2018高考英语二轮复习《名词与冠词》讲学案押题

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2018高考英语二轮复习《名词与冠词》讲学案押题

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来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M 一、单词填空
1.Don't wait for an ________ (apologize).“Many times the person who hurt you may never think of apologizing,” says Dr.Luskin.
【答案】apology 
【解析】句意:不要等待道歉。拉斯科说:“多次伤害你的人也许从来就不会考虑道歉。”不定冠词an后须用名词形式,根据apologize可知答案填apology。
2.ike many popular restaurants in Paris,________(reserve)are hard to get at Dave,so I wasn't surprised to find a complete sign hanging over the red door.
【答案】reservations 
【解析】句意:就像巴黎许多受欢迎的餐馆一样,在Dave也很难预订,因此当我看见红色的门上挂着客人已满的招牌时并不惊讶。根据括号中的提示词及后面的谓语动词are可知,主语为名词复数形式,故填reservations。
3.He pushed and pulled with all his ________(strong)to move it.
【答案】strength 
【解析】句意:他用力地推拉将它(石头)移走。分析句子结构可知,with后面接名词,故填strength。
4.He asked ________(permit)to introduce his friend,whose name was Mr Wickham,and who had apparently arrived recently from London.
【答案】permission 
 
5.Experts hope the whole society pay more attention to the mental health of  ________(adolescent).
【答案】adolescents 
【解析】句意:专家们希望全社会都来关心青少年的心理健康。根据句意可知,此处泛指“青少年”,用复数表示泛指,故填adolescents。
6.Girls are luckier than boys;they have more flexible ________(choose)than boys.
【答案】choices 
【解析】句意:女孩比男孩要幸运些,她们比男孩有更灵活的选择。前面flexible是形容词,后面须接名词;choice此处应为可数名词,意味着多种选择,故填choices。
7.I have a strong ________(believe)that one day Chinese students can buy these tickets,too.
【答案】belief 
【解析】句意:我坚信有朝一日中国学生也会购买这些票。空白处前面有a strong修饰,说明空白处须填可数名词单数。
8.So I asked her why she sat there in ________(silent).
【答案】silence 
【解析】句意:因此我问她为什么坐在那里沉默不语。in silence“沉默”,是固定用法。
9.About 20 percent of ________(baby)feel nervous when they see strangers.
【答案】babies 
【解析】句意:约百分之二十的婴儿见到陌生人会感到紧张。baby是可数名词,前面有百分数修饰,故用复数形式。
10.There was never a time when I had not called him and he did not call me right back within a couple of ________(hour).
【答案】hours 
【解析】句意:当我给他打电话,如果他没接的话,他都会在几小时内回电话。可数名词hour前有a couple of修饰,故用复数形式。
11.In the centre of the main road into the town,he placed ______ very large stone.
【答案】a 
【解析】句意:他在进城的主干道中间放了一块很大的石头。在此stone作可数名词,意为“一块石头”,前面需要用不定冠词a。
12....when they heard the sound of horses,and saw Darcy and Bingley riding down the street.______ two gentlemen came straight towards the ladies to greet them.
【答案】The 
 
13.They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don't see things ______ same way.
【答案】the 
【解析】句意:他们可能想过要伤害你,或者他们并没有用同样的方式看待事情。当名词前面有形容词same修饰时,same前面必须加定冠词the。
14.On the third day,I received a message from Mike's wife that she said Mike had been killed in ______ unexplained truck crash on the morning of my call.
【答案】an 
【解析】句意:第三天,我收到了来自迈克妻子的短信,她说在我打电话的那天早上迈克在一次不明原因的卡车撞击事故中死亡。此处泛指“一次不明原因的车祸”,故用不定冠词;unexplained以元音音素开头,故填an。
15.Covering ______ area of 16,800 square kilometers with a population of about 11 million,Beijing has 18 districts and counties under its jurisdiction(管辖).
【答案】an 
【解析】句意:占地16 800平方千米,拥有约1 100万人口的北京市,管辖着18个区和县。an area of...“面积是……”,是固定短语。
16.What if your first choice is wrong?If so,just give yourself ______ second chance.
【答案】a 
 
17.So God turned it into ______ dog.
【答案】a 
【解析】句意:所以上帝把它变成了一条狗。此处泛指“一条狗”,所以填不定冠词。
18.A government study has found that South Korean children are ______ least happy compared to children in 29 other developed countries.
【答案】the 
【解析】句意:政府研究发现,与其他29个发达国家的儿童相比韩国儿童是最不快乐的。形容词最高级前用定冠词。
19.I am ______ reporter from the New York Times.
【答案】a 
【解析】句意:我是来自《纽约时报》的一名记者。泛指“一名记者”,表示身份,用不定冠词。
20.I consider myself very lucky because I was ______ only one of my friends who had their dads around.
【答案】the 
【解析】句意:我认为自己很幸运,因为我是朋友当中唯一一个爸爸在身边的。only前一般用定冠词,表示“唯一的”。
二、语法填空
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
A man came to the USA from another country.After
1.          (settle)down at an island,he went into a cafeteria to get something 2.            (eat).He sat down at an empty table and waited for someone to take his order,but nobody did.
3.            (final),a woman with a tray full of food sat down opposite him and informed him 4.            the cafeteria worked.
“Start out at that end,” she said.“Just go along the line and pick out what you want.At 5.            other end they'll tell you how much you have to pay.”
“I soon 6.            (learn)how everything worked in the USA,”the man told his friend.“Life's a cafeteria there.You can get anything you want as long as you are willing to pay the price.You can even get success,7.            you'll never get it if you wait for someone to bring it for you.You have to get up and get it 8.            .”
You can't change the inevitable.The only thing you can do
9.            (be)to control your attitude.Once you reach that point in life,happiness and 10.            (satisfy)can't be too far away.
1.解析:settling。根据前面的介词after,可知这里要用动名词形式。
2.解析:to eat。这里用不定式作定语。
3.解析:Finally。此空放在句首,修饰整个句子,因此要用该词的副词形式。注意首字母要大写。
4.解析:how。一位妇女带着一个装满食物的盘子坐在他对面,告诉他自助餐厅是怎样运作的。
5.解析:the。at the other end为固定搭配,意为“在另一端”。
6.解析:learned/learnt。整篇文章是叙述过去的事情,故此处用一般过去时。
7.解析:but。句意:你甚至可以获得成功,但如果你等别人把它拿给你,你永远都不会得到它。
8.解析:yourself。根据句意可知你不得不自己去做,所以这里用反身代词yourself。
9.解析:is。此处是主系表结构。
10.解析:satisfaction。and连接两个并列成分,根据happiness可知此处用名词形式。
 文章
来源 莲山课
件 w w w.5 Y K
j.Co M
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