高二英语下册第1单元重点解析:Scientific achievements

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高二英语下册第1单元重点解析:Scientific achievements

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高二英语下册第1单元重点解析:Scientific achievements


【Scientific achievements知识点】

1.wish希望

wish to do sth.

wish sb. to do sth.

Wish that…

注意: 引导的宾语从句,谓语动词用虚拟形式, 可以表示对现在/当时;过去;未来的“希望”

eg. I wish that I were five years old.

I wish that I had studied hard before.

I wish that I could walk in space some day.

wish sb. sth.

Eg. I wish you good luck.

2. Which do you think is the most important?

Do you think 是插入语,不影响句子的整个结构。Do you think 插入到疑问句中, 句子应使用陈述句语序。

Eg. How much do you think I should pay for the book?

3. if so倘若是(那样的话)……

eg. If so , I won’t ask you for help.

4.How do you improve society?

society“社会”,使用时不加冠词。

Eg. The thief is dangerous to society.

5. It is likely that many of them will be born in …

likely 是形容词, 与possible 意思相同, 但possible只可用于这样的结构:it is possible that…;likely还可:sb. be likely to do

eg. He is likely to win the game.

6. It is home to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and more than ten famous universities, including Peking University and Tsinghua University

include“包括”,指“部分包含”,划线部分还可以:

Peking University and Tsinghua University included

contain意思是(全部)容纳

Eg. I lost my wallet which contained 200 dollars, including two coins.

7. set up建立, 指“搭建并成立”

eg. We set up a new school and the students there were very happy.

put up单纯指“搭建”

Eg. They put up a new house.

found “成立, 建立”,尤指“国家、组织等”的建立

Eg. The People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949.

8. in the late 1990’s在二十世纪90年代后期,在年代前的冠词the不能省略。

9.They all share the spirit of…

spirit“精神,灵魂”是不可数名词;

spirits“情绪”,固定要用复数形式。

Eg. The students are in high spirits.

10. …made Zhongguancun a success.

success“成功”,是一个不可数名词

Eg. Failure is the mother of success.失败是成功之母。

a success 意思是“一件成功的事/一个成功的人物”

succeed 是动词

succeed in doing sth. 介词in不可省略

11. …is one of those who have returned to China after studying and working abroad.

abroad 是副词。副词作定语需后置。

Eg. I have a lot of friends at home and abroad.我有很多国内国外的朋友。

go abroad出国

12.…and work with some of the top scientists…

top scientists 优秀、顶尖的科学家

top students 好学生,尖子生

13.come true 实现

eg. My dream came true.

come此处是系动词。有些常作为行为动词的词也可作系动词。

Eg. go hungry 挨饿

go bad 变质

14.rely on =depend on 依赖,依靠

15. Not all the new companies can succeed.并非所有的公司都能成功。

All\both\everyone\everything用于否定结构中表示部分否定。

Eg. Not everyone likes the film.并非每个人都喜欢这个电影。

16.We are not making that much money yet.

That此处相当于so, 表程度。

17.aim at把目标投在……

此处aim是动词,aim也可作名词.

18. prove“证明”,多作系动词,不用被动

It proved (to be )correct.

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