顶点;在(事业等)的高峰
for once and always 一劳永逸地
be made up of 由……构成;组成
as a consequence(of )作为(……的)结果
the Commonwealth of Australia 澳大利亚联邦
go walkabout到灌木丛中闲逛
break out(指激烈事件)突然发生
feed...on给(人或动物)食物;喂养;饲养
round up使集合在一起
stand for代表,代替;象征,意味着
have a strong/great influence on...对……有重大影响
benefit from...从……受益
differ from...和……不同
be fond of喜欢
have fun with开玩笑
set foot on踏上

give birth to生;产生
in area在面积上
keep out(使)在外
all the year round终年
have access to接近(或进入)的方法(或权利、机会等)
on a large scale大规模地;大范围地
pass away去世;逝世
belong to属于
base...on...把……基于……
at first sight 乍一看(之下)
be born into 出身于
have an appetite for 爱好……
look out for 照料,照看……
put together 把……放在一起;把……加在一起
work out 做出;设计出;制订出;算出
make contributions to 对……作出贡献
adapt to 适应
take into consideration 考虑到,顾及
in charge(of) 处于控制或支配地位;负责
hand in hand 手拉手;密切关联的
get across 传播;为人理解
appeal to 有吸引力;呼吁;上诉
keep an eye out for sb./sth. 留心或注意某人或某物
make sense 有意义;有道理;讲得通
apply... to... 运用;应用
lose heart 泄气;灰心
take it easy 别紧张;放松点
keep up 维持;保持;使某事物处于高水平
common sense 常识;情理
leave behind 忘带;留下
lose one’s way 迷路
come to an end 结束;中止
live through sth. 经历某事物而幸存
tie up 系;拴;捆
at stake 在危险中
go for 为……去努力获取
lose weight 减肥
be to blame 该受责备;应负责
be upset about... (对……感到)不安的;不快的;心烦意乱的
associate... with... 使发生联系;使联合
protect... from... 保护……免于……
be promoted with (用……手段来)宣传,推销
create/form a positive image of 塑造/形成一个正面的形象
point out 指出
think twice 重新考虑
believe in 相信;信仰
set off for... 出发,动身到……
be accustomed to 习惯于……
on all fours 匍匐,趴着
come to a decision 决定下来
come to an agreement 达成一致;达成协议
come to a conclusion 告终;下结论
take up 拿起;着手处理;开始(从事于)
care for 喜爱;照顾
leave alone 不管;随……去
in want of 需要
close up (尤指暂时)关闭;使靠近
care about 介意……,在乎,关心
safety standards 安全标准
working conditions 工作条件
social conscience 社会道德
.a poor excuse 一个差劲的借口
bring in 赚入……;获利
be badly-off 生活穷困
fall asleep 入睡
have no eye for 不关心;不在意
far from 远离;一点也不
comment on 评论,批评,解释
in face of 面对……,在……面前,不顾……
in favor of 支持……,赞同……;为有利于……
in praise of 称赞……
in hope of 抱着……的希望
in charge of 掌管,负责
in memory of 为了纪念;为追悼……
in honor of 为了纪念
in search of 搜寻
in need of 需要
turn down 拒绝
as follows 如下
end up in 以……告终,以……为结局
one by one 一个接一个地;逐个地
date back to (时间)追溯到
get it wrong 误解
on the contrary 相反的是;反而
toast to 干杯;祝酒
make sense of 弄懂……的意思
in other words 换句话说;换言之
take risks 冒险
experiment with 进行试验;进行实验
piles of 一大堆;一大批;一大团
fall behind 落后于
come across (偶然)遇见
make progress 取得进步
adjust...to... 调整……;调解……
as a consequence 因此
regardless of 不顾,不管,不拘
take place 发生
thanks to 多亏了,由于
wake up 醒来;叫醒
stay up 挺住;坚持不睡觉
broaden one’s horizons 开阔眼界
in the beginning 开始;起初
lay off 解雇;不理会;使下岗
make matters worse 使情况更困难或更危险
get rid of 摆脱
make ends meet 使收支相抵;量入为出
be devoted to 献身……的;专心于……的
play a role in 在……中起作用
medical treatment 医疗
reach a decision 决定下来;下结论
aim at 瞄准;针对;目的在于
take measures to ... 采取措施来(做)……
make a living 谋生
depend on 依靠;取决于
live on 以……为主食;靠……生活
prevent... from ... 阻止,阻挡;制止;妨碍
provide ... for ... 为……提供……
meet the needs of 满足……的需要
be burdened with ... 使负重担
put pressure on ... 给……施压,增添压力
state-owned companies 国有企业
lose weight 减肥
ready-made clothes 成衣
make fun of 取笑某人
attend to 处理;照顾;关照
take pride in 对……感到自豪
do up 打扮;梳妆
let down 不支持;使失望
at length 最后;终于;详细地
at a time 一次
go far (人)大有前途;成功
come into being 形成
as to 关于
be accused of 被控诉,控告;被指责,谴责
et free 使获得自由;释放
refer to 参考;涉及;谈到;指的是
turn to 转向,变成;求助于
adapt to 使适应,使适和
get accustomed to 变得习惯于
for a moment 片刻;暂时
live through 度过;经受住
break out in tears 突然大哭起来
cut off 切掉;割掉;剪下;切断;隔绝
tear at 撕,扯……
lay off 解雇;不理会;使下岗
make matters worse 使情况更困难或更危险
get rid of 摆脱
make ends meet 使收支相抵;量入为出
be devoted to 献身……的;专心于……的
play a role in 在……中起作用
medical treatment 医疗
reach a decision 决定下来;下结论
aim at 瞄准;针对;目的在于
take measures to ... 采取措施来(做)……
make a living 谋生
depend on 依靠;取决于
live on 以……为主食;靠……生活
prevent... from ... 阻止,阻挡;制止;妨碍
provide ... for ... 为……提供……
meet the needs of 满足……的需要
be burdened with ... 使负重担
put pressure on ... 给……施压,增添压力
state-owned companies 国有企业
lose weight 减肥
ready-made clothes 成衣
make fun of 取笑某人
attend to 处理;照顾;关照
take pride in 对……感到自豪
do up 打扮;梳妆
let down 不支持;使失望
at length 最后;终于;详细地
at a time 一次
go far (人)大有前途;成功
come into being 形成
as to 关于
be accused of 被控诉,控告;被指责,谴责
set free 使获得自由;释放
refer to 参考;涉及;谈到;指的是
turn to 转向,变成;求助于
adapt to 使适应,使适和
get accustomed to 变得习惯于
for a moment 片刻;暂时
live through 度过;经受住
break out in tears 突然大哭起来
cut off 切掉;割掉;剪下;切断;隔绝
tear at 撕,扯……
stick with继续支持;保持联系
through thick and thin 不顾艰难
pull out of从……中退出
cater to满足某种需要或要求
for the sake of由于;为了……的利益
in reality事实上;实际上
keep an eye on 照料;照管
take sth.into account考虑;体谅
as a whole 总的说来;作为整体
once again再一次
live up to依照……行事;做到;不辜负(期望)
accept...as... 认为……
on one’s own独自,靠自己,独立
the majority of大多数;大部分
.a pie chart饼状图
.a bar chart柱状图
.match...to... 使……(和……)调和,相配
be suspected of 被猜疑,被怀疑
.take measures to ...采取措施(做……)
.be familiar with 对……熟悉
.be made up of构成;组成
.count...as... 把……认为……
on the other hand 另一方面
.attach to 伴随……
.be aware of 察觉到,感觉到,获悉
be suitable for适合做……
.guard...against... 守护……(免于……),保护
make the best use of充分利用
on the surface 表面上的,外表上
as a matter of fact 实际上
be satisfied with 对……满意
lose face 失面子
by means of以……,借着……
put ... to use使用,用,利用
in demand有需要的;吃香的
so as to为了,目的是
sit for参加(考试)
concentrate on 集中;专心;专注
to begin with首先;第一;起初
drop out (of)(从活动、竞赛等中)退出;辍学
result in产生某种作用或结果
be skeptical of怀疑
take in把(某人)带进;领入
rely on依赖;依靠
as far as(远)至(某处);到……程度
lifelong learning 终身学习
work out解决;计算出;详细拟订
have a lot in common有很多共同之处
be suited for适合做……,对……适宜
take place发生,产生;进行,举行
turn down拒绝,不接受
be set in以……为背景
pass on传递
go wrong不对头,出毛病;失败
except for除……之外;若无
be in love with爱上某人
learn about听到,获悉
take one’s revenge on sb.for sth.因某事向某人报仇
break into pieces(使)成为碎片
keep...out of使……置身于外
at the time of在……的时候
turn out 结果(是),证明(是),原来(是)
as for关于,至于
at times有时,不时
get straight to the point直奔主题
varieties of各种各样的
to one’s surprise让某人吃惊的是
as soon as一……就……
one after another一个接一个地,连续不断地
come to light显露出来,暴露
over and over again
tell...apart一再;多次;反复
get hold of抓住;拿住;握住
make a beeline for径直朝……走去
as a matter of fact事实上;说真的;实际上
keep in touch保持联系
feast on大吃大喝;享受美食
make a distinction between...and...区分;区别
make sense有意义;有道理;讲得通
apply for申请;请求
straight away立刻地;毫不犹豫地
fit in(with) 与……相适应;与……相协调
hold back退缩;踌躇
take a while用一些(一段)时间
approve of赞同;赞许
have sth.in common with sb.和某人有共同之处
take part in参与;参加
make contributions to为……作出贡献
Secretary General of the United Nations联合国秘书长
make a difference有关系;有影响;有意义
be eager to do sth.渴望做……
open up打开,张开;开发;开辟;揭露;展现
at times有时,不时
as a consequence结果;后果
be due to 应归于
become involved in使卷入,使陷入;拖累
make the adjustment to适应于
take off脱下;(飞机)起飞
put on穿上,戴上
be popular with受(某人)欢迎
get in touch with和……取得联系
dream of梦想;向往
make use of利用
set up树立;开办;设立;创立;建立
as well as也,又
come true实现,达到
be up to胜任,适于

中学英语高频精华短语总结
说明:所总结的734 组词组来自高中英语老教材四册,新教材四册和新概念英语四册中易
混淆的词组,部分来自历年来各省模拟试卷中,都是英语中的最核心词组。标红字的部分为
尚未接触过的,可自己查字典解决。只要您细心体会,牢牢记住,英语定会有很大进步的^ -
^。
1. be absent from…. 缺席,不在
2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in
全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ;
be focused on ; be centered on
4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely)
安全地,
7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地,主动地
8. in accord with 与…一致. out of one’s accord with 同….
不一致
9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
11. on one’s own account
1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account 不论什么原因也不;of
…account 有…..重要性.
12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)
14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子
要倒装)
17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ;
complain about) 指控,控告
18. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially)
熟悉
19. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
20. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
21. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需
要)
22. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
23. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
24. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist
in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
25. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
26. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
27. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.
28. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.29. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.30. have an advantage over 胜过.
have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件
have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
31. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from,
harness)利用.
32. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
33. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
34. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
35. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
36. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.
37. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
38. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;
all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first
of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
39. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
40. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
41. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…
负责.
42. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
43. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
44. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
45. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
46. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for 申请; apply to 适用.
47. apply to 与…有关;适用
48. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good,
right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
49. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
50. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
51. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大
地方);
52. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…
为羞耻
53. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…
确信.54. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系,结
55. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
56. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought) 注意, 照顾;attend
on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
57. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
58. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果59. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
60. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness) 意
识到,知道.
61. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
62. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s
back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
63. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s
back 有…支持, 有…作后台
64. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某
人),背弃,抛弃
65. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
66. be based on / upon 基于
67. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
68. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
69. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
70. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
71. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,
信仰.
72. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
73. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
74. for the better 好转
75. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.76. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
77. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人. blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某
人身上
78. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开
花(强调动作)
79. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
80. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
81. out of breath 喘不过气来
82. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
83. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
84. take the floor 起立发言
85. on business 出差办事.
86. be busy with sth.忙于某事be busy doing sth.
忙于做某事
87. last but one 倒数第二.
88. last but not least 最后一点但也是最重要的一点
89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
91. be capable of 能够, 有能力
be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost,
whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一
in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
95. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
96. be cautious of 谨防
97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中
在…上
98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地
100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然
101. for a change 换换环境(花样等)
102. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…
103. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)
in the charge of …由…管
104. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
105. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯
有…
106. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停

107. comment on 评论
108. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison 把某人送进监狱;
commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a
committee 把某事交给委员会讨论
109. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.
be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的
110. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.
111. compare…with … 把…与…比较
112. compare…to… 把…比作…
113. by comparison 比较起来
114. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来
115. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补compensate
sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补
116. complain of (or about) 抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情;
complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement
(补充); compliment (恭维)
117. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守,
依从
118. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想
119. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心
120. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关
121. concern oneself about / with 关心
122. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束
时;123. condemn sb. to 判决
124. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如.in that = because 因为;
now that = since 既然
for all that = although 尽管
125. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit) 健康状况好/不好
. in good (bad) condition 处于良好(坏)状态
126. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认;
confess to a crime 承认罪行.
127. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖
128. in confidence 推心置腹地;
with confidence 满怀信心地;
have confidence in 对…有信心
129. confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖
130. be confident of 有信心;
confidential 机密的
131. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内
132. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)
133. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey
服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with 照…办; 4)keep to 遵循; 5)abide by 服从;6)stick
to 按..做
134. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临
135. congratulate sb. on 祝贺
136. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,
137. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道
138. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意
139. in consequence (=as a result) 结果
140. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果
141. under consideration 在考虑中
142. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于
143. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不
145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…
考虑进去
146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的,
considerable 相当大的,值得考虑的
147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in 主要在于. consist with 符
合,与…一致
148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in 一贯
的,
149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教
150. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地,痛痛快快
151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反
153. on the contrary 相反
154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)
155. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比
by contrast 对比之下
156. contribute to 有助于
157. under control (被)控制住out of control 无法控制
158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点
. be convenient to / for 对…方便
159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使
某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street 在街道拐弯处;round
the comer 拐过弯; be in a tight corner 陷入困境
162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信
163. correspond to 相当于. correspond with 符合,一致
164. at all costs 不惜任何代价. at the cost of 以…为代价
165. a matter of course 理所当然的事
166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地
167. in (during) the course 在…过程中
168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候
169. on credit 赊购; with credit 以优异成绩; to one’s credit 使某人感到光荣; do
sb. credit 使…感到光荣
170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的
171. cure sb. of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病
172.a danger to 对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger 脱
离危险
173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止
174. out of date 过时的;up to date 新式的,时兴的; date back to 可追溯到; date
from 从某时期开始(有)
175. deal with (=concern) 论及
176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债
177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中
in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加
178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴
to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow 悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame 羞愧;
surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;
179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐
180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某
人要求(物质的)东西
182.in demand 有需求;on demand 受到要求时
183. be dependent on 依靠
184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起
源于
186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望
187. in despair 绝望
188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管
189. in detail 详细地
190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除
195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退;
in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪
196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列
197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉
198. beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议
199. in dispute 在争议中
200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同
202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
204. do away with(=get rid of) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
205. have…to do with 与…有关系
206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑
208. be due to 是由于
209. come off duty 下班
210. go on duty 上班
211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by
conscience) 有义务(做)
213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,
不看乐谱
215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and
language)对..有鉴赏力
216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话
217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力
219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感
到无拘束
221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省
222. have an effect on 对…有影响
223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效
224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into
effect)
225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上
226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效
227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效
229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
230. to that effect 是那个意思的…
231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上
233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作;
encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲
234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事
235. on end (=continuously) 连续地
236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了
237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽
240. end up with 以…而结束
241. come to and end (=finish) 结束
242. end in 以…为结束
243. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事
244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加
245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
248. be equal to 等于
249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应

on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地
250. be equipped with 装备有,装有
251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于
252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上
253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何
254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连
用)
256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时
257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
258. except (=but) 除了。
259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外
260. (an) exception to …的例外
261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外
262. in excess of (=more than) 超过
263. exchange…for 以…交换
264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括
265. in excuse of 作为…的借口
266. exert…on… 对…施加…
267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use 开始使用;
come into effect 开始运转; come into fashion 开始时新; come into action 开始行
动; come into power 开始执政; come into sight 进入视野;come into blossom 开花;
269. (be) in existence 存在come into existence 出现
270. expect…of 在…期望…
271. at the expense of 在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….
274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be expressed) 无法形容,
说不出的275. give expression to 表达, 表现find expression in 表现
276. to …extent 在…程度上
277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
279. close (shut) one’s eyes to 不理会,视而不见280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
283. in the eyes of /in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人
眼里
284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来
285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
286. in one’s face 当着某人的面; face to faced 面对面; face up to 大胆面向
287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败
288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地
289. keep faith with 对…守信用
290. lose faith in 对…失去信心
291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
295. familiar with 熟悉,了解
296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢,想要
297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
298. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用)
299. far from 远远不是
300. far from 非但不…(而且)
301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行
302. after the fashion (of) 依照…
303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵
304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错305. in favour of 赞成
306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱;
out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠
307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利
308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的
309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心
310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕
311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心
312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养
313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了
314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要
315. fill in 填写
316. fill out ( =fill in )填写
317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出
成就
318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事
319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火
320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见
321. for the first time 第一次(作状语)
322. in the first place 首先, 第一
323. fit into 刚好放入
324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致
325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合
326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上
focus sth. on 把…集中在…上
327. be fond of 喜欢
328. (be) in force 有效, 实施
329. go into force 开始生效
330. by force 靠武力, 强行
331. force…on 把…强加给…
332. in the form of 以…形式
333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气
334. free of charge 免费
335. be freed from 免受, 没有…
336. in front of 在…前面
in the front of 在…前部
337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供
338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常
339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at 看一眼
(强调动作)
340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用
be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好
341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等)
342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地
343. take…for granted (=assume to be true)
把…认为理所当然的.
344. be grateful to sb. for sth 因…感谢某人
345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of) 由于…
346. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空
347. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕
(be) on guard 站岗
348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)警惕,防止guard…against 警卫…防止
349. guess at 猜, 估计
350. by guess 靠猜
351. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失
352. be in the habit of 习惯于
353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)
354. break sb. of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)
355. get (fall) into the habit of 养成了…的习惯
356. come to a halt (=stop) 停止; 停住
357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)
358. by hand 用手工(做)
359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作
360. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住
361. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责
362. live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃
363. at the head of 在…的前头
364. head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进
365. hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过
366. at heart (=in reality) 内心里, 实际上
367. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上
368. by heart (=by memory) 熟记, 背(诵)
369. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地
370. with all one’s heart 全心全意地,真心实意
371. hinder…from(=stop…from)阻碍,使..不能做
372. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假
go on holiday = go for a holiday
373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried) 感觉合适,无拘
束,熟悉
374. be honest in 诚实
375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念
376. on one’s honour 以某人的名誉担保
377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有
378. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是
379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地
380. be identical with(=exactly alike)和完全相同
381. be identified with 被视为与…等同
382. in ignorance of 不知道…
383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道
384. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响
385. impose…on 把…强加给
386. impress…on 给…留下印象
387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression 给…留下印象
388.under the impression that 有..的印象,认为
389. improve sth.(make sth. better)把原物改进
improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好
390. improve in (=get better) 有改进, 好些
391. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转
392. include…in 把…列在…里面
393. inclusive of 把…包括在内
394. independent of 独立的,不受约束的
395. indicative of 表明, 说明
396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎
397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to 比…好
398. inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉
399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
400. insist on (=order sth. to happen) 坚持要
401. instead of (=in place of) 代替,而不是…
402. instruct…in (=teach) 教.指导.训练某人…
403. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证
404. insure…against 保险…以防
405. intend…for 打算把…给
406. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决
407. in the interests of 符合…的利益
be interested in 对…感兴趣
408. interfere in 干涉, interfere with 打搅,干扰
409. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离
410. intervene in 干预
411. invest in 投资
412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned) 卷入, 参加
413. by itself (=alone, without help)单独地,靠自己
414. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然
415. be jealous of 妒忌
416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)抢着接受,
417. jump on (=scold, tell of) 叱责
418. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.
419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望
420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for) 密切注视
421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)不告诉别人
422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知
423. at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外
at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上
at large(=at full length; with details)详细地
424. lean against (背)靠着…
425. at least 至少; at most 至多
426. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)
427. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候
428. lend itself/themselves to 适合于(某用途)
429. at length (=after a long time, at last)终于
at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地
430. go to any length 想一切办法, 尽一切力量
431. be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)
432. be liable for 对…应负责任的
433. lie in 在于
434. in life 一生中
435. for life 终身
436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account) 考虑到, 根据
437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain) 使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明
438. in line with(=in agreement with)符合,一致
439. long for(=want very much)渴望,希望得到
440. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)
441. before long (=soon)不久, 过了不久以后.
442. in the long run (=in the end)从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来
说)
443. (be) at a loss 不知所措
444. major in 主修(某课程)
445. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是
446. by all means (=at all costs)不惜一切.
(=certainly) 当然行;by means of 用…; by no means 完全不, 决不
447. on memory of 为纪念…
448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering) 好转, 在康复中
449. mention sth. to sb. 向某人提起某事
450. at the mercy of (=in the power of) 任…摆布, 在…支配下
451. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难
make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱
452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记
453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)使回想起
454. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地
455. at the moment (=now) 此刻,现在
for the moment (=for the time being)暂时
just a moment 稍等片刻
at the last moment 在最后一刻
456. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.
457. no more…than 和…一样都不…
458. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说
459. at (the) most 最多, 至多
460. make the most of 充分利用
461. be not much of(=not a good)不是很好的…
be something of 有点…,像…
462. name after 用…的名字命名
463. native to 所产的
464. by nature 天生的, 生来
465. in mature 本质上
466. (be) in the nature of 属…性质
467. none other that 不是别人,正是…
468. above normal 高于正常(温度)
469. for nothing (=free, without payment)免费
470. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已
471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)更不用说…
472. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备
473. until further notice 在另行通知前
474. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意
475. object to (=be opposed to) 反对
476. objection to (接动名词) 反对
477. on occasion(=now and then)不时地,必要时
478. by occasion of (=because of) 由于
479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)
480. it occurs to sb. that… 某人想到…
481. once and for all =once and forever 永远地
all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上
once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔
(just) for once 就这一次
482. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)
483. operate on sb. 给某人做手术
operation n. come/ go into operation 开始运转
put/bring sth. into operation 使…投产,运转484. be of the opinion 持有…的看法
485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法
486. be opposed to… 反对…
487. be opposite to 与…相反的
488. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的
in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故

489. made to order 定做的(衣服)
490. originate in/from(=begin)起源于,由..引起
491. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊
492. owe…to 把…归于…
493. on one’s own (=along, without help)单独
494. of one’s own 某人自己的
495. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进
496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力
497. part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉
498. participate in (=take part in)参加
499. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)
500. in particular (=especially) 特别是,尤其
501. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情
502. be patient with 对…耐心
503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚
504. pay…for 付…的钱
505. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处
in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安
506. peculiar to… 特有的, 独具的
507. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金
508. perform on the piano(=play the piano)
演奏钢琴509. persist in 坚持,固执
510. in person 亲自, 当面
511. in place (in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方
512. in place of (=instead of) 代替
513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事
514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.) 刚要去做
515. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要
516. come to the point 谈主要问题
517. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事
518. to the point 中肯, 切题
519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着
point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明
520. popular with/among 大众所喜爱的,拥戴
521. in the position of 处在…位置上
522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)
523. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练
524. bring(put)…into practice 使…成为现实525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better) 宁要, 更喜欢
526. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭
prepare breakfast 作早饭
527. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下
528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)暂且,就现在来说; at present
现在,此刻
529. preside over / at 主持(会议,业务等)
530. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜
531. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做
532. previous to (=prior to) 在…之前
533. take pride in(=pride oneself on) 以…自豪
534. pride oneself on / upon 以…自豪
535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea) 原则上
536. prior to (=before) 在…之前
537. in private (=privately) 私下, 秘密地
in public 公开地
538. proceed from (=arise from, result from) 由…发出, 由…引起(产生)
539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.) 继续进行
540. in progress(=in the state of be done)进行中
541. prohibit…from (=forbid) 禁止, 阻止
542. in proportion to 与…成比例
543. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受
544. be proud of 为…自豪
545. provide for 为…做准备
546. in public 公开地, 当众
547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)故意
548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)得要领的, 中肯的
549. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格
be qualified for 在某种职业上合格
550. call…in question 对…表示怀疑
551. beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问
552. out of the question (=impossible)不可能的
553. in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;
554. without question 毫无疑问
555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了
556. at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地
557. range over (=cove, include) 范围包括
558. range between 范围在..与..之间不等
559. at any rate (=at all events)无论如何,总之
560. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)
561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,
能拿到
562. react to 对…作出反应
563. react on / upon 对…产生影响
564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应
565. (be) ready for 准备好做…
566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上
567. beyond all reason 没有道理的
568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为
569. it stands to reason that …理所当然
570. reason with (=argue) 劝说
571. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字
(be) get out of red 不再亏损
572. refer to…as 把…称做…
573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交
574.with/in reference to(=concerning, about)关于
575. with/in regard to (=concerning)有关,关于
576. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候
577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of) 不顾,不考虑
578. in/with relation to 关于, 有关
579. relevant to 与…有关的
580. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是
581. relieve…of… 解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退
582. rely on 依靠, 信赖
583. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论
584. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物
585. remind sb. of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起
586. in good repair(=in good condition)处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中
587. reply to 答复, 回答
588.beyond reproach 不受责备的;beyond(all) reason 毫无道理;beyond question
毫无疑问;beyond belief 以相信;beyond hope 绝望
589. resort to 诉诸于.., 求助于…
resort to force 诉诸于武力
590. in/with respect to (=concerning)有关,关于
591. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效
592. in response to(=as an answer to)回答,反应
593. be responsible for 对…负责, 是造成…原因
594. rest on/upon(=be supported by)依靠,寄托
595. rest with (=be in hand of) 在…手中, 是…的责任; 由…决定; 依靠
596. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..
597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)把..限制于..
598. result in (=cause) 导致
599. with the result that 其结果是
600. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)
601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去
602.be in the right 正确的;in the wrong 错误的
603. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做)
604. give rise to (=lead to) 引起, 导致
605. at the risk of(=with danger of)冒...的风险
606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)的风险
607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate) 排除
608. in safety 安全地
609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of ) 为了…起见
610. be for sale 待售
611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市
612. be satisfied with 满意
613. on a large scale 大规模地
614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time) 按时, 准时;ahead of
schedule 提前; in advance 预先;behind schedule 落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间
615. be schedule for 定在某时(进行)
616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过
617. from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始
618. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in
hopes of 为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of 为…的利益;in favor of 为赞
成…;in support of 为支持…
619. in season 旺季
620. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下
621. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻;
superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差
622. in a sense 在某种意义上
623. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational 耸人听闻的
624. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序
625. share in (=have a share in) 分摊, 分担
626. share sth. with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用
627. be shocked at / by 对…感到震惊
628. fall short of 达不到
629. go short of (=be without enough of) 缺乏
630. for short (in a short form) 为简便,简称
631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)简称632. in short supply 供应不足
633. be short of (=lacking enough)缺乏,不够634. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思
635. at the side of 与…相比
636. take the side of 站在…一边
637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)瞥见
638. at the sight of 一看见…
639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible) 看得见
out of sight 看不见
640. know sb. by sight 与…只面熟
641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地
642. smell of 有…的气味
643. be sorry about/for 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的
644. speak ill of 说…的坏话;
speak well of 说…的好话
645. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻
646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管
647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)在现场, 在出事地点; 或(=at once)
立即
648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对
take a stand for 采取某种立场支持…
649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着
650. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐
651. stick sth. on 把…贴在…上
652. stick to 粘着, 坚持
653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work 坚
持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书
654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)坚持;
stick to one’s promise 比喻食言
stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友
655. in stock 有….货
656. be strict with 对…严格要求
657. be/go on strike 罢工
658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到subject (adj.) to 易受到…的
659. submit…to 提交
660. substitute…for 以…代替…
661. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛
662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适…的
663. in sum 大体上, 总之
664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物
665. superior to 优于…, 比…好
666. in support of 以便支持
667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)确信的
668. for sure / certain (certainly, definitely) 肯定地.有把握地说
669. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实
670. be surprised at 对..惊奇;take…by surprise 使…惊奇; to one’s surprise 使某人惊奇
671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有…
672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)对…有疑心
673. by sympathetic to/towards 对…同情,赞同
674. sympathize with sb. or sth. 对…表示同情
675. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
676. taste of 有…味道
677. in good taste 大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste
678. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意
679. tell…from (=recognize) 辨别.认出
680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面
681. be on good/bad terms with 关系好(不好)
682. thank sb. for sth. 因…感谢某人
683. think of(=have the idea of)想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起
684. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后
685. be through with (=finish with) 做好,完成
686. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经
687. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代
behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点
688. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)及时
on time (=punctually) 准时
690. at no time 无论何时也不…
in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上
691. at times (=occasionally) 间或, 时常
at all times (=always) 始终, 总是
692. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时
693. on top of 在…上面
694. in total (=all have been added up) 总计
695. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系
be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触
696. be true of 适合于…的;be true to 忠于…
697. to trust …to 把…委托给
698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖
699. in truth 事实上, 实在
700. by turns 轮换地
701. in turn (=successively; in order) 依次702. be typical of 是…的特点
703. for use 以便使用
704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使
用705. be used to+名词或动名词: 习惯于
used to+动词原形: 过去常常(做)
706. be unprepared for 对…无准备的
707. in vain (=uselessly) 徒劳
708. be valid for 对…有效的
709. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of大约
710. with a view to +动名词(=in order to do sth.) 以…为目的
711. in view (=in sight) 看得见
712. in view of (=considering) 考虑到…
in the view of 按…的意思
713. by/in virtue of (=as a result of, by means of) 由于…; 依靠…力量
714. a warning against 告诫…不要
a warning of 警告…存在…
715. (be) on the watch for 不断监视看有没有..
(be) on the watch against 不断监视为防范…
716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍717. (be)under way (=moving forward)正进行718. by way of (=by going through) 经由,取道719. by the way(=in addition)顺带地(转移话题)
720. in no way 无论怎样也不…
721. in the way 对…方式
722. in a way 从某种程度上说
723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说
725. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地
at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地
726. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物
727. “with+名词+分词” 构成复合结构,作状语
728. word for word (=literally) 逐字地
729. in a word 总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have
words with sb.争吵;have the last word 有决定权
keep one’s word 遵守诺言
730. work out ideas 出主意;work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;work out a
problem 解决问题;work out a puzzle 解谜
731. at the thought of 一想到…worry about 担心
732. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下
733. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从
734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上
高中英语10大动词短语帮你度英语难关
come
come about发生,产生,出现
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到某人
come after 跟在……后面
come along(with sb.) 快,快来;(与某人)一道来,一起来
come along with 进展;取得成功
come at 达到;了解; 向……扑过来,向……袭击
come away 离开;脱落
come back 回来,复原,恢复
come by 从旁边走过;(偶然)获得
come between离间;干预……间的事;妨碍
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒;传下来;
come down with 付出;被感染上
come from来自;生长于
come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事
come for 为什么而来
come in 进来,上市
come in (into) sight /view出现,看见
come into进入;获得;被卷入
come into action/fashion 开始行动(流行)
come into being 发生,开始存在;形成
come into blossom开花
come into force /effect 开始生效
come into power/office 上台,掌握政权
come into use 开始使用
come of是……的后代;是……的结果
come off脱落;离开;摔下;表现;(+adj.)结果是
come on (演员)出台,跟着来;快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去
come over 过来,从远处过来,转来
come out 出来,出发,结果;(花)开;(秘密)泄露;出版
come out of从……出来;由……引起;摆脱
come over过来;顺便来访;改变观点;(+adj.)逐渐变得;(v.+prep.)布满;胜过
come round绕道而来;顺便来访;苏醒
come through安然度过;安然度过;(声音经电话等)传来
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解
come to a stop /an end 停止/结束
come /get to know 逐渐认识
come to oneself 苏醒过来
come up 种子生长发育;升起;走过来;到场;出芽
come up against  应付;对付(困难,反对等)
come up against problems 遇到问题
come up to  达到;等于
come up to standard 合乎标准
come up with 赶上;胜过 ,提出(建议)
come up with a better plan 提出一个更好的计划
come upon(偶然)碰上;攻击
come to life 恢复知觉
come to one’s rescuers 帮助
come to stay 来定居;固定下来
come to terms with 甘心忍受(不愉快的困境)
come true 实现
do
do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消
do business 做买卖;做生意
do down 胜过;欺骗;说……的坏话
do experiments 做实验
do for 符合……的需要;照料;毁掉
do a good deed 做好事
do good/harm to sb. 给某人带来好处/坏处
do in 杀死某人;使精疲力竭;欺骗
do right 做的好
do some cleaning/shopping/cooking…… 扫除/买东西/做饭……
do sb. a/the fovour 帮某人一个忙
do /try one’s best to do sth  尽力做某事
do out 打扫,收拾
do the bed/the room/the dishes 铺床/收拾房子/刷碗
have something/nothing to do with……与……有/无关
do up 修理;整理;梳理(头发);扣好(女衫等);打扮得漂漂亮亮
do up one’s hair 盘起长发
do well in 在……方面干得好
do with 处理;对付
do wrong 做坏事
What to do ? 怎么办?
How do you do ?你好!
get
get a laugh 大笑一场
get a sight of 设法得到
get a word in 插话
get about 往来各处;(消息等)传开;着手干(某事)
get above oneself 变得自高自大
get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会
get ahead 进步;胜过
get ahead (of) 有进展,胜过,提前
get after 攻击;责骂
get away (from) 逃掉,离开,摆脱
get along with sth 进展得
get along with sb 相处
get around =spread 传开
get at 到达;抓住;走近;着手干;领会;贿赂
get back 受贿,回来,恢复
get behind 落后,识破 识破
get burnt 烧着
get by 走过;通过;勉强生存
get close to 接近
get down 从……下来,写下来,记下来,病了/使某人不安
get down to 认真处理;着手
get (seize,take,catch ,lay) hold of 抓住,捉住,掌握
get in 进来;到达;回到家;当选;收集;请来
get into进入;到达;穿上;陷入(困境等)
get in a word 策划
get into trouble 陷入麻烦
get in touch with与……取得联系
get in one’s way 妨碍某人
get it 懂得
get home 回家
get off 下车,离去,脱掉(衣等);摆脱
get on 上车;穿上(衣等);继续前进
get on one’s feet 站立起来
get out 出去;走开;逃出;取出;(+adj.)(天气)变得(晴朗等)
get out of下车;脱(衣);逐渐抛弃(习惯)等;离开
get out of 从……出来,避免
get out of hand失控
get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接
get ready 就位;预备
get rid of 摆脱,去掉
get sb.into trouble 使某人陷入麻烦
get stuck 遇到困难;陷进去
get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
get /be tired of 对……感到厌烦;对……失去兴趣
get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质
get to know (逐渐)认识
get to sleep 入睡;睡着
get together 聚会,联欢;聚集
get up 起床,站立,
get with 着手,开始
get broken 破碎了
get caught in  困住了
get changed  换衣服
get drunk 喝醉酒
get excited 兴奋
get hurt  受伤 
get lost  迷路
get married  结婚
get paid  付酬劳 
get tired  累了
get used to 习惯于;适应于……
have got 有
have got to (do) 不得不,必须
get married   结婚
get hurt   受伤
get paid   付酬劳
get lost 迷路
get separated 分开
get tired 累了
go
go about 走来走去;流通;着手进行;忙于;相处
go abroad 出国
go across 走过,经过
go after 追逐;追捕;追求
go after (a job,a prize)追求(职位),争取(奖品)
go against 违背;违反
go ahead 前进;先走;着手干;取得进步做吧(口语),走在前面
go along 前进;进行下去;走开
go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事
go all the way  完全同意
go at 扑向;着手处理;售价为
go away 离开;私奔
go back 返回
go back on 违背(诺言等); 毁(约)
go back on one’s word 食言,说话不算数
go back to 回到;追溯到
go by(时间)过去;从旁边经过;(时机等)轻易放过;依照;凭……判断;顺便走访
go beyond 超出
go down 沿……下去;下去;倒塌;减少,下降
go down on one’s knees 跪下
go for 竭力想取得,喜爱,适用于
go for a walk 去散步
go home 回家
go in for 从事,致力,爱好;追求
go into 研究,调查,进入
go into action 开始行动
go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开;去世;
go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走
go over 检查,审查;复习,重温
go out 外出;熄灭
go out of one’s way 特别费心(做事)
go on 继续走下去;继续进行下去;(时间)过去;发生;过活;(上装等)穿得上
go on doing sth 继续做 (同一件事)
go on to do sth  继续做 (另一件事)
go on with 继续进行
go on with one’s work 继续某人的工作
go out  出去;(灯等)熄灭
go out for 拼命想要
go out of 从……里出来;从……减少
go out of one’s mind 变得神志不清
go over 横穿;转向;复习
go round/around 足够分配; (消息)流传
go to bed 去睡觉
go together 相配;恋爱
go too far 太过分了,走太远了
go through 经历,详细检查
go though with 完成某事
on the go 很忙
to go 剩下的,未完成的
go up 上升,增加,建起;(物价等)上涨
go under 下沉,沉没;失败
go well with 伴随,与……协调;与……持同一看法
go with 相配=match=go along with
go without 没有…… 也行,将就
go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败
go red 变红
go hungry 挨饿
go wrong 出错;发生故障
go boating 去滑船
go bathing 去淋浴
going camping 宿营
go dancing 去跳舞
go fishing 去钓鱼
go hunting 去打猎
go shooting 去射击
go shopping 去购物
go skating 去滑冰
()

have
have breakfast/lunch/supper, 吃早(午、晚)餐
have tea 喝茶
have sports 进行体育活动
have labor 劳动
have deep affection on 对……有深刻影响
have difficulty in doing sth. 费力(有困难地)做某事
have fun 有趣
have a smoke 抽烟
have a discussion 讨论
have a meeting 开会
have a talk 谈话
have a talk with sb 与某人谈话
have a chat 聊天
have a fight 打仗,斗架
have a walk 步行;散步
have a word with sb 与某人谈话
have a few words with sb 与某人谈几句话
have words with sb 与某人吵架
have a quarrel 吵架
have a run 跑步
have a break (间,课间)歇
have a haircut 理一发
have a swim 游泳
have a try 试一试
have a rest 休息(一下)
have a class 上课
have a dance 跳舞
have a stomachache 胃疼;肚疼
have a toothache 牙疼
have a cold 感冒
have a fever 发烧
have a holiday 度假
have a day off 请一天假
have a good time 过(玩)得愉快
have a good / high opinion of sb 对某人评价高,对某人印象好
have an exam 进行测试
have nothing on 并不比什么强
have sth in mind 牢记
have sth on 穿/ 带着什么
have sth done 让某人做某事
have to =have got to  不得不,必须()
hear
hear about 听到关于
hear from 得到……的消息,收到……的来信
hear of 听到……
keep
keep about继续履行职责
keep after紧紧追赶;反复提醒
keep at坚持;不断对……施加压力
keep away不接近;避开
keep away from  离开。。。
keep a diary 记日记
keep a record 保持记录
keep a record of 保存成绩;保留……记录
keep a secret 保守秘密
keep an eye on 照料;照管
keep an eye out for sb /sth 留心或注意某人或某事
keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住,隐瞒
keep down 下降,缩减开支
keep doing 继续,一直做
keep hold of 握住,抓住
keep fit 保持健康;身体好
keep from避免;忍住
keep in 把……关在里面,闭门不出;留在家里;保守秘密
keep.... in mind 记着,不忘
keep off 避开,远离,让开;使不接近;
keep off the grass不要踏草
keep on (doing) (其后不能接暂短动作的动词)继续(做),不停地(做)
keep one’s balance 保持平衡
keep one’s feeling in 抑制住对。。。的感情
keep order 维持秩序
keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入,阻止
keep...out of... 把某人制止在……外
keep seeds 保存种子
keep it up 坚持着做下去
keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气;不减弱;坚持下去
keep up with 跟上;熟悉;保持接触
keep watch 注意;提防
keep with 陪伴
keep (stop/prevent )sb from doing 阻止某人做某事
keep sb doing 使某人一直做某事
keep sb.to oneself 保守秘密,不告诉别人
keep sth in mind  记着。。。
keep sth.a secret 对……保密
keep in touch with 和……保持联系
keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人()
keep together 不分散
keep time 按时,合拍子
keep to 坚持某种习惯,遵循
keep track of 记录;保持联系
look
look about 环顾;四下环顾
look after =watch out 照料;留神
look ahead 朝前看;考虑到将来
look at 看……
look at...as... 把……看作……
look away 把目光移开去
look around 到处看
look back 回头看; 回顾
look down 向下看,俯视
look down on (upon)sb 轻视某人,看不起
look for 寻找;期待
look forward 向前看
look forward to doing 盼望;期待
look in 顺便来访=drop in
look in朝里面看;顺便看望
look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报) ,窥视
look like 看起来像……
look on (upon) 旁观,看待
look on (upon)...as 把……看作,认为是……
look out 小心,当心,向外看
look out for照看;密切注意;寻找
look out of 向……外看
look over 仔细检查;从……上面看过去;审阅,翻阅
look through 浏览,仔细地检查
look sb. in the face 直视某的脸
look sb. into silence 用眼神让某人安静下来()
look sb. up and down 上下打量某人
look stronge/happy看起来(上去)强壮/高兴
look to 负责,留意
look up (从词典中)找出,查字典;向上看;好起来;寻找
look up to sb 尊敬某人
Look you! 注意!
a disappointed look 失望的表情
a shy look 害羞的表情
a worried look 焦虑的表情
judge a person by his(her) looks 以貌取人
take /have a look at sb./sth. 看一下某人/某物
make
make a (some)difference 有关系;有影响
make a dive for 冲向
make a decision 作决定
make a face(faces) 做鬼脸
make a film 制作电影
make a fire 生火
make a fool of sb. 愚弄某人
make a joke 开玩笑
make a long face 拉长脸;不高兴
make a living 谋生
make a lot of enemies 树敌太多
make a mistake犯错误
make a record 制作唱片
make a request 提要求
make a round trip 乘往返车
make a plan for 为……作计划
make a promise 许诺
make a search for 寻找
make a sentence (with)(用)造句
make a speech 作演讲
make a stand 立正;站住
make a study of sth. 研究什么
make a suggestion 提建议
make an appointment with 和……约定
make an effort to do sth. 作出努力去做谋事
make an excuse 找借口
make an experiment 做实验
make an impression on 给……印象
make an apology to sb. 向某人道歉
make away (急忙)离去;逃走
make away with 携……而逃;摧毁;浪费()
make as if 假装;装作
make beds 铺床叠被
make believe 假装,假扮
make certain 弄清楚
make coffee 冲咖啡
make down 改小(衣服)
make eyes at 向……送秋波
make good marks 取得好的分数
make friends with sb. 和某人朋友
make fun of 开……玩笑
make for 走向,向……前进;冲向
make informed decision about ... 了解
make it 办成,做到,成功;赶上,及时达到
make laws 制定法律
make money 赚钱
make matters worse 更糟糕的是
make no difference 没有关系;没有影响
make off with 携……而逃
make off 逃跑,匆匆离开
make one’s way 前进;成功
make one’s will 立遗嘱
make one’s ends meet  收支相抵
make oneself understood 使某人理解
make out 开列;书写;辩认出;开(写)支票,假装
make out of 用……制造出;理解
make peace 讲和
make peace with 与……和好
make progress 取得进步
make reference to 说道;提到;参考
make room for 给某人让地方
make sb do sth. 使某人做谋事
make sense 有意义;有道理
make sense of弄懂……的意思
make sure 确信;一定
make the best of 充分利用
make the most of 充分利用
make good use of 充分利用
make up 拼凑;组成;补偿;捏造,临时编造,虚高;化装;和解
make up for 补偿,弥补
make up of 由……组成,由……构成
make up one’s mind 下决心
make up to 接近;巴结;向……求爱
make use of 利用
make yourself at home请不要客气
make war 开战
be made by... 是由……制造(做)的
be made for... 是给……做(制)的
be made of... 是由……制成的(物理变化)
be made from... 是由……制成的(化学变化)
be made in... 是由……制造的()
be made into... 制成……(前面是原材料,后面是整体)
be made up of... 是由……组成的(主语是整体,后面是部分)
put
put across/over 解释清楚;做成(交易)
put an end to 结束;终止
put aside 储存,保留;把……放在一边,暂不考虑
put away 把……收起;储存,积攒
put back 放在原处;拨回(钟表的针);阻碍
put by 把……放在一边;储蓄;推迟对……考虑
put down 镇压,写下来
put forth 发表;提出;出版
put forward 提供;提出(要求、事实等)
put in 花费;正式提出;把……放进
put in for 申请
put ...in prison 把……投进监狱
put...into... 把什么放进什么里; 把什么译成什么
put into production 把……投入生产
put into use 投入使用
put out 熄灭;关(灯);出版;伸出;生产
put on 穿上;上演;教唆;增加(体重)
put on more pressure 增添更多压力
put on a play 上演剧目
put on speed 加速
put on weight 增加体重
put off 推迟,拖延;阻碍;下车
put one’s heart into 全心全意投入
put sb. out of job 使某人失业
put one’s feeling into words 用语言表达感
put up with 忍受,容忍(讨厌的人) 不斤斤计较
put up 举起;安装;张贴;建造,搭起,支起;为……提供住宿;进行(抵抗)
put to (船只顺避风等而)靠岸
put together把……放到一起;合计;会合
put through 使穿过;使从事;接通(电话),为……接通电话
take
It sb. st. to do sth  某人做某事花费多少时间
take action 采取行动
take along 随身携带
take aim (at) 瞄准
take a chance 碰运气
take a deep breath 做深呼吸
take advantage of 利用
take a lead 带头
take a look at 看一眼()
take a picture 拍照
take a photo of sb 给某人照相
take a risk 冒险
take a taxi 乘出租车
take an exam 参加考试
take A for B 把A误认为是B
take apart 拆开(机器等) ;分辨;区分
take...as 把……理解为 (作为)
take away 拿走,夺去,使离去;减去
take back 收回(说错的话)
take back one’s words 收回(刚讲的话)
take...by surprise 突然(吃惊)拿……;出奇兵攻占
take...by mistake 由于疏忽而拿……
take care of 照顾;照料
take charge of 负责
take down 取下;记下;拆卸
take delight in 以……为乐
take effect 生效
take effective measures 采取有效措施
take for 认为,以为;误认为
take..sth.for granted 认为理所当然
take hold of 抓住;掌握
take in 收进;接受;吸收;带进
take in sb 欺骗
take interenst in 对……感兴趣
take it (things) easy 别紧张;悠然自得;轻松
take into account 把……考虑进去
take...into consideration 考虑谋事物
take notes 作笔记
take medicine 吃药
take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等);起飞
take on 接受;包含;领会;承担,从事;呈现,具有;
take on sb 雇用
take on a new look 呈现新面貌
take oneself off 走开,离去
take one’s leave 告辞
take one’s pace 代替某人位置(职位)
take one’s seat 就坐
take one’s time 不着急;慢慢干
take one’s temperature 量体温
take office 就职
take out 拿出;去掉;扣除;(通过申请等)取得,办理
take out on 对……发泄
take over 占据;接任(职位)
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪
take pains to do 努力做某事
take part in 参与;参加
take part with 袒护;支持
take place 发生
take possession of 占有;占领
take the part of 袒护;支持
take up 拿起;着手处理;占去;占据(时间,地方),从事于;接纳(乘客)
take up with 与……成为朋友
take sb. to task 责备某人,申斥某人
take sb./sth. to 把某人/物带到(给)
take the place of 代替,顶替
take to 开始;对……产生好感;形成的习惯
take (great) trouble to do sth不辞辛苦做
take turns 轮流
take turns to do sth.轮流做某事
take in turn 依次

 
独立主格结构
请做做以下三题(答案均为B):  
(1) There I met several people, two of _________ being foreigners.  A. which B. them C. whom D. that  
(2) There I met several people, two of _________ were foreigners.  A. which B. whom C. who D. that  
(3) There I met several people, and two of _________ were foreigners.  A. which B. them C. whom D. that

高中生物学中易错的字词
《绪论》:应激性
《第一章》:钙盐 抽搐 糖元 蔗糖 纤维素 固醇 胰岛素 氨基酸 羧基 肽键酶 核苷酸 斐
林试剂 双缩脲试剂
《第二章》:线粒体 嵴椭 球形囊状结构 拟核 纺锤体 缢裂 龙胆紫 载玻片 盖玻片 解离
 准焦螺旋 癌变 黏着性
《第三章》:三磷酸腺苷 丙酮层析液[H] 渗透漏斗 原生质层 质壁分离 结缔组织 丙酮
酸 发酵 酵母菌 硝化细菌  自(异)养型需(厌)氧型
《第四章》:锡箔 琼脂 胚芽鞘 吲哚乙酸 赤霉素 乙烯 脱落酸 萘乙酸 枢纽 顶端 优势      哆嗦 极性运输 促甲状腺激素 促甲状腺激素释放激素 睾丸 第二性征 反馈 协同 拮抗 突触 突触前(后)膜 递质 颞上回 阉割 趋性 搔扒 反射 迁徙 洄游 印随 模仿
《第五章》:水螅 草履虫 匍匐茎 青霉 愈伤组织 胚囊 囊胚
《第六章》:荚膜 噬菌体 二苯胺 黏稠 腺嘌呤 鸟嘌呤 胞嘧啶 胸腺嘧啶 解旋  碱基互补
配对 半保留复制 聋哑 镰刀型细胞贫血症 硫酸二乙酯 佝偻病
《第七章》:
《第八章》:虱蚤 蚯蚓 攀援 涵养 水源 抵抗力稳定性 恢复力稳定性
《选修》:稳态 紊乱 抗利尿激素 醛固酮 黏膜 牛痘 抗原决定簇 靶细胞 辅酶Ⅱ           维管束 鞘圆褐固氮菌 黏性末端 原代培养 传代培养 单克隆抗体 芽孢 单细胞蛋白
高考英语必背短语
abound in 盛产,富于,充满
be absorbed in 专心致力于…
be abundant in …富于,…丰富
by accident 偶然
in accordance with 与…一致;按照,根据
account for 说明(原因等);解释
on account of 因为,由于
on no account 决不
take into account 考虑;重视
accuse sb. of sth. 控告(某人某事)
be accustomed to 习惯于
be acquainted with 开始认识;开始了解
act for 代理
act on 按照…而行动
act out 演出
take action 采取行动;提出诉讼
adapt to 适应
add up 加算,合计
add up to 合计达,总计是
in addition 另外
in addition to 除…之外(还有)
be adequate for 适合
adhere to 粘附在…上;坚持
admit of 容许有,有…余地
in advance 在前面;预先
in advance of 在…的前面;超过
take advantage of 趁…之机,利用
afford to (买)得起(某物)
for ages 长期
go ahead 前进;干吧
aim for 力争…,针对
be alike to 与…相同,与…相似
all but 几乎,差一点
all in all 总的说来;头等重要的
all out 竭尽全力
allow for 考虑到,估计到;体谅
allow of 容许(有…),容得
leave alone 听其自然,不要去管
along with 同…一道(一起)
amount to 总共达到;实际上是
and all that 诸如此类
answer for 对…负责;符合…
at any rate 不管怎样,反正
if any 若有的话
anything but 除…以外任何事(物)
apart from 除…之外(别无)
appeal to 上诉
apply for 提出申请(或要求等)
apply...to 把…应用于
apply oneself to 致力于
approve of 赞成,满意
as for 至于,就…方面说
as to 至于,关于
may as well 还是…的好
aside from (美)除…以外
ask after 询问,问候
ask for 请求,要求,寻求
assist in 帮助(做某事)
assure sb. of sth. 使(某人)确信(某事)
be attached to 附属于;喜爱;爱慕
attach importance to 认为重要
attain to 达到(理想的状态)
attend on 照顾,侍候
attend to 专心;照顾,护理
pay attention to 注意;重视
be attentive to 对…关怀
be available for 有效
on an average 平均起来,一般说来
be aware of 知道,意识到,认识到
back and forth (前后)来回地,往返
back away 逐渐后退
go back to 追溯到…
back up 支持,援助;倒退
keep one's balance 保持(身体)平衡
on balance 总的说来
based on 以…为基础
to begin with 首先,第一
on behalf of 代表…,为了…
belong to 属于;附属
for the best (完全)出于好意
make the best of 充分利用(时间等)
black and blue (被打得)遍体鳞伤
black out 用墨涂掉;封锁(新闻)
be to blame 该受责备;应该负责
blow up 给(轮胎等)打气;爆炸
on board 在船(车、飞机)上
boast of 吹牛,自夸,夸耀
born of 源于;出生于
be bound to 一定会…,必然…
break away 突然离开;逃跑,脱身
break down 打破;发生故障;中止
break in 训练;强行进入;打断
break into 闯进;突然…起来
break off (使)折断;中断;断绝
break out (战争等)爆发;逃出
break through 突破,冲垮;突围
break up 打碎;(关系)破裂
catch one's breath 喘息;屏息
out of breath 喘不过气来
in brief 简言之;以简洁的形式
bring about 带来;使(船)掉过头来
bring back 带回来,使恢复
bring down 降低(温度等);使倒下
bring forward 提出(建议等);显示
bring in 收获(庄稼等);生产
bring out 使…显示出来;公布
bring up 教育;提出(供讨论)
build up 树立;逐步建立;增大
burn out 烧坏;烧尽,筋疲力尽
burn up (炉火等)烧旺起来
burst into laughter 突然笑起来
but for 倘没有,要不是
by far …得多;最最
call after 追在…的后面叫喊
call back 叫回来,收回(错话等)
call for 要求,需要,提倡
call forth 唤起,引起
call in 收回(某物)
call off 叫走,叫开;取消
call on 访问;号召;呼吁
call up 征召(服役),动员
cannot but 不得不,不会不
cannot help 不得不;忍不住
cannot help but 不得不(接动词原形)
cannot...too... 越…越好
be capable of 有做出(某事)倾向的
care for 关怀,照管;愿意
carry back 运回;使回想起
carry off 拿走,夺去…的生命
carry on 继续开展,坚持下去
carry out 进行(到底),开展
carry through 进行(到底);贯彻
a case in point 一个恰当的例子
in case 假如;免得
in case of 假如,万一…
in any case 无论如何,总之
in no case 决不,无论如何不
in the case of 就…来说;至于
in this case 既然是这样
cash in 兑现;收到…的货款
catch on 理解,明白,变得流行
catch up with 赶上;指出…出了差错
be caught up in 对…特别感兴趣
for certain 肯定地;确凿地
take a chance 冒险,投机
take one's chance 碰运气,听任命运
check in 办理登记手续,报到
check out 结账后离开;检验合格
check up 核对,检验
cheer up 使高兴,使高兴起来
clear away 把…清除掉;(云)消失
clear off 消除,摆脱(负担等)
clear out 把…清出(或出空)
clear up 消除(误会等);整理
close about 围住,包围
close down (工厂等)关闭,倒闭
close in 包围;迫近;渐短
close up 关闭;堵塞;靠近
come to a close 结束,终止
draw to a close 渐近结束
come about 发生;(风等)改变方向
come across (越过…而)来到
come at 袭击;达到;得到
come of 出身于;由…引起
come off (计划等)实现;举行
come on (劝说等)来吧;开始
come out 出版;传出;显现
come through 经历(困难);获得成功
come to 苏醒;共计;达到
come to terms with 达成协议;妥协,让步
come true 实现,达到
come up 走近;(从土中)长出,被提出
come up to 达到;符合
keep company with 与…交往;和…亲热
compare...to 把…比作;与…相比较
by comparison 比较起来
in comparison with 与…比较
be concerned with 关心,挂念;从事于
on condition that 如果…;在…条件下
in consequence 结果是,因此
in consequence of 由于…的缘故
consist in 在于;存在于
consist of 由…构成,包含有
consult with 与…商量(协商)
on the contrary 正相反
to the contrary 意思相反的(地)
contribute to 有助于…,促成
beyond control 无法控制
out of control 失去控制
under control 处于控制之下
cope with 对付…,妥善处理
at all costs 不惜任何代价
at any cost 不惜任何代价
at the cost of 以…为代价
count on 依靠;期待,指望
count out 点…的数
count up 把…加起来,共计
in the course of 在…期间,在…过程中
cover up 掩盖,掩饰
on credit 赊(购)
cross off 从…划掉,删去
cross out 删去,取消
cry for 哭着要;恳求
cry out 大声呼喊;大声抱怨
cut across 抄近路穿过,对直通过
cut down 砍倒;消减;缩短
cut in (汽车)超车,抢挡
cut off 切掉;切断;阻隔
cut out 切掉;删掉;停止
cut through (抄近路)穿过;穿透
cut up 切碎;齐根割掉
in the dark 在黑暗中;秘密地
out of date 过时的,陈旧的
to date 到此为止
up to date 现代的;直到最近的
date back to 追溯到;从…开始有
every other day 每隔一天
one day (过去或将来的)某一天
the other day 在不久前某天
to a day 一天也不差
deal out 分配,分给
deal with 做买卖;处理;安排
make a deal with 与…做买卖;和…妥协
get into debt 借债,负债
in debt to sb. 欠某人的债
out of debt 不欠债
decide for 作对…有利的决定
decide on 选定,决定
take delight in 以…为乐
depart from 离开,起程;开出
derive from 取得;起源;由来
in detail 详细地
devote oneself to 献身于;致力于
die away 变弱;逐渐平息
die for 渴望,切望
die from 由于…而死,因…致死
die off 一个个死掉
die out 消失,灭绝;熄灭
make a difference 有影响,有关系
dip into 浸一浸;掏;翻阅一下
in all directions 向四面八方
on display 展出
at sb's disposal 任某人处理
in the distance 在远处,远方的
do away with 废除,去掉;弄死
do by sb. 对待(某人)
do down 胜过;欺骗
do for 对…有效;照应
do with 与…相处;忍受;对付
do without 没有…也行;将就have sth. to do with 和…有关;和…打交道
do wrong 做错;作恶,犯罪
double back 把…对折;往回跑
no doubt 无疑地,必定;很可能
throw doubt upon 使人对…产生怀疑
without doubt 无疑地,很可能
get down to work 认真开始工作
drag in 把…拉进去
draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw back 收回(已付关税等)
draw in (火车、汽车)进站
draw lots 抽签,抽签决定
draw out 拉长;掏出(手帕等)
draw to a close 结束;终结
draw up 起草,制订
dream of 梦到;梦想;向往
dream up (凭想象)虚构
dress up 穿上盛装
drink to 为…干杯,为…祝福
drive out 赶出去
drop out 退出,退学;掉落
due to 由于;应归于
be all ears 全神贯注地倾听着
give ear to 听,倾听
give one's ears 不惜任何代价(要)
earn one's living 谋生
on earth 在世界上;究竟,到底
at ease 自由自在;舒适,舒坦
eat up 吃完,吃光;耗尽
bring into effect 实行,实现,实施
come into effect 开始生效,开始实行
in effect 实际上;正实行中
take effect (药等)见效
or else 否则,要不然
employ oneself in 使忙于,使从事于
come to an end 告终,结束;完结
end in 以…为结果
end up 结束,告终;竖着
end up with 以…而结束
on end 连续地;竖着
engaged in 使从事于,使忙于
engaged with 与…有事商谈
ensure sb. against 保护某人免受…
enter into 进入;参加;开始从事
equip with 装备,配备
by error 错误地
in error 弄错了的;错误地
at all events 无论如何
in any event 不管怎样,无论如何
in the event of 如果…发生,万一
in exchange for 交换
expect of 对…期望(要求)
at the expense of 归…付费
to some extent 在某种程度上
catch sb.'s eye 引起(某人)注目
keep an eye on 照看;留意
keep one's eyes open 留心看着;保持警惕
face up to 勇敢地对付;大胆面向
in face of 面对;纵然,即使
as a matter of fact 事实上,其实
in point of 实际上,就事实而论
fail in 在…不足,疏忽
fail to 不能,记忆
fall back on 求助于,转而依靠
fall behind 落在…后面,跟不上
fall into 落入;陷于;河流注入
fall out of 放弃(习惯等)
far from 远离,决不,完全不
so far 迄今为止
be in fashion (人、物)合于时尚
do sb. a favour 给某人以恩惠
in favour of 赞成,支持;有利于
fear for 为…担心
for fear of 由于害怕;生怕,以免
feed on 以…为食物(能源)
feed up 供给…营养
feed with 加上(油、煤等)
be fed up 吃得过饱;对…极厌倦
feel like 感到想要做
feel out 试探出,摸清
feel up to 觉得能担当
a few 少许,一些
a good few 相当多,不少
no fewer than 不少于
quite a few 相当多,有相当数目
figure on 把…估计在内;指望
figure out 计算出;估计;理解
figure up 计算…,把…总加起来
fill in 填充,填写,临时代替
fill out 填好,填写;使长大
fill up 填补;装满
find oneself 发觉自己的处境
find out 查明;找到;发现
on fire 起火;(喻)非常激动
set fire to 使燃烧,点燃
fix up 修补,修理好;解决
focus...on 使眼睛注视,集中
as follows 如下
be fond of 爱好
put...in force 实施…;使…生效
and so forth 等等
free from 不受…影响的
free of 无…的;摆脱了…的
freeze up (使)冻结
to the full 完全地;彻底地
make fun of 取笑,嘲笑
generation gap 代沟
in general 通常,一般地说
get across 使通过,使被理解
get along with 与…友好相处;有进展
get down to 开始认真考虑或对待
get in 收获;收(税等);抵达
get over 克服(困难等)
get through 到达;完成;接通电话
get together 聚集;会面;装配
give away 泄露(秘密等);增送
give back 归还;恢复;后退
give in 投降;交上去;听任
give off 发出或放出(蒸气等)
give out 分发;发出(气味等)
give rise to 产生;引起
give up 放弃;投降;抛弃
give way to 让位于;给…让路
go about 从事,着手做;闲逛
go after 追逐,追求;设法得到
go ahead 前进,领先;取得进展
go all out 全力以赶;鼓足干劲
go along with 赞同;附合,支持
go around (消息)流传;足够分配
go back on 违背,
毁(约)
go by 走过,放过;依照
go down 下去;(船等)下沉
go for 为…去;努力获取
go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求
go into 进入;投入;调查
go into action 开始行动
go off 离去;去世;被发射
go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走
go on 继续下去,进行;接近
go out 走出(房间等);罢工
go over 检查;从头至尾温习
go through 经历;完成;检查
go together 相配;恋爱
go up 上升;(物价等)上涨
go with 与…持同一看法;伴随
go without 不享受
for good 永久地;一劳永逸地
good for 有效的;值…;胜任
guarantee against 保证…不…
do one's hair (女子)做头发
do up one's hair (女子)梳理头发
at hand 在手边;在附近
by hand 用手;用手工的
in hand 现有在手头;在进行中
on hand 现有;在手边;临近
hand down 把…传下来;传给
hand in 交上;递上,交进
hand in hand 手拉手;联合
hand on 传下来,依次传递
hand out 分派;把…拿出来
hand over 交出,移交;让与
shake hands with 与…握手
hang about 闲荡;聚在…临近
hang on 抓紧不放;坚持下去
hang on to 紧紧握住
hang up 把…挂起来;挂断
be hard on sb. 过于严厉对待某人
hardly...when... 刚…就…
head for 朝…方向走去
head on 迎面地,正面地
inquire for 询问(商店、地点等)
for instance 例如,比如,举例说
by instinct 凭(靠)本能
in the interest of 为了…的利益,为了
interfere in 干涉,干预
interfere with 打扰(某人),妨碍
at intervals 不时;相隔一定的距离
as it is 事实上,既然如此
as it were 似乎,可以说是
be keen about 喜爱,对…着迷
be keen on 喜爱;渴望
keep away 站开;使离开
keep back 留在后面;阻止;隐瞒
keep company with 和…交往
keep from 阻止;使免于;隐瞒
keep in mind 记住
keep off 避开;不让…接近
keep out of 躲开,(使)置身…之外
keep to oneself 保守秘密,不与人来往
keep up with 跟上,不落后
kill off 消灭,杀光
kind of (状语)有点儿,有几分
fall on one's knees 跪下(请求等)
for lack of 因缺乏;因没有
at large 完全地;详尽地
at last 最终,终于
at the latest 最迟,至迟
no later than 不迟于…
laugh at 因…而发笑;嘲笑
laugh over 笑着谈论
lay aside 把…放在一边;储存
lay down 放下;铺设(铁路)
lay off 停止;(临时)解雇
lay out 花费;布置;摆开
lay over 涂,覆盖;压倒
lay up 贮存,储蓄;暂停使用
lead to 通向,导致;引起
lead up to 把…一直带领到;导致
at least 至少,最低限度
in the least 一点(也不),丝毫(不)
leave alone 不管,不理会;不打扰
leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带
leave off (使)停止;停下来
leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略
at length 最后,终于
let alone 不干涉;不碰
let down 放下;降低;使…失望
let go 放开;释放;发射
let in 让…进入;放…出来
let off 放(炮);开(枪);宽恕
let out 放掉(水等),发出
let up 减小;(雨等)渐渐停止
on a level with 和…同一水准
lie down 躺下;(故意)躺下不干
lie in 在于;分娩;睡懒觉
lie on 依赖;压迫;折磨(人)
lie over 等待以后处理
lie up 卧床;(船)入坞
in light of 按照,根据;鉴于
all one's life 一生,一辈子bring to life 使苏醒
come to life 苏醒过来
for life 终身
to the life 逼真地,维妙维肖
throw light on sth. 解释,阐明
light up 照亮;点(烟)
make light of 轻视,藐视
set light by 轻视
and the like 等等,以及诸如此类
like any thing 象什么似地;拼命地
limber up 使柔软;柔和一下身体
go beyond the limit 超过限度
to the limit 到顶点,到最大限度
within limits 在一定范围之内
in line 成一直线;整齐;一致
in line with 跟…一致;符合
listen for 等着听…(的声音)
listen into 收听;监听;偷听
not a little 许多,很
live off 住在…之外;靠…生活
live on 靠…生活;以…为食
live out 活过(某一段时间)
live through 经历过;度过;经受住
live up to 无愧于;做到;符合
live with 接受;忍受;承认
be located in 位于…,坐落在…
at longest (把日期)至多,最晚
in the long run 从长远来看,最后
long for 渴望
so long as 只要,如果;既然
look down on 蔑视,看不起
look forward to 盼望,期待;预期
look into 观察;调查;窥视
look on 旁观;观看;面向
look through (从头至尾)浏览;温习
look up 向上看;查出
look up to sb. 尊敬,敬仰
lose heart 灰心,泄气
lose no time 立即
at a loss 困惑;亏本地
be loyal to 忠于
in the main 基本上,大体上
major in 专攻,专修
made up of 由…组成,由…构成
make as if 假装;装作
make away (急忙)离去;逃走
make away with 携…而逃;摧毁;浪费
make beds 铺床叠被make down 改小(衣服)
make for 走向,向…前进;冲向
make fun of 嘲笑;开…玩笑
make off with 携…而逃
make one's way 前进;成功,发迹
make out 开列;书写;辩认出
make out of 用…制造出;理解
make over 把(财产)转让;改造
make up 拼凑;组成;补偿
make up for 补偿,弥补
many a 许多的,一个又一个的
in the mass 总体上,整个儿地
the mass of 大多数,大部分
as a matter of fact 事实上;其实
may as well 最好,不妨
by all means 尽一切办法;一定
by means of 用,凭借,依靠
by any means 无论如何
by no means 决不,并没有
measure up 合格,符合标准
measure up to 符合,达到,够得上
take one's measure 量尺寸;打量,估计
in memory of 纪念…
not to mention 更不必说
at the mercy of 在…支配下
have mercy on 对…表示怜悯
make a mess of 把…弄糟
mind you 听着,请注意
by mistake 错误地
mistake for 把…错认为
mix up 混全,混淆;搞糊涂
at the moment 此刻,目前;那时
for the moment 暂时;目前
in a moment 立即,立刻
the moment 一…就…
more often than not 时常,在更多情况下
make the most of 充分利用;极为重视
move on 继续前进
make much of 重视;充分利用
not much of a 不是一个好的
not so much...as... 与其说是…不如说是…
not think much of 对…估价不高
by name 名叫;用名字
by the name of 名叫
in the name of 以…的名义;代表
name after 用…的名字作名字
by nature 生性,本性上
in nature 性质上;实际上
in the nature of 具有…的性质的
near to 接(靠)近;几乎要
not nearly 远非,相差很远
none but 只有
none the less 仍然,依然
not at all 不点也不;别客气
not but that 虽然
not in the least 毫不
make a note of 把…记下来
take note of 注意(到)
take notes 记笔记
nothing but 只有;只不过
think nothing of 把…看成平常
to say nothing of 更不必说
now that 既然,由于
on occasion 间或,有时
occur to 被想到
all at once 突然;同时;一起
at once 立刻,马上;同时
once for all 一劳永逸地
once in a while 偶尔,间或
only too 非常,实在
in the open 在户外;在露天
keep one's eyes open 留心看着;保持警惕
open out (打)开;开发;表明
bring into operation 实施,使生效
come into operation 施行;生效;开始工作
in order 整齐;状况良好
out of order 不整齐;发生故障
every other 每隔一个…的
none other than 不是别人而正是
other than 不同于;除了
owing to 由于,因为
of one's own 属于某人自己的
on one's own 独自地;主动地
keep pace with 与…齐步前进
in part 在某种程度上;部份地
in  particular 特别,尤其;详细地
pass away 消失;去世;终止
pass on 把…传给别人;转入
pass through 穿过;经历;遭受
pay back 偿还(借款等);回报
pay for 偿还;受到惩罚
pay off 还清(债款)
pay out 付出(款项等)
pay up 全部付清(钱);付款
at peace 处于和平(或和睦)状态
make peace with (与…)讲和
in person 亲自;身体上;外貌上
pick off 摘下,摘掉
pick out 选出,挑出
pick up 拣起;(车等)中途搭人
break into pieces (使)成为碎片
pile up 堆积;积聚
in place 在适当的位置;适当的
in place of 代替
in the first place 起初,本来;首先
out of place 不相称;不合适
take place 发生;进行;举行
take the place of 代替
play with 以…为消遣;玩弄
point out 指出,指明;解释
point to 指向
to the point 中肯;扼要
in practice 在实践中
out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
put into practice 实行,实施
at present 目前,现在
for the present 目前,暂时,暂且
preserve from 保护,使…免遭
prevent...from... 阻止,妨碍
take pride in 以…自豪
on principle 根据原则,按照原则
on the principle of 根据…的原则
prior to 在前,居先,比…在先
for the sake of 为了,为了…的利益
for sale 待售,出售的
on sale 上市的;减价;贱卖
all the same 仍然,照样地
save for 留供…用
save on 节省,节约
save up 储蓄;贮存;节省
that is to say 那就是说,换句话说
on a large scale 大规模地
on a small scale 小规模地
ahead of schedule 提前
behind schedule 落后于预定计划
on schedule 按照预定时间,准时
in season (水果等)应时的
be seated 坐下,坐着;位于…
in secret 秘密地,私下地
keep sth. secret 把某事保守秘密
see about 负责处理(某事);查看
see sb. off 为某人送行
see to 负责,注意,照料
seeing that 鉴于…,由于…的缘故
send for 派人去请;召唤;索取
send in 呈报;送…参加比赛
send off 寄出;为…送行;解雇
send out 发送;派遣;发出请柬
send up 发出;射出;呈递
in a sense 从某种意义上说
make sense 讲得通,言之有理
serve as 充当;起作用
in session 在开会;在开庭
set about 开始;散布(谣言等)
set apart 使分离;使显得突出
set aside 挑出;不顾;取消
set back (把钟等)往回拨;推迟
set down 记下;登记;放下
set forth 动身起程
set off 动身,出发;使爆炸
set oneself against 坚决反对
set out 动身;开始;装饰
set up 开办;建立;设立
settle down 定居;安下心来
in the shape of 呈…的形状
be short of 缺乏,不足;达不到
in short 总之,总而言之
show off 炫耀,卖弄
show up 使显现;揭露;拆穿
shrug off 耸肩表示对…不屑理睬
side walk 人行道
at sight of 一看见
at first sight 乍一看(之下)
catch sight of 发现,看到,突然看见
in sight 被见到,看得见;在望
out of sight 看不见,在视野之外
sign in 签到;签收
sign on 签约受雇用
keep silence 保持沉默,不讲话
ever since 从那时起一直到现在
long since 很久以前
sketch out 草拟;概略地叙述
be skilled in 擅长
skim over 掠过,擦过;浏览
or so 大约
so much as that 到这样程度以致…
something like 几分象;大约
something of 在某种意义(或程度)上
sooner or later 迟早,早晚,或迟或早
no sooner...than 一…就…
heart and soul 全心全意(地)
to speak of 值得一提的
at a speed of 以…的速度
at full speed 以全速
speed up 使加速,增加速度
in spite of 尽管;不顾;虽然
on the spot 当场,立即;在现场
spread out 伸开,展开;传播
spring up 涌现;发生;迅速长出
stand a chance 很可能,有希望
stand by 站在旁边;袖手旁观
stand for 代替;代表;意味着
stand in one's way 阻碍,妨碍
stand out 引人注目;杰出,出色
stand up 立起;(论点)站得住脚
stand up for 为…辩护;维护;坚持
stand up to 勇敢地面对;坚决抵抗
stay up 不睡觉,熬夜
in step 协调;同步;合拍
step by step 逐步地,一步步地
step up 走近来;登上去
take steps 采取步骤;采取措施
stick out 伸出;坚持到底;显眼
stick to 坚持;忠于;信守
store up 贮藏,储备
stretch out 伸展;伸手拿…
struggle against 与…作斗争,和…斗争
struggle for 为…而斗争
be subject to 易受…的;惯患…的
succeed in 在…成功
all of a sudden 突然,冷不防
sum up 总结,概括
in support of 支援;支持;拥护
be supposed to 被期望;应该
for sure 确实,毫无疑问地
switch off (用开关)关掉
switch on (用开关)开启
be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
at table 在餐桌边,在进餐时
on the table (摆)在桌面上,公开地
take after 与…相象
take apart 拆开(机器等)
take...as 把…理解为
take away 拿走,夺去,使离去
take down 取下;记下;拆卸
take for 认为,以为;误认为
take on 接受;包含;领会
take into account 把…考虑进去
take off 拿走;脱下(衣帽等)
take on 呈现(面貌);装出
take out 拿出;去掉;扣除
take over 占据;接任(职位)
take up 占去,占据;开始从事
take to 开始;对…产生好感
take up 拿起;着手处理;占去
talk back 回嘴,顶嘴
talk over 商量,(充分)讨论
talk up 大声地讲;大胆地讲
talk with 与…交谈,试图说服
taste of 有…味道(或气息)
tear down 扯下;拆毁;诋毁
teach a lesson 给…一个教训
in tears 流着泪;含泪哭
tell...from 辨别,分辨;认出
tell about 讲述
tell...apart 把…区分开
in terms of 根据;以…的措词
lose one's temper 发怒,发脾气
keep on good terms 保持友好关系
keep terms with sb. 同某人交往
make terms 达成协议
no other than 除…外没有;只有
thanks to 由于
and all that 诸如此类
in that 既然;因为
that is 就是说;即(略为i.e)
think of 考虑;记得;认为
think of...as 把…看作是,以为…是
think out 彻底地想一想
think over 仔细考虑
think through 思考…直到得出结论
think twice 重新考虑
think up 发明;设计出
on second thoughts 经重新考虑后
throw about 到处扔;转向航行
throw away 扔掉,抛弃
throw off 扔开;匆匆脱掉(衣服)
throw over 抛弃(计划等)
throw up 抛起;呕出(食物)
tie up 束紧,缚牢;包扎
ahead of time 提前,在原定时间以前
all the time 一直,始终
at a time 每次;在某个时刻
at all times 无论何时,一直
at any time 在任何时候
at no time 决不,在任何时候都不
at one time 同时;曾经,一度
at other times 平时
at the same time 同时,然而,不过
at times 有时,不时
for the time being 暂时,眼下
from time to time 时常,有时,不时
in no time 立即,立刻;马上
in time 及时,适时;还早
on time 按时,准时
once upon a time (故事的开头)从前
take time 不急不忙,从容进行
up to time 准时
all too 太
cannot...too... 怎么…也不会过分
none too 一点也不
on top of 在…之上;除…之外
keep in touch 保持联系
come true (希望等)实现,达到
try for 谋求,争取
try on 试穿;试用;试验
try out (彻底)试验
by turns 轮流,交替地
in turn 依次,轮流
on the turn 正在转变中
take turns 依次,轮流
turn away 走开;把脸转过去
turn down 关小,调低;拒绝
turn in 转身进入;拐入;交出
turn into 进入;使变成,使成为
turn off 关(水源等);拐弯
turn on 开,旋开(电灯等)
turn out 生产;驱逐;翻转
turn one's back on 不理睬
turn over (机器等)运转;翻过来
turn to 变成;求助于;着手
turn up 出现;找到;证明是
be up against 面临(困难等)
up to 直到;从事于;轮到
come into use 开始被使用
in use 在使用着
make use of 利用,使用
use up 用完,耗尽;花完
do one's utmost 竭力,尽全力
in vain 徒劳,白辛苦;轻慢
a point of view 观点,着眼点
in view of 鉴于,考虑到;由于
on view 展览着;上映中
with the view of 以…为目的
wander about 漫游;闲逛
watch out for 密切注意;戒备,提防
by the way 顺便提一下,另外
by way of 通过…方法;经由
give way 让路,让步;撤退
in a way 在某种程度上
in every way 在各方面,以各种方式
in no way 决不,一点也不
in the way 挡道的,妨碍人的
in the way of 妨碍;在…方面,关于
lead the way 引路,带路;示范
make way 让路;开路;进展
make one's way 前进,前往,行进
under way 在进行中,前进着
wear off 逐渐消失;磨掉;耗损
wear out 穿破,用坏;耗尽
weep away 在哭泣中度过
weep out 边哭边说出
What if...? 倘使…将会怎么?
once in a while 偶尔,有时
as a whole 总体上
on the whole 总的来说,大体上
wind up 结束,停止;卷紧
wipe out 把…的里面擦洗干净
wish for 盼望,希望,想要
No wonder... 难怪…,怪不得…
in other words 换句话说,也就是说
keep one's word 守信用,遵守诺言
word for word 逐字地;一字不变地
work at 从事于,致力于
work out 算出;设计出;制定出
and yet 而,然而
as yet 到目前为止
by yourself 你独自地,你独立地
access to 接近;通向…的入口
be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾
for all that 尽管,虽然
make an appeal to sb 向某人提出呼吁;上诉
apply to 向…申请或要求
approach to 接近;约等于
on the average 平均起来,一般说来
on the basis of 在…的基础上
be beneficial to 有利于,有益于
be better off 境况富裕;更富有
be to blame for 对…应负责任
be blind to 不了解,对…是盲目的
turn a blind eye to 对…装作不见
hold one's breath (由于激动等原因)屏息
lose one's breath 喘不过气来,呼吸困难
bring on 引导,导致;使发展
burn down 把…夷为平地
burn oneself out (因过劳而)筋疲力尽
burst into 闯入;突然发作
burst up 爆炸;失败;突然发怒
stand a good chance 很有可能,大有希望
in charge 主管;在…掌管之下
in full charge 负全责;勇猛向前
cheer on 向…欢呼;鼓励;声援
chew over 深思,细想;仔细商量
around the clock 昼夜不断地,全天地
combine with 使结合;使联合起来
come to one's mind 忽然想起
when it comes to 一谈到;就…而论
be comparable to 比得上…
complain of 抱怨;诉苦;抗议
be composed of 由…组成
connect with 连接;相通,衔接
be considerate of 体谅…,替…着想
considering that 鉴于…,就…而论
correspond to 相当于;和…相符合
count in 把…计算在内
in course of 正在…中
cure sb. of 治愈某人的疾病
die away 变弱;渐渐消失;平息
die out 消失,灭绝,不复存在
be on a diet 节食
in the direction of 向…方向,在…方向
disguise...as 把…假扮成;使…假装
dispose of 除掉;干掉;卖掉
be eager for sth. 渴求某事物
engage in 从事于,参加
enter for 报名参加(比赛)
be envious of 羡慕(或忌妒)
be essential to 对…不可缺少
in the event that 如果,万一的
excuse sb. for sth. 原谅某人做了某事
excuse oneself from 借口推托;婉言拒绝
for fear that 以免;生怕,唯恐
be fed up with 对…感到厌烦,腻了
feel one's way 摸索着走(干),试探
forgive sb. for sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事
be generous in 乐于…
be generous with用…很大方
get to 到达;接触;开始
give out 发表;精疲力竭
go against 违反;反对;不利于
be good to 对…好;对…很慈善
hunt for 搜寻;寻找;追猎
on one's honour 以名誉担保
pay honour to 向…致敬
impact on 对…冲击,碰撞;影响
at the instance of 应…之请,经…的提议
interfere with 妨碍;打扰
be jealous of 嫉妒…
not just...but 不仅…而且…
be keen on 喜爱,爱好;渴望
keep an eye on 注意,监视
keep pace with 与…齐步前进
keep to 坚持;固守(习惯等)
know sb. by name 只知道某人的名字
lead up to 逐渐导致
in the mass 总体上,一般地
marvel at 惊奇(异)
never for a moment 决不,从来没有
needless to say 不用说
strain every nerve 竭尽全力
object to 反对;抗议,抱反感
be occupied in 忙于…,正从事…
or else 否则,要不然
other from 不同于
fair play 公平的竞赛;公平对待
jump the queue 不按次序排队;加塞
be responsible to sb 向…负责
scarcely...when 刚…就…
on schedule 按预定时间
see after 照尖,照顾
see through 干完,干到底
seek after 寻找;探索;追求
set aside 提出;把…置于一旁
in shape 处于良好(或固有)状态
share in 分享,分担
for short 简称,缩写
run short 快用完;将耗尽
at stake 在危险中;危如累卵
in stock 在贮存中;现有,备有
be superior to 比…更优越
talk into 说服;劝说某人做某事
thanks to 由于,多亏,幸亏
at the thought of 一想起…(就)
be worth doing 值得(做)

690英语高频词汇
1. alter v. 改变,改动,变更
2. burst vi./n. 突然发生,爆裂
3. dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理(of)
4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉
5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽
6. split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a.裂开的
7. spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃
8. spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出
9. slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略
10. slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片
11. bacteria n. 细菌
12. breed n. 种,品种 v. 繁殖,产仔
13. budget n. 预算 v. 编预算,作安排
14. candidate n. 候选人
15. campus n. 校园
16. liberal a. 慷慨的;丰富的;自由的
17. transform v. 转变,变革;变换
18. transmit v. 传播,播送;传递
19. transplant v. 移植
20. transport vt. 运输,运送 n. 运输,运输工具
21. shift v. 转移;转动;转变
22. vary v. 变化,改变;使多样化
23. vanish vi. 消灭,不见
24. swallow v. 吞下,咽下 n. 燕子
25. suspicion n. 怀疑,疑心
26. suspicious a. 怀疑的,可疑的
27. mild a. 温暖的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的
28. tender a. 温柔的;脆弱的
29. nuisance n. 损害,妨害,讨厌(的人或事物)
30. insignificant a. 无意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的
31. accelerate vt. 加速,促进
32. absolute a. 绝对的,无条件的;完全的
33. boundary n. 分界线,边界
34. brake n. 刹车,制动器 v. 刹住(车)
35. catalog n. 目录(册) v. 编目
36. vague a. 模糊的,不明确的
37. vain n. 徒劳,白费
38. extinct a. 绝灭的,熄灭的
39. extraordinary a. 不平常的,特别的,非凡的
40. extreme a. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,过分
41. agent n. 代理人,代理商;动因,原因
42. alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精
43. appeal n./vi. 呼吁,恳求
44. appreciate vt. 重视,赏识,欣赏
45. approve v. 赞成,同意,批准
46. stimulate vt. 刺激,激励
47. acquire vt. 取得,获得;学到
48. accomplish vt .完成,到达;实行
49. network n. 网状物;广播网,电视网;网络
50. tide n. 潮汐;潮流
51. tidy a. 整洁的,整齐的
52. trace vt. 追踪,找到 n. 痕迹,踪迹
53. torture n./vt. 拷打,折磨
54. wander vi. 漫游,闲逛
55. wax n. 蜡
56. weave v. 织,编
57. preserve v. 保护,保存,保持,维持
61. abuse v. 滥用,虐待;谩骂
62. academic a. 学术的;高等院校的;研究院的
63. academy n. (高等)专科院校;学会
64. battery n. 电池(组)
65. barrier n. 障碍;棚栏
66. cargo n. (船、飞机等装载的)货物
67. career n. 生涯,职业
68. vessel n. 船舶;容器,器皿;血管
69. vertical a. 垂直的
70. oblige v. 迫使,责成;使感激
71. obscure a. 阴暗,模糊
72. extent n. 程度,范围,大小,限度
73. exterior n. 外部,外表 a. 外部的,外表的
74. external a. 外部的,外表的,外面的
75. petrol n. 汽油
76. petroleum n. 石油
77. delay vt./n. 推迟,延误,耽搁
78. decay vi. 腐烂,腐朽
79. decent a. 像样的,体面的
80. route n. 路;路线;航线
81. ruin v. 毁坏,破坏 n. 毁灭,[pl.]废墟
82. sake n. 缘故,理由
83. satellite n. 卫星
84. scale n. 大小,规模;等级;刻度
85. temple n. 庙宇
86. tedious a. 乏味道,单调的,
87. tend vi.易于,趋向
88. tendency n.趋向,趋势
89. ultimate a. 极端的,最大的,最终的 n. 极端
90. undergo v. 经历,遭受
91. abundant a. 丰富的,充裕的,大量的
92. adopt v. 收养;采用;采纳
93. adapt vi. 适应,适合;改编,改写 vt. 使适应
94. bachelor n. 学士,学士学位;单身汉
95. casual a. 偶然的,碰巧的;临时的;非正式的
96. trap n. 陷阱,圈套 v. 设陷阱捕捉
97. vacant a. 空的,未占用的
98. vacuum n. 真空,真空吸尘器
99. oral a. 口头的,口述的,口的
100. optics n. (单、复数同形)光学
101. organ n. 器官,风琴
102. excess n. 过分,过量,过剩
103. expel v. 驱逐,开除,赶出
104. expend v. 消费
105. expenditure n. 支出,消费;经费
106. expense n. 开销,费用
107. expensive a. 花钱多的;价格高贵的
108. expand v. 扩大,扩张;展开,膨胀
109. expansion n. 扩大,扩充;发展,膨胀
110. private a. 私人的,个人的
111. individual a. 个别的,单独的 n. 个人,个体
112. personal a. 个人的,私人的;亲自的
114. personnel n. [总称]人员,员工;人事部门
115. the Pacific Ocean 太平洋
116. the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋
117. the Arctic Ocean 北冰洋
118. the Antarctic Ocean 南冰洋
119. grant vt. 授予,同意,准予
119. grand a. 宏伟大,壮丽的,重大的
120. invade v. 侵入,侵略,侵袭
121. acid n. 酸,酸性物质 a. 酸的;尖刻的
122. acknowledge v. 承认;致谢
123. balcony n. 阳台
124. calculate vt. 计算,核算
125. calendar n. 日历,月历
126. optimistic a. 乐观
127. optional a. 可以任选的,非强制的
128. outstanding a. 杰出的,突出的,显著的
129. export n. 出口(物) v. 出口,输出
130. import n. 进口(物) v. 进口,输入
131. impose vt. 把...加强(on);采用,利用
132. religion n. 宗教,宗教信仰
133. religious a. 宗教的
134. victim n. 牺牲品,受害者
135. video n. 电视,视频 a. 电视的,录像的
136. videotape n. 录像磁带 v. 把...录在录像带上
137. offend v. 冒犯,触犯
138. bother v. 打搅,麻烦
139. interfere v. 干涉,干扰,妨碍
140. internal a. 内部的,国内的
141. beforehand ad. 预先,事先
142. racial a. 人种的种族的
143. radiation n. 放射物,辐射
144. radical a.根本的;激进的
145. range n. 幅度,范围 v. (在某范围内)变动
146. wonder n. 惊奇,奇迹 v. 想知道,对...感到疑惑
147. isolate vt. 使隔离,使孤立
148. issue n. 问题,争论点;发行,(报刊)一期
149. hollow a. 空的,中空的,空虚道
150. hook n. 钩 vt. 钩住
151. adequate a. 适当地;足够
152. adhere vi. 粘附,附着;遵守,坚持
153. ban vt. 取缔,禁止
154. capture vt. 俘虏,捕获
155. valid a. 有效的,有根据的;正当的
156. valley n. 山谷,峡谷
157. consistent a. 坚固定;一致的,始终如一的
158. continuous a. 继续的,连续(不断)的
159. continual a. 不断地,频繁的
160. explode v. 爆炸;爆发;激增
161. exploit v. 剥削;利用,开采
162. explore v. 勘探
163. explosion n. 爆炸;爆发;激增
164. explosive a. 爆炸的;极易引起争论的
165. remote a. 遥远的,偏僻的
166. removal n. 除去,消除
167. render vt. 使得,致使
167. render vt.呈递, 归还, 着色, 汇报, 致使, 放弃, 表演, 实施vi.给予补偿n.交纳, 粉刷, 打底
168. precaution n. 预防,防备,警惕
169. idle a. 懒散的,无所事事的
170. identify vt. 认出,鉴定
171. identify n. 身份;个性,特性
172. poverty n. 贫穷
173. resistant a. (to)抵抗的,抗...的,耐...的
174. resolve vt. 解决;决定,决意
175. barrel n. 桶
176. bargain n. 便宜货 vi. 讨价还价
177. coarse a. 粗的,粗糙的,粗劣的
178. coach n. 教练;长途公共汽车
179. code n. 准则,法规,密码
180. coil n. 线圈 v. 卷,盘绕
181. adult n. 成年人
182. advertise v. 为...做广告
183. advertisement n. 广告
184. agency n. 代理商,经销商
185. focus v. (使)聚集 n. 焦点,中心,聚焦
186. forbid vt. 不许,禁止
187. debate n./v. 辩论,争论
188. debt n. 欠债
189. decade n. 十年
190. enclose vt. 围住;把...装入信封
191. encounter vt./n. 遭遇,遭到
192. globe n. 地球,世界;地球仪
193. global a. 全球的;总的
194. scan vt. 细看;扫描;浏览
195. scandal n. 丑事,丑闻
196. significance n. 意义;重要性
197. subsequent a. 随后的,后来的
198. virtue n. 美德,优点
199. virtual a. 实际上的,事实上的
200. orient vt. 使适应,(to,toward)使朝向 n. 东方
201. portion n. 一部分
202. target n. 目标,靶子 vt. 瞄准
203. portable a. 手提式的
204. decline v. 拒绝,谢绝;下降
205. illusion n. 错觉
206. likelihood n. 可能,可能性
207. stripe n. 条纹
208. emphasize vt. 强调,着重
209. emotion n. 情感,感情
210. emotional a. 感情的,情绪(上)的
211. awful a. 极坏的,威严的,可怕的
212. awkward a. 笨拙的,棘手的
213. clue n. 线索,提示
214. collision n. 碰撞,冲突
215. device n. 装置,设备
216. devise vt. 发明,策划,想出
217. inevitable a. 不可避免的
218. naval a. 海军的
219. navigation n. 航行
220. necessity n. 必需品;必要性
221. previous a. 先,前,以前的
222. provision n. [pl.]给养,口粮;准备,设备,装置
223. pursue vt. 追逐;追求;从事,进行
224. stale a. 不新鲜的,陈腐的
225. substitute n. 代用品 vt. 代替
226. deserve vt. 应受,应得,值得
227. discrimination n. 歧视;辨别力
228. professional a. 职业的,专门的
229. secure a. 安全的,可靠的
230. security n. 安全,保障
231. scratch v./n. 抓,搔,扒
232. talent n. 才能,天资;人才
233. insurance n. 保险,保险费
234. insure vt. 给...保险,保证,确保
235. nevertheless ad. 仍然,然而,不过
236. neutral a. 中立的,中性的
237. spot n. 地点;斑点 vt. 认出,发现;玷污
238. spray v. 喷,(使)溅散
239. medium a. 中等的,适中的 n. 媒介物,新闻媒介
240. media n. 新闻传媒
241. auxiliary a. 辅助的,备用的
242. automatic a. 自动的
243. compete vi. 竞争,比赛
244. competent a. 有能力的,能胜任的
245. competition n. 竞争,比赛
246. distribute vt. 分发
247. disturb vt. 打搅,妨碍
248. infer v. 推论,推断
249. integrate v.(使)成为一体,(使)合并
250. moist a. 潮湿
251. moisture n. 潮湿
252. promote vt. 促进;提升
253. region n. 地区;范围;幅度
254. register v./n.登记,注册
255. stable a. 稳定的
256. sophisticated a. 老于世故的,老练的;很复杂的
257. splendid a. 极好的,壮丽的,辉煌的
258. cancel vt. 取消,废除
259. variable a. 易变的,可变的
260. prospect n. 前景,前途;景象
261. prosperity n.兴旺,繁荣
262. aspect n. 方面;朝向;面貌
263. cope vi. (with)(成功地)应付,处理
264. core n. 果心,核心
265. maintain vt. 维持,保持;坚持,主张
266. mainland n. 大陆
267. discipline n. 纪律;惩罚;学科
268. domestic a. 本国的,国内的;家用的;家庭的
269. constant a. 不变的,恒定的 n. 常数
270. cliff n. 悬崖,峭壁
271. authority n. 权威;当局
272. audio a. 听觉
273. attitude n. 态度
274. community n. 社区,社会
275. commit vt.犯(错误,罪行等),干(坏事等)
276. comment n./vt. 评论
277. distinguish vt. 区分,辨别
278. distress n. 痛苦,悲伤 vt. 使痛苦
279. facility n. [pl.] 设备,设施;便利,方便
280. faculty n.能力,技能;系,学科/院;全体教员
281. mixture n. 混合,混合物
282. mood n. 心情,情绪;语气
283. moral a. 道德上的,有道德的
284. prominent a. 突出的
285. substance n. 物质;实质
286. substantial a. 可观的;牢固的;实质的
287. prompt vt. 促使 a. 敏捷的,及时的
288. vivid a. 生动的
289. vocabulary n. 词汇(量);词汇表
290. venture n. 风险投资,风险项目 v. 冒险;取于
291. version n. 版本,译本;说法
292. waist n. 腰,腰部
293. weld v./n. 焊接
294. yawn vi. 打哈欠
295. yield vi. (to)屈服于;让出,放弃 n. 产量
296. zone n. 地区,区域
297. strategy n. 战略,策略
298. strategic a. 战略(上)的,关键的
299. tense a. 紧张的 v. 拉紧 n. 时态
300. tension n. 紧张(状态),张力
301. avenue n. 林荫道,大街
302. available a. 现成可用的;可得到的
303. comparable a. (with,to)可比较的,类似的
304. comparative a. 比较的,相对的
305. dash vi. 猛冲,飞奔
306. data n. 数据,资料
307. dive vi. 跳水,潜水
308. diverse a. 不同的,多种多样的
309. entitle vt. 给...权利,给...资格
310. regulate vt. 管理,调节
311. release vt./n. 释放,排放;解释解脱
312. exaggerate v. 夸大,夸张
313. evil a. 邪恶的,坏的
314. shrink vi. 起皱,收缩;退缩
315. subtract v. 减(去)
316. suburb n. 市郊
317. subway n. 地铁
318. survey n./vt. 调查,勘测
319. wealthy a. 富裕的
320. adjust v. 调整,调节
321. attach vt. 系,贴;使附属
322. profit n. 利润,益处;v. 有益于,有利于
323. profitable a. 有利可图的
324. slope n. 斜坡,斜面
325. reinforce vt. 增强,加强
326. reject vt. 拒绝
327. fatal a. 致命的;重大的
328. fate n. 命运
329. humble a. 谦逊的;谦虚的
330. illegal a. 不合法的,非法的
331. award vt. 授予,判给 n. 奖品,奖金
332. aware a. 意识到
333. column n. 柱,圆柱;栏,专栏
334. comedy n. 喜剧
335. dumb a. 哑的;沉默的
336. dump vt. 倾卸,倾倒
337. deaf a. 聋的;不愿听的
338. decorate vt. 装饰,装璜
339. principal a. 最重要的 n. 负责人,校长
340. principle n. 原则,原理
341. prior a. 优先的,在前的
342. priority n. 优先,重点
343. prohibit vt. 禁止,不准
344. remarkable a. 值得注意的,异常的,非凡的
345. remedy n./vt. 补救,医治,治疗346. repetition n. 重复,反复
347. vain a. 徒劳的,无效的
348. undertake vt. 承担,着手做;同意,答应
349. unique a. 唯一的,独特的
350. obstacle n. 障碍(物),妨碍
351. odd a. 奇特的,古怪的;奇数的
352. omit vt. 省略
353. opponent n. 敌手,对手
354. opportunity n. 机会,时机
355. orchestra n. 管弦乐队
356. semester n. 学期;半年
357. semiconductor n. 半导体
358. seminar n. 研讨会
359. terminal a. 末端的,极限的 n. 终点
360. territory n. 领土
361. approximate a. 大概的,大约 v. 近似
362. arbitrary a. 随意的,未断的
363. architect n. 建筑师
364. architecture n. 建筑学
365. biology n. 生物学
366. geography n. 地理(学)
367. geology n. 地质学
368. geometry n. 几何(学)
369. arithmetic n. 算术
370. algebra n. 代数
371. entertainment n. 娱乐;招待,款待
372. enthusiasm n. 热情,热心
373. entry n. 进入,入口处;参赛的人(或物)
374. environment n. 环境
375. episode n. 插曲,片段
376. equation n. 方程(式)
377. restrain vt. 阻止,抑制
378. restraint n. 抑制,限制
379. resume v. (中断后)重新开始
380. severe a. 严重的
381. sexual a. 性的
382. simplicity n. 简单;朴素
383. simplify vt. 简化
384. sorrow n. 悲哀,悲痛
385. stuff n. 原料,材料 vt. 填进,塞满
386. temporary a. 暂时的,临时的
387. temptation n. 诱惑,引诱
388. terror n. 恐怖
389. thrust v. 挤,推,插
390. treaty n. 条约,协定
391. arise vi. 产生,出现,发生;起身
392. arouse vt. 引起,激起;唤醒
393. burden n. 重担,负荷
394. bureau n. 局,办事处
395. marvelous a. 奇迹般的,惊人的
396. massive a. 大的,大量的,大块的
397. mature a. 成熟的
398. maximum a. 最高的,最大的
399. minimum a. 最低的,最小的
400. nonsense n. 胡说,冒失的行动
401. nuclear a. 核子的,核能的
402. nucleus n. 核
403. retail n./v./ad. 零售
404. retain vt. 保留,保持
405. restrict vt. 限制,约束
406. sponsor n. 发起者,主办者 vt. 发起,主办,资助
407. spur n./vt. 刺激,激励
408. triumph n. 胜利,成功
409. tuition n. 学费
410. twist vt. 使缠绕;转动;扭歪
411. undergraduate n. 大学肄业生
412. universal a. 普遍的,通用的;宇宙的
413. universe n. 宇宙
414. via prep. 经由,经过,通过
415. vibrate v. 振动,摇摆
416. virus n. 病毒
417. voluntary a. 自愿的
418. volunteer n. 志愿者 v. 自愿(做)
419. vote v. 选举 n. 选票
420. wagon n. 四轮马车,铁路货车
421. appoint vt. 任命,委派
422. approach v. 靠近,接近 n. 途径,方式
423. appropriate a. 适当的
424. bunch n. 群,伙;束,串
425. bundle n. 捆,包,束 vt. 收集,归拢
426. ceremony n. 典礼,仪式
427. chaos n. 混乱,紊乱
428. discount n. (价格)折扣
429. display n./vt. 陈列,展览
430. equivalent a. 相等的 a. 相等物
431. erect a. 竖直的 v. 建造,竖立
432. fax n./vt. 传真
433. fertile a. 肥沃的;多产的
434. fertilizer n. 肥料
435. grateful a. 感激的
436. gratitude n. 感激
437. horror n. 恐怖
438. horrible a. 可怕的
439. Internet n. 国际互联网,因特网
440. interpret v. 翻译,解释
441. interpretation n. 解释,说明
442. jungle n. 丛林,密林
443. knot n. 结 vt. 把...打成结
444. leak v. 漏,渗出
445. lean vi. 倾斜,倚,靠
446. leap vi. 跳跃
447. modify vt. 修改
448. nylon n. 尼龙
449. onion n. 洋葱
450. powder n. 粉末
451. applicable a. 可应用的,适当的
452. applicant n. 申请人
453. breadth n. 宽度
454. conservation n. 保存,保护
455. conservative a. 保守的
456. parallel n. 平行线;可相比拟的事物
457. passion n. 激情,热情
458. passive a. 被动的,消极的
459. pat v./n. 轻拍,轻打
460. peak n. 山峰,顶点
461. phenomenon n. 现象
462. reluctant a. 不情愿的,勉强的
463. rely vi. (on ,upon)依赖,指望
464. relevant a. 有关的,切题的
465. reliable a. 可靠的
466. relief n. 轻松,宽慰;减轻
467. reputation n. 名气,声誉
468. rescue vt./n. 营救
469. triangle n. 三角(形)
470. sequence n. 连续;顺序
471. shallow a. 浅的
472. shiver vi/n. 发抖
473. shrug v./n. 耸肩
474. signature n. 签名
475. sincere a. 诚挚的,真诚的
476. utility n. 功用,效用
477. utilize vt. 利用
478. utter vt. 说出 a. 完全的,彻底的
479. variation n. 变化,变动
480. vehicle n. 交通工具,车辆
481. applause n. 鼓掌,掌声
482. appliance n. 器具,器械
483. consent n. 准许,同意 vi (to)准许,同意
484. conquer vt. 征服
485. defect n. 缺点,缺陷
486. delicate a. 易碎的;娇弱的;精美的
487. evolve v.演变
488. evolution n. 演变,进化
489. frown v./n. 皱眉
490. frustrate vt. 使沮丧
491. guarantee vt./n. 保证
492. guilty a. 内疚的;有罪的
493. jealous a. 妒忌的
494. jeans n. 牛仔裤
495. liquor n. 酒,烈性酒
496.liter/litre n. 升
497. modest a. 谦虚道
498. molecule n. 分子
499. orbit n. 轨道 v. (绕...)作轨道运行
500. participate v. (in)参与,参加
501. particle n. 微粒
502. particularly ad. 特别,尤其
503. respond vi. 回答,答复;反应
504. response n. 回答,答复;反应
505. sensible a. 明智的
506. sensitive a. 敏感到,灵敏的
507. tremble vi. 颤抖
508. tremendous a. 巨大的;精彩的
509. trend n. 趋向,倾向
510. trial n. 审讯;试验
511. apparent a. 显然的,明白的
512. appetite n. 胃口;欲望
513. deposit n. 存款,定金 v.存放,储蓄
514. deputy n. 副职,代表
515. derive vt. 取得,得到;(from)起源于
516. descend v. 下来,下降
517. missile n. 导弹
518. mission n. 使命;代表团
519. mist n.薄雾
520. noticeable a. 显而易见到
521. notify vt. 通知,告知
522. notion n. 概念;意图,想法
523. resemble vt. 像,类似于
524. reveal vt. 揭露
525. revenue n. 收入,岁入;税收
526. shelter n. 掩蔽处;住所
527. shield n. 防护物,盾 vt. 保护,防护
528. vital a. 重要的;致命的,生命的
529. vitally ad. 极度,非常;致命地
530. urban a. 城市的
531. urge vt. 鼓励,激励
532. urgent a. 急迫的,紧急得
533. usage n. 使用,用法
534. violence n. 强力,暴力
535. violent a. 强暴的
536. violet a. 紫色的
537. weed n. 杂草,野草
538. welfare n. 福利
539. whatsoever ad. (用于否定句)任何
540. whereas conj. 然而,但是,尽管
541. essential a. 必不可少的;本质的
542. estimate n./vt. 估计,估量
543. evaluate vt. 评估,评价
544. exceed vt. 超过,越出
545. exceedingly ad. 非常,极其
546. exclaim v. 呼喊,大声说
547. exclude vt. 把...排斥在外,不包括
548. exclusive a. 读有的,排他的
549. excursion n. 远足
550. flash vi. 闪光,闪耀
551. flee vi. 逃走
552. flexible a. 易弯曲的
553. flock n. 羊群,(鸟兽等)一群;一伙人
554. hardware n. 五金器具
555. harmony n. 和谐,融洽
556. haste n. 急速,急忙
557. hatred n. 憎恶,憎恨
558. incident n. 事件,事变
559. index n. 索引,标志
560. infant n. 婴儿
561. infect v. 传染
562. inferior a. 劣等的,次的,下级的
563. infinite a. 无限的
564. ingredient n. 组成部分
565. inhabitant n. 居民
566. jail n. 监狱
567. jam n. 果酱;拥挤,堵塞
568. jewel n. 宝石
569. joint a.连接的;共同的
570. junior a. 年少的;资历较浅的
571. laser n. 激光
572. launch vt. 发动,发起
573. luxury n. 奢侈;奢侈品
574. magnet n. 磁铁,磁体
575. male a. 男性的,雄的
576. female a. 女性的,雌的
577. manual a. 用手的,手工做的 n. 手册
578. manufacture vt./n. 制造,加工
579. marine a. 海的;海产的
580. mutual a. 相互的
581. naked a. 裸露的
582. negative a. 否定的,消极的
583. neglect vt. 忽视,忽略
584. origin n. 起源,出身
585. oval a. 椭圆形的 n. 椭圆形
586. outset n. 开始,开端
587. presumably ad. 大概,可能
588. prevail vi. 流行,盛行
589. quit v. 停止
590. quotation n. 引文,引语
591. recreation n. 娱乐活动
592. recruit vt. 招募,吸收(新成员)
593. rival n. 竞争对手,敌手
594. shuttle n. 梭子;航天飞机
595. skim vt. 搬(去),掠过;浏览
596. sketch n. 草图;梗概
597. slender a. 苗条的,修长的
598. theme n. 主题
599. textile n. 纺织品
600. tropical a. 热带的,炎热的
601. kneel vi. 跪
602. label n. 标签
603. merchant n. 商人
604. mere a. 仅仅的,只不过的;纯粹的
605. nuisance n. 令人讨厌的东西(或人)
606. numerous a. 众多的,许多的
607. parade n. 游行 v. 列队行进
608. pants [pl.] n. 长裤;内裤
609. partial a. 部分的
610. passport n. 护照
611. prescribe vt. 开药,吩咐采用...疗法
612. primitive a. 原始的,早期的
613. ridge n. 脊,山脊,埂
614. ridiculous a. 可笑的,荒漠的
615. rigid a. 严格的;僵硬的
616. withstand vt. 经受,承受
617. witness n. 目击者;证据 vt. 注意到;证明
618. withdraw v. 收回,撤销
619. slippery a. 滑的
620. smash vt. 粉碎,打烂
621. snap n./vt. 折断,拉断;快照
622. software n. 软件
623. solar a. 太阳的
624. lunar a. 月的,月球的
625. submerge vi. 潜入水中
626. submit vi.(to)屈服,听从
627. timber n. 木材,原木
628. tissue n. 组织;薄纱,手巾纸
629. title n. 题目,标题
630. tone n. 语气,音调
631. drift vi. 漂,漂流
632. drip n. 滴
633. durable a. 耐用的,持久的
634. duration n. 持续,持续期间
635. dusk n. 黄昏,薄暮
636. leather n. 皮革
637. legislation n. 法律,法规;立法
638. leisure n. 闲暇;悠闲
639. loose a. 松的,宽松的
640. loosen v. 解开,放松
641. earnest a. 认真的,诚挚的
642. earthquake n. 地震
643. echo n. 回音,回声
644. elaborate a. 精心设计的,复杂的
645. elastic n. 橡皮圈(带) a. 有弹性的
646. elbow n. 肘
647. electron n. 电子
648. volcano n. 火山
649. volume n. 卷,册;体积,容量
650. fatigue n. 疲劳,劳累
651. faulty a. 有错误的,有缺点的
652. favorable a. 称赞道;有利的,顺利的
653. favorite a. 特别受喜欢的 n. 喜爱的人或物
654. gallery n. 画廊
655. gallon n. 加仑
656. gap n. 间隔,差距
657. garbage n. 垃圾,废物
658. gaze v. 凝视,注视
659. gear n. 齿轮,传动装置
660. gene n. 基因
661. lest conj. 唯恐,免得
662. liable a. 可能的,大概的; (to)易于...的
663. liberal a. 自由得
664. liberty n. 自由
665. license /license n. 许可证,执照
666. moisture n. 潮湿
667. motivate vt. 激励,激发
668. motive n. 动机,目的
669. generate vt. 生成,产生(光、热、电等)
670. genius n. 天才,天赋
671. genuine a. 真的,真诚的
672. gasoline n. 汽油
673. germ n. 微生物,细菌
674. gesture n. 姿势,手势
675. giant a. 巨大的 n. 巨人,巨物
676. glimpse n. 一瞥,一看
677. glory n. 光荣,荣誉
678. glorious n. 光荣的,极好的
679. golf n. 高尔夫球运动
680. hydrogen n. 氢
681. oxygen n. 氧
682. hostile a. 敌对的,敌意大
683. household n. 家庭,户
684. hook n. 钩
685. holy a. 神圣地,圣洁的
686. hint n. 暗示,示意
687. hesitate v. 犹豫
688. highlight vt. 强调,突出
689. hence ad. 因此,所以;今后,从此
690. herd n. 兽群,牧群


 

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