2018年高考英语二轮复习《动词的时态和语态》讲学案押题

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2018年高考英语二轮复习《动词的时态和语态》讲学案押题

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一、单句填空
1.He had wild black hair flecked with gray and ________(wear)a pink shirt and silk slippers.
【答案】was wearing
【解析】句意:他乱乱的黑发中长有些许白发,身穿粉红色的衬衫,脚上穿着一双丝绸拖鞋。由于描述当时所穿的衣服、鞋子等,故用过去进行时。
2.Then he ________(hide)behind a tree and waited.
【答案】hid 
【解析】句意:于是,他躲在树后等待着。根据and后面的waited可知,与之并列的动作也发生在过去,须用一般过去时。
3.“The night ________(be)very dark.Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”
【答案】will be 
【解析】句意:“夜晚将会漆黑,一些邻居漆黑中过来就会被这块石头绊倒。”根据后面句子中的will come along可知,指将会发生的情况。
4.At my school,“dress down” tickets  ________(sell)on school days.
【答案】are sold 
【解析】句意:我们学校上学日都有“免穿校服”券出售。分析tickets与sell的语义关系可知,应用一般现在时的被动语态。
5.I noticed a man sitting at the front.He ________(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice.
【答案】was pretending 
 
6.Oh,it looks like Professor Brown is here.I ________(talk) to you some more after class.
【答案】will talk 
【解析】句意:奥,好像布朗教授在这里,下课后再和你聊。根据前一句的时态及after class判断,talk是将要发生的动作,故填will talk。
7.Years ago,when I was a poor artist trying to sell my paintings in local galleries,I ________(live) in the heart of the city.
【答案】lived 
【解析】句意:多年前,我是一个穷画家,试着在一家当地的美术馆卖画。那时,我住在市中心。由years ago判断,句子用一般过去时,故填lived。
8.She also ________(believe) in healthy diet.And she requires us to have regular meals.
【答案】believes 
【解析】句意:她相信健康饮食,并且要求我们按时吃饭。根据后一句的时态判断,句子用一般现在时;she作主语,故填第三人称单数形式believes。
9.We jumped out of the windows as he came in through the door and ________(go) into the kitchen to take some food for the first time.
【答案】went 
【解析】句意:他从门口进来时,我们从窗户跳了出去,第一次从厨房里拿了一些食物。and连接并列谓语,go的形式与前面的jumped一致,故填went。
10.I immediately responded with a smile and my heart felt free of the stress that I ________(carry).
【答案】was carrying/had been carrying 
 
11.Every answer I gave ________(receive) by a frown from the manager.
【答案】was received 
【解析】句意:我的每一个答案经理都是皱眉反应。所填词是句子的谓语,与单数主语every answer之间是被动关系;根据从句时态判断用一般过去时的被动语态,故填was received。
12.I remembered she once ________(tell) me that she would not fall in love with a dark­haired guy.
【答案】told 
【解析】句意:我记得她曾告诉我她不会爱上黑头发的家伙。根据主句时态及once判断本空填told。
13.Paris's cultural diversities ________(present) widely by the fact that many worldwide designers are pleased to show up with their new designs.
【答案】are presented 
【解析】句意:巴黎文化的多样化是通过许多世界级的设计师喜欢展示他们的新设计这个事实体现的。所填词是句子的谓语,与复数主语diversities之间是被动关系;根据从句时态判断用一般现在时的被动语态,故填are presented。
14.He told me that he ________(overhear) the conversation with the co­worker about helping the sick woman.
【答案】had overheard 
 
二、语法填空

China's Tu Youyou among trio to
win Nobel Medicine Prize
STOCKHOLM—William Campbell,Satoshi Omura and Tu Youyou jointly 1.            (win)the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine for their work against parasitic diseases(寄生虫病).The Chinese scientist Tu Youyou was awarded the 2.            half of  the prize for discovering artemisinin(青蒿素),a drug that has significantly reduced the mortality rates for patients 3.            (suffer)from malaria.Irish­born Campbell and Japanese Omura won half of the prize for a new drug,avermectin,4.            has helped the battle against river blindness,as well as showing effectiveness against other 5.            (disease).
These two discoveries have provided humankind with 6.            (power )new means to fight 7.            these diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually.Despite rapid progress in controlling malaria,the mosquito­borne disease still kills more than half a million people a year,the vast
8.            (major)of babies and young children in the poorest parts of Africa.Medicine is the first of the Nobel prizes 9.            (award)each year.Prizes for   10.            (achieve)in science,literature and peace were first awarded in 1901 in accordance with the will of Alfred Nobel.
1.解析:won。考查动词的时态。获得2015年的诺贝尔奖是过去的事情,因此用一般过去时。
2.解析:other。考查代词。the other half of the prize意为“奖项的另一半”。
3.解析:suffering。考查非谓语动词。此处patients和suffer为主动关系。
4.解析:which。考查定语从句。此句为非限制性定语从句,先行词为avermectin,是一种药品,在从句中作主语,故用which。
5.解析:diseases。考查名词的单复数。other+复数名词。
6.解析:powerful。考查词性转换。此空修饰名词means,故用形容词形式。
7.解析:against。考查固定搭配。fight against意为“与……抗争”。
8.解析:majority。考查词性转换。the majority of...大多数……,固定短语。
9.解析:awarded。考查非谓语动词。the Nobel prizes和award存在被动关系。
10.解析:achievements。考查词性转换。for为介词,后应该用名词形式。
 

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